• X delivered a message dubbed as “The Hope Speech” in 1978 that is
just as relevant today. His message not only challenges our
willingness to embrace and celebrate our differences, but it offers a
message of hope. His untimely and tragic death served as a reminder
that we still have a very long way to go.
All of his speeches began thus:
“My name is X and I'm here to recruit you.”
Who is X?
• Mahalia Jackson was an American
gospel singer and was heralded
internationally as a singer and civil
rights activist. She was described by
entertainer Harry Belafonte as "the
single most powerful black woman
in the United States.”
• During a public march in Washington
she shouted something loud which
made someone deviate from the
prepared text to an improvise peroration.
What did she shout/ Give funda.
• Toward the end of the speech, King
departed from his prepared text for a
partly improvised peroration on the
theme "I have a dream", prompted by
Mahalia Jackson's cry: "Tell them about
the dream, Martin!"
• Parliament of World’s religions President John Henry Barrows said
"He is an orator by divine right, and his strong, intelligent face in its
picturesque setting of yellow and orange was hardly less interesting
than those earnest words, and the rich, rhythmical utterance he gave
them". Who was he talking about?
• This ‘series’ was created by Peter Shukoff and Lloyd Ahlquist on Sept.
26, 2010. Ahlquist, gave the idea to Shukoff as an improvised
show, which was titled "Check OneTwo"; as the two worked on
improvisation skits, along with Zach Sherwin, who has appeared on
the series. They met with lots of difficulty at first and decided that it
would fare much better as an online series than an improv show.
• Karan Thapar relieving his memories about the President of Oxford
Union when he was the President of Cambridge Union (DebSoc):
“When I moved on to Oxford, my contemporary at the time was the
19-year-old Y. At her Presidential, which was the time when the
outgoing president (Y) was handing over charge to the new one, I
remember deciding to do at Oxford what we do at Cambridge -- sing a
• And so at her farewell, I sang 'Don't cry for me, Islamabad' (a take-off
on Don't Cry for Me Argentina from the musical Evita). The Oxford
Union loved it!”
1 Photography and Films Club
1 is a photo of Ballinesker Beach, just east of
Curracloe, Wexford, Ireland. What iconic scene was shot here because
of it’s similarity to 2 where the actual incident took place?
Normandy Invasions Omaha Beach and opening scene from Saving
2 Photography and Films Club
Hugh William Mitchell is an English actor
who has played roles such Young Silas in
The Da Vinci code and Prince Edward in
Henry VIII and most recently appeared in
The Last Weekend. But what is this
‘photographer’s’ most famous role in a
2002 movie that all of us have seen?
• Colin Creevey from Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets
3 Photography and Films Club
• In 2011, the Brazilian government announced that they were creating
a special currency unit known as the CDD for use inside one specific
locality off Rio. The CDD is deliberately set approximately 20 percent
higher than their currency, the real, which incentivizes users to use it
within all local business. Since this artificially discounts products sold
in local enterprises, it compels residents to keep more money in the
community. Why is this question in a PFC round? Give funda.
• CDD stands for Cidade de Deus or City of God
4 Photography and Films Club
These 2 graph theory problems
suddenly became popular among
mathematicians all over the world
in 1990’s. Why?
5 Photography and Films Club
• La Nina de la Muneca de Palo (1958)
• Entrada de Fidel a La Habana (1959)
• El Quijote de la farola (1959)
• Fidel in Washington (1959)
• Miliciana (1962)
Blank not indicative of anything. Fill it. Funda will do
Famous photographs by Alberto Korda.
6 Photography and Films Club
6. Who is shown sitting with the crew of
Japanese submarine I-29?
• Santa Maria delle Grazie is a church
and Dominican convent in Milan,
northern Italy, included in the UNESCO
World Heritage sites list. It is most
famous for something which is in the
refectory of the convent. What?
• Created secretly by a humble transport official, it is basically a 40-acre
space comprised of meandering
paths, courtyards, waterfalls, pavilions, theaters, plazas and
thousands of _______. An important aesthetic feature of this place is
the sense of compression and expansion of space.
• Samir Mondal is a noted Indian watercolour painter, who is today
one of the most successful watercolour painters in India.
