Bringing Life Back to Your Land
moisture, microbes, and climate change
Craig Sponholtz
DrylandSolutions.com
Doug Weatherbe...
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
90%
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Location:! Lane-Hooper Rancho, Jalpa,
! ! Guanajuato, Mexico
Soil:!! Compacted, Expansive black
! ! Clay (Vertisol - Smect...
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Sampled Soil for Soil Foodweb Oregon
Lab on May 12, 2009
May
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Field Prep:!
Rainwater Harvesting Contour
Swales(ditches)
Date:!
June 16-19, 2009
Note:!
Field compacted because of
excava...
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Planting Date:! June 22, 2009
! ! ! Horse Plowed Planting
May June
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, ...
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Treatment:
- 10 gallons compost tea
- 2 gallons humic acid
- ¾ gallon homemade local fish
hydrolysate
App. Rate:!! per Hect...
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Rainfall:! Very dry rainy season
2008 July:! 7.5 inches
2009 July:! 3.8 inches
Buffering:! Soil structure and humus
increa...
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Informal Control:! Photographic
! ! ! ! Comparison with
! ! ! ! local non-treated
! ! ! ! organic corn field
! ! ! ! plante...
Non-treated Organic
Corn
SFI-treated Organic
Corn
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Stalk Growth:!
5% corn kernels have 4 stalks
65-70% have 3 stalks
20-25% have 1 or 2 stalks
Date:!
August 5, 2009
May June...
4 Stalk Corn Kernel
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Pests:
Biologically treated stalk = very
few worm bores, no pesticide
sprays used.
Non-biologically = manu worm
bores, lot...
Rainwater Harvesting Contour Swale
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Informal Control:
Photographic Comparison with
local non-treated organic corn
field planted on same date
Date:
Sept 14-18 2...
Non-treated Organic
Corn
Soil Doctor biologically
treated Organic Corn
2009, Mexico, worst drought in 6 decades
Doug Weath...
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
0
60
120
31
105
poundsfrom735sqfeet
Biological
Control Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
0
110
220
330
440
550
114
527
poundsfrom735sqfeet
Biological
Control Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10...
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
CLAY
SILTSAND
LOAM
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
So what about
Soil Organic
Matter?
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Humus molecule is
comprised of long
chains of Carbon.
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Na+
Na+Na+Na+
Na+
-- - -
-
- - --- - --
+ + + + + + ++ ++
+ + + + + + ++ ++
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, Nove...
Na+
Na+
- - --- - --
+ + + + + + ++ ++
-- - - -
+ + + + + + ++ ++
-
- - - -
C+C+
C+ C+
O-
O-
O- O-
O- O-
Doug Weatherbee
s...
Oxygen
Aerobic
No Oxygen
Anaerobic
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Cation Exchange Capacity
Ca
Ca Ca
Ca
CaZn
Zn
Zn
Zn
Mg
Mg
Mg
Mg
Mg
Cu
Cu
Cu
Fe
Fe
Fe
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesd...
80-90%
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
So how is
Organic Matter
created?
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
O Horizon
A Horizon
B Horizon
C Horizon
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
http://soils.usda.gov/SQI/concepts/soil_biology/soil_food_web.html
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
http://www.blm.gov/nstc/soil/foodweb/images/FOOD%20WEB.jpg
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
CO2
O & H20
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
>60%
CO2
O & H20
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Bacteria are decomposers
and mutualists that eat
simple sugars and high N
content organic material.
Wednesday, November 10...
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
800 million individuals
25000 species
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
60%
-20%
40%
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Fungi are decomposers and
mutualists that eat
more complex C chains of
lignin, cellulose, tannins.
Wednesday, November 10,...
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Ciliates
Flagellates
Amoebae
x
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Ciliates, flagellates and
amoebae are predators that
eat bacteria.
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitro...
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Nematodes are predators
and root feeders that eat
bacteria, fungi, some
protozoa, other nematodes
and plant roots.
Wednesd...
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitro...
BUT...
enough N to
grow plants?
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Organism C:N Ratio
Bacteria 5:1
Fungi 20:1
People 30:1
Green Leaves 30:1
Protozoa 30:1
Deciduous trees 300:1
Conifer 500:1...
