The Airport as a City

                                    Berlage Instituut
                                        24-04...
Content

    •   Airportcity
        –   History
        –   What makes an Airportcity
        –   Examples of internation...
History



       Globalization


       •   Companies re-organize en
           re-orientate in the world;

       •   Sp...
History



       Globalization and transport / History
           Thomas Friedman
                                 •   Se...
History

       Globalization 3.0

       Airport + City


       Airports central place in the Network Society




      ...
History



       AirportCity: The next step


                              3. AirportCity (1990’s – now)
               ...
History


          Mainport


            •   From infrastructure to
                hub / Mainport

            •   The ...
Airportcity



                            Mainport           Airportcity
                                    Mainport
   ...
Airportcity

              Passenger   consumer




    9
Airportcity



              Offices




    1
    0
Airportcity



                   Global trade – trends air cargo

        •   Volume
              – Globalization of the...
Airportcity


              Schiphol: regional cooperation
                Schiphol Area Development Company / SADC




  ...
Airportcity
Examples



              Dubai Jebel Ali Airport City




    1
    3
Airportcity
Examples


              Dubai World Central / Logistics City




    1
    4
Airportcity
Examples


              Frankfurt




    1
    5
Airportcity
Examples


                                Hong Kong


        •   Cargo Hub

        •   Airport + Seaport


...
Airportcity
Examples


              Dusseldorf, Lyon, ..




    1
    7
What’s next?



                      What’s next?


       •   Aerotropolis

       •   Greater Aerotropolis

       •   ...
What’s next?



       AirportCity: The next step

       New challenges for airport
         companies:

       •   An In...
What’s next?
                                                                        Co - creation
                       ...
What’s next?


                                Key to success
                       From Airportcity to Aerotropolis and ...
What’s next?

                                                             Aerotropolis
                                  ...
What’s next?



                    Dallas Fort Worth Metroplex
                                                      Ga

...
What’s next?


        Dallas Ft. Worth International (DFW)
                       Las Colinas




   2
   4
What’s next?


                           Cargo / Fort Worth
               AllianceTexas: Industrial Airport developed by...
What’s next?



               Greater Aerotropolis




   2
   6
What’s next?



          Example of Greater Aerotropolis




   2
   7
What’s next?


               Airport + City / Airport as a City
                                        Global City Regio...
What’s next?



                 Airport Corridor
               From City to Global City Region




   2
   9
What’s next?




               Airport Corridor
               Hong Kong
   3
   0
Schiphol



           Amsterdam Airport Schiphol




   3
   1
Schiphol



           Amsterdam Airport Schiphol


           1967 - present




   3
   2
Amsterdam Airport Schiphol
         Dynamic International hub




    •   105 intercontinental scheduled destinations
    ...
Schiphol


                 Amsterdam Airport Passengers (Europe, 2007)
                                    Schiphol
     ...
Schiphol


                                     Business Model
                                       2006 Financial Break...
Schiphol



               Mainport Amsterdam Airport Schiphol


       Multimodality



                Airport landingst...
Schiphol



       New Long Term Options?



       •   4th NS Runway
           extra capacity



       •   New Terminal...
Schiphol


           Schiphol Centrum
           Kantoren-as, Gateway




   3
   8
AirportCity / Real Estate

    Schiphol Centre


    •   Theme: ”Meet the World”
        Exchange between people
        a...
Schiphol South East, Cargo World




    34 stands

                                   Fase 1
                            ...
Schiphol


       Cargo World
       Martinair, Exel, Yusen, EGL, ..




   4
   1
Schiphol


                  Schiphol Golf
           18 holes golf course and hotel




   4
   2
Schiphol



       Schiphol Elzenhof

       •   Theme: ”Be Connected”
           – Physically: to the terminal and
      ...
Schiphol



       Transfer City


       •   Improved Parking product

       •   Services for passengers and cars

     ...
Schiphol

       Schiphol East,
       Aerospace Exchange
       •   Concentration of aviation:
           Maintenance, R&...
Schiphol



                        Aerotropolis Schiphol
                                                          Second...
Schiphol




            Schiphol - Airport corridor




                         Schiphol
                               ...
Questions?




