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Industrial Standards Qrce

Industrial Standards Qrce



Industrial Standards Training

Industrial Standards Training



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    Industrial Standards Qrce Industrial Standards Qrce Presentation Transcript

    • Eng. Ruba Malkawi ESCAD – RSS September 2008
    • Industrial Standards
      • Agenda
      • Introduction to Standards.
      • The Impact of Standards on Business and Industry.
      • Examples of Standards.
    • Introduction to Standards
      • What is a Standard?
      • Document, established by consensus and approved by a recognized body, that provides, for common and repeated use, rules, guidelines or characteristics for activities or their results, aimed at the achievement of the optimum degree of order in a given context.
      • [ISO/IEC Guide 2:2004, definition 3.2]
      • Simply it is an agreed, repeatable way of doing something.
      • What is a Standard?
      • Standards are created by bringing together the experience and expertise of all interested parties such as the producers, sellers, buyers, users and regulators of a particular material, product, process or service .
      • Standards are designed for voluntary use and do not impose any regulations.
      • Laws and regulations may refer to certain standards and make compliance with them compulsory .
      Introduction to Standards
    • Introduction to Standards
      • Basic types of Standards:
      • Basic Standards
      • Product Standards
      • Design Standards
      • Process Standards
      • Specifications
      • Codes
      • Management System Standards
      • Personnel Certification Standards
    • Introduction to Standards
      • Basic Standards
      • Primary or fundamental standards for weights and measures ( legal metrology ) .
      • Achieve equity between buyers and sellers in the marketplace .
      OIML: International Organization of Legal Metrology
    • Introduction to Standards
      • Product Standards
      • Standards for the physical, chemical, electrical and mechanical characteristics of products and materials .
      • Establish conformity and interoperability by defining dimensions and qualities such as shape, volume, speed, etc .
      • Can be classified as either defining performance criteria or design criteria.
    • Introduction to Standards
      • Design Standards
      • Specify the design or technical characteristics of a product in terms of how it is to be constructed.
      ANSI/TPI 1-2002, Standard for Design of Metal-Plate-Connected Wood Truss Construction
    • Introduction to Standards
      • Process Standards
      • Concerned with the series of actions or operations used in making a product and provide the methodology to perform these processes in a consistent and reproducible way .
      API 1104, Standard for Welding of Pipelines
    • Introduction to Standards
      • Specification
      • A set of conditions and requirements of precise and limited application that provide a detailed description of a procedure, process, material, product, or service for use primarily in procurement and manufacturing .
      • Standards may be referenced or included in specifications .
    • Introduction to Standards
      • Codes
      • Collections of mandatory standards that have been codified by government authorities and become law .
      Jordan National Building Council
    • Introduction to Standards
      • Management System Standards
      • Specify requirements that can be applied to any organization, regardless of the product it makes or the service it performs .
      • The ISO 9000 series for managing quality systems.
      • The ISO 14000 series for environmental management systems.
    • Introduction to Standards
      • Personnel Certification Programs
      • Help to verify that individuals have the necessary knowledge, skills and abilities to perform their work .
      ISO 9712 Certification of Persons - NDT
    • Introduction to Standards
      • Standards can be classified by their origin or where they were developed:
      • Company standards
      • Industry Standards: Trade associations and
      • professional societies
      • Government (Mandatory Standards)
      • Consortia
    • Introduction to Standards
      • In addition, standards can be classified by their scope :
      • National (Jordanian Standards JS)
      • Regional (European Committee for Standardization CEN)
      • International (International Organization for Standardization (ISO)
    • Introduction to Standards
      • The life cycle of Standard:
      • Identification of the needs of the partners.
      • Collective programming.
      • Drawing up of the draft standard by parties of interest.
      • Consensus.
      • Validation.
      • Approval.
      • Review.
    • Standards are used in almost every aspect of life Agriculture Energy Building & Construction Food management ICT Quality Nanotechnology Fire Transport Security Health & Safety Environment Healthcare Manufacturing
    • Introduction to Standards Standardization Bodies
    • Introduction to Standards Identification of Standards
      • BS 1363-5:2008 13 A plugs, socket-outlets, adaptors and connection units. Specification for fused conversion plugs.
      • Name of the Standardization Body.
      • Unique number.
      • Year of issue.
      • Name of the Standard.
    • Introduction to Standards
      • The Evolution of Standard:
      • Standards are dynamic .
      • They are often developed for use by one group, and then used by other communities, either by:
      • adoption,
      • ratification,
      • or reference,
      • or by incorporation into other standards .
    • Introduction to Standards
      • Permutations of Standards Development
      • International standards are adopted for regional use.
        • ex.: EN ISO 14630: Non-active surgical implants – General Requirements.
      • Regional standards are adopted for national use.
      • ex.: DIN EN 60192 - Low-pressure sodium vapor lamps - Performance specifications.
      • International standards are adopted for national use.
      • ex.: API SPEC 6D - ISO 14313:1999.
      • National standards are adopted for international use. ex.: ISO/ASTM 51261-2002(E) - Standard Guide for Selection and Calibration of Dosimetry Systems for Radiation Processing
    • The Impact of Standards on Business and Industry
      • Proven Benefits:
      • Foundation for growth
      • Cost reduction
      • Promoting innovation
      • Customer Confidence
      • Brand Building
      • Market Access
    • The Impact of Standards on Business and Industry
      • Foundation for growth
      • Guidance to best practices .
      • Streamline internal and external operations.
      • Strengthen the consistency of processes .
      • Cost Reduction
      • Produce more for less and lower transaction costs.
      • Access the knowledge base for R&D.
      • Reduce liability risks.
    • The Impact of Standards on Business and Industry
      • Promoting innovation
      • Source of knowledge for R&D.
      • Performance rather than technology.
      • Customer Confidence
      • Meeting quality and product safety requirements.
      • Customer satisfaction.
    • The Impact of Standards on Business and Industry
      • Brand Building
      • Through customer confidence.
      • Market Access
      • Strong competitive advantage.
      • Flexible, cost-effective means of complying with regulations.
    • Examples of Standards