Organism C:N Ratio
Bacteria 5:1
Fungi 20:1
Bacterium
Nitrogen,
Phosphorus,
Sulphur,
Potassium,
etc.
Fungi
Nitrogen,
Phosph...
Organism C:N Ratio
Bacteria 5:1
...
Protozoa 30:1
Flagellate Bacterium= 30:1 = 5:1
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesda...
Bacterium
Bacterium
Bacterium
Bacterium
Bacterium
= 30:1 = 30:6
Bacterium
Flagellate
= 5:1
= 5:1
= 5:1
= 5:1
= 5:1
= 5:1
D...
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
= 5 N= 30:1Flagellate
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, ...
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
= 5 N
Enough N to grow plants?
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, Nove...
Bacterium
Bacterium
Bacterium
Bacterium
Bacterium
Bacterium
Flagellate
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
=
Doug...
Bacterium
Bacterium
Bacterium
Bacterium
Bacterium
Bacterium
Flagellate
Bacterium
Bacterium
Bacterium
Bacterium
Bacterium
B...
Flagellate
8,000 N molecules/day/protzoan
=
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrog...
50,000 protozoan/gram
Flagellate
Flagellate
Flagellate
Flagellate
Flagellate
Flagellate
Flagellate
Flagellate
Flagellate
F...
500,000,000 bacteria/gram/day
Bacterium
Bacterium
Bacterium
Bacterium
Bacterium
Bacterium
Flagellate
Bacterium
Bacterium
B...
Flagellate
Flagellate
Flagellate =
=
=
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Ni...
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitro...
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitrogen
Nitro...
BUT...
what about
pathogens?
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Oxygen
Aerobic
No Oxygen
Anaerobic
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Dry Season Rainy Season Dry Season
approxlevelofmicrobialactivity
Microbial Activity
Water/Microbes AND Microbes/Water
Con...
Depthbelowsurface
Increasing Microbial Biomass
Microbial Biomass Decreases with Depth
Concept from http://soils.usda.gov/S...
Water is Life
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Organic
Matter
Silt
Clay
Sand
Course
Particles
Soil Types and
Moisture
Distribution
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Soil Erosion and Sediment Transport
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Forms of Runoff Transmission
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Sheet Flow Transmission
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Sheet Flow Results in
Infiltration & Deposition
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Rill Transmission
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Gully Transmission
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Arroyo Transmission
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Erosion Processes Throughout
the Watershed
Road Erosion
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Minor Sheet Erosion
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Moderate Sheet Erosion
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Severe Sheet Erosion
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
The rate of erosion on bare soil is 80 times
greater than soil covered with vegetation.
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Rill Erosion
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Gully Erosion
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Bank Erosion
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Road Erosion
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Headcut erosion occurs in multiple stages
Headcut Progression Occurs in Stages
Sheet Erosion-
Rill Erosion-
Gully/ Headcut...
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Landscape Scale Erosion
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Is there any
life left in this
soil?
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Succession
weeds
vegetables
long-lived
perennial
grasses
shrubs
deciduous
conifer old
growth
annual
grasses
Bacteria
domin...
Bacteria
dominated
Alkaline
Nitrates
F:B balance
Neutral pH
Nitrates/Ammonium
Fungi
dominated
Acidic
AmmoniumDoug Weatherb...
Bacteria
dominated
Alkaline
Nitrates
F:B balance
Neutral pH
Nitrates/Ammonium
Fungi
dominated
Acidic
Ammonium
Succession i...
Fungal:Bacterial Ratios of
Selected Crop Species
Brassicas (broccoli) 0.3-0.7
Carrots, lettuce 0.5-0.8
Corn, tomatoes 0.8-...
Can succession
move
backward?
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Bacteria
dominated
Alkaline
Nitrates
F:B balance
Neutral pH
Nitrates/Ammonium
Fungi
dominated
Acidic
AmmoniumDoug Weatherb...
Bacteria
dominated
Alkaline
Nitrates
F:B balance
Neutral pH
Nitrates/Ammonium
Fungi
dominated
Acidic
Ammonium
Disturbances...
…erosion, drought,
floods, overgrazing,
deforestation, burning,
inorganic fertilizers,
fungicides, pesticides,
tillage.
Wed...
