RohingyaCountries of residence: Bangladesh, India,Thailand, Malaysia,China, UAE, SaudiArabia
RohingyaTotal population : approx 1.5 million in Burma,approx 200,000 in Bangladesh
RohingyaLanguage : Rohingyan, Bengali, ArakaneseReligion : Islam
Who are the Rohingyas? (1)• The Rohingyas are one of the most persecuted communities in the world. Persecuted v. meaning to treat someone cruelly or unfairly over a period of time, especially because of their religious or political beliefs:
Who are the Rohingyas? (2)They have been living in the stateof Arakan since the 8th century.They have been under extremescrutiny by the Burmesegovernment.They havent been recognised ascitizens of The Union of Burmasince Burmese independence in1948, instead they are known asnon citizens‘.
Why are the Rohingyas in trouble? (3) The Burmese Junta have discriminated the Rohingya,because they are not similar in …. o Looks o speak a different language o have a different religion.
Why are the Rohingyas in trouble? (4)• As a means of clamping down on the Rohingya, the Junta have restricted even the most basic of rights such as education, marriage and citizenship.
Why are the Rohingyas in trouble? (5)o The Burmese government endorsethe Burmese culture and the Buddhistfaith for their national citizens.o But the Rohingyas falloutside of this ideal criteriabecause they want to retaintheir own culture and theMuslim faith.o As a result, the Rohingyas, sidelinedand marginalised, have to live withtheir derogatory national status ofnon-citizens‘.
The exoduso Between 1978 and 1992, approximately 200,000 Rohingyas left Burma to escape the tyranny of the Burmese military.o Most of them moved to southern Bangladesh where they remain as refugees.o In one of the most densely populated countries in the world, life in Bangladesh proved just as hard as it did in Burma.
Situation in Bangladesho In Bangladesh, the Rohingyas are faced with hardly any protection from their host country. o A burden to the densely populated country, the Rohingyas are denied humanitarian aid which forces them to turn to other means of income such as drug trafficking.o There is one registered camp situated meters away from the registered camp where 90,000 refugees live. o Another camp 15 miles away, in Leda Bazaar where approximately 25,000 Rohingya live, is where our focus has been.
Human rights abuses against the Rohingyas in Burma (1)• Human rights abuses against the Rohingyas in Burma.
Human rights abuses against the Rohingyas in Burma (2)• In 1962, the Rohingyas were systematically denied of political, civil, economic and social human rights. • Nowadays, the Rohingyas in Burma cannot commute from one village to another due to the security forces known as Nasaka who patrol their• This affects their education and movement at various checkpoints. access to medication.
Human rights abuses against the Rohingyas in Burma (3)• Rohingyas are denied citizenship despite living in Arakan for centuries because Muslims are portrayed as relics of a colonial past. • This stems from the fact that Muslims supported the British during the colonial period because they were promised autonomy in Rakhine previously known as Arakan.
Human rights abuses against the Rohingyas in Burma (4)• Rohingyas have been subject to the systematic use of rape as a weapon of war, forced labour, and land confiscation. Over 3,500 villages have been destroyed since 1996.
What is the best solution for solving Rohingya issues ?o This issue is very complex, we should try to deal with more than simply government policy, but a cultural divide as well.o The intolerance spans throughout the general populace, thus you see violence against Rohingya, not only by authorities, but by lynch mobs as well.o The answer is two-fold; government policy change, and community development. xenophobia (adj.)o The government must set examples by integrating and or dislike of strong fear showing tolerance, while equally, improving living conditions people from other and industry in local communities. countrieso Community cohesiveness must include the Rohingyas, as opposed to them, or any Muslim, being an easy targets for xenophobia.
What can we do for them? (1)• Raise the Rohingya people issue in your localcommunities, mosques, churches (and otherfaith institutions) and gatherings.
What can we do for them? (2)• Seek to meet with members from the Rohingya communities in order to learn from them directly.
What can we do for them? (3)• Contribute to media outlets including social networks. In particular the interfaith networks need to be mobilized to ensure that religious differences are not abused by the ethnic tensions
What can we do for them? (4) • Lobby your local MP and bring local community pressure on them about the Rohingya people issue.
What can we do for them? (5)• Write letters of protest to the Myanmar Embassy: Myanmar Embassy, Consulate Section, 19A Charles Street, Berkeley Square,London W1J 5DX Tel. 02033974463.
What can we do for them? (6)• Lobby the Bangladesh Embassy in London and the Government to allow aid agencies to continue to work with existing refugees.
What can we do for them? (7)• Encourage and contribute to charitable fund giving for the Rohingya people through registered charities, e.g. Muslim Aid.