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Over the past 30 years, the success of a number of SEZs in developing countries has inspired other developing countries to turn to SEZs as a way of making their development strategies more outward-oriented. However, developing countries have had varied results with this strategy: Some SEZs have emerged as dynamic engines of growth, while others have created little benefit, and turned out to be net drains on government resources. The Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) is one of the countries, which recently, in the year 2011, adopted a national SEZ strategy. Against the background of Lao’s on-going efforts to enhance its national SEZ strategy, the primary objective of the study “Guideline How to Successfully Implement Special Economic Zones in Lao PDR – A Global and Chinese Best Practice Approach” is a closer examination of success factors and pitfalls of international SEZ experience in general and the Chinese case Shenzhen in particular, subsequently deriving policy implications for successfully establishing SEZs in Lao PDR.