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
NPK NPK
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
NPK NPK
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
NPK NPK
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
NPK NPK
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Fungicide Fungicide
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Anaerobic
Compaction
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
35
Peter M. Wild, Boston Tree Preservation
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
NPK NPK
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
NPK NPK
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Non-treated Organic
Corn
Soil Doctor biologically
treated Organic Corn
2009, Mexico, worst drought in 6 decades
Doug Weath...
0
250
500
750
1000
1250
1121
308
lbs Microbial CO2/acre in top 6” soil
lbs
May 2009 Microbe CO2
Sept 2009 Microbe CO2
Doug...
weeds
old growth
soil moisturesoil microbes
soil carbon
soil fertility
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November ...
How do we
bring moisture
back to land?
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
1.Protect and expand moisture storing areas of
the landscape (enhance the Sweet Spots).
2.Stabilize active erosion and pre...
Where are the Sweet Spots?
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
…Anywhere that runoff slows enough to infiltrate and build soil.
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
…Anywhere that runoff slows enough to infiltrate and build soil.
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
…Anywhere that runoff slows enough to infiltrate and build soil.
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Deposition of Silt, Clay and Organic Matter
sets the stage for moisture storage.
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Source
Sink
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Source
Sink
Sweet Spot
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Actively Developing Alluvial Fan
Source
Sink
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Source
Sink
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Incised Alluvial Fan
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Actively Incising and Re-Developing Alluvial Fan
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
MEDIA LUNA
Sheet Flow Spreader (tips UP)
Spreads runoff from channels and
initiates sheet flow.
Sheet Flow Collector (tips ...
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Growing Sweet Spots with Media Lunas
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Wood can effectively be used to build
sheet flow structures.
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Roads are a Runoff Resource that
should be used to create Sweet Spots
Rolling Dip
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Roads are a Runoff Resource that
should be used to create Sweet Spots
Rolling Dip
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Roads are a Runoff Resource that
should be used to create Sweet Spots
Rolling Dip
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Roads are a Runoff Resource that
should be used to create Sweet Spots
Rolling Dip
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Dryland farm fields were once common in the southwest,
a search of aerial photographs reveals many abandoned fields.
Wedne...
…natural reservoirs of soil nutrients and moisture.
Many are found on alluvial fans…
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Ojo Encino Navajo Chapter Floodwater Farming Project
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Ojo Encino Floodwater Farming Project:
A modern twist on an
ancient practiceRestoring the function of alluvial fans to bri...
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Water delivered, but what about the soil biology?
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Quivira Coalition Erosion Control Workshops at
Red Canyon Ranch Preserve
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Quivira Coalition Erosion Control Workshops at
Red Canyon Ranch Preserve
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Quivira Coalition Erosion Control Workshops at
Red Canyon Ranch Preserve
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
How do we
bring microbes
back to the
soil?
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Assess
Assess
Assess
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Bacteria
dominated
Alkaline
Nitrates
F:B balance
Neutral pH
Nitrates/Ammonium
Fungi
dominated
Acidic
Ammonium
x Doug Weath...
Bacteria
dominated
Alkaline
Nitrates
F:B balance
Neutral pH
Nitrates/Ammonium
Fungi
dominated
Acidic
Ammonium
x xDoug Weat...
...to increase bacterial or fungi
numbers - if bacterial or fungi
diversity ALREADY exists
Specific microbial foods
Doug We...
...for inoculum and/or
reinforcements
Custom bacterial or
fungal dominated
AEROBIC composts
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org...
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Bacterial or fungal
dominated actively
AERATED compost teas
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Doug Weatherbee
soildoctor.org
Wednesday, November 10, 2010
Bringing Life Back to Your Land
moisture, microbes, and climate change
Craig Sponholtz
DrylandSolutions.com
Doug Weatherbe...
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Doug Weatherbee, Soildoctor.org & Craig Sponholtz, DrylandSolutions.com : "Bringing Life Back to Your Land: moisture, microbes, and climate change" At the Quivira Coalition Conference, NM, Nov. 10 2010.

