Makes It Easy to Share: 4Rs• Use the content in its unaltered formReuse• Adapt, adjust, modify, improve, or alter thecontentRevise• Combine the original or revised content withother OER to create something newRemix• Share copies of the original content, revisionsor remixes with othersRedistribute
http://creativecommons.orgCreative Commons licenses provide a simple, standardizedway to grant copyright permissions to creative work.Attribute? Commercial use? Share alike?Permission:
What are Open EducationalResources (OER)?(1)Any kind of teaching materials –textbooks, syllabi, lessonplans, videos, readings, exams(2) Are free for anyone to access, and(3) Include free permission to engage in the4R activities: reuse, revise, remix, redistributeWhat are Open EducationalResources (OER)?
InternetEnablessharing and educating atunprecedented scaleOERAllows
Why Open (not cost)Copy = no broken linksCopy = no surprise changesOpen = right to make changes
In EducationFree of costImproved accessCustomizationQuality improvementCollaboration
Open ≠ DigitalOpen ≠ FreeOPENDIGITALFREE
Open Source Software“Free” like “free scotch”“Free” like “free speech”Collaboration“Release Early, Release Often”“Given enough eyeballs, all bugs areshallow”The Promise of Open
For most authors the greatestrisk isnot piracybut obscurity.Why ?- Tim O’Reilly
Because in the endthe love you takeis equal tothe love you make.Why ?- John Lennon
What do OER look like?
Mining OERClick the Logo
OER Common ConcernsIt’s too time-consuming to switch to OER.If anyone can create OER, then the quality mustnot be as good. Publisher materials are better.I want a cohesive set of materials – from PPTs, topractice sets, to textbooks – OER doesn’t offer this.
OER require online delivery. That’s not my teachingstyle.If I’m creating materials, then I should reapthe financial reward, not give it away for free.If students can’t afford textbooks,then they shouldn’t be in college.OER Common Concerns
How can OER benefit students?
Kaleidoscope Project Goals1. Eliminate textbook cost as a barrier2. Drive assessment-driven enhancement ofcourse designs and materials3. Connect to a global collaborativecommunity to share learning andinvestmentUse Open Educational Resources toImprove Student Success
There is a direct relationshipbetweenTextbook Costs and Student Success60%+ do not purchase textbooksat some point due to cost35% take fewer courses due totextbook cost31% choose not to register for acourse due to textbook cost23% regularly go withouttextbooks due to cost14% have dropped a coursedue to textbook cost10% have withdrawn from acourse due to textbook costSource: 2012 student surveyby Florida Virtual Campus
The Vision100% of students havefree, digital access to all materials on Day 1Improve student success using OER-based courses that increaseaffordability, broaden access, andapply continuous quality improvementto course design
Students UseOER andAssessmentsImprove OER+ AssessmentDesignAssessmentandBehavioralStudentDataDetermineOEREffectivenessPredict andIntervene withAt-RiskStudentsImprovOERContinuousImprovement
Open Course FrameworkFor each student learning outcome:Complete set of open materialsSummative/Formative assessmentsSupplemental and support resourcesFully mapped courseClose the assessment loopApply knowledge for continuous improvement of course
Student Ratings of Quality of OpenTexts0 10 20 30 40 50 60Better qualitySame qualityWorse qualityNumber of Students“It was very concise and aligned with exactly what we wereworking on in the class.”“Having the textbook catered to us by our teacher was perfect.”3%56%41%Source: Bliss, Hilton, Wiley, Thanos (2012)
Student Preference for KaleidoscopeCourses0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80Prefer KscopePrefer traditionalNo preferenceNumber of Students“I enjoy having online texts provided for me because Im poor. Ispend the money I have left after rent on school, so havingfree online texts provided for me benefits me very much.”“GREAT WAY TO DO ONLINE CLASSES!!!!”13%13%73%Source: Bliss, Hilton, Wiley, Thanos (2012)
Student Success C or Better0102030405060708090Historical Success Kaleidoscope
Kaleidoscope Approach Gateway to OER Room for all on OER spectrum Collaborative community ofdevelopers, teachers, advocates Ease of transition Freedom from Textbook Students have access from Day One
Kaleidoscope Phase II1. Support new institutions in pilots of opencourse frameworks– Micro-pilots– Realistic evaluation of approach2. Develop 20+ additional courseframeworks3. Grow and mature the project– Project governance– Faculty leadership
www.lumenlearning.comKaleidoscope Phase II: TeachReading (dev)Writing (dev)CompositionBeg. Algebra (dev)Int. Algebra (dev)BiologyChemistryPhysical GeographyPsychologyFundamentals of Business
www.lumenlearning.comKaleidoscope Phase II: DevelopFinancial AccountingManagerial AccountingMarketingIntro to Information SystemsIntro to TeachingUS History to 1865US History from 1865Art Concepts/Art AppreciationMusic AppreciationEnglish Composition IISpeech CommunicationChemistry for majorsIntro to Earth ScienceIntro to Political ScienceIntro to SociologyPrinciples of Macro-economicsPrinciples of Micro-economicsUS Government and PoliticsIntro to Online Learning
www.lumenlearning.comKaleidoscope Phase II: ProcessBegins with outcomesOrganize module layout for course in Lumen’sinstance of CanvasIdentify assessments w/ simple rubricIdentify OER content and check attributionMap outcomes, assessments, and OERcontentTailor course to preferencesTeach
www.lumenlearning.comOpportunities• Participate in pilots of existing frameworks• Engage in creating new open courseframeworks• Seek opportunities to use OER• Support open licensing of educational materialswith Creative Commons licensing
It’s About LearningIncreasing learning by:lowering costsenabling and supporting faculty