Asean

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  • Philippines
  • Conclusion
  • exports
  • export
  • Asean

    1. 1. ASEANAUGUST 8TH 1967 Group no.3
    2. 2. Pushkar Kandel – Indonesia Bijaya Raj Joshi – Singapore Ashraya Khadka – Thailand Ramesh Pandey – Malaysia Kartik Nair – Laos Akshay Kumar – Brunei Abhash Man Pradhan – Philippines Ashika Patel – Vietnam Arun Pal- Myanmar Ankit Kumar – Cambodia
    3. 3. INTRODUCTION  The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is a political and economic organisation of ten countries located in Southeast Asia.  Established on August 8th 1967.  Primary members- Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand.  Since then, membership has expanded to include Brunei, Burma (Myanmar), Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam.  AIM- accelerating economic growth, social progress, cultural development among its members, protection of regional peace and stability, and opportunities for member countries to discuss differences peacefully.  Headquarter- Jakarta, Indonesia.  Secretary General- Lê Lương Minh
    4. 4.  To accelerate the economic growth, social progress and cultural development in the region through joint endeavors in the spirit of equality and partnership in order to strengthen the foundation for a prosperous and peaceful community of Southeast Asian Nations;  To promote regional peace and stability through abiding respect for justice and the rule of law in the relationship among countries of the region and adherence to the principles of the United Nations Charter;  To promote active collaboration and mutual assistance on matters of common interest in the economic, social, cultural, technical, scientific and administrative fields;  To provide assistance to each other in the form of training and research facilities in the educational, professional, technical and administrative spheres;  To collaborate more effectively for the greater utilization of their agriculture and industries, the expansion of their trade, including the study of the problems of international commodity trade, the improvement of their transportation and communications facilities and the raising of the living standards of their peoples.  To promote Southeast Asian studies; and  To maintain close and beneficial cooperation with existing international and regional organizations with similar aims and purposes, and explore all avenues for even closer cooperation among themselves.
    5. 5. INDONESIA  Indonesia, officially the Republic of Indonesia, is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia and Oceania. It is an archipelago comprising 13,466 islands.  It has an area of 1,904,569 km2 with the population over 238 million, it is the world’s fourth most populous country  Indonesia is a founding member of ASEAN and a member of the G-20 major economies.  Its economy is the world’s 16th largest by the term of nominal GDP. HDI of Indonesia is 0.629. The industry sector is the economy’s largest and accounts for 46.4% of GDP (2012), this is followed by services (38.6%) and agriculture (14.4%). The tourism sector contributes to around US$9 billion of foreign exchange in 2012, and ranked as the 4th largest among goods and services export sectors. Singapore, Malaysia, Australia, China and Japan are the top five source of visitors to Indonesia.
    6. 6. strengths weakness It is rich in natural resources. It is rich in mineral and petroleum resources. Its geographical structure has created a lot of problem in economy as it was badly hit by economic crisis in the last years of 20th century. It has the largest economy in Southeast Asia. Political instability has slowed down the economic reform. It was the 27th biggest exporting country in the world in 2010. Tourism has flourished its economy. Lack of Foreign investment. Poverty and unemployment rate is high. Top exports Oil and gas Electrical appliances Plywood Rubber Textiles. Top import Machinery and equipment Chemicals Fuels Foodstuffs Top exporting countries Japan (17.28%) Singapore ( 11.29%) The United States (10.81 %) China (7.62%) South Korea (7.5% ) Top importing countries Singapore (24.96%) China (12.52%) Japan (8.92%) United States (9.8%) Australia (5.4%)
