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Central Community College Kaleidoscope
 

Central Community College Kaleidoscope

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  • It is a distinct pleasure and honor to be here at Central Community College!On behalf of Lumen and Kaleidoscope I want to thank you for your time and willingness to learn more about the Kaleidoscope Open Course Initiative, which has been one of the most profound professional experiences of my career. I’m excited to be here and look forward to collaborating with and learning from yo for the next two days and beyond. From Agenda Notes: session can be open to all faculty members on campus; key players are: Project lead,Faculty participating in pilot,Other interested faculty,Other key stakeholdersAgenda:Brief overview of the open education landscapeReview of the Peru State College plans and opportunitiesUsing Open Educational ResourcesOpen licensing considerationsDiscovering open materialsCreating open materialsAttributionParticipating in the open education communityCollaboration tools and forumsKaleidoscope project resourcesDiscussion: Interest, needs and opportunities
  • Begin with introductions: your name, discipline, etc.Brief overview of the open education landscapeReview of the Peru State College plans and opportunitiesUsing Open Educational ResourcesOpen licensing considerationsDiscovering open materialsCreating open materialsAttributionParticipating in the open education communityCollaboration tools and forumsKaleidoscope project resourcesDiscussion: Interest, needs and opportunities
  • What is the same about these? (Discussion) Possible answer: color palatte, face, creativityPoint: both are covered under the full protection of the law; have full protection of copyright law, anything I create has the same protection as the most expensive movie ever created, all copyright is pervasive...what is the impact of this? Wel, it impacts the way we share, the way we teach, the way we learn.
  • What is the role of Openness in Education?Education is SharingTeacher share knowledge and skills, feedback and criticism, encouragementStudents share questions, assignments, feedback
  • Knowledge. Ideas are non-rivalrous. They can be given without being given away.
  • To give a book, you must give it away.Photo CC BY David Wiley
  • Even with printnewspapers, ifI want section B of the of the Wall StreetJournal, and my colleagueisreadingit, we can’tsharethatsectionat the same time.CC licensedphoto http://www.flickr.com/photos/62693815@N03/6277209256/
  • Because of the Internet, my colleague and I can view the same page simultaneously with millions of other people all over the world…and practically for free.Fundamental shift…we can share pervasively
  • Not at an increase in cost, but at an increase in the ability to share.
  • Copyright: regulates copying, distributing, editing, and adapting
  • What the Internet enables, copyright forbids.We can’t share.The tension this creates is a common part of the academic life we live.
  • Like a fundamental of Judo: take opponents’ strengths and use it against them
  • At its core, open materials are 4RsFirst three are what impact teaching and learningBundling multiple texts is expensive:Focused on return of investment of textbookRevise: reduce the amount of materialsOpportunity for students to engage in materials…engaging students to revise and add to the textbook for their courseFree is awesome…but its just a part of whatthisis about
  • Open source software community has itThere are broad global uses of CC outside of education as well(Click on hyperlink) Discuss 3 layers of licensing:Human Readable (language means I can understand it); Legal Code (legalese); Machine Readable (Google search can pick it up)Demo Advanced Google search and looking for CC logo (generally found at the bottom of webpages)Case against using CC NC for materials you create is removing the option to print materialsfor studentsCC button says it gives permissionCCBY means attribute it to the original authorCreates professional networkPersonal connectionsCommerical Use: can someone use the material Sharealike: revise but keep the same licenseNC License hurts when printing: need to have a sustainable process; CK 12 agreement under $5 per book; extra piece; we are still living in a world where we need print materialsIf Kscope is funding faculty time, materials created must be CCBY
  • Openly sharing materials is powerful
  • What the Internet enables, copyright forbids.We can’t share.The tension this creates is a common part of the academic life we live.
  • First * there’s the practical matter of broken links. When you link to materials free online, you never know if they might suddenly disappear, or * if the owner might decide to change the material or start charging for it, or change editions on you. Most importantly, * Open gives you the right to make changesIn education, * open means:
  • In education, open means:- * free of cost - saves students money - * improved access to materials (since they’re usually online)- * flexiblity for the instructor to customize/modify the content, * enabling continuous quality improvement- * ideally, can prompt conversation and collaboration around curriculum in a much richer way than is currently existing
  • just to clear up some potential confusion Open does *not equal digital, and *open does not equal free.  Open materials in Education look like - * open educational resources, * open textbooks, and * open coursesMy interest in open began with * open source software …Perhaps * a Venn diagram would helpThere are free materials online that are not open, and there are open materials that are not online. *
  • open source software is where the open content idea was bornfascinating. For the end user, * free is often the main driver, but for the techie, * the bigger driver is the ability to study and modify the code.  And for the big projects, * there was a community of developers, contributing to the creation of this product, often not because it was their job, but because they cared about the end product being better.  By pooling their skills, they could create a better product faster than any one person working alone.  Eric Steven Raymond’s The Cathedral and the BazaarHe discussed two fundamentally different development styles: the “cathedral” model of most of the commercial world versus the “bazaar” model of the Linux world with software debuggingTo me, this is * the promise of open.” and arguably an insight into the future not only software development, but educationThe obvious benefit is the cost in saving students money…but there are more.