• Over the past three decades he has exhibited at solo shows both in
India and abroad. Besides this he has also participated in noted group
exhibitions like National Art exhibition of Lalit Kala Akademi
(Delhi), London and Gallery Asiana, ‘Confluence’ at Art Connoisseur
Gallery, London and Gallery Asiana, New York in collaboration with
Gallery Sumukha, Bangalore.
However he gained popularity in 2007 through 2 of his paintings. Give
Traditional colours of X include indigo, dark brown, and white, which
represent the three major Hindu Gods (Brahmā, Vishnu, and Śiva)
Although the word X’s origin is Javanese, its etymology may be either
from the Javanese amba ('to write') and titik ('dot' or 'point'), or
constructed from a hypothetical Proto-Austronesian root
*beCík, meaning 'to tattoo' from the use of a needle in the process.
• M. Shrinivas Sathyu is a leading film director, stage designer, actor
and art director from India. His film Garam Hawa is based on the
partition of India. He is a recipient of the Padma Shri in 1975.
• Vishwa Mohan Badola is a well known actor who has acted in films
like Swades, Lage Raho Munnabhai and Saare Jahan se Mehnga. He is
also the father of TV Actor Varun Badola.
• The Wars of the Roses was a series
of dynastic wars fought between the
rich houses of Lancaster and Yorks
for the throne of England. Many claim
it to be the inspiration for another
rivalry with similar sounding names and
power. Which rivalry?
• Shown here is a book by X. In the cover X has been eerily morphed
into a freakish hybrid of pretty woman and big, strong, hairy-armed
man. Some say it’s a fair representation of X’s self-image as a
smart, unyielding woman who has forced her way to the top of what
is usually a man’s profession.
• X uses humorous anecdotes to tell her life story. Janet Maslin for The
New York Times calls Bossypants "a spiky blend of
humor, introspection, critical thinking and Nora Ephron-isms for a
• Charles Fraser-Smith was a temporary civil servant for the Ministry of
Supply's Clothing and Textile Department. In reality, he developed and
supplied gadgets and other equipment for section XV of Britain's
World War II intelligence organization, the Special Operations
Fraser-Smith invented numerous ingenious gadgets intended to help
prisoners of war to escape and to aid SOE agents gathering
information on Nazi activities in occupied Europe.
• Which fictional character did Charles Fraser inspire?
• This is one of the first pages of a
book of poems and jingles published
around two decades ago. It’s now a
major draw for an online auction
because of the notoriety it’s author has
achieved. Who’s the author?
This is the flag of the United Kingdoms of X and Y, that had ‘Christiania’
as one of its two capitals. Christiana, now known as something else, is
the capital of X.
The playwright Z’s son was the second last Prime Minister of this union,
and played a pivotal role in its dissolution.
Z died in Christiania in 1906.
Full points to the team that gives
all three answers in correct sequence.
X is an Indian context adaptation of A. R. Gurney's American play, Love
Letters (1988). Its original cast includes Shabana Azmi and Y. After its
première at Prithvi Theatre, Mumbai in February 1992, it has been
staged at venues across India, Europe, US and Pakistan.
This love story is read out through love letters between ______ Nigam
and Zulfikar Haider, exchanged over 35 years, starting with ______'s
eighth birthday party in the 1940, when she first wrote to the tenyear-old Zulfi.
The last performance of this play with its original cast was in 2013, and
it will never happen again.
Woody Allen’s 2013 release ‘Blue Jasmine’, fetched Cate Banchett this year’s
Best Actress Golden Globe, and has been nominated for 3 Oscars.
It has been well received by critics and audiences (not the Indians
unfortunately, courtesy: hamara Censor Board) and most people have
compared it to the play X, because of the similar plot.
It tells the story of a rich Manhattan socialite (played by Cate Blanchett)
falling into poverty and homelessness, and ending up at her sister’s house.
The playwright of X, also coined the term ‘memory play’ to describe his
other work Y. it means that the play focuses on the past as narrated by the
main character. These memories are often autobiographical, as in the case
• X: streetcar
• Y: The Glass Menagerie
• ‘X and Y’ is an opera in three acts by Richard Wagner, based on the illfated romance of X and Y.
• The story of X and Y actually comes from a 12th century legend about
the Cornish Knight X and the Irish princess Y.
• Inspired the 2006 movie of the same name starring James Franco.
