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Ma.Recoup 2005 2010 Ygc D1

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  • 1. RECOUP 2005-2010 YOUTH, GENDER AND CITIZENSHIP KENYATTA UNIVERSITY AND CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY
  • 2. Youth, Gender and Citizenship
    • Research questions:
    • Does education help young men and women become active citizens?
    • How can education help young citizens reduce their poverty and that of their communities?
  • 3. The Demographic ‘Window of Opportunity’
    • A record 1.3 billion youth between 12 and 24 in the world.
    • Over 200 million (60%) of the African population between 12 and 14.
    • Young people make up half the world’s unemployed.
    • Some 130 million cannot read or write.
    • 100 million new jobs needed to cope with young people seeking work
    • Window of opportunity to make a difference is only open for a short period of time (perhaps 10-30 years).
  • 4. Youth at the centre of social change in Sub-Saharan Africa
      • Globalisation is associated with urbanisation, individualisation through global mass media.
      • Increasing rural/urban poverty, growing gaps between rich and poor people.
      • Educational expansion associated with loss of traditional skills, individual mobility, gender change.
      • Pressure to sustain patriotism, national identity, cultural heritage.
      • Negotiating traditional ethnic, patriarchal, gerontocratic and gender cultures
  • 5. Increased emphasis on citizenship
    • Young people’s experiences of citizenship are crucial
    • for development outcomes’
    • ‘ Markets cannot deliver on their own’
    • Citizenship enhances the overall climate for investment and private decision making
    • Citizenship promotes government accountability for basic service delivery
    • Citizenship enhances human and social capital of individuals.
    • World Bank Report (2007) Development and the Next Generation
  • 6. Social Citizenship: the ‘softer’ qualitative outcomes
      • esteem, hope, self-worth, potential, self-sufficiency
      • peace of mind (security about dependents)
      • well being, health, happiness, a ‘good’ life
      • the ability to recover from adversity
      • addressing powerlessness, vulnerability, conflict resolution, consultation of the poor.
      • social protection, social affiliation, cohesion
      • freedom and freedom from hunger
      • knowledge, enlightenment, broadening options
  • 7.  
  • 8. Principles governing project design
    • Comparative (Kenya, Ghana, India, Pakistan)
    • Rural and urban communities
    • Inter-generational household study
    • Qualitative and quantitative data base
    • Voice –centred methods
  • 9. Youth, household and community study
    • Three educational pathways for young men and young women
    • None or incomplete primary schooling
    • Primary schooling completed
    • Secondary schooling and above
  • 10. YGC Research Design Masculinities/ Femininities Observations in the community Gender Education Patterns Attendance/Outcomes
    • Mothers and Fathers
    • Individual Interviews
    • 1 Values, family history, aspirations
    • 2: Reflections on sons and daughters
    • Trigger Tasks
    • My early life
    • School helped me to…
    • Informal conversations
    • Young Men and Young Women
    • Individual interviews:
    • 1. Gendered Cultures
    • 2. Citizenship
    • Trigger Tasks
    • Gender work at home
    • School helped me to…
    • Future Lives
    • Informal Conversations
    • Photography project
    Household Census Schooling and community history Interviews with gate keepers
  • 11. Educational outcomes
    • Intended outcomes
    • Actual outcomes
    • Desirable outcomes
    • Potential outcomes
    •  
    Full participatory citizenship Lived world of the Young citizen
  • 12. RECOUP/YGC themes for conference
    • Young people’s photographic project
    • Youth citizenship, national unity and poverty alleviation
    • Education, poverty and ‘the good life’
    • Community and youth perspectives on well-being, poverty and education
    • Citizenship, education and political engagement: voices of Kenyan youth
    • Researching in poor communities

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