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Doug weatherbee craigsponholtz_quivira_2010_presentation

  1. 1. Bringing Life Back to Your Land moisture, microbes, and climate change Craig Sponholtz DrylandSolutions.com Doug Weatherbee SoilDoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  2. 2. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  3. 3. 90% Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  4. 4. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  5. 5. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  6. 6. Location:! Lane-Hooper Rancho, Jalpa, ! ! Guanajuato, Mexico Soil:!! Compacted, Expansive black ! ! Clay (Vertisol - Smectite Clay) Crop: ! Corn Irrigation:! Rain Climate:! Tropical Rain Season Savanah Elevation:! 7000ft/2100m above sea level Past Use:! Corn, Millet Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  7. 7. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  8. 8. Sampled Soil for Soil Foodweb Oregon Lab on May 12, 2009 May Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  9. 9. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  10. 10. Field Prep:! Rainwater Harvesting Contour Swales(ditches) Date:! June 16-19, 2009 Note:! Field compacted because of excavator use May June Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  11. 11. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  12. 12. Planting Date:! June 22, 2009 ! ! ! Horse Plowed Planting May June Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  13. 13. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  14. 14. Treatment: - 10 gallons compost tea - 2 gallons humic acid - ¾ gallon homemade local fish hydrolysate App. Rate:!! per Hectare App. Date:!! July 9, 2009 May June July Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  15. 15. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  16. 16. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  17. 17. Rainfall:! Very dry rainy season 2008 July:! 7.5 inches 2009 July:! 3.8 inches Buffering:! Soil structure and humus increase raised water holding capacity plus rainwater harvesting swales Date:!! July 10, 2009 May June July Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  18. 18. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  19. 19. Informal Control:! Photographic ! ! ! ! Comparison with ! ! ! ! local non-treated ! ! ! ! organic corn field ! ! ! ! planted on same ! ! ! ! date Date:!! ! ! August 5, 2009 May June July Aug Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  20. 20. Non-treated Organic Corn SFI-treated Organic Corn Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  21. 21. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  22. 22. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  23. 23. Stalk Growth:! 5% corn kernels have 4 stalks 65-70% have 3 stalks 20-25% have 1 or 2 stalks Date:! August 5, 2009 May June July Aug Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  24. 24. 4 Stalk Corn Kernel Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  25. 25. Pests: Biologically treated stalk = very few worm bores, no pesticide sprays used. Non-biologically = manu worm bores, lots of fields usin pesticide sprays Date: August, 2009 May June July Aug Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  26. 26. Rainwater Harvesting Contour Swale Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  27. 27. Informal Control: Photographic Comparison with local non-treated organic corn field planted on same date Date: Sept 14-18 2009 May June July Aug Sept Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  28. 28. Non-treated Organic Corn Soil Doctor biologically treated Organic Corn 2009, Mexico, worst drought in 6 decades Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  29. 29. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  30. 30. 0 60 120 31 105 poundsfrom735sqfeet Biological Control Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  31. 31. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  32. 32. 0 110 220 330 440 550 114 527 poundsfrom735sqfeet Biological Control Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  33. 33. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  34. 34. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  35. 35. CLAY SILTSAND LOAM Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  36. 36. So what about Soil Organic Matter? Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  37. 37. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  38. 38. Humus molecule is comprised of long chains of Carbon. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  39. 39. Na+ Na+Na+Na+ Na+ -- - - - - - --- - -- + + + + + + ++ ++ + + + + + + ++ ++ Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  40. 40. Na+ Na+ - - --- - -- + + + + + + ++ ++ -- - - - + + + + + + ++ ++ - - - - - C+C+ C+ C+ O- O- O- O- O- O- Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  41. 41. Oxygen Aerobic No Oxygen Anaerobic Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  42. 42. Cation Exchange Capacity Ca Ca Ca Ca CaZn Zn Zn Zn Mg Mg Mg Mg Mg Cu Cu Cu Fe Fe Fe Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  43. 43. 80-90% Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  44. 44. So how is Organic Matter created? Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  45. 45. O Horizon A Horizon B Horizon C Horizon Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  46. 46. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  47. 47. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  48. 48. http://soils.usda.gov/SQI/concepts/soil_biology/soil_food_web.html Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  49. 49. http://www.blm.gov/nstc/soil/foodweb/images/FOOD%20WEB.jpg Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  50. 50. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  51. 51. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  52. 52. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  53. 53. CO2 O & H20 Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  54. 54. >60% CO2 O & H20 Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  55. 55. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  56. 56. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  57. 57. Bacteria are decomposers and mutualists that eat simple sugars and high N content organic material. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  58. 58. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  59. 59. 800 million individuals 25000 species Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  60. 60. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  61. 61. 60% -20% 40% Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  62. 62. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  63. 63. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  64. 64. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  65. 65. Fungi are decomposers and mutualists that eat more complex C chains of lignin, cellulose, tannins. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  66. 66. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  67. 67. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  68. 68. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  69. 69. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  70. 70. Ciliates Flagellates Amoebae x Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  71. 71. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  72. 72. Ciliates, flagellates and amoebae are predators that eat bacteria. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  73. 73. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  74. 74. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  75. 75. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  76. 76. Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  77. 77. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  78. 78. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  79. 79. Nematodes are predators and root feeders that eat bacteria, fungi, some protozoa, other nematodes and plant roots. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  80. 80. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  81. 81. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  82. 82. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  83. 83. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  84. 84. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  85. 85. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  86. 86. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  87. 87. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  88. 88. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  89. 89. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  90. 90. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  91. 91. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  92. 92. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  93. 93. Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  94. 94. BUT... enough N to grow plants? Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  95. 95. Organism C:N Ratio Bacteria 5:1 Fungi 20:1 People 30:1 Green Leaves 30:1 Protozoa 30:1 Deciduous trees 300:1 Conifer 500:1 Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  96. 96. Organism C:N Ratio Bacteria 5:1 Fungi 20:1 Bacterium Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Sulphur, Potassium, etc. Fungi Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Sulphur, Potassium, etc. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  97. 97. Organism C:N Ratio Bacteria 5:1 ... Protozoa 30:1 Flagellate Bacterium= 30:1 = 5:1 Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  98. 98. Bacterium Bacterium Bacterium Bacterium Bacterium = 30:1 = 30:6 Bacterium Flagellate = 5:1 = 5:1 = 5:1 = 5:1 = 5:1 = 5:1 Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  99. 99. Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen = 5 N= 30:1Flagellate Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  100. 100. Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen = 5 N Enough N to grow plants? Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  101. 101. Bacterium Bacterium Bacterium Bacterium Bacterium Bacterium Flagellate Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen = Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  102. 102. Bacterium Bacterium Bacterium Bacterium Bacterium Bacterium Flagellate Bacterium Bacterium Bacterium Bacterium Bacterium Bacterium Bacterium Bacterium Bacterium Bacterium Bacte Bacte Bacte Bacte Bacte Bacte Bacte Bacte 10,000/day Bacterium Bacterium Bacte Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  103. 103. Flagellate 8,000 N molecules/day/protzoan = Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen N N N N N N N N N N N Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  104. 104. 50,000 protozoan/gram Flagellate Flagellate Flagellate Flagellate Flagellate Flagellate Flagellate Flagellate Flagellate Flagellate Flagellate Flagellate Fla Fla Fla FlaDoug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  105. 105. 500,000,000 bacteria/gram/day Bacterium Bacterium Bacterium Bacterium Bacterium Bacterium Flagellate Bacterium Bacterium Bacterium Bacterium Bacterium Bacterium Bacter Bacter Bacter Bacter Bacter Bacter Flagellate Flagellate Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  106. 106. Flagellate Flagellate Flagellate = = = Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitr Nitr Nitr Nitr Nitr Nitr Nitr 400,000 N molecules/day Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  107. 107. Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen = 7 nanogram N/ cm3 root surface/ day Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  108. 108. Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen Nitrogen = 7 nanogram N/ cm3 root surface/ dia Plants need 0.2 nanogram N/cm3 root surface/day Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  109. 109. BUT... what about pathogens? Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  110. 110. Oxygen Aerobic No Oxygen Anaerobic Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  111. 111. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  112. 112. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  113. 113. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  114. 114. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  115. 115. Dry Season Rainy Season Dry Season approxlevelofmicrobialactivity Microbial Activity Water/Microbes AND Microbes/Water Concept from http://soils.usda.gov/SQI/concepts/soil_biology/soil_food_web.html Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  116. 116. Depthbelowsurface Increasing Microbial Biomass Microbial Biomass Decreases with Depth Concept from http://soils.usda.gov/SQI/concepts/soil_biology/soil_food_web.html Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  117. 117. Water is Life Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  118. 118. Organic Matter Silt Clay Sand Course Particles Soil Types and Moisture Distribution Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  119. 119. Soil Erosion and Sediment Transport Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  120. 120. Forms of Runoff Transmission Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  121. 121. Sheet Flow Transmission Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  122. 