• Kisi ko enthu ho to photo bhi dekhlo:
• X and Y are two plays by Shakespeare. The titles are literally the
opposite of each other.
• Y is a lost play, with many different theories about it.
• Its first mention occurs in the 16th century author Francis Meres’ list
of Shakespearean comedies.
• One theory is that Y is the sequel to X while another suggests that it is
in fact an alternate name for ‘The Taming of The Shrew’ which is
missing from Meres’ list.
• Love’s Labour’s Lost
• Love’s labour’s Won
X has become popular in India since its debut in 2003. The powerful
play is an unusual blend of outrageous comedy and heart-breaking
“From the Maharashtrian woman who met a man who `loved to look
at her` to a Parsi woman who hasn`t been `down there since
1994`, this play promises to enlighten and entertain you like no other
play out there right now”.
It has been part of a larger Movement here called V-Day India. This
movement along with the play, has helped raise awareness and funds
to combat and eliminate violence against women and girls.
• This is Alan _____, a Canadian actor, songwriter, and game and
talk show host.
He has made a cameo as the father of a tv show
character who has the same first name as his
real life son X.
• X came in the spotlight last year due to
A certain performance with another celebrity
A music video that has been criticized for
• X was the undisputed king of his genre. His most memorable
contribution to bollywood was the soundtrack (which also featured
his wife) for the 1982 movie ‘Arth’.
• He is the only composer and singer to have composed and recorded
songs written by Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee in two
albums, Nayi Disha and Samvedna.
• The biggest hit of the movie was the song ‘Jhuki Jhuki si nazar’, that
was penned by the lead actress’s father, Y.
• Give X and Y.
• The sound clip is from a collaboration between X and Rahul
______, where they perform ‘Ye kahaan agaye hum’ from the movie
• Rahul ______ is the son of Y, an eminent Santoor player, who along
with Flutist Hari Prasad Chaurasia composed the music of Silsila.
• As a duo, they have composed the music of many other YashRaj
movies in the 80’s and 90’s.
• In the last couple of weeks, a video of actor X surfaced on the
internet, where he is seen on stage with Y. They do a duet of Y’s song
‘Driven to Tears’(1980) and the video has left more than a million
youtubers impressed by the actor’s singing talent.
• The video is actually from 2011, at Y’s 60th birthday concert.
• This is not the first time they have collaborated. In 2001, they came
together on screen for the TV show ‘Ally Mcbeal’ where they
performed another one of his hits.
X is a Brazilian art form which combines fight, dance, rhythm and
African slaves played a crucial role in the development of the artform, and many historians claim that they used its dance-like
appearance as a way to hide their training of combat and self
Y was a character who used to practice X in the video game
series Tekken. Here’s a video of him displaying his X skills(if no
The technique shown in the following video is called ‘tutting’. It began
in the early 1980's as a mimicking of the angular poses common
to ancient _______ art.
Dancers robotically synch isolations in their bodies and limbs with
music in an homage to the flexed hands and bent arms that are often
seen in the aforementioned art.
It gets its name from X, who is one of the representatives of ancient
______ in western popular culture.
First blank is the demonym of the second.
• Vineeth is an Indian film actor and classical dancer who has acted in
several well received Malayalam, Tamil, Telugu and Kannada films.
• He was chosen for a particular role in a 2005 Tamil film starring
Rajnikant, and its hindi remake in 2007, because
of his dancing skills.
These skills are only seen in a particular song,
for which the actress also took Kathak lessons.
• Name the song from the 2007 movie.
• X is an African American style of piano-based blues that became
popular in the late 1930s and early '40s, but originated much
earlier, and was extended from piano, to three pianos at
once, guitar, big band, and country and western music, and
• While the blues traditionally depicts a variety
of emotions, X is mainly associated with
• Popular in India because of some other
• The comedian Jagdeep’s sons might give you
• Susheela Raman is an acclaimed British Indian musician known for
energetic, vibrant, syncretic, and uplifting(according to wiki) live
performances built on the sacred Bhakti and Sufi traditions
of India and Pakistan.
• She did a cover of a Mukesh song from the 1958 movie Yahudi in her
album ‘Love Trap’.
• This version of the song gained popularity because a certain celebrity
gave a rather, well… uplifting dance performance on indian television
• Give the song
‘Johann Mouse’ won the 25th Academy Awards for Best Animated
Short Film, giving Tom and Jerry their seventh and final Oscar win .
