From Agenda Notes: session can be open to all faculty members on campus; key players are: Project lead,Faculty participating in pilot,Other interested faculty,Other key stakeholdersAgenda:Brief overview of the open education landscapeReview of the Peru State College plans and opportunitiesUsing Open Educational ResourcesOpen licensing considerationsDiscovering open materialsCreating open materialsAttributionParticipating in the open education communityCollaboration tools and forumsKaleidoscope project resourcesDiscussion: Interest, needs and opportunities
Brief overview of the open education landscapeReview of the Peru State College plans and opportunitiesUsing Open Educational ResourcesOpen licensing considerationsDiscovering open materialsCreating open materialsAttributionParticipating in the open education communityCollaboration tools and forumsKaleidoscope project resourcesDiscussion: Interest, needs and opportunities
What is the same about these? (Discussion) Possible answer: color palatte, face, creativityPoint: both have full protection of copyright law, anything I create has the same protection as the most expensive movie ever created, all copyright is pervasive...what is the impact of this? the way we share, teach, edit, revise
What is the role of Openness in Education?Education is SharingTeacher share knowledge and skills, feedback and criticism, encouragementStudents share questions, assignments, feedback
Knowledge. Ideas are non-rivalrous. They can be given without being given away.
To give a book, you must give it away.Photo CC BY David Wiley
The same istrue with printnewspapers. If I want section B of the New York Times, and my colleagueisreadingit, we can’tsharethatsectionatthe same time.CC licensedphoto http://www.flickr.com/photos/62693815@N03/6277209256/
Because of the Internet, my colleague and I can view the same page simultaneously with millions of other people all over the world…and practically for free.
Not at an increase in cost, but at an increase in the ability to share.
Digital expressions using the Internetmean we can share and thuseducate as never before…right?
Copyright: regulates copying, distributing, editing, and adapting
What the Internet enables, copyright forbids.We can’t share.
Like a fundamental of Judo: take opponents’ strengths and use it against them…DAVID HERE
Open source software community has itThere are broad global uses of CC outside of education as well(Click on hyperlink) Discuss 3 layers of licensing:Human Readable (language means I can understand it); Legal Code (legalese); Machine Readable (Google search can pick it up)Demo Advanced Google search and looking for CC logo (generally found at the bottom of webpages)Case against using CC NC for materials you create is removing the option to print materialsfor students
Videos, interactives, simulations
OER can be almost anything! They are materials that are free to anyone to access and include free permission to engage in 4Rs
Click the logo to access the site. Talk about OER. Talk about projects, and how much grant money has funded the content development…but challenge in adoption. The “if you build it they will come notion doesn’t necessarily in higher education.”
Tim OReilly - “Obscurity is a far greater threat to authors and creative artists than piracy”If Pearson did take your CCBY OER work, then they would have to attribute it to you.
Tim OReilly - “Obscurity is a far greater threat to authors and creative artists than piracy”If Pearson did take your CCBY OER work, then they would have to attribute it to you
The Kaleidoscope Project, funded by a Next Generation Learning Challenges grant, began in 2011There were 8 founding institutions comprised of community colleges & open access 4-year schools from California to Nebraska to New York
The project’s members have grown and in October 2012, the project received follow on funding again by Next Generation Learning Challenges grant.
The project’s advisors are experts from different organizations that have experience with OER, an advisory board, as well as a Kaleidoscope Leadership Team. In the first phase of Kaleidoscope, 11 Gen Ed courses were developed, over 9,000 students participated, therequired textbook cost dropped to $0, and the average change in student success (C or better in the course)reported was +14%
Kaleidoscope uses (OER) to improve student success. The project works by using the best of existing OER to reduce textbook costs to $0; use learning analytics analyze assessment, activity and success data to guide faculty members in continually improving the effectiveness of the open resources; supporting faculty within and across institutions to collaborate, share, and build community
David: Recent research (conducted by the Florida Virtual Campus) quantifies the ways high textbook costs affect student persistence and success. More than 60% of students report not having purchase textbooks at some point due to the costNearly a quarter (23%) of students regularly go without textbooks due to their costDue to the high cost of textbooks:35% of students report taking fewer courses31% report not registering for a course14% have dropped a course10% have withdrawn from a courseLink to research source: http://www.openaccesstextbooks.org/pdf/2012_Exec_Sum_Student_Txtbk_Survey.pdf
Kaleidoscopeprojects are giving students 100% free, digital access to all materials on the first day of the course. With this step alone, institutions have already boosted student success and retention simply by taking textbook costs out of the equation. If that is the day 1 impact of OER, just think about the other ways we can move the needle on student success by designing, adopting, measuring success and improving OER-based courses.