122. Sheet Flow Results in Infiltration & Deposition Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  123. 123. Rill Transmission Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  124. 124. Gully Transmission Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  125. 125. Arroyo Transmission Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  126. 126. Erosion Processes Throughout the Watershed Road Erosion Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  127. 127. Minor Sheet Erosion Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  128. 128. Moderate Sheet Erosion Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  129. 129. Severe Sheet Erosion Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  130. 130. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  131. 131. The rate of erosion on bare soil is 80 times greater than soil covered with vegetation. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  132. 132. Rill Erosion Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  133. 133. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  134. 134. Gully Erosion Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  135. 135. Bank Erosion Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  136. 136. Road Erosion Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  137. 137. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  138. 138. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  139. 139. Headcut erosion occurs in multiple stages Headcut Progression Occurs in Stages Sheet Erosion- Rill Erosion- Gully/ Headcut Erosion- Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  140. 140. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  141. 141. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  142. 142. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  143. 143. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  144. 144. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  145. 145. Landscape Scale Erosion Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  146. 146. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  147. 147. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  148. 148. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  149. 149. Is there any life left in this soil? Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  150. 150. Succession weeds vegetables long-lived perennial grasses shrubs deciduous conifer old growth annual grasses Bacteria dominated Alkaline Nitrates F:B balance Neutral pH Nitrates/Ammonium Fungi dominated Acidic Ammonium Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  151. 151. Bacteria dominated Alkaline Nitrates F:B balance Neutral pH Nitrates/Ammonium Fungi dominated Acidic AmmoniumDoug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  152. 152. Bacteria dominated Alkaline Nitrates F:B balance Neutral pH Nitrates/Ammonium Fungi dominated Acidic Ammonium Succession is increasing soil complexity, more humus, less compaction, more fungi, more diversity, more soil Carbon sequestration, less Greenhouse Gas (N2O, CH4) emissions Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  153. 153. Fungal:Bacterial Ratios of Selected Crop Species Brassicas (broccoli) 0.3-0.7 Carrots, lettuce 0.5-0.8 Corn, tomatoes 0.8-1.0 Barley, oats, rye 0.8-1.0 Pastures & Rangeland 0.9-1.5 Strawberries, Blueberries 2-5 Grapes 3-5 Apples, orchard crops 5-10 Pine 50-100 Conifers 100-1000 Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  154. 154. Can succession move backward? Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  155. 155. Bacteria dominated Alkaline Nitrates F:B balance Neutral pH Nitrates/Ammonium Fungi dominated Acidic AmmoniumDoug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  156. 156. Bacteria dominated Alkaline Nitrates F:B balance Neutral pH Nitrates/Ammonium Fungi dominated Acidic Ammonium Disturbances decrease soil complexity, increase compaction, less humus, less fungi, less diversity, less soil Carbon sequestration, more Green House Gas emissions Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  157. 157. …erosion, drought, floods, overgrazing, deforestation, burning, inorganic fertilizers, fungicides, pesticides, tillage. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  158. 158. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  159. 159. NPK NPK Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  160. 160. NPK NPK Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  161. 161. NPK NPK Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  162. 162. NPK NPK Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  163. 163. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  164. 164. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  165. 165. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  166. 166. Fungicide Fungicide Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  167. 167. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  168. 168. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  169. 169. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  170. 170. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  171. 171. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  172. 172. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  173. 173. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  174. 174. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  175. 175. Anaerobic Compaction Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  176. 176. 35 Peter M. Wild, Boston Tree Preservation Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  177. 177. NPK NPK Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  178. 178. NPK NPK Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  179. 179. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  180. 180. Non-treated Organic Corn Soil Doctor biologically treated Organic Corn 2009, Mexico, worst drought in 6 decades Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  181. 181. 0 250 500 750 1000 1250 1121 308 lbs Microbial CO2/acre in top 6” soil lbs May 2009 Microbe CO2 Sept 2009 Microbe CO2 Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  182. 182. weeds old growth soil moisturesoil microbes soil carbon soil fertility Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  183. 183. How do we bring moisture back to land? Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  184. 184. 1.Protect and expand moisture storing areas of the landscape (enhance the Sweet Spots). 2.Stabilize active erosion and prevent further degradation. 3.Restore dispersed flow and increase infiltration at every opportunity. 4.Cultivate restorative plant communities and build biologically active soils. 