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Doug weatherbee craigsponholtz_quivira_2010_presentation

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Doug Weatherbee, Soildoctor.org & Craig Sponholtz, DrylandSolutions.com : "Bringing Life Back to Your Land: moisture, microbes, and climate change" At the Quivira Coalition Conference, NM, Nov. 10 …

Doug Weatherbee, Soildoctor.org & Craig Sponholtz, DrylandSolutions.com : "Bringing Life Back to Your Land: moisture, microbes, and climate change" At the Quivira Coalition Conference, NM, Nov. 10 2010.

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  • 1. Bringing Life Back to Your Land moisture, microbes, and climate change Craig Sponholtz DrylandSolutions.com Doug Weatherbee SoilDoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 2. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 3. 90% Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 4. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 5. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 6. Location:! Lane-Hooper Rancho, Jalpa, ! ! Guanajuato, Mexico Soil:!! Compacted, Expansive black ! ! Clay (Vertisol - Smectite Clay) Crop: ! Corn Irrigation:! Rain Climate:! Tropical Rain Season Savanah Elevation:! 7000ft/2100m above sea level Past Use:! Corn, Millet Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 7. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 8. Sampled Soil for Soil Foodweb Oregon Lab on May 12, 2009 May Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 9. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 10. Field Prep:! Rainwater Harvesting Contour Swales(ditches) Date:! June 16-19, 2009 Note:! Field compacted because of excavator use May June Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 11. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 12. Planting Date:! June 22, 2009 ! ! ! Horse Plowed Planting May June Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 13. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 14. Treatment: - 10 gallons compost tea - 2 gallons humic acid - ¾ gallon homemade local fish hydrolysate App. Rate:!! per Hectare App. Date:!! July 9, 2009 May June July Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 15. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 16. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 17. Rainfall:! Very dry rainy season 2008 July:! 7.5 inches 2009 July:! 3.8 inches Buffering:! Soil structure and humus increase raised water holding capacity plus rainwater harvesting swales Date:!! July 10, 2009 May June July Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 18. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 19. Informal Control:! Photographic ! ! ! ! Comparison with ! ! ! ! local non-treated ! ! ! ! organic corn field ! ! ! ! planted on same ! ! ! ! date Date:!! ! ! August 5, 2009 May June July Aug Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 20. Non-treated Organic Corn SFI-treated Organic Corn Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 21. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 22. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 23. Stalk Growth:! 5% corn kernels have 4 stalks 65-70% have 3 stalks 20-25% have 1 or 2 stalks Date:! August 5, 2009 May June July Aug Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 24. 4 Stalk Corn Kernel Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 25. Pests: Biologically treated stalk = very few worm bores, no pesticide sprays used. Non-biologically = manu worm bores, lots of fields usin pesticide sprays Date: August, 2009 May June July Aug Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 26. Rainwater Harvesting Contour Swale Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 27. Informal Control: Photographic Comparison with local non-treated organic corn field planted on same date Date: Sept 14-18 2009 May June July Aug Sept Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 28. Non-treated Organic Corn Soil Doctor biologically treated Organic Corn 2009, Mexico, worst drought in 6 decades Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 29. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 30. 0 60 120 31 105 poundsfrom735sqfeet Biological Control Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 31. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 32. 0 110 220 330 440 550 114 527 poundsfrom735sqfeet Biological Control Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 33. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 34. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 35. CLAY SILTSAND LOAM Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 36. So what about Soil Organic Matter? Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 37. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 38. Humus molecule is comprised of long chains of Carbon. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 39. Na+ Na+Na+Na+ Na+ -- - - - - - --- - -- + + + + + + ++ ++ + + + + + + ++ ++ Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 40. Na+ Na+ - - --- - -- + + + + + + ++ ++ -- - - - + + + + + + ++ ++ - - - - - C+C+ C+ C+ O- O- O- O- O- O- Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 41. Oxygen Aerobic No Oxygen Anaerobic Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 42. Cation Exchange Capacity Ca Ca Ca Ca CaZn Zn Zn Zn Mg Mg Mg Mg Mg Cu Cu Cu Fe Fe Fe Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 43. 80-90% Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 44. So how is Organic Matter created? Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 45. O Horizon A Horizon B Horizon C Horizon Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 46. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 47. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 48. http://soils.usda.gov/SQI/concepts/soil_biology/soil_food_web.html Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 49. http://www.blm.gov/nstc/soil/foodweb/images/FOOD%20WEB.jpg Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 50. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 51. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 52. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 53. CO2 O & H20 Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 54. >60% CO2 O & H20 Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 55. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 56. