Final Regents Review: The Middle Ages

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A review of the history of the Middle Ages originally created by Susan M. Pojer, Horace Greely H.S. Chappaqua, NY.

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Final Regents Review: The Middle Ages

  1. 1. By: Susan M. PojerHorace Greeley H.S. Chappaqua, NY
  2. 2. PeriodizationEarly Middle Ages: 500 – 1000High Middle Ages: 1000 – 1250Late Middle Ages: 1250 - 1500
  3. 3. Europe in the 6c
  4. 4. The Medieval Catholic Church filled the power vacuum left from the collapse of the classical world. monasticism:  St. Benedict – Benedictine Rule of poverty, chastity, and obedience.  provided schools for the children of the upper class.  inns, hospitals, refuge in times of war.  libraries & scriptoria to copy books and illuminate manuscripts.  monks  missionaries to the barbarians. [St. Patrick, St. Boniface]
  5. 5. The Power of the Medieval Church bishops and abbots played a large part in the feudal system. the church controlled about 1/3 of the land in Western Europe. tried to curb feudal warfare  only 40 days a year for combat. curb heresies  crusades; Inquisition tithe  1/10 tax on your assets given to the church. Peter’s Pence  1 penny per person [paid by the peasants].
  6. 6. A Medieval Monk’s Day
  7. 7. A Medieval Monastery: The Scriptorium
  8. 8. Illuminated Manuscripts
  9. 9. Romanesque Architectural Style Rounded Arches. Barrel vaults. Thick walls. Darker, simplistic interiors. Small windows, usually at the top of the wall.
  10. 10. Charlemagne: 742 to 814
  11. 11. Charlemagne’s Empire
  12. 12. Pope Crowned CharlemagneHoly Roman Emperor: Dec. 25, 800
  13. 13. The Rise of European Monarchies: England
  14. 14. Charlemagne’s Empire Collapses: Treaty of Verdun, 843
  15. 15. FeudalismA political, economic, and socialsystem based on loyalty andmilitary service.
  16. 16. Carcassonne: A Medieval Castle
  17. 17. Parts of a Medieval Castle
  18. 18. The Road to Knighthood KNIGHT SQUIRE PAGE
  19. 19. Chivalry: A Code of Honor and Behavior
  20. 20. The Medieval Manor
  21. 21. Life on the Medieval Manor Serfs at work
  22. 22. William the Conqueror:Battle of Hastings, 1066 (Bayeaux Tapestry)
  23. 23. Evolution of England’s Political System Henry I:  William’s son.  set up a court system.  Exchequer  dept. of royal finances. Henry II:  established the principle of common law throughout the kingdom.  grand jury.  trial by jury.
  24. 24. Evolution of England’s Political System Henry I:  William’s son.  set up a court system.  Exchequer  dept. of royal finances. Henry II:  established the principle of common law throughout the kingdom.  grand jury.  trial by jury.
  25. 25. Magna Carta, 1215  King John I  Runnymeade  “Great Charter”  monarchs were not above the law.  kings had to consult a council of advisors.  kings could not tax arbitrarily.
  26. 26. The Beginnings of the British Parliament Great Council:  middle class merchants, townspeople [burgesses in Eng., bourgeoisie in Fr., burghers in Ger.] were added at the end of the 13c.  eventually called Parliament.  by 1400, two chambers evolved: o House of Lords  nobles & clergy. o House of Commons  knights and burgesses.
  27. 27. The Rise of European Monarchies: France
  28. 28. Gothic Architectural Style Pointed arches. High, narrow vaults. Thinner walls. Flying buttresses. Elaborate, ornate, “Flying” Buttresses airier interiors. Stained-glass windows.
  29. 29. Setting Out on Crusade
  30. 30. Christian Crusades: East and West
  31. 31. Late Medieval Town Dwellings
  32. 32. Medieval Trade
  33. 33. Medieval Guilds Guild Hall Commercial Monopoly:  Controlled membership apprentice  journeyman  master craftsman  Controlled quality of the product [masterpiece].  Controlled prices

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