5.Create site-specific solutions using natural forms and processes. Guiding Principles for Bringing Moisture Back to the Land Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  185. 185. Where are the Sweet Spots? Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  186. 186. …Anywhere that runoff slows enough to infiltrate and build soil. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  187. 187. …Anywhere that runoff slows enough to infiltrate and build soil. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  188. 188. …Anywhere that runoff slows enough to infiltrate and build soil. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  189. 189. Deposition of Silt, Clay and Organic Matter sets the stage for moisture storage. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  190. 190. Source Sink Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  191. 191. Source Sink Sweet Spot Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  192. 192. Actively Developing Alluvial Fan Source Sink Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  193. 193. Source Sink Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  194. 194. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  195. 195. Incised Alluvial Fan Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  196. 196. Actively Incising and Re-Developing Alluvial Fan Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  197. 197. MEDIA LUNA Sheet Flow Spreader (tips UP) Spreads runoff from channels and initiates sheet flow. Sheet Flow Collector (tips DOWN) Prevents developing rills and gullies from eroding upslope. collection point sheet flow splash apron Sweet Spot Sheet Flow Structures Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  198. 198. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  199. 199. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  200. 200. Growing Sweet Spots with Media Lunas Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  201. 201. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  202. 202. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  203. 203. Wood can effectively be used to build sheet flow structures. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  204. 204. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  205. 205. Roads are a Runoff Resource that should be used to create Sweet Spots Rolling Dip Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  206. 206. Roads are a Runoff Resource that should be used to create Sweet Spots Rolling Dip Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  207. 207. Roads are a Runoff Resource that should be used to create Sweet Spots Rolling Dip Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  208. 208. Roads are a Runoff Resource that should be used to create Sweet Spots Rolling Dip Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  209. 209. Dryland farm fields were once common in the southwest, a search of aerial photographs reveals many abandoned fields. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  210. 210. …natural reservoirs of soil nutrients and moisture. Many are found on alluvial fans… Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  211. 211. Ojo Encino Navajo Chapter Floodwater Farming Project Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  212. 212. Ojo Encino Floodwater Farming Project: A modern twist on an ancient practiceRestoring the function of alluvial fans to bring life back to abandoned farm fields Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  213. 213. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  214. 214. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  215. 215. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  216. 216. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  217. 217. Water delivered, but what about the soil biology? Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  218. 218. Quivira Coalition Erosion Control Workshops at Red Canyon Ranch Preserve Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  219. 219. Quivira Coalition Erosion Control Workshops at Red Canyon Ranch Preserve Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  220. 220. Quivira Coalition Erosion Control Workshops at Red Canyon Ranch Preserve Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  221. 221. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  222. 222. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  223. 223. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  224. 224. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  225. 225. How do we bring microbes back to the soil? Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  226. 226. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  227. 227. Assess Assess Assess Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  228. 228. Bacteria dominated Alkaline Nitrates F:B balance Neutral pH Nitrates/Ammonium Fungi dominated Acidic Ammonium x Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  229. 229. Bacteria dominated Alkaline Nitrates F:B balance Neutral pH Nitrates/Ammonium Fungi dominated Acidic Ammonium x xDoug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  230. 230. ...to increase bacterial or fungi numbers - if bacterial or fungi diversity ALREADY exists Specific microbial foods Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  231. 231. ...for inoculum and/or reinforcements Custom bacterial or fungal dominated AEROBIC composts Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  232. 232. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  233. 233. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  234. 234. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  235. 235. Bacterial or fungal dominated actively AERATED compost teas Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  236. 236. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  237. 237. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  238. 238. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  239. 239. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  240. 240. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  241. 241. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  242. 242. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  243. 243. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  244. 244. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  245. 245. Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  246. 246. Doug Weatherbee soildoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  247. 247. Bringing Life Back to Your Land moisture, microbes, and climate change Craig Sponholtz DrylandSolutions.com Doug Weatherbee SoilDoctor.org Wednesday, November 10, 2010

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