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Critical Analysis on Export of Services By Category (Pakistan)
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Critical Analysis on Export of Services By Category (Pakistan)

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Critical Analysis on Export of Services By Category (Pakistan) Critical Analysis on Export of Services By Category (Pakistan) Document Transcript

  • “Critical Analysis on Exports of Services by Category” (PAKISTAN) SUBJECT: INTERNATIONAL FINANCE Faculty of Management Sciences at the NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF MODERN LANGUAGES Sector H-9, Islamabad Pakistan A Little Effort By the Students of MBA-6th at National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad. Team Members: 1. Qasim Raza 2. Faiza Batool 3. Faisal Hafeez Date: 13-03-2013 Page 1
  • Exports of Services by Category (Million US $) ITEMS 2007-08 Transportation 1035 Travel 264 Communication Services 117 Financial Services 43 Government Services 1380 Computer and Information Services 154 Insurance services 54 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 1231 1279 1648 214 286 351 196 246 226 63 90 70 1523 2535 2394 184 188 217 59 42 54 2011-12 1544 356 212 53 1710 247 89 Pie Charts Analysis for Exports of Services 1. Transportation Service: The porportion of total Pakistan exports of Transportation Services to foreign countries is shown at Figure. 1. About five year individual data of exports of Transportation services in which maximum exports of Transportation services that are 25% in year 2010-11, while minimum exports of Transportation services is 15% in year 2007-08. Transportation 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 23% 2010-11 15% 18% 25% 19% (Figure. 1) Page 2 2011-12
  • 2. Travel Services: The porportion of total Pakistan exports of Travel services to foreign countries is shown at Figure. 2 . There is maximum 24% exports of Travel services consectively in year 2010-11 and 2011-12, while minimum 15% exports of Travel services exist in year 2008-09. Travel 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 24% 2010-11 2011-12 18% 15% 24% 19% (Figure. 2) 3. Communication Services: The proportion of total Pakistan exports of Communication services to foreign countries is shown at Figure. 3. There is maximum 25% exports of Communication services in year 2009-10, while minimum 12% exports of Communication services to foreign countries in year 2007-08. Communication Services 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 21% 2010-11 12% 19% 23% 25% (Figure. 3) Page 3 2011-12
  • 4. Financial Services: The proportion of total Pakistan exports in Financial services to foreign countries is shown in Figure. 4. There is maximum 28% exports of Financial services in 2009-10, while year 2007-08 shows the minimum exports of Financial services is 13%. Financial Services 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 17% 2010-11 2011-12 13% 20% 22% 28% (Figure. 4) 5. Government Services: The proportion of total Pakistan exports in Government services to foreign countries is shown in Figure. 5. There is maximum 27% exports of Government services in 2009-10, while minimum 14% exports of Government services in year 2007-08 . Government Services 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 18% 2010-11 14% 16% 25% 27% (Figure. 5) Page 4 2011-12
  • 6. Computer & Information Services: The proportion of total Pakistan exports in Computer & Information services to foreign countries is shown in Figure 6. There is maximum 25% exports of Computer & Information services in 2011-12 , while minimum 15% exports of Computer & Information services in year 2007-08 . Computer & Information Services 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 25% 2010-11 2011-12 15% 19% 22% 19% (Figure. 6) 7. Insurance Services: The proportion of total Pakistan exports of Insurance services to foreign countries is shown in Figure. 7. There is maximum 30% exports of Insurance services in 2011-12 , while minimum 14% exports of Insurance services in year 2009-10 . Insurance Services 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 18% 30% 20% 18% 14% (Figure. 7) Page 5 2011-12
  • Line Chart Analysis for Exports of Services 1. Transportation Services: The Line chart of Transportation services shows yearly change in trend of exports made by Pakistan to other foreign countries from year 2007-08 to 2011-12. There is maximum exports of Transportation service is US $ 1648 million in year 2010-11. Transportation Services 2000 1500 1000 Transportation 500 0 1 2 3 4 5 (Figure. 1) 2. Travel Services: The Line chart of Travel Services shows the yearly change in trend of exports made by Pakistan to other foreign countries from 2007-08 to 2011-12. There is maximum exports of Travel services is US $ 356 million in year 2011-12. Travel 400 350 300 250 200 Travel 150 100 50 0 1 2 3 4 Page 6 5
  • (Figure. 2) 3. Communication Services: The Line chart of Communication Services shows the yearly change in trend of exports made by Pakistan to other foreign countries from 2007-08 to 2011-12. There is maximum exports of Communication services is US $ 246 million in year 2009-10. Communication Services 300 250 200 150 Communication Services 100 50 0 1 2 3 4 5 (Figure. 3) 4. Financial Services: The Line chart of Financial Services shows the yearly change in trend of exports made by Pakistan to other foreign countries from 2007-08 to 2011-12. There is maximum exports of Financial services is US $ 90 million in year 2009-10. Financial Services 100 80 60 Financial Services 40 20 0 1 2 3 4 (Figure. 4) Page 7 5
  • 5. Government Services: The Line chart of Government Services shows the yearly change in trend of exports made by Pakistan to other foreign countries from 2007-08 to 2011-12. There is maximum exports of Government services is US $ 2535 million in year 2009-10. Government Services 3000 2500 2000 1500 Government Services 1000 500 0 1 2 3 4 5 (Figure. 5) 6. Computer & Information Services: The Line chart of Computer & Information Services shows the yearly change in trend of exports made by Pakistan to other foreign countries from 2007-08 to 2011-12. There is maximum exports of Communication and Information services is US $ 247 million in year 2011-12. Computer and Information Services 300 250 200 Computer and Information Services 150 100 50 0 1 2 3 4 5 (Figure. 6) Page 8
  • 7. Insurance Services: The Line chart of Insurance Services shows the yearly change in trend of exports made by Pakistan to other foreign countries from 2007-08 to 2011-12. There is maximum exports of Insurance services is US $ 89 million in year 2011-12. Insurance services 100 80 60 Insurance services 40 20 0 1 2 3 4 (Figure. 7) Page 9 5
  • Critical Analysis on Overall Exports of Services The graphical representation of Line chart having the five years data of exports in seven different services of Pakistan that categorical mentioned in line chart on horizontal axis and Exports volume in US million dollars on Vertcal axis and also having identical colors for distinction in yearly bases exports of such services. The graphical representation of data tells the change in trend of exports of services with their volume in US million dollars. Exports of Services By Category 3000 Exports US $ (Million) 2500 2000 1500 2007-08 1000 2008-09 2009-10 500 2010-11 2011-12 0 (Figure. 8) The figure. 8 shows the change in trend of exports of services made by Pakistan to foreign countries based on 5 years (2007-08 to 2011-12) volume of exports. The exports of Government services show their positive attitude of trend with US $ 2535 million in 2009-10, after that it shows negative attitude in trend. The reasons behind the negative trend in exports of government services may be WTO with respect to GATS (General Agreement on Trade Services) restrictions, lack of capable management and weak experts opinion. The export of Transportation service is also one of the service who behave positively with US $ 1648 million in 2010-11. Moreover, the remaining services such as Travel service, Communication services, Computer & Info. services, Financial services and Insurance services shows minute change in trend and may not affect the overall exports of services in their composite volume of exports of services to foreign countries. Finally, the critical analysis on overall exports of services of Pakistan to foreign countries shows that there is a major problem to reduction in exports of services includes; War & Terror Problems, Political Instability, depriciation in currency value, Donors States (United States, UK, Australia, China and Germany etc.) pressure on Pakistan and Brain drain of competent employees. Page 10
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  • hart on horizontal axis and Exports volume in US million dollars Page 15