Knocking on The Parliaments doorParliaments in the era of digital participation.                                          ...
Internet and parliament met 15 yearso   95, Thomas (USA Library of Congress)o   96, Bundestago   97, Danish Parliamento   ...
Bad news: lost at „an awkward age‟                                     Página 3
Good news: We have left childhood behindo As always was very hard but very exciting and now we  are approaching maturity. ...
1450 Gutenberg“Every    person     of    theParliament ought to keepsecret and not to disclose thesecrets and things done ...
TV Invention year: 1925o Fourteen days rule, (Uk, 1940-1956)o TV in UK Parliament:   - 1985 House, 1989 Commons.          ...
The TICs & the Parliamentso Have always had to overcome problems of adaptation.o Never fulfilled democratic expectations g...
Mass parties, mass media, Next masso 1987 SARTORI asked  what democracy is,  today we are even more  confused.            ...
e-Democracy is even more complicatedo Efforts to broaden political participation by enabling  citizens to connect with one...
Where are we in the Schumpeter s Cycle?                       o Organizations use the                         technology t...
e-Democracy as a state of mindo Change is in the airo The thesis that argues that Internet will not change the  form of go...
Apocalyptics, integrated and observers            On which side are you fighting?I have seen in the Halls of Congress more...
Before flight: Parliamentary authorities warns that purely        technical perspective leads to frustration.Changes witho...
Where are the parliaments?The way of monarchies? From efficient parts to dignifiedparts of the political system.          ...
Functionso It s legislative still the main function?                                              Página 15
Parliaments new functions                            Página 16
New role & New strengthsFrom executor of citizens preferences to catalyst andfacilitator of public policy.o   Representati...
The same old storye-Parliament                     Página 18
Problemso A thousand-headed hydra: Everybody is “the  parliament”.o Members are not familiar with new technologieso Citize...
WAIT…o Technicians do not understand the parliamentarians nor  the citizens.                                              ...
WHO ARE THOSE PEOPLE?They are digital citizens, they want to be engaged but ontheir terms; and it is the equal responsibil...
Anthrax effect                 Página 22
Information: Tv moves the parliaments awayo Homes opened to new forms of political  management, closer than it looks on te...
Challengeso Its the time of institutions, no fear, take the lead.o Institution: tradition, continuity, organization… and  ...
E-Parliaments pilars  - Info -> Communication  - Cooperation & Participation                                  Página 25
Information: E-parliaments as TV satso Good at communicating with those who are already  interested, but it struggles when...
Personalization - ICTs have created greater demand for information and has raised the   standard used to judge the adaptat...
Communication -> Dialogueo True dialogue: chance against the ecochamberso Initiate and facilitate the process, manage it.o...
Information -> Communication: Contento Institutionalization, think how far it can go, but think  seriously and take respon...
Information -> Communication: Content 2o We know that the problem is political education of people (and that   the Web cou...
Information -> Communication: Timmingo Think of informative times variations caused by internet.o File: Change of term (im...
Information -> Communication:o   Well transmitted.o   Update.o   Well organized.o   Accessible.o   Adapted to the user.o  ...
Information -> Comunication:o Huber construct of learning:   -   Knowledge acquisition.   -   Information distribution: Op...
Cooperationo Integrating with the society: participating on other  networks, offering volunteering, internships...o Useful...
Controlo Beyond politics, results, statistics ... especially not finish  with the adoption of laws, implementation ...o Bu...
Conclusionso Serious Democracy.o Restore public trust on the integrity of institutions:  Assurance and coherence of inform...
Conclusionso Practice better communication with the public:  information selection, filter to avoid overinformation: not  ...
Conclusionso Be more open and inclusive in its composition and  working methods: Action Platform: Groups and deputies.o Ex...
Challengeso To improve the quality of information that governments  supply to parliamentso To increase the efficiency of t...
The e-parliamentarism is built on the pillars of an effectivecommitment, clear vision and long-term strategic planning,   ...
It is not the tool but proper care of people: Democracy thatincludes dialogue: people want to feel worthy, to be heard,to ...
Thank you!             Página 42
Looking at Latin AmericaCámara de Diputados de México,INFOPAL.MOVILBuscadores móviles todavía generan problemasen los térm...
Looking at Latin AmericaPlataforma de blogs de Ecuador:- asambleístas, comisiones permanentes,comisiones ocasionales y gru...
Looking at Latin AmericaEducation United Kingdom(http://www.parliament.uk/education/).- Adaptación a distintos públicos (e...