4
8
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08 04 24 Airportcity Aerotropolis Airportcoridor

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Transcript of "08 04 24 Airportcity Aerotropolis Airportcoridor"

  1. 1. The Airport as a City Berlage Instituut 24-04-2008 Drs. Pieter van der Horst MSc 1
  2. 2. Content • Airportcity – History – What makes an Airportcity – Examples of international Airportcities – What’s next (+ examples) • Amsterdam Airport Schiphol – Airport City – Aerotropolis – Airport corridor 2
  3. 3. History Globalization • Companies re-organize en re-orientate in the world; • Specialization of companies, of regions; • Reorganization: insourcing, outsourcing, co-sourcing, … • Drivers for the economy – Globalization – Speed – Agility – Connectivity (John Kasarda, based on Friedman) 3
  4. 4. History Globalization and transport / History Thomas Friedman • Sea / Ship – Seaport • Globalization 1.0 1492-1800 • River, canal / Ship EU – River port • Railway / Train (Telephone) • Globalization 2.0 – CBD, railway suburb 1800-2000 • Road / Car EU, US – Urban Sprawl, Edge City • Globalization 3.0 • Air / Plane 2000- – AirportCity EU, US?, Asia, • Cable, Wireless 4
  5. 5. History Globalization 3.0 Airport + City Airports central place in the Network Society Airports tend to leave the city But the city follows the airport And the airport becomes a city 5
  6. 6. History AirportCity: The next step 3. AirportCity (1990’s – now) Business model of the Airport, aviation – non-aviation Positioning the airport firmly in the society 2. Mainport (1980’s – now) Economic impact of the airport on the region 1. Airport (1920’s – now) From national infrastructure to hub in a global alliance 6
  7. 7. History Mainport • From infrastructure to hub / Mainport • The Netherlands is historically a country of trade • 2 Mainports – Rotterdam Seaport – Amsterdam Airport 7
  8. 8. Airportcity Mainport Airportcity Mainport Multi Modality Highway, Railway, Real Estate Airport Facilities Hotels, Offices Shops, restaurants Governance Cargo Airport size Hub Airportcity 8 Non Aviation Revenues
  9. 9. Airportcity Passenger consumer 9
  10. 10. Airportcity Offices 1 0
  11. 11. Airportcity Global trade – trends air cargo • Volume – Globalization of the economy – “Air cargo will grow twice as fast as the GDP worldwide” • Quality – Shorter lead time / more reliability in deliveries – At lower prices – Increasing importance of integrators (express) • Organization – Consolidation forwarders – Value added services – Security, customs 1 1
  12. 12. Airportcity Schiphol: regional cooperation Schiphol Area Development Company / SADC 1 2
  13. 13. Airportcity Examples Dubai Jebel Ali Airport City 1 3
  14. 14. Airportcity Examples Dubai World Central / Logistics City 1 4
  15. 15. Airportcity Examples Frankfurt 1 5
  16. 16. Airportcity Examples Hong Kong • Cargo Hub • Airport + Seaport 1 6
  17. 17. Airportcity Examples Dusseldorf, Lyon, .. 1 7
  18. 18. What’s next? What’s next? • Aerotropolis • Greater Aerotropolis • Airport Corridor 1 8
  19. 19. What’s next? AirportCity: The next step New challenges for airport companies: • An Inconvenient Truth • Public license to operate the airport • New aspirations of consumers • The Experience Economy • Redefining companies and innovation of products • Competition between Global City 1 Regions 9
  20. 20. What’s next? Co - creation Authenticity Consumers / The progress of economic value / Experience Economy Guide Transformations Differentiation Stage Experiences Customer Needs Deliver Services Make Goods Extract Commodities 2 Pricing 0
  21. 21. What’s next? Key to success From Airportcity to Aerotropolis and Airport Corridor Local Government Authorities Hub Area • Governance development Airport Development • Urban Regimes Business Aviation industry Community Attractive business Infrastructure 2 1
  22. 22. What’s next? Aerotropolis Accessibility, Accessibility, Accessibility (John Kasarda) Off Business Park ice Aerotrain Co rrid or Exhibition Industrial Busi Complex Park nes Hotel and s Pa Aer rk Entertainment olan s ne District es la Co ro Ae nfe en r e ce e Me hole il/ rch sal Ma andis W eta Ce nte R rts Hotel r Bonded ble Shopping Arcades Shopping Arcades Hotel Business Offices y log Warehouse Residential no Residential Terminal/ Terminal/ ch Business Offices e District T ns a tio ridor nic or m mu T) C Co (IC Aerolanes fo- s In ha Exp iers Aero ress ris la nes r Cou Pe Research/ Technology Logistics Park Distribution Air Cargo and Park Flow-Thru Center Free Trade Zone and E-Fulfillment Facilities Aerotrain Industrial Park 2 2
