Buddhism is a religion and philosophy surrounding a
variety of traditions, beliefs and practices largely based
on teachings of Siddhartha Gautama, commonly known
as “Buddha", meaning the awakened one.
It is the forth largest religion of the world.
It is 2500 years old tradition.
What is Buddhism?
It was all started by Siddhartha Gautama, a young prince
born in lumbini in modern day Nepal, around the year
He was raised in great luxury to be king.
But, at the age of 29 he rejected his luxurious life to seek
enlightment and the source of suffering.
He lived a strict ascetic life for six years.
Then he rejected this extreme, sat in meditation under the
Bodhi tree and found Nirvana. Thus, became the
Devoted rest of his life in preaching Buddhism.
History of Buddhism
The four sights which prompted Gautama to abandon the
royal life and take up a spiritual quest were:
Ascetic holy man- with drawl.
he learned the suffering of the people and went to explore
the answer of the question: “how may suffering be ended?”
The Four Sights
the continual repetitive cycle of
birth and death.
the force that derives samsara.
the process whereby the beings
go through succession.
Buddhist concept of life
The truth of Dhukka:
There is suffering in the world,to live is to suffer.
The truth of cause of Dhukka:
The cause of suffering is self-centered desire and
The truth of stopping Dhukka:
The solution is to eliminate desire and
The truth leading to the path of stoppage of Dhukka:
To reach Nirvana, one must follow the Eight fold path.
Four Noble Truths
The eight fold path when developed, lead to cessation
Eight Fold Path
To refrain from taking life.
To refrain from taking that which is not given.
To refrain from sensual misconduct.
To refrain from lying.
To refrain from intoxicants which lead to loss of
Three marks of Existence
I take refugee in the Buddha.
I take refugee in the Dharma (8 fold path).
I take refugee in sangha (community).
The three Jewels(vows)
There are two major branches of Buddhism.
1. Theravada Buddhism (the way of Elders)
founded in southern Asia.
focuses on wisdom and meditation.
2. Mahayana Buddhism (the great vehicle)
founded in northern Asia.
Buddhism for masses.
Branches of Buddhism