4. causes of the civil war


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4. causes of the civil war

  1. 1. Causes of the Civil War
  2. 2. On the back of your Do Now, write down three reasons the Northand South went to War based on the music video.
  3. 3. Missouri Compromise of 1820• 1819 Missouri asks to bepermitted to the Union.• 11 Free and 11 Slaves statesat the time• Henry comes up with acompromise– Missouri added as a slavestate, Maine added as a freestate– Southern border of Missouriforms the 36 30’ latitude. Thisbecomes the boundary forslavery. Slavery is permittedonly South of this line
  4. 4. The Compromise of 1850• 1850 California asks to join the Union. StephanDouglas proposes compromise.• California added as a free state• Mexican cession was divided into two territories,New Mexico and Utah; each was given popularsovereignty• Slave trade outlawed in Washington D.C.• Fugitive Slave Act– Strengthened old law that required Northerners toturn in runaway slaves. Put a $1,000 fine and 6months in jail to anyone who helps a runaway slave
  5. 5. Uncle Tom’s Cabin• Harriet Beecher Stowe1852• She writes a novel todemonstrate the crueltreatment of slaves and thehorror of the Fugitive SlaveLaws. Story of a nice oldslave who’s owner goesbroke and sells him to amean master. Helped to puta face on the peculiarinstitution. Helped tofurther split the North andthe South.
  6. 6. Kansas-Nebraska Act 1854• Stephan Douglas wanted to set up agovernment in Nebraska to set up railroadsfrom Chicago to California. Divided theterritory into two territories, Kansas andNebraska, and gave them popular sovereigntyto decide slavery. It further divided the Northand South as it created a battleground forabolitionists and pro-slavery advocates.
  7. 7. Bleeding Kansas 1854-1856• Battlegrounds for abolitionists and Pro-slaverygroups. Battle in Lawrence in 1856. In 1855many pro-slavery advocates crossed fromMissouri and voted illegally. They elected apro-slavery legislature. 1856 John Brownstormed Potawantume and killed 5 pro-slavery advocates. Over 200 people werekilled in the violence that broke out.Newspapers titled all the violence, BleedingKansas.
  8. 8. Dred Scott Case• Dred Scott was a slave who traveled with hismaster from Missouri to Illinois to Wisconsin andback to Missouri. Anti-slavery lawyers took up hiscase after Scott’s owner died. They hoped to geta ruling from the Supreme Court calling slaveryunconstitutional. Instead, the Supreme Courtruled that slaves were not citizens and weretherefore not entitled to rights guaranteed by theConstitution. This greatly angered Northernersand encouraged the Southerners.
  9. 9. Lincoln – Douglas Debates• In 1858 Senator Stephan Douglas ran for re-election against a tall young lawyer namedAbraham Lincoln. During the debates Lincolntried to paint Douglas as a pro-slavery advocate.In return, Douglas tried to portray Lincoln as astrong abolitionist trying to eliminate slavery.Douglas won election, but the debates madeLincoln a public figure and helped the South forma negative opinion of him. Upon his election tothe presidency in 1860, the south would secede.
  10. 10. John Brown’s Raid on Harpers Ferry• John Brown and a group of militant abolitionistsattacked the federal arsenal in Harpers Ferry,Virginia. They were hoping to start a slave revoltand supply them with the necessary weapons.The revolt did not happen. Robert E. Lee overranthe invaders and John Brown was taken prisoner.He was tried and convicted, then sentenced todeath. The dignity that he showed during his trialgained him great support from the North. Hisexecution became part of the battle cry of theNorth.
  11. 11. Westward Expansion• As the U.S. exercised its philosophy ofmanifest destiny, a monumental debatewould result. The issue would accompanyeach new acquisition. Slave or Free State?
  12. 12. The Wilmot Proviso• After the Mexican-American War, the U.S. hadacquired lands from Mexico. A new and pressingissue now surfaced to the front of Americanpolitics. Would new states or territories be addedas free or slave? The balance of power betweenNorth and South could shift. Wilmot added aproviso (amendment) to a bill from congressstating that slavery would not be permitted inany state acquired from Mexico. Congress laterdefeated the amendment.
  13. 13. Nat Turner’s Rebellion• Nat Turner, an AfricanAmerican preacher led aviolent slave revolt inVirginia. Believing he wasacting under divineintervention he and theslaves killed up to 70 whitepeople. Virginia which hadbriefly considered droppingslavery now joined theother southern states intightening the restrictionson slaves.
  14. 14. Election of 1860 and South CarolinaSecession• Lincoln, the republicancandidate from the Northwas elected to presidentover without receivingone electoral vote in thesouth. Infuriatedsouthern states threatento leave the Union. OnDecember 20th, 1860,South Carolina becamethe first state to secedefrom the Union.
  15. 15. SOUTH SECESSION• 12/20/1860 South Carolina seceded• soon after they are joined by Texas,Louisiana, Alabama, Georgia, Florida• elect Jefferson Davis as president ofConfederate States of America• locate capital in Montgomery Alabama
  16. 16. Fort Sumter• This marked the start ofthe Civil War whenconfederate forces firedon Fort Sumter in SouthCarolina and committedan open act of rebellionagainst the Union.
  17. 17. • President of the Union • President of Confederacy
  18. 18. New York City Draft Riot 1863• July 1863 protest ofwar in New York Cityleft 1,000 dead• Irish laborers wereprotesting the draftwhich wealthy mencould pay to beexempt from
  19. 19. EMANCIPATIONPROCLAMATION• Freed Slaves in Confederacy• technically didn’t free anyone• hoped slaves would hear andrunaway• stopped Britain and France fromrecognizing Confederacy