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Ma.Recoup 2005 2010 Ygc D1
Ma.Recoup 2005 2010 Ygc D1
Ma.Recoup 2005 2010 Ygc D1
Ma.Recoup 2005 2010 Ygc D1
Ma.Recoup 2005 2010 Ygc D1
Ma.Recoup 2005 2010 Ygc D1
Ma.Recoup 2005 2010 Ygc D1
Ma.Recoup 2005 2010 Ygc D1
Ma.Recoup 2005 2010 Ygc D1
Ma.Recoup 2005 2010 Ygc D1
Ma.Recoup 2005 2010 Ygc D1
Ma.Recoup 2005 2010 Ygc D1
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Ma.Recoup 2005 2010 Ygc D1

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  • 1. RECOUP 2005-2010 YOUTH, GENDER AND CITIZENSHIP KENYATTA UNIVERSITY AND CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY
  • 2. Youth, Gender and Citizenship <ul><li>Research questions: </li></ul><ul><li>Does education help young men and women become active citizens? </li></ul><ul><li>How can education help young citizens reduce their poverty and that of their communities? </li></ul>
  • 3. The Demographic ‘Window of Opportunity’ <ul><li>A record 1.3 billion youth between 12 and 24 in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Over 200 million (60%) of the African population between 12 and 14. </li></ul><ul><li>Young people make up half the world’s unemployed. </li></ul><ul><li>Some 130 million cannot read or write. </li></ul><ul><li>100 million new jobs needed to cope with young people seeking work </li></ul><ul><li>Window of opportunity to make a difference is only open for a short period of time (perhaps 10-30 years). </li></ul>
  • 4. Youth at the centre of social change in Sub-Saharan Africa <ul><ul><li>Globalisation is associated with urbanisation, individualisation through global mass media. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increasing rural/urban poverty, growing gaps between rich and poor people. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Educational expansion associated with loss of traditional skills, individual mobility, gender change. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pressure to sustain patriotism, national identity, cultural heritage. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Negotiating traditional ethnic, patriarchal, gerontocratic and gender cultures </li></ul></ul>
  • 5. Increased emphasis on citizenship <ul><li>Young people’s experiences of citizenship are crucial </li></ul><ul><li>for development outcomes’ </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Markets cannot deliver on their own’ </li></ul><ul><li>Citizenship enhances the overall climate for investment and private decision making </li></ul><ul><li>Citizenship promotes government accountability for basic service delivery </li></ul><ul><li>Citizenship enhances human and social capital of individuals. </li></ul><ul><li>World Bank Report (2007) Development and the Next Generation </li></ul>
  • 6. Social Citizenship: the ‘softer’ qualitative outcomes <ul><ul><li>esteem, hope, self-worth, potential, self-sufficiency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>peace of mind (security about dependents) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>well being, health, happiness, a ‘good’ life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the ability to recover from adversity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>addressing powerlessness, vulnerability, conflict resolution, consultation of the poor. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>social protection, social affiliation, cohesion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>freedom and freedom from hunger </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>knowledge, enlightenment, broadening options </li></ul></ul>
  • 7.  
  • 8. Principles governing project design <ul><li>Comparative (Kenya, Ghana, India, Pakistan) </li></ul><ul><li>Rural and urban communities </li></ul><ul><li>Inter-generational household study </li></ul><ul><li>Qualitative and quantitative data base </li></ul><ul><li>Voice –centred methods </li></ul>
  • 9. Youth, household and community study <ul><li>Three educational pathways for young men and young women </li></ul><ul><li>None or incomplete primary schooling </li></ul><ul><li>Primary schooling completed </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary schooling and above </li></ul>
  • 10. YGC Research Design Masculinities/ Femininities Observations in the community Gender Education Patterns Attendance/Outcomes <ul><li>Mothers and Fathers </li></ul><ul><li>Individual Interviews </li></ul><ul><li>1 Values, family history, aspirations </li></ul><ul><li>2: Reflections on sons and daughters </li></ul><ul><li>Trigger Tasks </li></ul><ul><li>My early life </li></ul><ul><li>School helped me to… </li></ul><ul><li>Informal conversations </li></ul><ul><li>Young Men and Young Women </li></ul><ul><li>Individual interviews: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Gendered Cultures </li></ul><ul><li>2. Citizenship </li></ul><ul><li>Trigger Tasks </li></ul><ul><li>Gender work at home </li></ul><ul><li>School helped me to… </li></ul><ul><li>Future Lives </li></ul><ul><li>Informal Conversations </li></ul><ul><li>Photography project </li></ul>Household Census Schooling and community history Interviews with gate keepers
  • 11. Educational outcomes <ul><li>Intended outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>Actual outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>Desirable outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>Potential outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>Full participatory citizenship Lived world of the Young citizen
  • 12. RECOUP/YGC themes for conference <ul><li>Young people’s photographic project </li></ul><ul><li>Youth citizenship, national unity and poverty alleviation </li></ul><ul><li>Education, poverty and ‘the good life’ </li></ul><ul><li>Community and youth perspectives on well-being, poverty and education </li></ul><ul><li>Citizenship, education and political engagement: voices of Kenyan youth </li></ul><ul><li>Researching in poor communities </li></ul>

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