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 57. Bacteria are decomposers and mutualists that eat simple sugars and high N content organic material. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 58. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 59. 800 million individuals 25000 species Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 60. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 61. 60% -20% 40% Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 62. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 63. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 64. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 65. Fungi are decomposers and mutualists that eat more complex C chains of lignin, cellulose, tannins. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 66. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 67. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 68. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 69. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 70. Ciliates Flagellates Amoebae x Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 71. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 72. Ciliates, flagellates and amoebae are predators that eat bacteria. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 73. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 74. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 75. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 76. Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 77. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 78. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 79. Nematodes are predators and root feeders that eat bacteria, fungi, some protozoa, other nematodes and plant roots. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 80. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 81. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 82. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 83. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 84. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 85. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 86. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 87. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 88. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 89. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 90. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 91. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 92. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 93. Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 94. BUT... enough N to grow plants? Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 95. Organism C:N Ratio Bacteria 5:1 Fungi 20:1 People 30:1 Green Leaves 30:1 Protozoa 30:1 Deciduous trees 300:1 Conifer 500:1 Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 96. Organism C:N Ratio Bacteria 5:1 Fungi 20:1 Bacterium Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Sulphur, Potassium, etc. Fungi Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Sulphur, Potassium, etc. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 97. Organism C:N Ratio Bacteria 5:1 ... Protozoa 30:1 Flagellate Bacterium= 30:1 = 5:1 Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 98. Bacterium Bacterium Bacterium Bacterium Bacterium = 30:1 = 30:6 Bacterium Flagellate = 5:1 = 5:1 = 5:1 = 5:1 = 5:1 = 5:1 Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 99. Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen = 5 N= 30:1Flagellate Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 100. Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen = 5 N Enough N to grow plants? Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 101. Bacterium Bacterium Bacterium Bacterium Bacterium Bacterium Flagellate Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen = Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 102. Bacterium Bacterium Bacterium Bacterium Bacterium Bacterium Flagellate Bacterium Bacterium Bacterium Bacterium Bacterium Bacterium Bacterium Bacterium Bacterium Bacterium Bacte Bacte Bacte Bacte Bacte Bacte Bacte Bacte 10,000/day Bacterium Bacterium Bacte Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 103. Flagellate 8,000 N molecules/day/protzoan = Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen N N N N N N N N N N N Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 104. 50,000 protozoan/gram Flagellate Flagellate Flagellate Flagellate Flagellate Flagellate Flagellate Flagellate Flagellate Flagellate Flagellate Flagellate Fla Fla Fla FlaDoug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 105. 500,000,000 bacteria/gram/day Bacterium Bacterium Bacterium Bacterium Bacterium Bacterium Flagellate Bacterium Bacterium Bacterium Bacterium Bacterium Bacterium Bacter Bacter Bacter Bacter Bacter Bacter Flagellate Flagellate Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 106. Flagellate Flagellate Flagellate = = = Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitr Nitr Nitr Nitr Nitr Nitr Nitr 400,000 N molecules/day Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 107. Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen = 7 nanogram N/ cm3 root surface/ day Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 108. Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen = 7 nanogram N/ cm3 root surface/ dia Plants need 0.2 nanogram N/cm3 root surface/day Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 109. BUT... what about pathogens? Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 110. Oxygen Aerobic No Oxygen Anaerobic Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 111. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 112. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 113. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 114. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 115. Dry Season Rainy Season Dry Season approxlevelofmicrobialactivity Microbial Activity Water/Microbes AND Microbes/Water Concept from http://soils.usda.gov/SQI/concepts/soil_biology/soil_food_web.html Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 116. Depthbelowsurface Increasing Microbial Biomass Microbial Biomass Decreases with Depth Concept from http://soils.usda.gov/SQI/concepts/soil_biology/soil_food_web.html Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 117. Water is Life Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 118. Organic Matter Silt Clay Sand Course Particles Soil Types and Moisture Distribution Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 119. Soil Erosion and Sediment Transport Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 120. Forms of Runoff Transmission Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 121. Sheet Flow Transmission Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 122. Sheet Flow Results in Infiltration & Deposition Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 123. Rill Transmission Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 124. Gully Transmission Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 125. Arroyo Transmission Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 126. Erosion Processes Throughout the Watershed Road Erosion Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 127. Minor Sheet Erosion Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 128. Moderate Sheet Erosion Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 129. Severe Sheet Erosion Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 130. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 131. The rate of erosion on bare soil is 80 times greater than soil covered with vegetation. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 132. Rill Erosion Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 133. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 134. Gully Erosion Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 135. Bank Erosion Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 136. Road Erosion Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 137. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 138. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 139. Headcut erosion occurs in multiple stages Headcut Progression Occurs in Stages Sheet Erosion- Rill Erosion- Gully/ Headcut Erosion- Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 140. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 141. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 142. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 143. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 144. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 145. Landscape Scale Erosion Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 146. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 147. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 148. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 149. Is there any life left in this soil? Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 150. Succession weeds vegetables long-lived perennial grasses shrubs deciduous conifer old growth annual grasses Bacteria dominated Alkaline Nitrates F:B balance Neutral pH Nitrates/Ammonium Fungi dominated Acidic Ammonium Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 151. Bacteria dominated Alkaline Nitrates F:B balance Neutral pH Nitrates/Ammonium Fungi dominated Acidic AmmoniumDoug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 152. Bacteria dominated Alkaline Nitrates F:B balance Neutral pH Nitrates/Ammonium Fungi dominated Acidic Ammonium Succession is increasing soil complexity, more humus, less compaction, more fungi, more diversity, more soil Carbon sequestration, less Greenhouse Gas (N2O, CH4) emissions Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 153. Fungal:Bacterial Ratios of Selected Crop Species Brassicas (broccoli) 0.3-0.7 Carrots, lettuce 0.5-0.8 Corn, tomatoes 0.8-1.0 Barley, oats, rye 0.8-1.0 Pastures & Rangeland 0.9-1.5 Strawberries, Blueberries 2-5 Grapes 3-5 Apples, orchard crops 5-10 Pine 50-100 Conifers 100-1000 Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 154. Can succession move backward? Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 155. Bacteria dominated Alkaline Nitrates F:B balance Neutral pH Nitrates/Ammonium Fungi dominated Acidic AmmoniumDoug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 156. Bacteria dominated Alkaline Nitrates F:B balance Neutral pH Nitrates/Ammonium Fungi dominated Acidic Ammonium Disturbances decrease soil complexity, increase compaction, less humus, less fungi, less diversity, less soil Carbon sequestration, more Green House Gas emissions Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 157. …erosion, drought, floods, overgrazing, deforestation, burning, inorganic fertilizers, fungicides, pesticides, tillage. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 158. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 159. NPK NPK Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 160. NPK NPK Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 161. NPK NPK Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 162. NPK NPK Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 163. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 164. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 165. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 166. Fungicide Fungicide Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 167. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 168. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 169. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 170. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 171. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 172. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 173. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 174. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 175. Anaerobic Compaction Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 176. 35 Peter M. Wild, Boston Tree Preservation Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 177. NPK NPK Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 178. NPK NPK Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 179. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 180. Non-treated Organic Corn Soil Doctor biologically treated Organic Corn 2009, Mexico, worst drought in 6 decades Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 181. 0 250 500 750 1000 1250 1121 308 lbs Microbial CO2/acre in top 6” soil lbs May 2009 Microbe CO2 Sept 2009 Microbe CO2 Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 182. weeds old growth soil moisturesoil microbes soil carbon soil fertility Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 183. How do we bring moisture back to land? Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 184. 1.Protect and expand moisture storing areas of the landscape (enhance the Sweet Spots). 2.Stabilize active erosion and prevent further degradation. 3.Restore dispersed flow and increase infiltration at every opportunity. 