Ayurveda Basic Understanding


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Pure Herbal Ayurved Clinic is a home based Ayurvedic Clinic in Melbourne and the doctors at the clinic have expertise in Natural Care & Ayurveda Treatments for mens, womens & kids.They offers best ayurvedic treatments , pitta body type and kapha body type.

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Ayurveda Basic Understanding

  1. 1. PURE HERBAL AYURVED CLINIC www.pureherbalayurved.com.au Dr Gurnam Saini Dr Pooja Saini
  2. 2. Ayurveda- A Miracle
  3. 3. Diseases of the New World
  4. 4. But there is a hope…… Ayurveda A complete Science of Life A New Beginning … A new Being
  5. 5. AYURVEDA • Ayur (Long Life) + Veda (Knowledge or Science) = Knowledge or Science of Longevity • A holistic system of healing was taught by the gurus (teachers) from one generation to the next • Practiced for > 5000 years old, known as the oldest medical system in the world.
  6. 6. ayurveda continues… • Covers all medical fields • Diagnosis done by observation, touch and questioning • Recognises that we are all inherent part of nature
  7. 7. Why Ayurveda? • It has survived for at least 5000 years (despite the failure of many different systems). • Patients tend to show improvement according to many subjective sources. • It has always been popular.
  8. 8. WHY AYURVEDA Continues.. • Cures chronic and stubborn diseases by its deeprooted treatment procedures and drugs. • Ayurvedic medicines are derived from herbs, plants, flowers, fruits etc.- harmless, non-toxic and selfcontained.
  9. 9. • Ayurvedic medicines can be safely used with other conventional medicines. • Treatment is personalized to your symptoms, rather than using a conventional, "across the board" approach to healing
  10. 10. Eight Branches of Ayurveda 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Internal Medicine - Kayachikitsa Tantra General & Specialised Surgery- Shalya Tantra Eyes, Ear, Nose & Throat - Shalakya Tantra Paediatrics - Kaumarabhritya Tantra Toxicology - Agada Tantra Eugenics and Aphrodisiacs-Purification of the genetic organs - Bajikarana(or Vajikarana) Tantra 7. Health and Longevity - Rasayana Tantra 8. Psychiatry Psychological Medicine-- Bhuta Vidya
  11. 11. Concept of Health • Ayurveda is a medical system that deals not only with body but with the mind and spirit as well. • The fundamental aim of ayurvedic therapy is to restore the balance between the 3 humours or dosha (VATA, PITTA, KAPHA) and coordination of body, mind, and consciousness.
  12. 12. concept of health continues… • • • • Health is not just absence of disease Balance is Health Imbalance is Disease Balance is maintained at all levels including Physical, Biochemical, Intellectual, Emotional, Behavioral, Spiritual, Social and Environmental. • To establish equilibrium between self and environment = “healing” leading to HEALTH
  13. 13. Concept of Health continues… • Ayurveda teaches that our health is up to us. • Every day of our lives, every hour of every day, we can and do, choose either health or illness. • When we choose wisely, nature rewards us with health and happiness. When we persistently choose unwisely, nature in her wisdom eventually sets us straight: She makes us sick and gives us a chance to rest and rethink our choices.
  14. 14. Uniqueness of Ayurveda • It heals from the root-cause of an illness, not merely treating the symptoms. • It looks at people as individuals, not as a generic group.
  15. 15. Ayurveda Goals • To promote and maintain health of healthy people • To cure and remove illness /disease of ill people • To restore Balance between body, mind and sprit • To Improve quality of life • To prolong longevity • To eliminating impurities • To increasing resistance to disease • To increasing harmony in the people’s life
  16. 16. some facts… • 80% of Indian population uses Ayurvedic products • Oldest surviving medical system • A favorite therapy amongst Hollywood models and actresses
  17. 17. some facts…  The tridoshas regulate every physiological and psychological process in our bodies.  We are all unique – every person responds differently to therapies.  Ayurveda is widely practiced all over the world and is recognized by WHO  A complete system of preventative medicine relevant to today’s high-paced stressful lifestyle
  18. 18. some facts… • In ayurvedic texts, more than 1500 herbs their medicinal actions and uses are explained. • More than 10000 medicinal preparations explained • Ayurveda is the mother of all medical sciences and preventive or hygiene sciences. • It is the first known science in which preventive measures are given.
