Why using Chelated MicroNutrients will bring you that record breaking yield

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  • 1. Crop Seminar Agenda 09-Jan-2012 Presented by : Mr. Purvish Diwanji Managing Director Satyajit Chemicals Pvt Ltd www.Satyajit.co 0
  • 2. Why, using ‘Chelated MicroNutrients’ will bring you that Record Breaking Yield ? www.satyajitchemicals.com 1
  • 3. What are Plant Nutrients ? www.satyajitchemicals.com 2
  • 4. www.satyajitchemicals.com 3
  • 5. What is the role of a Nutrient in plants ? www.satyajitchemicals.com 4
  • 6. www.satyajitchemicals.com 5
  • 7. www.satyajitchemicals.com 6
  • 8. How to know when a plant needs Nutrients? www.satyajitchemicals.com 7
  • 9. • Soil Analysis• Tissue Analysis• Reduced vegetative growth – dwarf plants• Leaves become Yellow or get curled• Increased Pest Attack• Yield drop Y-o-Y basis• Plant mortality rate is high after transplanting• Absence of earth-worms in soil www.satyajitchemicals.com 8
  • 10. What is happening to the Indian soil ? www.satyajitchemicals.com 9
  • 11. www.satyajitchemicals.com 10
  • 12. www.satyajitchemicals.com 11
  • 13. www.satyajitchemicals.com 12
  • 14. www.satyajitchemicals.com 13
  • 15. India’s food productivity has been ever increasing so where is the problem ? www.satyajitchemicals.com 14
  • 16. Indias food productivity up 8% to 1921 kg/ha BUTratio of Food Productivity to Nutrient Consumptiondown from 14.06% to 8.59% www.satyajitchemicals.com 15
  • 17. Why MicroNutrients ? www.satyajitchemicals.com 16
  • 18. Emerging Deficiencies Si Ni Cu Cu Mo Mo Mo B B B B Mn Mn Mn Mn Mn S S S S S S K K K K K K K Zn Zn Zn Zn Zn Zn Zn Zn P P P P P P P P Fe Fe Fe Fe Fe Fe Fe Fe Fe N N N N N N N N N N 1950 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 2000 2020 www.satyajitchemicals.com 17
  • 19. MicronutrientsFood/Crops Boron Copper Iron Manganese Molybdenum Zinc Bananas M - - - - - Barley - H M M - M Chick peas - - - - M - Coconuts M - - - - Field beans - - H H M H Groundnuts H - H - M M Maize M M - - M H Oats - H - H M - Pigeon peas - - - - M - Potato M - - H - M Rice - - M M - H Sorghum - M H H - H Soya Bean - - H H H H Sugar beet H M - H M Wheat - H M H M MH – High Susceptibility M – Medium Susceptibility www.satyajitchemicals.com 18
  • 20. Why Chelated MicroNutrients and What is Chelation ? www.satyajitchemicals.com 19
  • 21. When Zinc is applied in soil, the following reaction may occur 2+ 3- -1 Zn + P2O5 = Zn3(P2O5)2 Zinc cation Phosphate Zinc Phosphate Precipitate (unavailable to plant) Diagram below shows the ability of all chelates to resist chemical tie-up in the soil or fertilizer spray tank -- - + +- - Zn + - - + - - Zn Zn P2O5- - + - - + - -Chelating Zinc Chelated Zinc Chelate and Phosphate Agent cation Zinc do not tie up www.satyajitchemicals.com 20
  • 22. Chelated MicroNutrients NPK Pesticides Fertilizers Sulphate ChelatedMicronutrient MicroNutrient + + Active pH range NPK NPK 4.0 – 7.5 www.satyajitchemicals.com 21
  • 23. www.satyajitchemicals.com 22
  • 24. Avoids Avoids Avoids interference blocking precipitation with P ( inmetal to soil of metal NPK) or in soil www.satyajitchemicals.com 23
  • 25. Sulphates Chelates www.satyajitchemicals.com 24
  • 26. Soil application Foliar applicationto avoid blocking metal to Chelates promote transport soil in leaves after absorption to avoid precipitation of Chelates avoids metal metal precipitation in hard water can be mixed with almost allto avoid interference with P pesticides except Cu products www.satyajitchemicals.com 25
  • 27. Nutrient very mobile • Nitrate Nitrogen • Sulfate Sulfur BoronMobility moderately • Ammonium Nitrogen • Calcium Molybdenumin mobile • Magnesium PotassiumPlants • Organic Nitrogen *immobile • Phosphorus Manganese • Copper Iron Zinc * Except in chelated form • Nitrogen Phosphorus very mobile Nutrient • Potassium Magnesium Mobility • Copper Iron moderately • Manganese Molybdenum mobile • Sulfur Zinc in Soils • Calcium immobile • Boron www.satyajitchemicals.com 26
  • 28. How can I increase my Yield and get a Quality Output ? www.satyajitchemicals.com 27
  • 29. www.satyajitchemicals.com 28
  • 30. www.satyajitchemicals.com 29
  • 31. What should I do ? www.satyajitchemicals.com 30
  • 32. • Set realistic yield goals• Use a 3 to 5 year improvement program• Aim for annual increases of 10 to 20%• Improve weakest practice• Upgrade other management inputs• Use balanced fertilization www.satyajitchemicals.com 31
  • 33. www.satyajitchemicals.com 32
  • 34. Using MicroNutrients below Optimumlevel, WILL :• Reduce yields per unit area• Mine away soil nutrients• Reduce crop resistance to drought, disease, insect, and other stresses• Reduce farmer profits, thereby negatively affecting local economies www.satyajitchemicals.com 33
  • 35. Some Management Practices that cost Little or Nothing extra• Timeliness • Tillage• Variety, hybrid • Planting date• Row width • Seed drop• Fertilizer placement • Record keeping• Scouting • Plant population www.satyajitchemicals.com 34
  • 36. Higher crop yields will require to focus on a balanced nutrient management www.satyajitchemicals.com 35