  • Biology textbook
  • Videos, interactives, simulations
  • OER can be almost anything! They are materials that are free to anyone to access and include free permission to engage in 4Rs
  • Click the logo to access the site. Talk about OER. Talk about projects, and how much grant money has funded the content development…but challenge in adoption. The “if you build it they will come notion doesn’t necessarily in higher education.”
  • Tim OReilly - “Obscurity is a far greater threat to authors and creative artists than piracy”If Pearson did take your CCBY OER work, then they would have to attribute it to you.
  • Tim OReilly - “Obscurity is a far greater threat to authors and creative artists than piracy”If Pearson did take your CCBY OER work, then they would have to attribute it to you
  • The Kaleidoscope Project, funded by a Next Generation Learning Challenges grant, began in 2011There were 8 founding institutions comprised of community colleges & open access 4-year schools from California to Nebraska to New York
  • The project’s members have grown and in October 2012, the project received follow on funding again by Next Generation Learning Challenges grant.Six two-yearTwo four-year
  • Top row: how to be smartMiddle: Technology and content providers larger project and matchLast: FundingShuttleworth: how we can better support learning resultsThe project’s advisors are experts from different organizations that have experience with OER, an advisory board, as well as a Kaleidoscope Leadership Team. In the first phase of Kaleidoscope, 11 Gen Ed courses were developed, over 9,000 students participated, therequired textbook cost dropped to $0, and the average change in student success (C or better in the course)reported was +14%
  • Kaleidoscope Project GoalsUse OER to improve Student Business faculty are sharing with each otherWhen we started we had developers and adopters: not useful language and falseCollaboration group expandedKaleidoscope uses (OER) to improve student success. The project works by using the best of existing OER to reduce textbook costs to $0; use learning analytics analyze assessment, activity and success data to guide faculty members in continually improving the effectiveness of the open resources; supporting faculty within and across institutions to collaborate, share, and build community
  • The most surprising is what we don’t see in the system: Drops and WsDavid: Recent research (conducted by the Florida Virtual Campus) quantifies the ways high textbook costs affect student persistence and success. More than 60% of students report not having purchase textbooks at some point due to the costNearly a quarter (23%) of students regularly go without textbooks due to their costDue to the high cost of textbooks:35% of students report taking fewer courses31% report not registering for a course14% have dropped a course10% have withdrawn from a courseLink to research source: http://www.openaccesstextbooks.org/pdf/2012_Exec_Sum_Student_Txtbk_Survey.pdf
  • Recent research (conducted by the Florida Virtual Campus) quantifies the ways high textbook costs affect student persistence and success. More than 60% of students report not having purchase textbooks at some point due to the costNearly a quarter (23%) of students regularly go without textbooks due to their costDue to the high cost of textbooks:35% of students report taking fewer courses31% report not registering for a course14% have dropped a course10% have withdrawn from a courseLink to research source: http://www.openaccesstextbooks.org/pdf/2012_Exec_Sum_Student_Txtbk_Survey.pdfLumen led projects are giving students 100% free, digital access to all materials on the first day of the course. With this step alone, institutions have already boosted student success and retention simply by taking textbook costs out of the equation.   If that is the day 1 impact of OER, just think about the other ways we can move the needle on student success by designing, adopting, measuring success and improving OER-based courses.Start teaching from the first day of class
  • ImprovOER: students use materials, analyze the results, and informs improvements
  • Common outcomesAcross states bring the complete collection of outcomeslecture notes, syllabiQuality and Quantity: evolving project, where we have gaps the community is filling once on behalf of everyone; approach is a moving target; FWK had shift in business plan, so what was once open is no longer; What’s everyone using?Work with funders to understand the gapsHewlett: grant complete testbanks for 8 courses; open but controlled testbanks to share with faculty
  • Created an Additional research to understand what is higher quality?