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Knocking on the Parliaments door (Abriendo las puertas del Parlamento)

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Knocking on the Parliaments door (Abriendo las puertas del Parlamento)

  1. 1. Knocking on The Parliaments doorParliaments in the era of digital participation. Página
  2. 2. Internet and parliament met 15 yearso 95, Thomas (USA Library of Congress)o 96, Bundestago 97, Danish Parliamento 2000, 57% of parliaments were online.o 2006, 91%o 2007, 95%o 2009, 97% Página 2
  3. 3. Bad news: lost at „an awkward age‟ Página 3
  4. 4. Good news: We have left childhood behindo As always was very hard but very exciting and now we are approaching maturity. Página 4
  5. 5. 1450 Gutenberg“Every person of theParliament ought to keepsecret and not to disclose thesecrets and things done andspoken in Parliament Houseto any other person, unlesshe be one of the sameHouse, upon pain of beingsequestered out of theHouse, or otherwise punishedas by order of the Houseshall be appointed” (Orderand Usage how to keep aParliament, 1571) Página 5
  6. 6. TV Invention year: 1925o Fourteen days rule, (Uk, 1940-1956)o TV in UK Parliament: - 1985 House, 1989 Commons. Página 6
  7. 7. The TICs & the Parliamentso Have always had to overcome problems of adaptation.o Never fulfilled democratic expectations generated but its effects have been absolutely essential. Página 7
  8. 8. Mass parties, mass media, Next masso 1987 SARTORI asked what democracy is, today we are even more confused. Página 8
  9. 9. e-Democracy is even more complicatedo Efforts to broaden political participation by enabling citizens to connect with one another and with their representatives via new information and communication technologies (Hansard Society, 2003)o Many small, independent projects, each engaging a handful of people on focused, topical issues. Technology is matched to the natura of the issue and local forums emerge so that people can think things out and get to know each other offline as well as online.This is long tail democracy in action… micropojects, issuedbased, choosing the right technology. Temporal, dinamic,evolutionary. People have multiple and varied roles in manycampaigns or consultations. (Hansard Society, 2008) Página 9
  10. 10. Where are we in the Schumpeter s Cycle? o Organizations use the technology to replicate their existing processes. o New and more efficient ways of carrying out the processes that underpin their business. o They reengineer the business around the technology, which has become core. Página 10
  11. 11. e-Democracy as a state of mindo Change is in the airo The thesis that argues that Internet will not change the form of government (input) is strengthened, but determinedly may affect the efficiency and quality of public services (output).o The technocratic obsession with push-button democracy has tended to distract serious attention form the likely impact of ICTs upon the health of representative democracy. Página 11
  12. 12. Apocalyptics, integrated and observers On which side are you fighting?I have seen in the Halls of Congress more idealism, more humanness, more compassion, more profiles of courage than in any other institution that I have ever known. Hubert H. Humphrey Página 12
  13. 13. Before flight: Parliamentary authorities warns that purely technical perspective leads to frustration.Changes without perspective can fail for not adapting to the environment and can succeed and be counterproductive. Página 13
  14. 14. Where are the parliaments?The way of monarchies? From efficient parts to dignifiedparts of the political system. Página 14
  15. 15. Functionso It s legislative still the main function? Página 15
  16. 16. Parliaments new functions Página 16
  17. 17. New role & New strengthsFrom executor of citizens preferences to catalyst andfacilitator of public policy.o Representativeo Transparento Accessibleo Responsibleo Effective Página 17
  18. 18. The same old storye-Parliament Página 18
  19. 19. Problemso A thousand-headed hydra: Everybody is “the parliament”.o Members are not familiar with new technologieso Citizens are not familiar with the legislative processo Citizens are not familiar with the technologieso Too much informationo Polarizationo Lack of responseo Electoral systems not adaptedo Requires high effort Página 19
  20. 20. WAIT…o Technicians do not understand the parliamentarians nor the citizens. Página 20
  21. 21. WHO ARE THOSE PEOPLE?They are digital citizens, they want to be engaged but ontheir terms; and it is the equal responsibility of parliamentsand their members to make this happen, to go out andmeet citizens where they are and not expect the public tocome to them. (Parliament 2020: International comparison). Página 21
  22. 22. Anthrax effect Página 22
  23. 23. Information: Tv moves the parliaments awayo Homes opened to new forms of political management, closer than it looks on television. Página 23
  24. 24. Challengeso Its the time of institutions, no fear, take the lead.o Institution: tradition, continuity, organization… and leadership, but make sure someone follows you (Basque Parliament)o Strengthening political knowledge, as HEART OF THE CONTRIBUTION OF ICTs TO DEMOCRACY.o Open the door it s not enough: Become a point of contact, referral, redistribution, not gateway, relevant information, provide context.o Rethinking the role of hub: online support to committees, working groups understood as open to the experts, citizens … Página 24
  25. 25. E-Parliaments pilars - Info -> Communication - Cooperation & Participation Página 25
  26. 26. Information: E-parliaments as TV satso Good at communicating with those who are already interested, but it struggles when trying to engage with those who are not. Personalization.o Good at broadcasting, but not so good at promoting its work or having two-way interactions with the public. Dialogue.o Large amounts of information, which are not coordinated into one coherent message, and that parts of Parliament are trying to simply communicate their own messages. Highlight the proccess. Contento Timing Página 26
