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Industrial Revolution: Inventions Quiz
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Industrial Revolution: Inventions Quiz

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  • 1. Slide 1
    Introduction to the Industrial Revolution
  • 2. Slide 2
    Shift from the Agrarian World
    Agricultural Revolution – New farming methods invented
    Lord Townshend in England introduced crop rotation – land could now be used year-round; certain crops revitalized soil
    Enclosure movement had large land owners buying and then fencing public land
  • 3. Slide 3
    Shift from the Agrarian World
    Smaller farmers pushed off of land to work as wage laborers for various land owners or to move to the growing cities
    More food produced = population increase
    In 1700 there were about 100 million people in Europe, by 1800 the population had grown to 190 million.
  • 4. Slide 4
    Textile Industry Takes Off
    Domestic system (cottage industry) had dominated the early 1700s; merchants dropped off raw materials at people’s homes, picked up finished products later
  • 5. Slide 5
    Textile Industry Takes Off
    Series of inventions modernize textile manufacturing, including:
    1733 - Flying Shuttle (John Kay) – Used to weave cloth
    The Spinning Jenny
  • 6. Slide 6
    Textile Industry Takes Off
    1760 – Spinning Jenny (James Hargreaves) – Allowed for multiple threads to be woven together
    1769 – Water Frame (Richard Arkwright) – Used water to power the spinning frame
    The Spinning Jenny
  • 7. Slide 7
    Textile Industry Takes Off
    1785 – Water Loom (Edmund Cartwright) – First machine that could weave cloth
    1793 – Cotton Gin (Eli Whitney) – Machine that separated cotton seeds from the cotton
    Plans for the Cotton Gin
  • 8. Slide 8
    Textile Industry Takes Off
    These advancements resulted in the movement of work from the home to the factory
    Plans for the Cotton Gin
  • 9. Slide 9
    Britain Industrializes First
    1715-1850
    Many natural resources available in Britain, including large amounts of coal and iron
  • 10. Slide 10
    Britain Industrializes First
    Geographical advantages include a large river system for water power and many natural harbors for easy trade
    A strong, stable government allowed a strong, stable economy to develop which resulted in extra money to invest
  • 11. Slide 11
    Britain Industrializes First
    Colonial empire provided much needed raw materials and markets
    Spreads to continental Europe, United States of America, and Japan between 1850 and 1914
  • 12. Slide 12
    Changes Brought by the Industrial Revolution
    Invention of the steam engine in 1763 by James Watt shifts labor from humans and animals to machines
    Inventions continue to make life, manufacturing, and farming easier and better
    Continuous reinvestment of profits fuel even greater growth
    Inventions in one area often led to inventions in others
    Transportation and communication systems are greatly enhanced
  • 13. Slide 13
    Changes Brought by the Industrial Revolution
    Cities begin to dominate the western world
    Creates a new social order with the rise of an influential middle class
    Poor working conditions for lower classes eventually lead to new social and political movements
    Need for markets and resources force Europeans to take over foreign lands (imperialism)
  • 14. Slide 14
    Please switch on your Qwizdom handsets
  • 15. As part or the agricultural revolution what did Lord Townshend introduce which revitalised the soil?
    Land Rotation
    Crop Rotation
    Worker Rotation
    Slide 15
  • 16. Crop Rotation
    Slide 16
    More food produced = Population Increase
  • 17. True or False
    In 1700 the population in Europe was c.100 million and by 1800 it had grown to 150 million
    Slide 17
  • 18. FALSE!
    By 1800 the population of Europe was c.190 million
    Slide 18
  • 19. Inventions of the industrial revolutionPick the correct dates
    Slide 19
  • 20. John Kay: Flying Shuttle
    1723
    1733
    1743
    1753
    Slide 20
  • 21. 1733
    Slide 21
  • 22. James Hargreaves: Spinning Jenny
    1740
    1750
    1760
    1770
    Slide 22
  • 23. 1760
    Slide 23
  • 24. Richard Arkwright: Water Frame
    1769
    1779
    1789
    Slide 24
  • 25. 1769
    Slide 25
  • 26. Edmund Cartwright: Water Loom
    1775
    1785
    1795
    Slide 26
  • 27. 1785
    Slide 27
  • 28. Eli Whitney: Cotton Gin
    1793
    1803
    1813
    Slide 28
  • 29. 1793
    Slide 29

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