08 04 24 Airportcity Aerotropolis Airportcoridor

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Airportcity, Aerotropolis, Airportcoridor, Schiphol Amsterdam, tbv Berlage Instituut

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08 04 24 Airportcity Aerotropolis Airportcoridor

  1. 1. The Airport as a City Berlage Instituut 24-04-2008 Drs. Pieter van der Horst MSc 1
  2. 2. Content • Airportcity – History – What makes an Airportcity – Examples of international Airportcities – What’s next (+ examples) • Amsterdam Airport Schiphol – Airport City – Aerotropolis – Airport corridor 2
  3. 3. History Globalization • Companies re-organize en re-orientate in the world; • Specialization of companies, of regions; • Reorganization: insourcing, outsourcing, co-sourcing, … • Drivers for the economy – Globalization – Speed – Agility – Connectivity (John Kasarda, based on Friedman) 3
  4. 4. History Globalization and transport / History Thomas Friedman • Sea / Ship – Seaport • Globalization 1.0 1492-1800 • River, canal / Ship EU – River port • Railway / Train (Telephone) • Globalization 2.0 – CBD, railway suburb 1800-2000 • Road / Car EU, US – Urban Sprawl, Edge City • Globalization 3.0 • Air / Plane 2000- – AirportCity EU, US?, Asia, • Cable, Wireless 4
  5. 5. History Globalization 3.0 Airport + City Airports central place in the Network Society Airports tend to leave the city But the city follows the airport And the airport becomes a city 5
  6. 6. History AirportCity: The next step 3. AirportCity (1990’s – now) Business model of the Airport, aviation – non-aviation Positioning the airport firmly in the society 2. Mainport (1980’s – now) Economic impact of the airport on the region 1. Airport (1920’s – now) From national infrastructure to hub in a global alliance 6
  7. 7. History Mainport • From infrastructure to hub / Mainport • The Netherlands is historically a country of trade • 2 Mainports – Rotterdam Seaport – Amsterdam Airport 7
  8. 8. Airportcity Mainport Airportcity Mainport Multi Modality Highway, Railway, Real Estate Airport Facilities Hotels, Offices Shops, restaurants Governance Cargo Airport size Hub Airportcity 8 Non Aviation Revenues
  9. 9. Airportcity Passenger consumer 9
  10. 10. Airportcity Offices 1 0
  11. 11. Airportcity Global trade – trends air cargo • Volume – Globalization of the economy – “Air cargo will grow twice as fast as the GDP worldwide” • Quality – Shorter lead time / more reliability in deliveries – At lower prices – Increasing importance of integrators (express) • Organization – Consolidation forwarders – Value added services – Security, customs 1 1
  12. 12. Airportcity Schiphol: regional cooperation Schiphol Area Development Company / SADC 1 2
  13. 13. Airportcity Examples Dubai Jebel Ali Airport City 1 3
  14. 14. Airportcity Examples Dubai World Central / Logistics City 1 4
  15. 15. Airportcity Examples Frankfurt 1 5
  16. 16. Airportcity Examples Hong Kong • Cargo Hub • Airport + Seaport 1 6
  17. 17. Airportcity Examples Dusseldorf, Lyon, .. 1 7
  18. 18. What’s next? What’s next? • Aerotropolis • Greater Aerotropolis • Airport Corridor 1 8
  19. 19. What’s next? AirportCity: The next step New challenges for airport companies: • An Inconvenient Truth • Public license to operate the airport • New aspirations of consumers • The Experience Economy • Redefining companies and innovation of products • Competition between Global City 1 Regions 9
  20. 20. What’s next? Co - creation Authenticity Consumers / The progress of economic value / Experience Economy Guide Transformations Differentiation Stage Experiences Customer Needs Deliver Services Make Goods Extract Commodities 2 Pricing 0
  21. 21. What’s next? Key to success From Airportcity to Aerotropolis and Airport Corridor Local Government Authorities Hub Area • Governance development Airport Development • Urban Regimes Business Aviation industry Community Attractive business Infrastructure 2 1
  22. 22. What’s next? Aerotropolis Accessibility, Accessibility, Accessibility (John Kasarda) Off Business Park ice Aerotrain Co rrid or Exhibition Industrial Busi Complex Park nes Hotel and s Pa Aer rk Entertainment olan s ne District es la Co ro Ae nfe en r e ce e Me hole il/ rch sal Ma andis W eta Ce nte R rts Hotel r Bonded ble Shopping Arcades Shopping Arcades Hotel Business Offices y log Warehouse Residential no Residential Terminal/ Terminal/ ch Business Offices e District T ns a tio ridor nic or m mu T) C Co (IC Aerolanes fo- s In ha Exp iers Aero ress ris la nes r Cou Pe Research/ Technology Logistics Park Distribution Air Cargo and Park Flow-Thru Center Free Trade Zone and E-Fulfillment Facilities Aerotrain Industrial Park 2 2