  19. 19. Ayurveda in West • In UK, about 28% of the population use CAM and up to 49% cancer patients use traditional medicines (Simpson and Roman, 2001; Johnston et al., 2003; Thomas et al., 2003). • Ayurveda is recognized as an official healthcare system in Hungary. • In USA, up to 59% of the population use CAM.(Eisenberg et al., 1998;Graham et al., 2005; Saydah and Eberhardt, 2006, Source : Los Angeles Times * Economic times dated 25th July 2003 )
  20. 20. Ayurveda vs Modern Medicine Ayurveda Allopathy
  21. 21. Modes of Ayurveda Spices Herbs Panchkarma Detox Breathing Exercise Yoga Massage Mind, Body, Senses &
  22. 22.  Air: Gaseous form of matter which is in motion  Fire: Power to transform solids – liquids – gas and back again  Water: Characterises change and represents the liquid state – unstable  Earth: Represents the solid state of matter – stable  Ether: Space in which everything happens
  23. 23. What are Doshas? • Doshas are defined as energetic principles that govern physiological and psychological functions of the body. • There are three Doshas: Vata, Pitta and Kapha • Health exists when there is a balance between these three fundamental body doshas.
  24. 24. • Derived from the 5 basic elements of nature • A way to understand the differences between each individual • Governs all physical and mental processes and provide every living being with an individual blueprint for health and fulfillment • Constantly changes in response to our actions, thoughts, emotions, the foods we eat, the seasons, and any other sensory inputs that feed our mind and body.
  25. 25. VATA  Air and Ether  Principle of movement, physical and mental function  Directs nerve impulses, circulation, respiration, elimination and degeneration
  26. 26. PITTA  Fire and Water  Principle of digestion, absorption assimilation and transformation  Transforms food into nutrients  Metabolism in the digestive system
  27. 27. KAPHA  Water and Earth  Principle of structure &soliditybonding, cohesiveness,growth and lubrication  Growth and protection  Mucosal lining of the stomach  Protection of the brain and back bone
  28. 28. • Balanced Tri-Dosha means a Healthy Person • Every person (and thing) contains all three doshas. However, the proportion varies according to the individual and usually one or two doshas predominate. • Within each person the doshas are continually interacting with one another and with the doshas in all the nature. • This explains why people can have much in common but also have an endless variety of individual differences in the way they behave and respond to their environment.
  29. 29. Thin built Medium built Broad and stout built Cold hands and feet Warm hands and feet Adaptable, dislikes wet and cold temp; cool hands Dry skin Oily skin, T-zone Thick, moist, pale and cool skin Frizzy hair Fine hair Thick, oily and lustrous hair Weak colonic digestion Acne, cold sores, fungal infection Digestive disorders, mucous formations Extreme sensitivity to weather; tendency to be nervous and worry; enthusiastic Like cooler temperatures; Nature is calm and stable; tendency to be angry and irritable; excellent memory, tendency strong intellect towards inactivity; greed and attachment Turmeric, Ghee, Cloves, Orange peel, Basil, Ginger Ghee, Sunflower oil, Coconut oil, Neem oil, Lemon grass, Licorice, Turmeric Lavender or jasmine essential oils Rose oil Canola oil, Black pepper, Lemon peel, Cloves, Ginger, Turmeric Neem oil, Cardamom oil, Lemon oil
  30. 30. Prakriti -Individual Constitution • At the time of conception the proportion in which three Doshas combine to form the embryo is your Prakriti. • Prakriti is like your genetic code which is unique to you. This forms your constitution. It remains unchanged through your life. • Ayurveda considers each individual as a unique being with unique constitution. • Constitution (Prakriti) is based on Dosha
  31. 31. Knowing your body type: eat and live accordingly !!! Knowing the body type is important for: • Understanding of human life • Observation of Health status • Disease susceptibility • Preventive and promotive health care • Diagnosis of the diseases • Treatment- is mainly dependant on or according to Prakriti
  32. 32. Vikritithe Imbalanced State • Current state of proportion of Vata, Pitta and Kapha is called Vikriti. • It is the state of Imbalance. • So Prakriti is state of Balance and Vikriti is state of Imbalance. • This can lead to disease over a period of time if not corrected.
  33. 33. Clinical examination includes:
  35. 35. Tongue Diagnosis
  36. 36. How Do We Get Sick?? • • • • • • • Improper Diet Improper Life style Environment Genetic Predisposition (Prakriti) Improper use of Sensory Organs Obstruction to flow of Prana (Life Force) Going against natural intelligence and wisdom (Pragnaparadh)
  37. 37. Indicators of Good Health • • • • • All 3 Doshas are in balance All bodily tissues are functioning properly All 5 senses are functioning normally Normal elimination of waste products The channels of the body are flowing without hindrance.
  38. 38. Ayurvedic Approach to all Diseases • • • • • • Healthy Diet Healthy Lifestyle Yoga Breathing Exercise Natural Herbs and Supplements Cleansing and Detoxing (Panchkarma)
  39. 39. Treatment has four main parts • • • • Shodan – Cleansing Shaman – Palliation Rasayan –Rejuvenation Satwajaya – Mental Nurturing and Spiritual Healing Preventive →Healing →Maintaining the Health
  40. 40. Ayurveda And Diet Contrary to western medicine one diet approach does NOT work Food selected based on its elemental balance, taste, your doshas, effects on body, quality of food like hot/cold, heavy/light, oily. Organic food has the most energy
  41. 41. Ayurveda And Diet • Ayurvedic diet generally suggest personalised diet for people whilst considering factors like age and gender, the dosha tendencies that needs to be balanced at a given time, the potency of the body tissues and the digestive abilities. • According to Ayurveda, the tastes can increase or decrease the three doshas namely Vata, Pitta and Kapha. • Any diet, which solely concentrates on one type of food, is incomplete as it is unable to balance all aspects of the physiology. • Food alters our doshas based on the interaction of its intrinsic categories with our Prakriti.
