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Iceland Norway Sweden Finland Global HunGer Index 2011 by SeverIty Estonia United Kingdom Latvia > 30.0 Extremely alarming Denmark Lithuania Russian Federation 20.0–29.9 Alarming Neth. Canada Belarus 10.0–19.9 Serious Ireland Poland Germany 5.0–9.9 Moderate Bel. Lux. Czech Rep. Ukraine < 4.9 Low Slovakia Austria Kazakhstan No data Switz. Hungary Mold. France Slov. Industrialized country Croatia Romania Mongolia Italy Serb. Mont. Bulgaria Mace. Georgia Kyrgyz Rep. Uzbekistan Portugal Spain Albania Armenia Azerb. Bos. & N. Korea Herz. Greece Turkey Turkmenistan Tajikistan United States of America Japan S. Korea Cyprus Syria China Lebanon Afghanistan Tunisia Iran Israel Morocco Iraq Jordan Kuwait Algeria Pakistan Nepal Egypt Bahrain Bhutan Western Sahara Libya QatarMexico U.A.E. Bangladesh Saudi Arabia Cuba Dom. Rep. Myanmar Lao Mauritania India Mali PDR Belize Jamaica Haiti Niger Oman Honduras Senegal Chad Thailand Philippines Eritrea Yemen Guatemala The Gambia Sudan Nicaragua Cambodia Vietnam El Salvador Guinea-Bissau Burkina Faso Djibouti Panama Trinidad & Tobago Benin Costa Rica Guinea Nigeria Venezuela Côte Togo Ethiopia Guyana Sierra Leone Central African dIvoireGhana French Guiana Republic Brunei Liberia Cameroon Somalia Sri Lanka Suriname Malaysia Colombia Equatorial Guinea Uganda Papua Congo, Kenya New Guinea Ecuador Gabon Rep. Congo, Rw. Dem. Rep. Bur. Indonesia Peru Tanzania Timor-Leste Comoros Brazil Angola Malawi Zambia Note: For the 2011 GHI, data Bolivia Zimbabwe Mozambique Mauritius on the proportion of under- Namibia nourished are for 2005–07, Botswana Australia Paraguay data on child underweight are Chile Madagascar for the latest year in the period Swaziland 2004–09 for which data are Lesotho South available, and data on child Africa mortality are for 2009. GHI Argentina Uruguay scores were not calculated for countries for which data were not available and for certain countries with very small populations. The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Welthungerhilfe, or Concern Worldwide. 28.2 20.2 26.2 20.5 18.2 25.2 30.6 23.0 33.9 22.5 22.5 24.2 25.4 13.2 13.2 13.8 28.7 18.0 12.2 12.2 18.6 24.5 24.0 39.0 20.7 16.3 13.6 23.7 10.2 22.7 20.1 15.5 15.0 10.5 14.0 14.0 19.5 19.0 12.7 21.5 21.5 21.0 16.7 19.9 19.9 11.2 14.7 19.7 11.4 11.5 11.9 27.0 37.9 17.2 17.3 27.1 17.0 17.7 17.7 6.2 6.3 5.2 8.0 6.4 5.4 5.4 5.5 5.5 5.5 9.2 5.6 8.7 5.9 5.9 9.5 8.1 5.7 7.0 7.9 7.9 7.1 Congo, Dem. Rep. Central African Rep. Haiti Ethiopia Chad Togo Tanzania Zambia Angola Bangladesh Sierra Leone Yemen, Rep. Comoros Timor-Leste Eritrea Zimbabwe Côte d’Ivoire Kenya Mali Nepal Lao PDR Pakistan Sudan Niger Burundi Panama Guyana Mongolia Bolivia Botswana Congo, Rep. Namibia Sri Lanka Gambia, The Uganda Tajikistan Cameroon Malawi North Korea Cambodia Rwanda Liberia Djibouti Madagascar Mozambique India Gabon Mauritius Paraguay China Kyrgyz Republic Turkmenistan Honduras Thailand Ghana Armenia Dominican Republic Vietnam Mauritania Senegal Benin Nigeria Myanmar Burkina Faso Guinea Guinea-Bissau El Salvador Colombia Peru Uzbekistan South Africa Ecuador Suriname Nicaragua Swaziland Philippines Lesotho Indonesia Guatemala Trinidad and Tobago Morocco
ConCept of tHe Global HunGer IndexThe Global Hunger Index (GHI) is based on three equally weighted fects of inadequate nutrition on a physiologically very vulnerable also taken into consideration since the latter affect the physicalindicators: group are captured. Children’s nutritional status deserves particular well-being of children. Sufficient food availability at the household attention because a deficiency of nutrients places them at high risk level does not guarantee that all members benefit from it in equal> the proportion of undernourished as a percentage of the popu- of physical and mental impairment and death. For many children in measure. The GHI varies between the best possible score of 0 and lation (reflecting the share of the population with insufficient di- developing countries who die from infectious diseases, the indirect the worst possible score of 100. Higher scores indicate greater hun- etary energy intake); cause of death is a weakened immune system due to a lack of di- ger – the lower the score, the better the country’s situation. GHI> the prevalence of underweight in children under the age of five etary energy, vitamins, and minerals. Since the first two indicators – scores above 10 are considered serious, scores greater than 20 are (indicating the proportion of children suffering from low weight the proportion of undernourished and the prevalence of underweight alarming, and scores exceeding 30 are extremely alarming. for their age); in children – do not reveal premature death as the most tragic con- The calculation of GHI scores is restricted to developing countries> the under-five mortality rate (partially reflecting the fatal syner- sequence of hunger, the under-five mortality rate is also included. and countries in transition where measuring hunger is considered gy between inadequate dietary intake and unhealthy environ- The Global Hunger Index has the advantage of going beyond dietary most relevant. Some higher income countries are not taken into con- ments). energy availability, which is the focus of the Food and Agriculture sideration because hunger has been largely overcome in these coun- Organization of the United Nations (FAO) measure of undernourish- tries and overnutrition is a greater problem than a lack of food.Combining the proportion of undernourished in the population with ment. The GHI’s broader conceptual basis better reflects the multi-the two indicators relating to children under five ensures that both dimensional causes and manifestations of hunger. Inequitable re- More infomation: www.welthungerhilfe.de, www.ifpri.org andthe food-supply situation of the population as a whole and the ef- source allocations between households and within households are www.concern.net