  27. 27. Personalization - ICTs have created greater demand for information and has raised the standard used to judge the adaptation and personalization of information. - We continue to make website for experts, or for ourselves and we do not realize there is no parliament without citizens. - Informability? Accessibility? User tests? Assessment tools? - Formats (computer graphics, videos...) Página 27
  28. 28. Communication -> Dialogueo True dialogue: chance against the ecochamberso Initiate and facilitate the process, manage it.o Set the agenda for dialogue. Policy as "menu dependent".o Ensuring quality (openness, representativeness ...).o Legitimize the system.o Select the proposals, make decisions.o Take part in the substantive decisions. Página 28
  29. 29. Information -> Communication: Contento Institutionalization, think how far it can go, but think seriously and take responsibility: Platform, content (summaries of interventions and the most relevant procedure ...)o Institutionalization and Decentralization: - Great challenge pending information on parliamentary activity. - Group activities and the parliament. - Customize more the content. - Vocabulary, and management issues, openness to external inputs (platform), - interoperability, break the separation of powers. - Educational uses, (of which would be used at parties in election campaign) - Proactive: study commissions, commissions of inquiry ... give out. Appearances ... Página 29
  30. 30. Information -> Communication: Content 2o We know that the problem is political education of people (and that the Web could begin to solve those)o Highlighting issues arising in debates and parliamentary business thematically was a way to draw people in through keywords in search engines and links as opposed to highlighting the process.o Digest the information, filter, select, arrange ... to establish objective criteria and management systems.o Functions and ADMINISTRATIVE POLICY GUIDANCE (online petition) gateway. TOPICS Paradox of Plenty: “What information consumes is rather obvious: It consumes the attention of its recipients. Hence a wealth of information creates a poverty of attention, and a need to allocatethat attention efficiently among the overabundance of information sources that might consume it.” It s not what you know, it s how you know it. Herbert a. Simon Página 30
  31. 31. Information -> Communication: Timmingo Think of informative times variations caused by internet.o File: Change of term (important). Scan and archive emails received in the chamber? In the USA was done when the „anthrax‟ but it might be useful for transparency, control… Página 31
  32. 32. Information -> Communication:o Well transmitted.o Update.o Well organized.o Accessible.o Adapted to the user.o Relevant.o Active, go out to look for the citizen.o That leads to action. Página 32
  33. 33. Information -> Comunication:o Huber construct of learning: - Knowledge acquisition. - Information distribution: Open data. - Filter & Interpretation of information. - Building of an organizational memory. Página 33
  34. 34. Cooperationo Integrating with the society: participating on other networks, offering volunteering, internships...o Useful agenda, votes and thematic communities. Weekly video chat.o Integration with real-life activities. No place for freaks.o Parliaments can be adapted to digital participation. I do not know but its the only place where it might be made naturally.o No false expectations generally, take it seriously. Avoid participation window. Página 34
  35. 35. Controlo Beyond politics, results, statistics ... especially not finish with the adoption of laws, implementation ...o Budget control. Página 35
  36. 36. Conclusionso Serious Democracy.o Restore public trust on the integrity of institutions: Assurance and coherence of information.o Schizophrenia party-institutions (old wine in new bottles) (nothing that will not be known).o Politics will always be interesting for the same people, perhaps a few more... Strengthen its role and provide “services”.o Asume new roles and give them greater visibility to these functions. Página 36
  37. 37. Conclusionso Practice better communication with the public: information selection, filter to avoid overinformation: not only availability and accumulation.o Context to avoid infantilization of politics.o Archive for easier control. Página 37
  38. 38. Conclusionso Be more open and inclusive in its composition and working methods: Action Platform: Groups and deputies.o Experience new ways of involving the public: public space.o Streamlining the legislative process without impairing the proper consideration of the bills. Página 38
  39. 39. Challengeso To improve the quality of information that governments supply to parliamentso To increase the efficiency of their own internal procedureso To increase, transparency and receptiveness with society at large.o Information divide: - Complexity of information and communication. - Dialogue at risk, openness vs control polarized. - Effectiveness and costs: standardization. - Political, cultural and social differences. - Critical: knowing what works and what does not. Página 39
  40. 40. The e-parliamentarism is built on the pillars of an effectivecommitment, clear vision and long-term strategic planning, with appropriated resources. Página 40
  41. 41. It is not the tool but proper care of people: Democracy thatincludes dialogue: people want to feel worthy, to be heard,to have their questions answered, always acquainting that there is a person on the other side. Página 41
  42. 42. Thank you! Página 42
  43. 43. Looking at Latin AmericaCámara de Diputados de México,INFOPAL.MOVILBuscadores móviles todavía generan problemasen los términos.Falta de difusión masiva, breaking point Página 43
  44. 44. Looking at Latin AmericaPlataforma de blogs de Ecuador:- asambleístas, comisiones permanentes,comisiones ocasionales y grupos parlamentarios Página 44
  45. 45. Looking at Latin AmericaEducation United Kingdom(http://www.parliament.uk/education/).- Adaptación a distintos públicos (edades y formación)- Formatos interactivos, juegos, gráficos espectaculares. Página 45
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