A Seminar in Applied Linguistics Creativity in TEFL Outlining Presenter Qamra’ Saud Al-Otabibi Presented to Professor Mahmoud Saleh Presented on Monday Thulhijjah 19, 1427
Introduction Human creativity is a very unique and powerful characteristic that lies at the heart of what it meansto be human (Rise, 2006). Creativity seems to be oneof those ill-defined terms. While users often combine more than one meaning, nowhere do we find a negative view of creativity. Every one likes it. Hurrah for creativity (Gibson, 2005).
Creativity1. What is creativity? Guilford (1950) was among the first to put forward a list of cognitive processes involved in creativity. However, as Guilford (1959) subsequently developed a comprehensive model of human intellect (Albert, A. & Kormos, 2004).What is involved in the creative process of the individual? According to Guilfords model of creativity (1959), creativity is viewed as a : a. producing lots of ideas (fluency) b. producing ideas of various types (flexibility) c. building and embellishing existing ideas (elaboration) d. producing clever and original ideas (originality) (Constantinides, 2003c)
Definition The definition of creativity offered by the landmark reportof the National Advisory Committee on Creative and CulturalEducation (NACCCE) in 1999 as ‘‘imaginative activity,fashioned so as to produce outcomes that are original and ofvalue’’ (Craft, 2006). The present investigation will focus oncreative potential, that is, the cognitive underpinnings of thecreative working of the mind (Albert, A. & Kormos, 2004).Creative teaching or teaching for creativity? A challenge in anydiscussion of creativity, which could be thought of as a‘limitation’ to the concept, is the difficulty of terminology. Thedistinction between teaching for creativity and creative teachingwas made by the NACCCE report which acknowledged thatteaching for creativity may or may not involve creative teaching(Craft, 2003).
2. Why creativity in teaching?In the absence of creative thinking, teachers may become moreand more dependent on the input and ideas of others. This oftenresults in teachers adopting techniques and activities withoutthinking (Constantinides, 2003c).Much of the teachers success depends upon his/her imaginativepower (Abdo, n.d.).A solution to the scarcity of effective materials is theimplementation of creative classroom activities that move beyondreliance on textbooks (Darla, 1991).As Brazil (2003) noted, creative experience initiated long-termdevelopments in teachers thinking, both professionally andpersonally.
3. Why some teachers lack creativity In answering the question why we are unable to think creatively, Psychologists and educators both believe that some creative potential exists in all human beings, although it may be dormant or "blocked". These blocks are of various kinds:A. Blocks created by the social environmentA. B. Blocks created by the individual a. Strategy Blocks b. Values Blocks c. Perception Blocks d. Self-image Blocks(Constantinides, 2003c)
4. Misconceptions about creativity in teaching There are many misrepresentations about creativity and the creative individual. These are two of them::1. Creativity is not the reserve of the creative elite industries such as the arts, music, design or technology businesses, it is a natural and unique human attribute that occurs as a function of our intelligence and, can happen in any activity in which the human intelligence is actively engaged.2. Some have believed that you cant teach creativity, i.e. you are either creative or you are not. This is a common misconception and, as stated earlier, creativity is a natural human attribute that we all possess to a lesser or greater extent and thus should be recognized and promoted in all.(Rise, 2006)
Suggested Activities for BoostingCreativity in TEFL1. Using Creative play:Games:Examples of these games:Snap and Palindromes2. Using songsCloze Procedure activity3. Body Language and communicationFacial MessagesTechniques of facial expressions4. Using TechnologyInternetComputer programmes (PowerPoint Presentation )
Final ThoughtsImplementing creative teaching will require serious,long-term investment in professional development ofteachers and administers, and basic improvement in ).preservice teacher education (Sawyer, 2004