  23. 23. What’s next? Dallas Fort Worth Metroplex Ga Ind Hub Ga OD (OD) Stemmons / NE Corridor mil Ga Ga Ind GA 2 3
  24. 24. What’s next? Dallas Ft. Worth International (DFW) Las Colinas 2 4
  25. 25. What’s next? Cargo / Fort Worth AllianceTexas: Industrial Airport developed by Hillwood (Ross Perrot) 2 5
  26. 26. What’s next? Greater Aerotropolis 2 6
  27. 27. What’s next? Example of Greater Aerotropolis 2 7
  28. 28. What’s next? Airport + City / Airport as a City Global City Region Aerotropolis Airport Corridor Airport City Edge City industrial Urban City 2 8
  29. 29. What’s next? Airport Corridor From City to Global City Region 2 9
  30. 30. What’s next? Airport Corridor Hong Kong 3 0
  31. 31. Schiphol Amsterdam Airport Schiphol 3 1
  32. 32. Schiphol Amsterdam Airport Schiphol 1967 - present 3 2
  33. 33. Amsterdam Airport Schiphol Dynamic International hub • 105 intercontinental scheduled destinations • 144 European scheduled destinations • Direct flights to 28 North American cities • Every week 42 direct flights to New York • Daily 51 flights to London and 16 flights to Paris 3 3
  34. 34. Schiphol Amsterdam Airport Passengers (Europe, 2007) Schiphol (x mln.) London LHR 67,9 Paris CDG 59,9 Amsterdam Airport Schiphol 2007 Frankfurt 53,9 • 47.8 million passengers Madrid 52,1 Amsterdam 47,8 • 1,527 mln. tonnes cargo London LGW 35,2 • 436,000 ATM’s Munich 33,9 Rome FCO 32,9 Barcelona 32,8 • O/D passengers 59% Paris ORY 26,4 • Transfer passengers 41% Cargo (Europe, 2007) X 1.000 ton) Frankfurt 2074 International network 2007 Paris CDG 2053 • 267 destinations Amsterdam 1610 London LHR 1314 • 102 scheduled airlines Luxembourg 860 • 15 all cargo airlines Brussels 762 • SkyTeam hub Cologne 719 Liege 490 3 Milan MXP 471 4 Madrid 322
  35. 35. Schiphol Business Model 2006 Financial Breakdown Net Turnover Operating Result Investments Aviation Aviation 61% 23% Aviation 67% Non Aviation Non Aviation Non Aviation 39% 77% 33% 2006 2005 2006 2005 2006 2005 1,037 948 +9.4% 316 311 +1.7% 260 268 -3.0% EUR million EUR million EUR million Non-Aviation: Less than 40% of turnover 3 but more than three quarters of operating result 5
  36. 36. Schiphol Mainport Amsterdam Airport Schiphol Multimodality Airport landingstrip Highway Railway 3 6
  37. 37. Schiphol New Long Term Options? • 4th NS Runway extra capacity • New Terminal • Optimalisation of Schiphol Centre • Parallelle Kaagbaan reliability and capacity 3 7
  38. 38. Schiphol Schiphol Centrum Kantoren-as, Gateway 3 8
  39. 39. AirportCity / Real Estate Schiphol Centre • Theme: ”Meet the World” Exchange between people and cultures • Existing: – Schiphol Plaza – World Trade center – Sheraton and Hilton Hotels • New – New Hilton + SchipholForum – Holland Trade Lounge – Hotel OSIB 3 9
  40. 40. Schiphol South East, Cargo World 34 stands Fase 1 750.000 ton Fase 2 2,25 mln. ton 4 0
  41. 41. Schiphol Cargo World Martinair, Exel, Yusen, EGL, .. 4 1
  42. 42. Schiphol Schiphol Golf 18 holes golf course and hotel 4 2
  43. 43. Schiphol Schiphol Elzenhof • Theme: ”Be Connected” – Physically: to the terminal and to Amsterdam by transport services – Socially: creating a community • Office development (200.000 m2) 4 3
  44. 44. Schiphol Transfer City • Improved Parking product • Services for passengers and cars • Urban experience, mixed environment: turning a parking into a city 4 4
  45. 45. Schiphol Schiphol East, Aerospace Exchange • Concentration of aviation: Maintenance, R&D, Management, training and education • Theme: ”Aerospace Exchange” – Exchange of knowledge, services, people within a cluster of companies and institutions • Projects – Martinair HQ – General Aviation Terminal + – Airport College? 4 5
  46. 46. Schiphol Aerotropolis Schiphol Second Terminal? Elzenhof, Hotel, Services, Offices Golfcourt Schiphol Centre, Offices, Hotels Aerspace Exchange, offices, Hotel warehouse Schiphol South, Anthony Fokker, Cargo Offices 4 Schiphol South 6 Schiphol Rijk, East, Cargo offices
  47. 47. Schiphol Schiphol - Airport corridor Schiphol Complementary development of airport and city Cargo World - Schiphol and Amsterdam Zuidas - Logistics in the A4-corridor 4 7
  48. 48. Questions? 4 8

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