TELEMEDICINE &TELENURSING: Thefuture of healthcare.
OVERVIEW & DEFINITION OF TELEHEALTH/TELEMEDICIN E Telehealth is the delivery of health-related services and information via telecommunications technologies
Uses of Telehealth Technologies CLINICAL Transmission of medical images for diagnoses Group or individual exchange of health services or education live via video conference. Health advice via telephone or emergent cases Transmission of medical data for diagnoses or disease management
Uses and Benefits of Telehealth Technologies.NON CLINICALDistance education including continuing medical education, grand rounds, and patient educationOnline information and health data managementOverall healthcare system managementOTHER BENEFITSEarly detection and monitoring of illness.Fewer costs for patients and hospitals.Early patient hospital discharge.More control over individual care.Less hospitalization and fewer ER visits.
ICT Requirements for Telehealth Systems Ensure clients are aware of their rights and responsibilities with respect to accessing health care via telehealth technologies, including the process for communicating complaints Obtain consent for treatment from patients when required for invasive procedures Compliance with relevant legislation, regulations, and accreditation requirements for supporting patient/client decision-making and consent, including protection of patient health information Policies and procedures for compliance with local legislated and regulatory rules for protection of patient health information
Telehealth Process Data captured or collected from one site; may be audio, video or digital. (clinical images or sounds). Central processing unit (CPU) or coder-decoder (codec) processes info (digitization and compression of mages and sound) Information is prepared for transmission (varies depending on mode of telecommunication used.) transmitted to the distant site.
Telehealth TechnologiesHARDWARE:- Telephones, videophones, Personalcomputers (PCs), Videoconferencing systems(Cameras, Radios, DVD players etc), Specializedtelemedicine workstationsSOFTWARE:- Cardicom’s Omnivisor, GlobalMed’sEMDTRANSFER Medical Imaging Software MedicalSoftware Programs and CapSure® Diagnostic MedicalImaging Software | Medical Software ProgramsPeripheral Devices:- Electronic stethoscope, Examcamera, Otoscope
Prospective Telehealth Client SuitabilityPeople with chronic and long term health needsPeople with ongoing health issues living in remote areasEarly hospital discharge patientsPersons with accesss living within range or with regular access to propeR telecommunication infrastructure
Ethical and Legal Telehealth Issues& Privacy and security concernsConfidentialityMedical malpracticePatient Autonomystandards of informed consent, liability Licensing