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Sara Scherr, EcoAgricultue partners

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    Sara Scherr, EcoAgricultue partners Sara Scherr, EcoAgricultue partners Presentation Transcript

    • The Carbon Ranch: A Global Perspective Sara J. Scherr, President EcoAgriculture Partners Quivira Coalition Conference “The Carbon Ranch” Albuquerque, New Mexico 11 November 2010
    • Age-old challenges for farmers and ranchers  Supply food needs and demand  Ensure household livelihood  Sustain soil fertility  Secure access to water  Manage pests and diseases  Manage market risks & opportunities New challenges:  Supply ecosystem services  Adapt to, and mitigate, climate disruption Image courtesy of EcoPort (http://www.ecoport.org)
    • Ecoagriculture landscapes: managing for people, food and nature—and climate In conservation areas In production areas • Natural areas that benefit • Minimize agricultural pollution local ranching communities (incl. GHG) • Provide watershed • Manage water flow, use & protection, habitat infiltration at all scales connectivity • Increase carbon storage in soils • Reduce or reverse land and vegetation conversion by increasing • Modify grazing systems to productivity mimic natural ecosystems • Develop species • Maintain diversity of grassland conservation plans & tree species
    • Climate disruption Projected temperature changes Page 4 Source: Figure 10.4 in Meehl, et al. (2007)
    • Projected climate change effects- Hadley A2 Rainfed maize yields decline 17% by 2050 Preliminary results Page 5
    • Agriculture and land use: 31% of global greenhouse gas emissions GHG emissions by sector in 2004, Source: IPCC
    • Potential for emissions reduction and GHG sequestration through land use Billion tons CO2-eq mitigation potential with carbon prices upto $20 and $100 (Source: IPCC)
    • Strategies for GHG emissions reduction and sequestration Restore degraded lands Farm & ranch with perennials Enrich soil carbon Sustainable livestock systems Protecting natural habitat
    • Livestock systems: Potentials for climate benefits
    • GHG’s from livestock land use ~ 17% total N2O, NOx, CO, Biomass C CH4 emissions stock changes from burning CH4 and N2O from manure Soil N2O emissions Enteric methane Soil C stock changes From 2006 IPCC Guidelines
    • Estimated economic mitigation potential by management practice in Africa By 2030 at Carbon Prices up to $20/ton of CO2eq
    • Diverse landscape challenges require locally-adapted solutions Uganda New Zealand (?) Australia Niger
    • Degraded rangeland restoration in Drakensberg, South Africa: From this….
    • Management for land cover in Drakensberg Fire mgmt Stock mgmt - - - Burning Donga Grazing Stock Grassland frequency restoration movement restoration - - + + - Basal cover
    • To this!
    • Conserving and sequestering carbon in dairy communities in Costa Rica 5 1 3 7 6 2 4
    • Financial incentives for carbon ranching  Improved livestock health and productivity  Reduced risks  Increased land values  Government payments  Public procurement  ‘Green/climate’ finance  Climate-friendly & sustainable eco-labeling & certification  Supply chain standards  Voluntary carbon offset markets  Regulatory offset markets
    • Multi-stakeholder, collaborative planning & action
    • Process of multi-stakeholder ecoagriculture landscape management Understand the landscape from diverse Negotiate perspectives * landscape goals Participatory process of rural Review results landscape management and modify strategy/action Design and plan farm & landscape actions Implement farm & landscape plans
    • Core capacities needed to implement ecoagriculture landscape strategies 1) Landscape literacy (spatial, functional) 2) Multi-stakeholder deliberation and negotiation (across sectors) 3) Ranch & landscape ‘design’ (who does what, where, how?) 4) Markets, finance, policy expertise 5) Landscape tracking and assessment
    • The Landscape Measures Initiative: Tools for assessing landscape performance Contents  Process  Practice  Case Studies  Glossary A web-based hub for a virtual learning network Testing in “learning landscapes” www.landscapemeasures.org
    • EcoAgriculture Partners programs Research and Impact Enabling Assessment Markets & Policies Landscapes and Leaders Learning Landscapes Leadership Development (US, East Africa, Mesoamerica)
    • Please visit our website at… Thank you! www.ecoagriculture.org