Discovery event stuart lee (the humanities researcher)Presentation Transcript
The Digital Researcher and the Humanities Dr Stuart D Lee Reader in E-learning and Digital Libraries University of Oxford
A few words about the researcher in the Humanities …
Phases of Research Data Management Project Planning Project Set up Data Creation Local Storage & Retrieval Institutional Storage Rediscovery Mechanism Retrieval Mechanism Documentation Very long life-span, part of ‘ Life ’ s Work ’ , compiled, not generated, unbounded/ incomplete / inconsistent / interpreted Supporting Data Management Infrastructure for the Humanities - SUDAMIH
Modern Researcher #1: Accessing Data
Idiosyncratic practices > lone scholar
Print is very important ( Reinventing Research , RIN 2011, p.68)
Bibliographies and catalogues which lead to …
… primary and secondary source material
Increasingly researchers just want to find ‘useful stuff’
Many collections are built by academics and libraries/museums
Modern Researcher #2: Analysing data
We use tools to find data
We use tools to edit, manipulate, analyse, and compare material
We use tools also for the collection and organisation of the data
Modern Researcher #3: Presentation of scholarly work
Delivery of argument, work, combining all primary and secondary source material
Usually in monographs or academic journals
Citation is important, but so is review, prestige, peer ‘recognition’
Modern Researcher #4: Safeguarding and building on knowledge
We require someone to archive and curate scholarly outputs for us to use and build on
We expect our material to be used for a long time
So what ’s new? Where are the challenges?
New disciplines: digitization processes and methods, metadata standards, resource discovery, federated searching, linked data, virtual research environments, digital file formats, annotation and analysis tools, open publishing, linked data, learning resources and objects, IPR, e-repositories, digital preservation, bibliometrics, citation protocols, persistent identifiers …
Achieve the previously impossible – speedy resource discovery and analysis of ‘mass’ quantities of data in all formats, relatively low cost distribution, large scale storage
We can search across data silos fro our desk, with associated resources linked in, allowing new research activities, cross-searching, ‘serendipity’
Better chances for collaboration, sharing best practice – but always within the sub-domain
Better monitoring of data use
Who is a researcher?
Lack of awareness of resources, lack of standardisation, inadequate tools, inadequate training ( Reinventing Research , 2011, p. 73)
+ Lack of technical expertise, poor backing-up practices, funding and long term sustainability (SUDAMIH project)
Accessing data : - we want more stuff and we want to be the first to look at it - some (worryingly) don’t care where it comes from - better finding tools with cross-searching/linking but Google search mentality dominates - we use all manner of devices at any time - break free of the stranglehold of academic journal publishers - print and digital
Key: Releasing hidden content (material previously unsurfaced in collections, beyond the traditional curators) Openness of data, metadata, and publishing models The library is now in the cl**d
Analysing data : - not all humanities research lends itself to computational analysis - in some areas tools are simply inadequate, or too complicated
Key: data for analysis needs to be readily available and open; concentrate on the problems the researchers actually face, not the areas of interest for librarians or learning technologists
Presentation and safeguarding/building knowledge : - scholars now quite used to working with mixed media for research and to present their arguments - we are now talking to a wider audience, e.g. many scholars now broadcast via YouTube and iTunesU - scholars, departments, and many Universities are not ready to preserve digital material - funding only lasts as long as the project, but web sites, unlike books, need maintaining - danger that research will become hidden in local archives - presentation should allow research collection to grow
Key: rethink the way we disseminate research, and the way we view research as ‘finished’ want it to go somewhere that is safe but can easily be found
What can we do?
Train our new scholars
Is there a need for data management training?
What should this training cover?
What can we do?
Promote openness – metadata and resources
Provide facilities or services that allow academics to circumvent publishing process
Provide better tools for basic research activities, analysis, presentation (DaaS, CLAROS project)
Embrace relationships outside of the sector
Be less fixated on our interests and more on the needs of our users
Dr Stuart D Lee Reader in E-learning and Digital Libraries Director, Computing Services University of Oxford