ImprovOER: students use materials, analyze the results, and informs improvements
Financial Aid connection
Peru State College Kaleidoscope Workshop
www.lumenlearning.comPeru State CollegeKaleidoscope Open Course InitiativeWorkshop ~ 7-8 May 2013David LippmanLumen Learning Math Lead & MyOpenMath FounderRonda NeugebauerLumen Learning Student Success Lead & Kaleidoscope Member
Makes It Easy to Share:4Rsreuse - use content in its unaltered formrevise - adapt, adjust, modify, improve, or alter contentremix - combine original or revised content with otherCC content to create something newredistribute - share copies of original content,revisions or remixes with others
OER Common ConcernsIt’s too time-consuming to switch to OER.If anyone can create OER, then the quality mustnot be as good. Publisher materials are better.I want a cohesive set of materials – from PPTs, topractice sets, to textbooks – OER doesn’t offer this.
OER require online delivery. That’s not my teachingstyle.If I’m creating materials, then I should reapthe financial reward, not give it away for free.If students can’t afford textbooks,then they shouldn’t be in college.OER Common Concerns
OER to Improve Student Success1. Eliminate textbook cost as a barrier2. Drive assessment-driven enhancement ofcourse designs and materials3. Connect to a global collaborativecommunity to share learning andinvestment
Average Cost per Credit HourOne Partner’s Data$49.94$23.05$30.14$70.57$37.66$37.46$18.46$22.64$52.19$27.73$0.00$20.00$40.00$60.00$80.00$100.00$120.00Business Composition Humanities Science andMathSocialScienceNewUsedTuition+Fees
The Direct Relationship BetweenTextbook Costs and Student Success60%+ do not purchase textbooksat some point due to cost35% take fewer courses due totextbook cost31% choose not to register for acourse due to textbook cost23% regularly go withouttextbooks due to cost14% have dropped a coursedue to textbook cost10% have withdrawn from acourse due to textbook costSource: 2012 student surveyby Florida Virtual Campus
The Vision100% of students havefree, digital access to all materials on Day 1Improve student success using OER-based courses that increaseaffordability, broaden access, andapply continuous quality improvementto course design
Students UseOER andAssessmentsImprove OER+ AssessmentDesignAssessmentandBehavioralStudentDataDetermineOEREffectivenessPredict andIntervene withAt-RiskStudentsImprovOERContinuousImprovement
Open Course Framework (OCF)For each student learning outcome:1. Complete set of open materials2. Summative assessments3. Formative assessments4. Supplemental and support resources
Student Ratings of Quality of OpenTexts0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80Better qualitySame qualityWorse qualityNumber of Students“It was very concise and aligned with exactly what we wereworking on in the class.”“Having the textbook catered to us by our teacher was perfect.”3%56%41%Source: Bliss, Hilton, Wiley, Thanos (2012)
Student Preference for KaleidoscopeCourses0 20 40 60 80 100Prefer KscopePrefer traditionalNo preferenceNumber of Students“I enjoy having online texts provided for me because Im poor. Ispend the money I have left after rent on school, so havingfree online texts provided for me benefits me very much.”“GREAT WAY TO DO ONLINE CLASSES!!!!”13%13%73%Source: Bliss, Hilton, Wiley, Thanos (2012)
Student Success C or Better0102030405060708090Historical Success Kaleidoscope
Kaleidoscope Phase II1. Support new institutions in pilots of opencourse frameworks– Micro-pilots– Realistic evaluation of approach2. Develop 20 additional course frameworks3. Grow and mature the project– Project governance– Faculty leadership
• Reading (dev)• Writing (dev)• Composition• Beg. Algebra (dev)• Int. Algebra (dev)• Biology• Chemistry• Physical Geography• Psychology• Fundamentals of BusinessDevelop• Full math sequence• Statistics• Chemistry for majors• History• Composition II• Economics• Political Science• Art appreciation• Music appreciation• Business & Accounting• EducationTeach
Opportunities• Participate in pilots of existing frameworks• Engage in creating new open courseframeworks• Seek opportunities to use OER• Support open licensing of educationalmaterials with Creative Commonslicensing
It’s About LearningIncreasing learning by:lowering costsenabling and supporting facultyDavid Lippmandlippman@lumenlearing.comRonda Neugebauerronda@lumenlearning.com