    7. 7. MALAYSIA  Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Asia.  It consists of thirteen states and three federal territories and has a total landmass of 329,847 square kilometres separated by the South China Sea into two similarly sized regions, Peninsular Malaysia and Malaysian Borneo.  Land borders are shared with Thailand, Indonesia, and Brunei, and maritime borders exist with Singapore, Vietnam, and the Philippines.  The capital city is Kuala Lumpur. Strengths Weakness Continuous economic success. In 2012 its economy grew 5.6 % higher than 5.1% seen in 2011 also GDP increased to 6.4%. Focused more on tourism than other service sector. High level of global integration. 10th most attractive destination for FDI. Investment in other sectors as agriculture is not favoured 12th in ease of doing business. More focused on foreign investment than national investment. 14th most competitive country in the world. Taxation is more and subsidies are least
    8. 8. CONCLUSION: MALAYSIA’S ECONOMY REBOUNDED CONSIDERABLY WELL FROM THE 1997 ASIAN CRISIS WITHOUT INCURRING IN IMF LOANS AND HENCE FUTURE DEBT. ECONOMIC FORECAST ARE OPTIMISTIC EVEN THOUGH THERE WAS A DECLARATION IN THE ECONOMY DUE TO A SLOWDOWN IN THE MARKET FOR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY. ALSO, MACROECONOMIC NUMBERS REMAIN STABLE AND THERE IS A STRONG CONFIDENCE IN THE COUNTRIES FUTURE PERFORMANCE. THEREFORE WE FIND MALAYSIA CAPABLE OF REVITALIZING ITS ECONOMY TO BECOME ONE OF THE FEW STRONG ECONOMIES IN SOUTHEAST ASIA . Export Import Top 5 exports: Integrated circuits- 13% Refined petroleum- 7.5% Palm oil-6.6% Petroleum gas- 6.5 % Crude petroleum- 4.6% Top 5 imports: Petroleum gas-6.1% Integrated circuits-14% Crude petroleum- 4.7% Palm oil- 4.6% Digital disk drives-4.4%
    9. 9. SINGAPORE • officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city- state and island country in Southeast Asia. • Singapore is also the founding member of ASEAN(Association Of South East Asian Nations) which was formed in 8 August 1987. • Singapore is largely corruption-free government, skilled workforce, and advanced and efficient infrastructure • Singapore is a highly developed trade-oriented market economy. • Singapore is one of the world's major commercial hubs, with the fourth- biggest financial Centre and one of the five busiest ports
    10. 10. STRENGTHS WEAKNESS Most attractive environment among ASEAN countries for developing travel and tourism. Scarcity of land. Developing towards the technology. High cost of operating business. High business and physical connectivity. Limited access to capital and export credit insurance. Stable of political environment. Not may local trading professionals. IMPORTS EXPORTS Minerals fuel Machinery and equipment Food stuff Pharmaceuticals Crude oil Refined petroleum products Aircraft Integrated circuit Chemicals Digital disk drive
    11. 11. CONCLUSION  Singapore's small population and dependence on external markets and suppliers has pushed it towards economic openness, free trade and free markets  It enjoys a remarkably open and corruption-free environment, stable prices, and a per capita GDP higher than that of most developed countries.  The economy of Singapore is a major Foreign Direct Investment(FDI) outflow financier in the world. Singapore has also benefited from the inward flow of FDI from global investors and institutions due to her highly attractive investment climate and a stable political environment.  Singapore’s business-friendly systems such as tax policies and heavy emphasis on education have contributed to its growth as a leader in global competitiveness.