The composition in the background, and the one which Tom plays to
lure Jerry is the famous waltz X, by the composer Y.
If its any help, the episode is set in Vienna.
Here’s a clip from the episode:
The blue Danube
Johann Strauss (Johann Mouse :D)
X is the hindi name for distilled oil from the leaf of Eucalyptus, known
its pharmaceutical, antiseptic, repellent, flavouring, fragrance and ind
It is used as component in pharmaceutical preparations to relieve the
symptoms of influenza and colds, in products
like cough sweets, lozenges, ointments and inhalants.
Named after one of the
places where it is found.
Its anti-inflammatory and
analgesic qualities are best
illustrated by this image:
• Here’s a clip from the 2004 song ‘Tera Mera Pyaar’ by Kumar Sanu. The girl in the video first
starred in the Anurag Kashyap film Peddlars (2012).
• However, it was her second role that got more attention. Name the movie.
• Charles Augustus Howell was an art dealer and alleged blackmailer
who is known for persuading the poet Dante Gabriel Rossetti to dig
up the poems he buried with his wife Elizabeth Siddal and being
involved in a plot to assassinate Napoleon III.
• He was the inspiration behind a character that appeared in 1903
which in turn was the inspiration for a character that appeared in
• Name the 1903 character.
• Charles Augustus Milverton (1903
Charles Augustus Magnusson (2014)
"Aux Buttes Chaumont - _____", made by artist Jules Cheret in
1885, is a poster advertising children's toys (“_______" means "Toys"
in French) and features a decorated rocking horse, one of the most
desired and expensive gifts a child could receive in those days.
It is one of approximately 42 advertising posters that Cheret designed
for a department store in Paris that was known as "Aux Buttes
Chaumont," starting around 1878 and continuing to 1891.
Everyone here (I really hope!) has seen this poster somewhere.
• This is a person’s acceptance speech after being recognized as one of
NDTV's 25 greatest global legends honoured by President Pranab
Mukherjee at the Rashtrapati Bhavan in december. He’s addressing a
certain issue that saw fresh developments around that time.
• Why is he saying what he’s saying?
Vikram seth, addressing the ban on homosexuality
• X, formerly known as the Children’s High Level Group, is
a charity chaired by author J. K. Rowling.
The charity runs an annual fund-raising campaign on International
Children's Day each year, called ‘Light a Birthday Candle for X’
According to J K Rowling, the foundations tries to shed light on the
issues of these underprivileged children, and act as a ray of hope to
get them out of their dark world of malnutrition and illiteracy.
What is it aptly named?
• X is the market leader in its industry, with applications in
Pharmaceutical companies, R&D labs, scientific, Health and
• It is based in Gujrat, and started in 1962 in collaboration with
• It is a testament to the credibility of the X brand, that in order to get
ISO 9001 certification, it is recommended that a laboratory use
X certified apparatus.
• It gets its name from the main component of its product.
• “_______ __ _______” is a phrase that became popular last year. These users of
Yahoo Answers might tell
you more about it:
The last blank is also one
of the possible
pronunciations of a
fictional monster depicted
as a large cephalopod-like
creature with a tentacled
mouth, large wings, clawed hands and scaly skin
• 3 ounces of lemon-lime soda
• 3 ounces of ginger ale
• Dash of grenadine
• Maraschino cherry for garnish
1. Pour the lemon-lime soda & ginger ale into a collins glass.
2. Add ice and a dash of grenadine.
3. Stir and garnish with a cherry.
This drink was invented in the 1930s by a bartender at Chasen's, a restaurant in Beverly
Hills, California, to serve then actress X.
The X are a diasporic ethnic group living mostly in Europe and the
Americas and are widely known among Anglophonic people by the
exonym “Gypsies”. There is a great wealth of evidence —
from genetics as well as linguistics — that the X are originally Hindi
people from northern India. A 2012 study analyzed genomic data from
13 X communities and concluded that the X left northern India about
1,500 years ago; those X now in Europe migrated through the Balkans
starting about 900 years ago. Many of the words and grammatical rules
of the X language are virtually identical to those of the Hindi language.
The X are often celebrated for their musical heritage, which has
influenced jazz, bolero, flamenco music, as well as classical composers
including Franz Liszt and Johannes Brahms.