  • Question was: if you had a choice…everything was the samePrefer traditional: students that prefer printed materials
  • Financial Aid connectionQuality of materialsResearch method is a bit wildStudent success C or betterHistorical success: same faculty, same courseA lot of interventionsReading and writing have the worst dataOER free and open materialsfaculty engage differently, more instructional designCan’t unpack all individual materialsDev Math: diff between having materials on the first day made the difference between passing and failingmore digitial materials, layers on a second portion, found the most expensive way to deliver dev mathPearson and Alex text; lose access to system to review
  • Archetypes of facultyFringe Lippmans and Sousas enjoy it in off timeUse materials but leave me aloneUse but it has to be easy, turn key, feel a lot like publisherFaculty comment: would be more open if it was part of the job; No institutional acknowledgement to use it; time is biggest problem lifting; everyone is developing; very early3 stepsHerculean lift: writing a book; evaluating materials; needs funded; better if its collaborative; tough for single faculty to do the work and share it; other faculty have seen when one does the work its seen as a threatSome group have created something complete and then I can match it to my outcomesThen taking materials and adopting; Not just materials, how do you teach differentlyWhat is the role of print?
  • Archetypes of facultyFringe Lippmans and Sousas enjoy it in off timeUse materials but leave me aloneUse but it has to be easy, turn key, feel a lot like publisherFaculty comment: would be more open if it was part of the job; No institutional acknowledgement to use it; time is biggest problem lifting; everyone is developing; very early3 stepsHerculean lift: writing a book; evaluating materials; needs funded; better if its collaborative; tough for single faculty to do the work and share it; other faculty have seen when one does the work its seen as a threatSome group have created something complete and then I can match it to my outcomesThen taking materials and adopting; Not just materials, how do you teach differentlyWhat is the role of print?
  • Overall…

Central Community College Kaleidoscope Central Community College Kaleidoscope Presentation Transcript

  • www.lumenlearning.comKaleidoscope Open Course InitiativeCentral Community CollegeWorkshop ~ 16-17 June 2013Ronda NeugebauerLumen Learning Student Success LeadKaleidoscope Founding Member
  • AgendaWhy Open?Practical Definitions and ConsiderationsOpen Educational ResourcesThe Kaleidoscope ApproachOpportunities for Project Engagement
  • Education is Sharingteachers with studentsstudents with teachersShared by David Wiley under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 license.
  • Successful Educatorsshare most completelywith the most students
  • If There Is No Sharingthen there is no education
  • What can be given withoutbeing given away?Knowledge
  • can be given without being given awayIdeas are Non-rivalrous
  • Physical Expressions Are Notto give a book,you mustgive it away
  • When Expressions Are Digitalthey also become non-rivalrous
  • CC licensed photo http://www.flickr.com/photos/62693815@N03/6277209256/
  • Unprecedented Capacityto share and educate as never before
  • Except We Can’t© regulates copying, adapting, distributing
  • © Cancels the Possibilitiesof digital media and the internet
  • InternetEnableswhat to do?CopyrightForbids
  • use copyright to enforce sharing
  • Makes It Easy to Share: 4Rs• Use the content in its unaltered formReuse• Adapt, adjust, modify, improve, or alter thecontentRevise• Combine the original or revised content withother OER to create something newRemix• Share copies of the original content, revisionsor remixes with othersRedistribute
  • http://creativecommons.orgCreative Commons licenses provide a simple, standardizedway to grant copyright permissions to creative work.Attribute? Commercial use? Share alike?Permission:
  • What are Open EducationalResources (OER)?(1)Any kind of teaching materials –textbooks, syllabi, lessonplans, videos, readings, exams(2) Are free for anyone to access, and(3) Include free permission to engage in the4R activities: reuse, revise, remix, redistributeWhat are Open EducationalResources (OER)?
  • InternetEnablessharing and educating atunprecedented scaleOERAllows
  • Why Open (not cost)Copy = no broken linksCopy = no surprise changesOpen = right to make changes
  • In EducationFree of costImproved accessCustomizationQuality improvementCollaboration
  • Open ≠ DigitalOpen ≠ FreeOPENDIGITALFREE
  • Open Source Software“Free” like “free scotch”“Free” like “free speech”Collaboration“Release Early, Release Often”“Given enough eyeballs, all bugs areshallow”The Promise of Open
  • For most authors the greatestrisk isnot piracybut obscurity.Why ?- Tim O’Reilly
  • Because in the endthe love you takeis equal tothe love you make.Why ?- John Lennon
  • What do OER look like?