    12. 12. 1. The economy of the Philippines is the 4th largest economy in South East Asia and the 35th largest economy in the world. 2. A newly industrialized emerging market economy, it posted a real GDP growth rate of 5.3% in 2006 and 7.1% in 2007. 3. Growth slowed to 3.8% in 2008 as a result of the global financial crisis. 4. In 2009, the real growth rate was 0.9% but is projected to rebound to 7.5% in 2010. 5. For the first quarter of 2010 the economy grew by 7.3% which was higher than the 3.6% forecast. 6. At the end of the second quarter of 2010, GDP growth again exceeded expectations by coming in at 7.9%. 7. According to the IMF, the Philippines will be the second-fastest growing economy among the Asean 5 in 2010 with a forecasted growth rate of 7% after Thailand's 7.5%. Philippines
    13. 13. Top 5 Products exported by The Philippines Integrated Circuits (28%), Digi tal Disk Drives (7.6%), Semi conductor Devices(5.3%), Ele ctrical Transformers (2.7% ), and Insulated Wire (2.2%) Top 5 Products imported by The Philippines Integrated Circuits (23%), Crude Petroleum (8.5%), Digital Disk Drives(6.5%), Semi conductor Devices (4.5%), and Refined Petroleum (2.9%) Name Percent China 20 Japan 13 US 13 Singapore 9 HK 9 South Korea 5 Germany 4 Thailand 3 Malaysia 2 Name Percent China 18 Japan 13 US 10 HK 8 South Korea 8 Singapore 5 Germany 4 Saudi Arabia 3 Export Import
    14. 14. 1. Faster way to remove trade and investment barriers within trade blocs. 2. Increase in interdependency with different countries. 3. Wide range of goods and services will be available 4. Make movement of money and goods easier. Benefits of BLOC
    15. 15. During these two last decades, the Philippines' economy, which was relatively closed, has evidently opened up, partly due to its ASEAN (Association of South-East Asian Nations) membership. Its three main export partners are the United States, Japan and China. The main export commodities are electronic and electrical equipment, nuclear reactors and boilers, vehicles and clothing. Its three main import partners are the United States, Japan and Singapore. The main import commodities are electronics and electrical equipment, mineral fuels and oil, nuclear reactors and boilers, iron, steel and vehicles. Traditionally, the Philippines has a deficit trade balance; however, under the effects of the global crisis, its trade balance deficit was reduced (and even transformed into a positive balance during a few months) due to the fact of a high fall on imports followed by a fast revival of exports Conclusion
    16. 16. THAILAND Total GDP- $424.985 billion(2013) Per capita- $6,572 (2013) GDP by sector- Agriculture (8.4%), Industry (39.2%), Services (52.4%) Main industries -Automobiles and automotive parts (11%),financial services (9%), electric appliances and components (8%), tourism (6%),cement, auto manufacturing, heavy and light industries, appliances, computers and parts, furniture, plastics, textiles and garments, agricultural processing, beverages, tobacco
    17. 17. TOP 5 PRODUCTS IMPORTED AND EXPORTED BY THAILAND Products Percentage Crude Petroleum 9.2% Digital disk drive 5.7% Integrated circuits 4.2% Rubber 4.1% Refined Petroleum 3.5% Products Percentage Digital Disk Drives 6.4% Rubber 5.2% Integrated circuits 4.0% Refined Petroleum 3.8% Delivery Trucks 3.0% Imports exports
    18. 18. TOP 5 EXPORT AND IMPORT DESTINATIONS OF THAILAND Country Percentage China 13% USA 10% Japan 9.9% Hong Kong 6.6% Malaysia 4.9% Country Percentage China 13% Japan 10% USA 6.6% Malaysia 5.5% Hong Kong 5.3% import export
    19. 19. LAOS LAOS , IS A LANDLOCKED COUNTRY IN SOUTHEAST ASIA, BORDERED BY BURMA AND CHINA TO THE NORTHWEST, VIETNAM TO THE EAST, CAMBODIA TO THE SOUTH, AND THAILAND TO THE WEST. ITS POPULATION WAS ESTIMATED TO BE AROUND 6.5 MILLION IN 2012. IN 2013, LAOS RANKED THE 138TH PLACE (TIED WITH CAMBODIA) ON THE HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX (HDI), INDICATING THAT LAOS CURRENTLY ONLY HAS MEDIUM TO LOW DEVELOPMENT. Strength  2015 Millennium Development Goal (MDG) target.  Well equipped army  Socialistic economy  Enriched with minerals Weakness  No railway network  Poor railway infrastructure  Limited telecommunication  Electrical scarcity
    20. 20. MAJOR EXPORTING AND IMPORTING COUNTRIES AND PRODUCTS EXPORTS Exporting Countries  Korea France  Japan India  Malaysia Singapore  Australia Exporting products  Wood clothing  Coffee electricity  Metals corn and Rubber. IMPORTS Importing Countries  Thailand China  Vietnam Cambodia Importing products  Oil  machinery and equipment  Vehicles iron and steel  telecommunication equipment  beverages and cement
    21. 21. INTRODUCTION  Cambodia was a farming area in the first and second millennia BC. States in the area engaged in trade in the Indian Ocean and exported rice surpluses.  Complex irrigation systems were built in the 9th century.  Cambodia is a mixed economy  Cambodia is a largely agricultural economy and industrial development is slow.  It is the 70th most populous country in the world
    22. 22. STRENGHTS & WEAKNESSES STRENGHTS  Globalizing neighbors.  International acceptance and recognition.  Macroeconomic stability has helped to create a stability. WEAKNESSES  Energy’s expensive and widely unavailable in rural areas.  Land ownership becoming dangerously and rapidly concentrated.  A high cost uncompetitive economy.