X is a small Yemeni archipelago of four islands and islets in the Indian
Ocean off the coast of Horn of Africa, about 350 kms from the south of
the Arabian peninsula. The X island is very isolated, with a third of its
plant life found nowhere else on the planet. It has been described as
the most alien-looking place on Earth.
One of the most striking of X's plants is the dragon's blood tree
(Dracaena cinnabari), which is a strange-looking, umbrella-shaped tree.
Its red sap was thought to be the dragon's blood of the ancients and
was used as a source of varnish for 18th century Italian violin-makers.
The X is a felt hat either in the shape of a truncated cone made of red
felt, or a short cylinder made of kilim fabric, both usually with a tassel
attached to the top. The modern X owes much of its development and
popularity to the Ottoman era and the name originates from the city of
X in Morocco, which produced the dye, made from crimson
berries, used in its colouring.
Matt Smith wore X on the show Y with the famous saying “Xs are cool”.
In May 2012, the New Yorker floated a contest wherein it asked people
to post ‘the best imagined status update for a literary character’.
Thousands of entries poured in and one of the intriguing entries was
“Er. Does anyone know how to un-tag yourself from a picture??”
Which character does this status allude to?
I met a traveller from an antique land
Who said: "Two vast and trunkless legs of stone
Stand in the desert. Near them on the sand,
Half sunk, a shattered visage lies, whose frown
And wrinkled lip and sneer of cold command
Tell that its sculptor well those passions read
Which yet survive, stamped on these lifeless things,
The hand that mocked them and the heart that fed.
And on the pedestal these words appear:
`My name is X, King of Kings:
Look on my works, ye mighty, and despair!'
Nothing beside remains. Round the decay
Of that colossal wreck, boundless and bare,
The lone and level sands stretch far away".
Id the literary work form which this song has been taken
X is the protagonist of H. Rider Haggard's 1885 novel King Solomon's
Mines and its various prequels and sequels. X is potrayed an Englishborn professional big game hunter and occasional trader in southern
Africa, who supports colonial efforts to spread civilization in the Dark
Continent, though he also favours native Africans having a say in their
affairs. An outdoorsman who finds English cities and climate
unbearable, he prefers to spend most of his life in Africa, where he
grew up under the care of his widower father, a Christian missionary. X
is frequently accompanied by his native servant, the Hottentot Hans, a
wise and caring family retainer from his youth. His sarcastic comments
offer a sharp critique of European conventions.
X is a template for the American film character Y.
1 Hindi Samiti
X1 was a Spanish flamenco dancer and singer from Andalusia. During the
marriage ceremony of king Alfonso XIII of Spain in Madrid, the Maharaja X2
of X3 watched her performances in a cafe-concert. He attempted to court
her, but his approaches were rejected, however, her friends convinced her to
answer his messages and meet him in Paris. The Maharaja had her educated
and married her on 28 January 1908. After marriage she changed her name
to Maharani Prem Kaur.
The X2 palace is one of the most famous landmarks in X3 and a spectacular
architecture based on the Palace of X4. The construction of this palace was
commenced in 1900 and completed in 1908 in time for the new wife of the
Maharaja. The palace has now been converted into a sainik school.
The maharaja was friends with comic artist ______ who based the
character of X5 on him.
2 Hindi Samiti
Forced to leave their homeland, the X community on its arrival in
India, went to king Jadi Rana, a Rajput ruler for refuge. On request of
asylum, Jadi Rana motioned to a vessel of milk filled to the very brim to
signify that his kingdom was already full and could not accept refugees.
In response, one of the their priests added a pinch of sugar to the
milk, thus indicating that they would not bring the vessel to
overflowing and indeed make the lives of the citizens sweeter. Jadi
Rana gave them shelter and hence began the rise of X who would in
future contribute enormously to the country.
3 Hindi Samiti
X, a British lieutenant general in North America was defeated in the
surprise attack launched by George Washington in Treton in the year
1776. In 1786, he was appointed as the Governor General and
commander-in-chief in India and from 1789 to 1792 he led British and
Company forces in the Third Anglo-Mysore War to defeat the Mysorean
ruler Tipu Sultan.
