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Urban Mass Transport Systems
12CTE 331
Reashma P S
21st Century Transportation!!!
what do you think about 21st
century transport system??
Mass transit or Private transit??
R...
The early 1800’s
• What was going on in cities?
• What created the pressure for transportation
innovations?
Transit Innovations
• Walking – pre-1825
• Omnibus – 1820s
• Steam trains – 1830s
• Horse-car – 1830s
• Electric streetcar...
Omnibus
Source: http://bus38.free.fr/hist1854eng.html
Paris 1828
New York 1831
Boston 1835
Steam Trains
1830s - Linking cities to upper class suburbs
Horse Cars: 1830’s
Concerns in the late 1800’s
• Speeds still only 5-6 mph
• Need for grade separation-
up or down
• Need for mechanical
trac...
Cable Car
1873 – San Francisco
Electric Streetcar
1888 - Richmond, VA
1895 - 900 systems and 11,000 miles of track in the U.S.
Streetcar System Impacts
 Affordable for working class, who could now live away
from factories
5 cent fare to anywhere
3-...
Urban Situation 1900 to 1920
• Massive urban growth
• Fringe growing faster
than center
• Increasing criticisms of
streetc...
Situation in 1930s
• Depression meant slowdown in urban growth, lay offs of
urban workers
• Public criticisms of large inv...
Situation in 1950s
The Rise of the Automobile!!!
• Recreational car era (1920-1945)
• Freeway era (1945 – now)
Urban Transportation Systems
The Fall of Transit
“Few industries have risen so rapidly or declined
so quickly, and no industry of its size has had a
wo...
Urban Transport in India -
Overview
India is Growing !!!
Automobile Boom
Composition of Vehicles
Urbanization in India
Urban Transport Scenario
Energy demand in transport sector projected to grow at 5-8% per annum
Modal split in cities
What exactly is the problem???
•Motorized trips demand will continue to grow faster
than the population due to economic an...
What do you think???
Why people personalize transport??
-Lack of first mile to last mile connectivity
-Lack of information...
Lack of route choice model
Existing
traffic in hot
spot (v/c
ratio >4)
Cant we
make use of
AITS???
Snapshot from B-TRAC
Existing public transport system
through buses
All India Scenario as per 2004-05 Statistics (including
urban, rural and hi...
Where is investment need to be done??
Why focus on urban Transport
How does the course help you!!
Objective 1
Transit modes: systems, technology and services
Objective 2
Financing aspect of...
Thank You
Urban mass transport system 21st century fall of transit
Urban mass transport system 21st century fall of transit
Urban mass transport system 21st century fall of transit
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Urban mass transport system 21st century fall of transit

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Transcript of "Urban mass transport system 21st century fall of transit"

  1. 1. Urban Mass Transport Systems 12CTE 331 Reashma P S
  2. 2. 21st Century Transportation!!! what do you think about 21st century transport system?? Mass transit or Private transit?? Rise of transit or fall of transit?? How many of you like public transport, why???
  3. 3. The early 1800’s • What was going on in cities? • What created the pressure for transportation innovations?
  4. 4. Transit Innovations • Walking – pre-1825 • Omnibus – 1820s • Steam trains – 1830s • Horse-car – 1830s • Electric streetcar – 1890s • Mass transit – 1900s in some places • Motorbus – 1920s • Rapid transit – 1950s
  5. 5. Omnibus Source: http://bus38.free.fr/hist1854eng.html Paris 1828 New York 1831 Boston 1835
  6. 6. Steam Trains 1830s - Linking cities to upper class suburbs
  7. 7. Horse Cars: 1830’s
  8. 8. Concerns in the late 1800’s • Speeds still only 5-6 mph • Need for grade separation- up or down • Need for mechanical traction  Problems with horse- drawn modes…  Problems with steam power…
  9. 9. Cable Car 1873 – San Francisco
  10. 10. Electric Streetcar 1888 - Richmond, VA 1895 - 900 systems and 11,000 miles of track in the U.S.
  11. 11. Streetcar System Impacts  Affordable for working class, who could now live away from factories 5 cent fare to anywhere 3-5 times as fast as horse-cars  Led to more outward expansion, e.g. Boston: 1850: 2-3 mile radius, mixed land uses 1900: 10 mile radius, industrial & commercial core surrounded by residential  Growth in mobility, e.g. avg. trip length: 1890: 7 miles 1900: 10.5 miles
  12. 12. Urban Situation 1900 to 1920 • Massive urban growth • Fringe growing faster than center • Increasing criticisms of streetcars • •
  13. 13. Situation in 1930s • Depression meant slowdown in urban growth, lay offs of urban workers • Public criticisms of large investments in subways • Merchants in outlying areas opposed investments • Planners opposed elevateds and subways :-Thought it would make congestion worse :-Thought it would increase centralization • Public subsidies for highways, education, housing, other programs, but not for transit • Increase in busses – “trackless trolleys”
  14. 14. Situation in 1950s The Rise of the Automobile!!! • Recreational car era (1920-1945) • Freeway era (1945 – now)
  15. 15. Urban Transportation Systems
  16. 16. The Fall of Transit “Few industries have risen so rapidly or declined so quickly, and no industry of its size has had a worse financial record” – J. Vance When a country can be called as developed or rich country???
  17. 17. Urban Transport in India - Overview
  18. 18. India is Growing !!! Automobile Boom
  19. 19. Composition of Vehicles
  20. 20. Urbanization in India
  21. 21. Urban Transport Scenario Energy demand in transport sector projected to grow at 5-8% per annum
  22. 22. Modal split in cities
  23. 23. What exactly is the problem??? •Motorized trips demand will continue to grow faster than the population due to economic and motorization growth • motorization is growing faster than the population (more than 10%/year for sale of cars and 2/3 wheelers over the past 5 years) • Traffic congestion and parking difficulties- Accessing jobs, education, recreation and similar activities is becoming increasingly time consuming. Billions of man hours are lost with people “stuck in traffic”.
  24. 24. What do you think??? Why people personalize transport?? -Lack of first mile to last mile connectivity -Lack of information to people (give reliability of time) -Time is precious, no one wants to wait - stop going for horizontal development (affects people lifestyle), go for vertical development - Road exists what about road components!!! - Design the road for moving traffic not for standing traffic
  25. 25. Lack of route choice model Existing traffic in hot spot (v/c ratio >4) Cant we make use of AITS??? Snapshot from B-TRAC
  26. 26. Existing public transport system through buses All India Scenario as per 2004-05 Statistics (including urban, rural and hilly region) Passenger carried: 2022.13 crores (2004-05) Buses-Share of buses declined to 1.1% (2004) of all registered vehicle in India from 11.1% in 1951 Total-767600 Public Sector-115800 (15%) Private Sector-651800 (85%)
  27. 27. Where is investment need to be done??
  28. 28. Why focus on urban Transport
  29. 29. How does the course help you!! Objective 1 Transit modes: systems, technology and services Objective 2 Financing aspect of transit Objective 3 Capacity of transit system, basic transit operations and terminal facilities. Planning, routing and scheduling Objective 4 different management techniques for better performance of transit. Approach to NMT
  30. 30. Thank You
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