  23. 23. What’s next? Dallas Fort Worth Metroplex Ga Ind Hub Ga OD (OD) Stemmons / NE Corridor mil Ga Ga Ind GA 2 3
  24. 24. What’s next? Dallas Ft. Worth International (DFW) Las Colinas 2 4
  25. 25. What’s next? Cargo / Fort Worth AllianceTexas: Industrial Airport developed by Hillwood (Ross Perrot) 2 5
  26. 26. What’s next? Greater Aerotropolis 2 6
  27. 27. What’s next? Example of Greater Aerotropolis 2 7
  28. 28. What’s next? Airport + City / Airport as a City Global City Region Aerotropolis Airport Corridor Airport City Edge City industrial Urban City 2 8
  29. 29. What’s next? Airport Corridor From City to Global City Region 2 9
  30. 30. What’s next? Airport Corridor Hong Kong 3 0
  31. 31. Schiphol Amsterdam Airport Schiphol 3 1
  32. 32. Schiphol Amsterdam Airport Schiphol 1967 - present 3 2
  33. 33. Amsterdam Airport Schiphol Dynamic International hub • 105 intercontinental scheduled destinations • 144 European scheduled destinations • Direct flights to 28 North American cities • Every week 42 direct flights to New York • Daily 51 flights to London and 16 flights to Paris 3 3
  34. 34. Schiphol Amsterdam Airport Passengers (Europe, 2007) Schiphol (x mln.) London LHR 67,9 Paris CDG 59,9 Amsterdam Airport Schiphol 2007 Frankfurt 53,9 • 47.8 million passengers Madrid 52,1 Amsterdam 47,8 • 1,527 mln. tonnes cargo London LGW 35,2 • 436,000 ATM’s Munich 33,9 Rome FCO 32,9 Barcelona 32,8 • O/D passengers 59% Paris ORY 26,4 • Transfer passengers 41% Cargo (Europe, 2007) X 1.000 ton) Frankfurt 2074 International network 2007 Paris CDG 2053 • 267 destinations Amsterdam 1610 London LHR 1314 • 102 scheduled airlines Luxembourg 860 • 15 all cargo airlines Brussels 762 • SkyTeam hub Cologne 719 Liege 490 3 Milan MXP 471 4 Madrid 322
  35. 35. Schiphol Business Model 2006 Financial Breakdown Net Turnover Operating Result Investments Aviation Aviation 61% 23% Aviation 67% Non Aviation Non Aviation Non Aviation 39% 77% 33% 2006 2005 2006 2005 2006 2005 1,037 948 +9.4% 316 311 +1.7% 260 268 -3.0% EUR million EUR million EUR million Non-Aviation: Less than 40% of turnover 3 but more than three quarters of operating result 5
  36. 36. Schiphol Mainport Amsterdam Airport Schiphol Multimodality Airport landingstrip Highway Railway 3 6
  37. 37. Schiphol New Long Term Options? • 4th NS Runway extra capacity • New Terminal • Optimalisation of Schiphol Centre • Parallelle Kaagbaan reliability and capacity 3 7
  38. 38. Schiphol Schiphol Centrum Kantoren-as, Gateway 3 8
  39. 39. AirportCity / Real Estate Schiphol Centre • Theme: ”Meet the World” Exchange between people and cultures • Existing: – Schiphol Plaza – World Trade center – Sheraton and Hilton Hotels • New – New Hilton + SchipholForum – Holland Trade Lounge – Hotel OSIB 3 9
  40. 40. Schiphol South East, Cargo World 34 stands Fase 1 750.000 ton Fase 2 2,25 mln. ton 4 0
  41. 41. Schiphol Cargo World Martinair, Exel, Yusen, EGL, .. 4 1
  42. 42. Schiphol Schiphol Golf 18 holes golf course and hotel 4 2
  43. 43. Schiphol Schiphol Elzenhof • Theme: ”Be Connected” – Physically: to the terminal and to Amsterdam by transport services – Socially: creating a community • Office development (200.000 m2) 4 3
  44. 44. Schiphol Transfer City • Improved Parking product • Services for passengers and cars • Urban experience, mixed environment: turning a parking into a city 4 4
  45. 45. Schiphol Schiphol East, Aerospace Exchange • Concentration of aviation: Maintenance, R&D, Management, training and education • Theme: ”Aerospace Exchange” – Exchange of knowledge, services, people within a cluster of companies and institutions • Projects – Martinair HQ – General Aviation Terminal + – Airport College? 4 5
  46. 46. Schiphol Aerotropolis Schiphol Second Terminal? Elzenhof, Hotel, Services, Offices Golfcourt Schiphol Centre, Offices, Hotels Aerspace Exchange, offices, Hotel warehouse Schiphol South, Anthony Fokker, Cargo Offices 4 Schiphol South 6 Schiphol Rijk, East, Cargo offices
  47. 47. Schiphol Schiphol - Airport corridor Schiphol Complementary development of airport and city Cargo World - Schiphol and Amsterdam Zuidas - Logistics in the A4-corridor 4 7
  48. 48. Questions? 4 8
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