• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
Prof. Se-Jung Oh — Networking between Academia, Public Research Institutes and Industry - Korean Experiences
 

Prof. Se-Jung Oh — Networking between Academia, Public Research Institutes and Industry - Korean Experiences

on

  • 826 views

Global Summit of Innovation Economy Creators. ...

Global Summit of Innovation Economy Creators.
Se Jung Oh.
Председатель Национального исследовательского фонда Кореи. Председатель Корейско-американского центра по научному сотрудничеству. Советник правительства Кореи по научно-технологической политике с 1989 г. 2007-2008 - член правительственного комитета по стимулированию фундаментальных исследований. Глава Комитета по разработке специальной инициативы по повышению привлекательности ВУЗов и исследовательских центров Кореи (World Class Universities). Профессор Государственного университета Сеула (ГУС). Известный исследователь (физика и электроника).

Statistics

Views

Total Views
826
Views on SlideShare
826
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Prof. Se-Jung Oh — Networking between Academia, Public Research Institutes and Industry - Korean Experiences Prof. Se-Jung Oh — Networking between Academia, Public Research Institutes and Industry - Korean Experiences Presentation Transcript

    • Networking between Academia, Public Research Institutes and Industry ---Korean Experiences Prof. Se-Jung Oh President, Institute for Basic Science (Current) President, National Research Foundation of Korea (Previous) Professor of Physics, Seoul National University, Republic of Korea
    • Miracle of Korean Economy  GNI per capita of Korea • Year 1953: $ 67/ yr  was one of the poorest countries in the world • Year 2006: $ 18,372 & Year 2010: $ 20,753 [ GNI per capita (1953 ~ 2008), nominal US $ ]20,00018,000 Asian Currency Crisis16,00014,00012,00010,000 8,000 6,000 4,000 2,000 0 Source : The Bank of Korea, http://ecos.bok.or.kr
    • Korean National Innovation System - Input R&D Expenditure and Number of Researchers 1969 1980 1990 2000 2010R&D expenditure (B won) 9.8 211.7 3,210.5 13,848.5 43,854.8 7.2 105.5 510.8 3,816.9 12,270.2 - Public (73%) (50%) (16%) (28%) (28%) 1.8 102.4 2,698.9 10,023.4 31,489.6 - Private (18%) (48%) (84%) (72%) (72%) 0.8 3.8 0.8 8.2 95.0 - Foreign (8%) (2%) (0%) (0%) (0%)Number of researchers (FTE) 5,337 18,434 70,503 159,973 345,912 - Government Research 2,413 4,598 10,434 13,913 26,235Institutes (45%) (25%) (15%) (9%) (8%) (GRI’s) 2,142 8,695 21,332 51,727 93,509 - University (40%) (47%) (30%) (32%) (27%) 782 5,141 38,737 94,333 226,168 - Private Industry (15%) (28%) (55%) (59%) (65%)
    • Progress of Korean National Innovation System Stage 1960s ~ 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000 ~ 2010 Per Capita GNP • $82 ~ $1,676 • $1,645 ~ $ 5,418 • $6,417 ~ $9,438 • $10,804 ~ $20,753 • Agriculture and • Electronic and IT • IT products and • heavy industry Labor-intensive products others Major Industry (Steel, Auto, industry (Textile, (Electric Appliances, (Semiconductor, LCD, Chemicals ,etc) Shoes, etc) Semiconductor etc) Auto, etc) • Imitation of mature • Imitation of mature, • Development of • Expansion of public R & D Focus foreign advanced foreign growth engine R&D technologies technologies technologies • Inadequacy of • Expansion of Domestic R & D university & • Foundation of industry-led system industry & Situation industry research • Expansion of university research university research • Reliance on GRI’s Government • Established KIST • Expansion of • Emphasis on the • Globalization of Policy on R & D (1966) and other University System Quality of Graduate University and Human GRI’s • Rapid growth of Education and • Foster Top-quality Resource • Established KAIS Graduate Schools Research Research Univ. Development (1973) • Post-doc Training of HRD Policy at • Import from • Import as well as • Assimilation in the Domestic Ph.D’s in Doctorate Level foreign countries Domestic Training Global Market foreign countries
    • Triple Helix Model Tri-Lateral networks and Hybrid oranization Academia Public Research Industry Institute Three Major Innovation System Actors in Korea (as of 2010) R&D Expenditure No. of Researchers No. of Researchers (B Won) (total FTE)) (Ph.D level) University 4,745 (11%) 93,509 (27%) 53,947 (66%) Government Researc 6,306 (14%) 26,235 (8%) 12,818 (16%) h Institutes (GRI’s) Private Industry 32,803 (75%) 226,168 (65%) 14,677 (18%)
    • Policies to Facilitate Networking betweenInnovation System Actors(1) Manpower Exchange /Flow Joint Appointments between University and GRI’s or Private Industry - A special law was passed last year to allow good scientists/engineers to hold dual appointments in University, Government Research Institutes and Private Industry A professor can have an extended leave-of-absence when he/she starts a venture company - Usually professors in the university are allowed to have leave-of-absence for one year after 7 years of active service, but when he/she starts a venture company he/she can have the leave-of-absence for an extended period of time. (up to 5 years depending on the University) Researchers in Government Research Institutes can spend an extended period of time at private industries when they carry out joint research projects. - In some cases, GRI’s support staying expenses of their researchers in private companies when the company is small or medium size.
    • (2) Encourage Joint Research Activities betweenUniversity and Private Industry Some government research projects, especially on applied topics, require participation of private industry even when the Principal Investigator belongs to University or Government Research Institutes. - The participating industry can share the government project budget during the joint research. However, when the company makes a profit later on by applying the results of this joint project, they are required to pay back their research expenditure. Special tax incentive is given to the industry when they carry out the joint research project with university - Up to 50% of research expenditure can be deducted from the tax of the company
    • (3) Trust Building between University, Government Research Institutes and Industry A special council is established to discuss matters of mutual interest between university, government research institutes and private industry - Representatives of university, public research institutes, and private industry meet regularly along with government officials to discuss matters of mutual interest.TLO’s (Technology Licensing Offices) are established in universities to facilitatediffusion of university-invented technology to private industry - Government supports the establishment and operating budget of university TLO’s