4.Cultivate restorative plant communities and build biologically active soils. 5.Create site-specific solutions using natural forms and processes. Guiding Principles for Bringing Moisture Back to the Land Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 185. Where are the Sweet Spots? Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 186. …Anywhere that runoff slows enough to infiltrate and build soil. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 187. …Anywhere that runoff slows enough to infiltrate and build soil. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 188. …Anywhere that runoff slows enough to infiltrate and build soil. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 189. Deposition of Silt, Clay and Organic Matter sets the stage for moisture storage. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 190. Source Sink Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 191. Source Sink Sweet Spot Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 192. Actively Developing Alluvial Fan Source Sink Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 193. Source Sink Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 194. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 195. Incised Alluvial Fan Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 196. Actively Incising and Re-Developing Alluvial Fan Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 197. MEDIA LUNA Sheet Flow Spreader (tips UP) Spreads runoff from channels and initiates sheet flow. Sheet Flow Collector (tips DOWN) Prevents developing rills and gullies from eroding upslope. collection point sheet flow splash apron Sweet Spot Sheet Flow Structures Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 198. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 199. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 200. Growing Sweet Spots with Media Lunas Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 201. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 202. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 203. Wood can effectively be used to build sheet flow structures. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 204. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 205. Roads are a Runoff Resource that should be used to create Sweet Spots Rolling Dip Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 206. Roads are a Runoff Resource that should be used to create Sweet Spots Rolling Dip Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 207. Roads are a Runoff Resource that should be used to create Sweet Spots Rolling Dip Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 208. Roads are a Runoff Resource that should be used to create Sweet Spots Rolling Dip Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 209. Dryland farm fields were once common in the southwest, a search of aerial photographs reveals many abandoned fields. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 210. …natural reservoirs of soil nutrients and moisture. Many are found on alluvial fans… Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 211. Ojo Encino Navajo Chapter Floodwater Farming Project Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 212. Ojo Encino Floodwater Farming Project: A modern twist on an ancient practiceRestoring the function of alluvial fans to bring life back to abandoned farm fields Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 213. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 214. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 215. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 216. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 217. Water delivered, but what about the soil biology? Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 218. Quivira Coalition Erosion Control Workshops at Red Canyon Ranch Preserve Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 219. Quivira Coalition Erosion Control Workshops at Red Canyon Ranch Preserve Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 220. Quivira Coalition Erosion Control Workshops at Red Canyon Ranch Preserve Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 221. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 222. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 223. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 224. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 225. How do we bring microbes back to the soil? Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 226. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 227. Assess Assess Assess Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 228. Bacteria dominated Alkaline Nitrates F:B balance Neutral pH Nitrates/Ammonium Fungi dominated Acidic Ammonium x Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 229. Bacteria dominated Alkaline Nitrates F:B balance Neutral pH Nitrates/Ammonium Fungi dominated Acidic Ammonium x xDoug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 230. ...to increase bacterial or fungi numbers - if bacterial or fungi diversity ALREADY exists Specific microbial foods Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 231. ...for inoculum and/or reinforcements Custom bacterial or fungal dominated AEROBIC composts Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 232. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 233. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 234. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 235. Bacterial or fungal dominated actively AERATED compost teas Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 236. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 237. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 238. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 239. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 240. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 241. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 242. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 243. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 244. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 245. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 246. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  • 247. Bringing Life Back to Your Land moisture, microbes, and climate change Craig Sponholtz DrylandSolutions.com Doug Weatherbee SoilDoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010

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