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Theme 1: Social and Human Development Outcomes of Education - Youth, Citizenship & Gender (YCG) Project
 

Theme 1: Social and Human Development Outcomes of Education - Youth, Citizenship & Gender (YCG) Project

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Presentation by Madeleine Arnot, International Project leader for YGC project at the Mid-Term Dissemination Conference in Ghana, 9 march 2009

Presentation by Madeleine Arnot, International Project leader for YGC project at the Mid-Term Dissemination Conference in Ghana, 9 march 2009

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    Theme 1: Social and Human Development Outcomes of Education - Youth, Citizenship & Gender (YCG) Project Theme 1: Social and Human Development Outcomes of Education - Youth, Citizenship & Gender (YCG) Project Presentation Transcript

    • RECOUP THEME 1:SOCIAL AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT OUTCOMES
      • YOUTH, GENDER AND CITIZENSHIP (YGC)
      • No-one is born a good citizen: no nation is born a democracy. Rather, both are processes that continue to evolve over a life time. Young people must be included from birth. A society that cuts off from its youth severs its lifeline.
      • (Kofi Annan 2007)
    • Youth in the Maelstrom of Social Change in Sub-Saharan Africa
      • Increase in rural/urban poverty, growing gaps between rich and poor, increased migration to cities
      • Pressure to sustain a national identity, patriotism and cultural heritage
      • Increasing individualisation through global mass media whilst responding to traditional ethnic, patriarchal, gerontocratic and gender cultures.
      • Educational opportunities, the loss of traditional skills, individual mobility away from community support, gender change.
      • Postmodern Westernised vanguards or disengaged vandals?
      • Burgess 2005 Conference on Youthful Africa in 21 st Century)
    • Faulty Modernisation
      • Partially educated, with material expectations that they cannot fulfil.
      • Process of ‘becoming somebody’ is not easy
      • Gap between educated and partially educated increasing
      • Drawn to become victims, heroes, entrepreneurs, or criminals – postmodern Western ‘vanguards’ or disengaged ‘vandals’
      • Powerlessness and frustration of youth results
    • The Demographic ‘Window of Opportunity’
      • Some 200 million people - 60% of the African population are between 12 and 24 years old. This number will peak in about 20 years.
      • Globally, some 130 million youth cannot read or write. Young people make up approx. half the world’s unemployed. 100 million new jobs needed to cope with young people seeking work
      • The chance is now to invest in health, education and labour market skills of youth to prepare them for a globalising world.
      • Group based social exclusion of youth is potentially dangerous to the political stability required for economic growth.
      • World Bank (2007) Development and the Next Generation .
    • Youth Citizenship
      • Young people’s experiences of citizenship are crucial to development outcomes. Markets cannot deliver on their own.
      • Youth citizenship enhances the overall climate for investment and private decision making
      • Youth citizenship promotes government accountability for basic service delivery
      • Youth citizenship enhances the human and social capital of individuals
      • World Bank Report (2007) Development and the Next Generation
    • The Five Youth Transitions
      • Learning
      • Beginning to work
      • Taking risks that impact on health
      • Forming families
      • Exercising citizenship
    • Social citizenship: the ‘softer qualitative outcomes’
      • David Korboe (1998) Handing over the Stick: Ghana Social Assessment. World Bank.
      • Esteem, hope, self-worth, potential self sufficiency
      • Peace of mind, security about dependents
      • Well being, health happiness, a good life
      • Addressing powerlessness, vulnerability, conflict resolution
      • Social protection, affiliation, cohesion
      • Freedom, freedom from hunger
      • Consultation
      • Knowledge, enlightenment, broadening.
    • Youth, Gender and Citizenship
      • Research Aims:
      • Does education help impoverished young female and male adults achieve participatory citizenship?
      • How could educational outcomes improve the capability of young male and female adults living in poverty to become participatory citizens?
    • Research Design
      • Comparative (four countries)
      • Rural and urban communities
      • Inter-generational household study
      • Qualitative with quantitative data base
      • Voice- centred research
    • An intergenerational community study
      • Rural and Urban Communities
        • community scoping with observations
        • household surveys
        • interviews and photography
        • trigger materials
      • Youth and their ‘parents’
        • A. no schooling or incomplete basic
        • B. basic schooling completed
        • C. post basic schooling (secondary and above)
    • Lis AGENCY AND EMPOWERMNT LIVELIHOOD SELF PROTECTION SECUIRTY
    • Educational outcomes
      • Desired outcomes
      • Actual outcomes
      • Desirable outcomes
      •  
      Full participatory citizenship Lived world of the young citizen
    • Young people informing policy?
      • The act of research is already one way in which young people can engage as citizens in policy-making
      • Young people are the future.