Sexual Harassment


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Sexual Harassment Presentation for Middle/High School students.

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Sexual Harassment

  1. 1. Harassment The REACH Center, Inc Serving Survivors of Crime and Abuse 518-828-5556 Hudson 518-943-4482 Catskill
  2. 2. Services Provided By The REACH Center All Services are FREE and Confidential  Counseling and support for survivors of all types of crime/abuse/violence and their friends and family  Education on the prevention of crime/abuse/violence  Advocacy, Accompaniments, Referrals and Information
  3. 3. Types of Harassment Bullying Stalking Sexual Harassment Racial Harassment Religious Harassment Disability Harassment Sexual Orientation Harassment Cases of Physical Assault
  5. 5. Sexual Harassment  Sexual harassment is a form of sex discrimination that violates Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.  Repeated unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature constitutes sexual harassment when submission to or rejection of this conduct affects an individual's school performance, unreasonably interferes with an individual's school performance or creates an intimidating, hostile or offensive school environment. The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission 2008
  6. 6. Facts About Sexual Harassment:  The victim as well as the harasser may be a woman or a man. The victim does not have to be of the opposite sex.  The harasser can be the victim's teacher, an agent of the school, or another student.  The victim does not have to be the person harassed but could be anyone affected by the offensive conduct.  Unlawful sexual harassment may occur without threats, monetary gain, or fear.  The use of text messing, picture mail, IM, ect. to spread sexual information/rumors is sexual harassment The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission 2008
  7. 7. Quid pro quo (in Latin it means “this for that”) Quid pro quo sexual harassment occurs when a teacher or school employee offers you a better grade or treats you better if you do something sexual. It could also be a threat to lower your grade or treat you worse than other students if you refuse to go along with a request for a sexual favor. For example, if your teacher says, “I’ll give you an ‘A’ if you go out with me,” or “I’ll fail you in this class if you don’t have sex with me,” this is sexual harassment. 2008 Equal Rights Advocates, Inc. All Rights Reserved
  8. 8. Hostile Environment Hostile environment sexual harassment occurs when unwanted sexual touching, comments, and/ or gestures are so bad or occur so often that it interferes with your schoolwork, makes you feel uncomfortable or unsafe at school, or prevents you from participating in or benefiting from a school program or activity. This type of harassment does not have to involve a threat or promise of benefit in exchange for a sexual favor. The harassment can be from your teacher, school officials, or other students.
  9. 9. Why People Harass  Harassment is about power and control over others  Insecurity and self esteem  Prove superiority or thinking the behavior is cool  Lack of clear communication on what is acceptable
  10. 10. Effects of Harassment  Decline is self-image and self-confidence  Physical problems(nausea, headaches, sleeplessness, etc)  Skipping class, school, work, avoiding the situation  Ashamed, self-blame, angry, helplessness, depression
  11. 11. Why People Don’t Tell  About 75-80% of the time people try to ignore the behavior thinking it will stop  Fear of not being believed or repercussions by peers  Fear that nothing will be done, or they will be blamed  Embarrassed by the situation  Afraid it will get worse
  13. 13. It’s Against The Law The federal law prohibiting sexual harassment in schools is Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (Title IX), which prohibits any person, on the basis of sex, to be subjected to discrimination in an educational program or activity receiving federal financial assistance. The law applies to any academic, extracurricular (student organizations and athletics), research, occupational training, and other educational programs from pre-school to graduate school that receives or benefits from federal funding. The entire institution falls under Title IX even if only one program or activity receives federal funds. 2008 Equal Rights Advocates, Inc. All Rights Reserved
  14. 14. School Policy Under Title IX, a school is required to have and distribute a policy against sex discrimination, particularly one that addresses sexual harassment. Such a policy lets students, parents, and employees know that sexual harassment will not be tolerated. A school is also required to adopt and publish grievance procedures for resolving sex discrimination complaints, including complaints of sexual harassment. This provides an effective means for promptly and appropriately responding to sexual harassment complaints. 2008 Equal Rights Advocates, Inc. All Rights Reserved
  15. 15. WHAT TO DO
  16. 16. How To Handle Harassment  Write everything down  Tell the person to STOP  Get help  Write a letter to the harasser  Contact a school official about the harassment  Talk with your parents or another trusted adult about the situation
  17. 17. Harassment is NEVER the victim’s fault and the victim is not to blame. You have a right to live free of sexual harassment. It is the school’s responsibility to provide you with a safe learning environment.
  18. 18. Questions  What types of sexual harassment happens at this school?  What are ways that boys sexually harass?  What are ways that girls sexually harass?  What is the difference between flirting and harassing?