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Fractional distillation of oil & gas
Fractional distillation of oil & gas
Fractional distillation of oil & gas
Fractional distillation of oil & gas
Fractional distillation of oil & gas
Fractional distillation of oil & gas
Fractional distillation of oil & gas
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Fractional distillation of oil & gas

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This is a brief yet interesting presentation outlining the process of fractional distillation of Oil & Gas.

This is a brief yet interesting presentation outlining the process of fractional distillation of Oil & Gas.

Published in: Technology, Business, Career
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  • 1. Fractional Distillation Of OIL & Gas ©2013 QuEST Global Services Pte Ltd. The information in this document is the property of QuEST Global Services Pte Ltd. and may not be copied or communicated to a third party or used for any purpose other than that for which it is supplied without the written consent of QuEST Global Services Pte Ltd.
  • 2. Oil refining: Fractional Distillation • The oil refining process is carried by a method of fractional distillation. • The mixture contains many useful products that must be refined out of the crude oil. Different hydrocarbon chain lengths all have progressively higher boiling points, so they can all be separated by distillation. • Chains of ©2013 QuEST Global Services Pte Ltd. Confidential 2
  • 3. O & G products: 1. Petroleum gas : small alkanes (1 to 4 carbon atoms) commonly known by the names methane, ethane, propane, butane boiling range = less than 104 degrees Fahrenheit / 40 degrees Celsius often liquified under pressure to create LPG (liquified petroleum gas) Applications- Used for heating, cooking, making plastics, refrigeration etc. 2. Naphtha or Ligroin: mix of 5 to 9 carbon atom alkanes boiling range = 140 to 212 degrees Fahrenheit / 60 to 100 degrees Celsius Applications- intermediate that will be further processed to make gasoline, chemicals. ©2013 QuEST Global Services Pte Ltd. Confidential 3
  • 4. O & G products: 3. Gasoline: liquid mix of alkanes and cycloalkanes (5 to 12 carbon atoms) boiling range = 104 to 401 degrees Fahrenheit / 40 to 205 degrees Celsius Applications- motor fuel, petrol for vehicles. 4. Kerosene liquid mix of alkanes (10 to 18 carbons) and aromatics boiling range = 350 to 617 degrees Fahrenheit / 175 to 325 degrees Celsius Applications- fuel for jet engines and tractors; starting material for making other products ©2013 QuEST Global Services Pte Ltd. Confidential 4
  • 5. O & G products: 5. Gas oil or Diesel distillate: liquid alkanes containing 12 or more carbon atoms boiling range = 482 to 662 degrees Fahrenheit / 250 to 350 degrees Celsius Applications- Used for diesel fuel and heating oil; starting material for making other products 6. Lubricating oil liquid long chain (20 to 50 carbon atoms) alkanes, cycloalkanes, aromatics boiling range = 572 to 700 degrees Fahrenheit / 300 to 370 degrees Celsius • Applications- Used for motor oil, grease, other lubricants ©2013 QuEST Global Services Pte Ltd. Confidential 5
  • 6. O & G products: 7. Heavy gas or Fuel oil: liquid long chain (20 to 70 carbon atoms) alkanes, cycloalkanes, aromatics boiling range = 700 to 1112 degrees Fahrenheit / 370 to 600 degrees Celsius Applications- used for industrial fuel; starting material for making other products, lubricants. 8. Residuals: solid multiple-ringed compounds with 70 or more carbon atoms boiling range = greater than 1112 degrees Fahrenheit / 600 degrees Celsius Applications- coke, asphalt, tar, waxes; starting material for making other products, bitaments for roads and roofing. ©2013 QuEST Global Services Pte Ltd. Confidential 6
  • 7. Mohammadshakir Attar ©2013 QuEST Global Services Pte Ltd. The information in this document is the property of QuEST Global Services Pte Ltd. and may not be copied or communicated to a third party or used for any purpose other than that for which it is supplied without the written consent of QuEST Global Services Pte Ltd.

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