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RECOUP 2005-2010 YOUTH, GENDER AND CITIZENSHIP KENYATTA UNIVERSITY AND CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY
Youth, Gender and Citizenship <ul><li>Research questions: </li></ul><ul><li>Does education help young men and women become...
The Demographic ‘Window of Opportunity’ <ul><li>A record 1.3 billion youth between 12 and 24 in the world. </li></ul><ul><...
Youth at the centre of social change in Sub-Saharan Africa <ul><ul><li>Globalisation is associated with urbanisation, indi...
Increased emphasis on citizenship <ul><li>Young people’s experiences of citizenship are crucial  </li></ul><ul><li>for dev...
Social Citizenship: the ‘softer’ qualitative outcomes <ul><ul><li>esteem, hope, self-worth, potential, self-sufficiency </...
 
Principles governing project design <ul><li>Comparative (Kenya, Ghana, India, Pakistan) </li></ul><ul><li>Rural and urban ...
Youth,  household and community study <ul><li>Three educational pathways for young men and young women </li></ul><ul><li>N...
YGC Research Design Masculinities/ Femininities Observations in the community Gender Education Patterns Attendance/Outcome...
Educational outcomes <ul><li>Intended outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>Actual outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>Desirable outcomes </li...
RECOUP/YGC themes for conference <ul><li>Young people’s photographic project </li></ul><ul><li>Youth citizenship, national...
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Ma.Recoup 2005 2010 Ygc D1

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Transcript of "Ma.Recoup 2005 2010 Ygc D1"

  1. 1. RECOUP 2005-2010 YOUTH, GENDER AND CITIZENSHIP KENYATTA UNIVERSITY AND CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY
  2. 2. Youth, Gender and Citizenship <ul><li>Research questions: </li></ul><ul><li>Does education help young men and women become active citizens? </li></ul><ul><li>How can education help young citizens reduce their poverty and that of their communities? </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Demographic ‘Window of Opportunity’ <ul><li>A record 1.3 billion youth between 12 and 24 in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Over 200 million (60%) of the African population between 12 and 14. </li></ul><ul><li>Young people make up half the world’s unemployed. </li></ul><ul><li>Some 130 million cannot read or write. </li></ul><ul><li>100 million new jobs needed to cope with young people seeking work </li></ul><ul><li>Window of opportunity to make a difference is only open for a short period of time (perhaps 10-30 years). </li></ul>
  4. 4. Youth at the centre of social change in Sub-Saharan Africa <ul><ul><li>Globalisation is associated with urbanisation, individualisation through global mass media. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increasing rural/urban poverty, growing gaps between rich and poor people. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Educational expansion associated with loss of traditional skills, individual mobility, gender change. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pressure to sustain patriotism, national identity, cultural heritage. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Negotiating traditional ethnic, patriarchal, gerontocratic and gender cultures </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Increased emphasis on citizenship <ul><li>Young people’s experiences of citizenship are crucial </li></ul><ul><li>for development outcomes’ </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Markets cannot deliver on their own’ </li></ul><ul><li>Citizenship enhances the overall climate for investment and private decision making </li></ul><ul><li>Citizenship promotes government accountability for basic service delivery </li></ul><ul><li>Citizenship enhances human and social capital of individuals. </li></ul><ul><li>World Bank Report (2007) Development and the Next Generation </li></ul>
  6. 6. Social Citizenship: the ‘softer’ qualitative outcomes <ul><ul><li>esteem, hope, self-worth, potential, self-sufficiency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>peace of mind (security about dependents) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>well being, health, happiness, a ‘good’ life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the ability to recover from adversity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>addressing powerlessness, vulnerability, conflict resolution, consultation of the poor. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>social protection, social affiliation, cohesion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>freedom and freedom from hunger </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>knowledge, enlightenment, broadening options </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. Principles governing project design <ul><li>Comparative (Kenya, Ghana, India, Pakistan) </li></ul><ul><li>Rural and urban communities </li></ul><ul><li>Inter-generational household study </li></ul><ul><li>Qualitative and quantitative data base </li></ul><ul><li>Voice –centred methods </li></ul>
  8. 9. Youth, household and community study <ul><li>Three educational pathways for young men and young women </li></ul><ul><li>None or incomplete primary schooling </li></ul><ul><li>Primary schooling completed </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary schooling and above </li></ul>
  9. 10. YGC Research Design Masculinities/ Femininities Observations in the community Gender Education Patterns Attendance/Outcomes <ul><li>Mothers and Fathers </li></ul><ul><li>Individual Interviews </li></ul><ul><li>1 Values, family history, aspirations </li></ul><ul><li>2: Reflections on sons and daughters </li></ul><ul><li>Trigger Tasks </li></ul><ul><li>My early life </li></ul><ul><li>School helped me to… </li></ul><ul><li>Informal conversations </li></ul><ul><li>Young Men and Young Women </li></ul><ul><li>Individual interviews: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Gendered Cultures </li></ul><ul><li>2. Citizenship </li></ul><ul><li>Trigger Tasks </li></ul><ul><li>Gender work at home </li></ul><ul><li>School helped me to… </li></ul><ul><li>Future Lives </li></ul><ul><li>Informal Conversations </li></ul><ul><li>Photography project </li></ul>Household Census Schooling and community history Interviews with gate keepers
  10. 11. Educational outcomes <ul><li>Intended outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>Actual outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>Desirable outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>Potential outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>Full participatory citizenship Lived world of the Young citizen
  11. 12. RECOUP/YGC themes for conference <ul><li>Young people’s photographic project </li></ul><ul><li>Youth citizenship, national unity and poverty alleviation </li></ul><ul><li>Education, poverty and ‘the good life’ </li></ul><ul><li>Community and youth perspectives on well-being, poverty and education </li></ul><ul><li>Citizenship, education and political engagement: voices of Kenyan youth </li></ul><ul><li>Researching in poor communities </li></ul>
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