Y, a British Colonel fought in the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War at the Battle
of Seringapatam in 1798 which led to the final defeat and demise of
Tipu Sultan. During the Hundred Days in 1815, Y commanded the allied
army which, together with the Prussian army defeated Napoleon at the
Battle of Waterloo.
4 Hindi Samiti
X is a 1951 Hindi film centering on the intertwining lives of poor Raj
and privileged Rita. The innocent "little tramp" character references
Charlie Chaplin and was further developed in other films such as Shri
The film became an overnight sensation in South Asia, and found
success abroad in the Soviet Union, East Asia, Africa, and the Middle
East. X and its song ________ are believed to have been Mao's
favourite film and song, respectively. The film was also nominated for
the Grand Prize of the Cannes Film Festival in 1953. Owing to its
popularity in so many countries, the film is a candidate for most
successful film of all time. In 2012, X was included in the 20 new entries
to All-Time 100 greatest films by TIME.
6 Hindi Samiti
X and Y are considered to be the incarnations of Jaya and
Vijayathe, gatekeepers of Lord Vishnu’s world. They were cursed by
Brahmas sons Four Kumaras to be born on earth after they were
refused entry into Lord Vishnu’s world. Jaya and Vijaya then pleaded
Lord Vishnu to show them solution by which they could avoid the dire
consequence of their insolence. Lord Vishnu gave them two options.
They could either be born as his devotees for 7 life cycles or as his
enemies for 3 life cycles. They chose the latter since they preferred not
to be separated from Lord Vishnu for a long period of time. They were
born as Hiranyaksha & Hiranyakashapa in Satya Yuga, Dantavakra and
Shishupala in Dwapara Yuga, X and Y in Tretha Yuga. Who are X and Y?
The following video is a tribute to X who recently announced his
retirement following his 2014 oscar nominated movie Y.
X bank was an English merchant bank based in London, and one of the
world's oldest merchant banks. It was founded in 1762 and was owned
by the German-origined X family. The bank collapsed in 1995 after
suffering losses of £827 million ($1.3 billion) resulting from poor
speculative investments, primarily in futures contracts, conducted by
an employee named Nick Leeson working at its office in Singapore.
ING, a Dutch bank, purchased X Bank in 1995 for the nominal sum of £1
and assumed all of X' liabilities, forming the subsidiary ING X.
X was a residency undertaken by Y in New York City during the month
of October 2013. Y unveiled at least one work of art daily, documenting
it on both a dedicated website and an Instagram account.
Connect: New York City, Rio de
Janeiro, Sydney, Rome, Tokyo, Miami, Paris, Beijing, Moscow, New
Orleans, London, Mumbai
The X is an American food conglomerate based in Chicago. It has been
owned by PepsiCo since 2001. It has had an interesting history.
In 1969, X acquired Fisher-Price, a toy company and spun it off in 1991.
In the 1970s, the company financed the making of the film Willy Wonka
& the Chocolate Factory, obtaining in return a license to use a number
of the product names mentioned in the movie for candy bars.
X bought Y for $1.7 billion in 1994 and sold it to Triarc in 1997 for $300
million. Triarc sold it to Cadbury Schweppes for $1.45 billion in
September 2000. It was spun off in May 2008 to its current owners, Dr
Pepper Y Group.
"Dennō Senshi ______" aired in Japan on December 16, 1997 at 6:30 PM
Japan Standard Time (09:30 UTC). The episode, which was broadcast over
thirty-seven TV stations that Tuesday night, held the highest ratings for its
time slot, and was watched by approximately 4.6 million households.
Twenty minutes into the episode scene, a huge explosion that flashes red
and blue lights is shown. Although there were similar parts in the episode
with red and blue flashes, technique called "paka paka" made this scene
extremely intense, for these flashes were extremely bright strobe lights, with
blinks at a rate of about 12 Hz for approximately six seconds.
• At this point, viewers started to complain of blurred
vision, headaches, dizziness and nausea. Some experienced
seizures, blindness, convulsions and loss of consciousness. Japan's
Fire Defense Agency reported that a total of 685 viewers – 310 boys
and 375 girls – were taken to hospitals by ambulances. Although
many victims recovered during the ambulance trip, more than 150 of
them were admitted to hospitals. Two people remained hospitalized
for more than two weeks. Some other people had seizures when
parts of the scene were rebroadcast during news reports on the