  • Mining OERClick the Logo
  • OER Common ConcernsIt’s too time-consuming to switch to OER.If anyone can create OER, then the quality mustnot be as good. Publisher materials are better.I want a cohesive set of materials – from PPTs, topractice sets, to textbooks – OER doesn’t offer this.
  • OER require online delivery. That’s not my teachingstyle.If I’m creating materials, then I should reapthe financial reward, not give it away for free.If students can’t afford textbooks,then they shouldn’t be in college.OER Common Concerns
  • How can OER benefit students?
  • Kaleidoscope Project Goals1. Eliminate textbook cost as a barrier2. Drive assessment-driven enhancement ofcourse designs and materials3. Connect to a global collaborativecommunity to share learning andinvestmentUse Open Educational Resources toImprove Student Success
  • There is a direct relationshipbetweenTextbook Costs and Student Success60%+ do not purchase textbooksat some point due to cost35% take fewer courses due totextbook cost31% choose not to register for acourse due to textbook cost23% regularly go withouttextbooks due to cost14% have dropped a coursedue to textbook cost10% have withdrawn from acourse due to textbook costSource: 2012 student surveyby Florida Virtual Campus
  • The Vision100% of students havefree, digital access to all materials on Day 1Improve student success using OER-based courses that increaseaffordability, broaden access, andapply continuous quality improvementto course design
  • Students UseOER andAssessmentsImprove OER+ AssessmentDesignAssessmentandBehavioralStudentDataDetermineOEREffectivenessPredict andIntervene withAt-RiskStudentsImprovOERContinuousImprovement
  • Open Course FrameworkFor each student learning outcome:Complete set of open materialsSummative/Formative assessmentsSupplemental and support resourcesFully mapped courseClose the assessment loopApply knowledge for continuous improvement of course
  • Student Ratings of Quality of OpenTexts0 10 20 30 40 50 60Better qualitySame qualityWorse qualityNumber of Students“It was very concise and aligned with exactly what we wereworking on in the class.”“Having the textbook catered to us by our teacher was perfect.”3%56%41%Source: Bliss, Hilton, Wiley, Thanos (2012)
  • Student Preference for KaleidoscopeCourses0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80Prefer KscopePrefer traditionalNo preferenceNumber of Students“I enjoy having online texts provided for me because Im poor. Ispend the money I have left after rent on school, so havingfree online texts provided for me benefits me very much.”“GREAT WAY TO DO ONLINE CLASSES!!!!”13%13%73%Source: Bliss, Hilton, Wiley, Thanos (2012)
  • Student Success C or Better0102030405060708090Historical Success Kaleidoscope
  • Kaleidoscope Approach Gateway to OER Room for all on OER spectrum Collaborative community ofdevelopers, teachers, advocates Ease of transition Freedom from Textbook Students have access from Day One
  • Kaleidoscope Phase II1. Support new institutions in pilots of opencourse frameworks– Micro-pilots– Realistic evaluation of approach2. Develop 20+ additional courseframeworks3. Grow and mature the project– Project governance– Faculty leadership
  • www.lumenlearning.comKaleidoscope Phase II: TeachReading (dev)Writing (dev)CompositionBeg. Algebra (dev)Int. Algebra (dev)BiologyChemistryPhysical GeographyPsychologyFundamentals of Business
  • www.lumenlearning.comKaleidoscope Phase II: DevelopFinancial AccountingManagerial AccountingMarketingIntro to Information SystemsIntro to TeachingUS History to 1865US History from 1865Art Concepts/Art AppreciationMusic AppreciationEnglish Composition IISpeech CommunicationChemistry for majorsIntro to Earth ScienceIntro to Political ScienceIntro to SociologyPrinciples of Macro-economicsPrinciples of Micro-economicsUS Government and PoliticsIntro to Online Learning
  • www.lumenlearning.comKaleidoscope Phase II: ProcessBegins with outcomesOrganize module layout for course in Lumen’sinstance of CanvasIdentify assessments w/ simple rubricIdentify OER content and check attributionMap outcomes, assessments, and OERcontentTailor course to preferencesTeach
  • www.lumenlearning.comOpportunities• Participate in pilots of existing frameworks• Engage in creating new open courseframeworks• Seek opportunities to use OER• Support open licensing of educational materialswith Creative Commons licensing
  • It’s About LearningIncreasing learning by:lowering costsenabling and supporting faculty