    23. 23. Burma, officially the republic of the union of myanmar, commonly shortened to myanmar is a sovereign state in southeast Asia bordered by Bangladesh, India, China, Laos and Thailand. Strength:- UNESCO recognized world heritage ancient archaeological sites 2) varieties of natural landscapes such as snow-capped mountains, inland lakes, dry regions, unspoiled beaches, tropical rain forests, mighty rivers, world class dive sites, over 4000 islands. 3) over 135 ethnic groups living harmoniously. 4) largest country among mainland ASEAN countries. 5) rich natural resources. Weakness:- 1.They were unable to make stabilities and peacefulness in the country yet. 2.They were unable to control the violence. 3.They have been divided into two and the violation of human rights had been deliberately made in the ways of violence and conflicts so that people would not be united. 4.They are unable to control the fake story makers to increase the flame in conflicts and violence to the whole country, MYANMAR
    24. 24.  Top 5 products exported by Burma  Petroleum gas (37%)  Precious stones (10%)  Rough wood (10%)  Dried legumes (10%)  Rubber (2.8%)  Top 5 products imported by Burma  Rough wood (10%)  Precious stones (9.5%)  Dried legumes (9.0%)  Palm oil (6.4%)  Refined petroleum (5.4%) Top 5 Export destinations of Burma Thailand (39%), China (2 1%), India (15%), Japan (7.7%), and South Korea (3.9%) Top 5 Import origins of Burma China (32%), India (17%) , Thailand (8.4%), South Korea (8.3%), and Singapore (7.1%)
    25. 25. BRUNEI  Brunei is sovereign state located on the north coast of the island of Borneo, in Southeast Asia. Apart from its coastline with the South China Sea, it is completely surrounded by the state of Sarawak, Malaysia; and it is separated into two parts by the Sarawak district of Limbang. It is the only sovereign state completely on the island of Borneo.  Strength  Attracting foreign direct investment  Developing local business  start small businesses by the young people of Brunei as well as to increase the pool of young entrepreneurs while contributing to the effort to minimize unemployment issues in the country.  Weaknesses  It is almost totally supported by exports of crude oil and natural gas, with revenues from the petroleum sector accounting for over half of GDP  The government provides for all medical services and subsidizes food and housing.
    26. 26. Goods exported by Brunei •Petroleum gas •Crude petroleum Goods imported by Brunei 1. Diamond 2. Iron pipes 3. Aircraft parts 4. Flavoured water Countries by which it exports 1. Israel 2. Hong Kong 3. India Countries by which it imports 1. United Arab emirates 2. United kingdom
    27. 27. VIETNAM  Is one of the largest, and one of most beautiful countries in Asia, with attractive natural landscapes, rich history and a variety of cultural traditions.  Continent of Vietnam is Asian .  Capital of Vietnam is Hanoi . MOTIVES AND OBJECTIVES  To improve local ability to plan and adapt  public investment resources to the needs of  marginalised groups  To strengthen policy formulation and delivery at  central government level in addressing poverty  and marginalization.  To strengthen the capacity of central  government, research agencies and private  sector in economic management .
    28. 28. Strength  A relatively young and motivated population, relatively low wages and an abundance of natural resources make that Vietnam has many comparative advantages Weakness  Vietnam’s level of development and income per capita are low and its institutions relatively weak Partners of export  US  JAPAN  CHAIN  SOUTH KOREA Partners of imports  China  South Korea  Japan  Singapore
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