  42. 42. Subject Conventional Nutrition Ayurvedic Nutrition Why We Eat Personal preference, habit, body image, emotions, etc. To take in Prana to live Nutritional Element Calories Panchamahabhuta /Five Elements Focus Counting calories from different food groups How the body processes what we eat Importance Caloric value Individual Constitution Balance Balancing food ingredients Balancing diet depending on Prakriti Dietary Recommendations Depends on food groups Depending on the taste of the food Goal You are what you eat You are what you digest
  43. 43. Eight factors determining the food utility 1) Nature of food articles 2) Method of their processing 3) Combination 4) Quantity 5) Habitat 6) Time 7) Rules governing intake of food 8) Wholesomeness to individual who takes it.
  44. 44. Better Mood Control Feeling Comfortable With Yourself Freedom from Depression & Anxiety Increased Energy Levels Health & Sense of Wellbeing Sustained Feelings of Calmness & Relaxation Your Doshas in Balance Ayurvedic Cooking- Healing Through Food
  45. 45. Six Steps to Remain Healthy and Young 1. Determine your unique body type (Prakriti) 2. Determine disturbed state of your body (Vikriti) & learning the elemental cause of illness 3. Determine the Imbalance 4. Stabilize your Doshas/Energies 5. Monitor your progress 6. Maintain Balance
  46. 46. Lentil(Moong bean) Daal Soup • This tri-doshic and natural detoxification soup is one of the powerful soups in Ayurveda. • Works by cleansing liver and gall bladder. • Helps to detoxify your body. • Promote weight loss and removal of any retained water in your body. • Correct digestive issues such as low appetite, acidity, loose motion, and gas while enhancing tranquillity, energy and vitality. • Excellent for conditions of fever. • This soup is a high protein combination and an energizer when used with Rice and Roti.
  47. 47. Healthy Dietary principles … Eat only when you are hungry (sometimes only a drink is required to satisfy a craving). Eat breakfast to help prevent a mid-morning energy slump (especially Vata types). Drink a glass of fresh, organic fruit/vegetable juice each day Eat the largest meal at mid-day – this is when the digestive fire is at its strongest.
  48. 48. Healthy Dietary principles … Sit down whilst eating and put your full attention on the food being eaten - do not divide the mind and weaken the digestive juices by excessive talking, reading or watching television. Eat fresh, organic food whenever possible and always avoid processed and refined products. Try to avoid lifeless, nutrient-poor food such as micro-waved, pre-cooked, left-over or canned.
  49. 49. Healthy Dietary principles … Favour unprocessed, unrefined oils such as Udo’s, flax, pumpkin, ghee and olive oil. Use honey, maple syrup, fructose, Algarve and stevia extract for sweetening. • Reduce the use of refined sugar, salt, white flour, hard cheese and processed or microwaved food Sip hot water during a meal but refrain from taking any liquids for up to half an hour before and after food. This ensures that the stomach’s digestive enzymes do not become diluted.
  50. 50. Healthy Dietary principles … Drink one to two litres of mineral/distilled water or herbal teas daily. Drink hot water with fresh lemon or fresh ginger to reduce weight and/or eliminate toxins/impurities. Eat fruit separately from main meals to prevent fermentation in the gut. Always chew your food thoroughly – this stimulates the salivary glands and also ensures food reaches the stomach in a pre-digested, liquid form that is easier to digest and assimilate.
  51. 51. Healthy Dietary principles … Avoid over-eating – rest and relax for a few minutes before taking a second helping. The amount of chewed food that will fit into your cupped hands is equal to the size of a third of your stomach. Your digestion system works at its best when your stomach contains one third food, one third liquid and one third space at the end of a main meal. • Leave the table feeling satisfied but not heavy and bloated – energy levels should feel refilled.
  52. 52. Healthy Dietary principles … • Take a short stroll after a large meal, and then a short rest afterwards if desired • Aloe-Vera juice is good for everyone but it is especially beneficial for those suffering from pitta imbalances. It is good for digestion, cleansing and elimination. Take about 30mls of the juice each day. • Turmeric is both bitter and astringent and is a blood purifier and antioxidant. One teaspoon cooked with your meals is an excellent way to increase antioxidant intake. Vata people should use half this amount as it is can sometimes be too drying and depleting for them.
  53. 53. Healthy Lifestyle principles … • Retire to bed before 10m as the deepest rest is acquired in the hours before midnight. • Arise in the Vata period before dawn as this helps ensure maximum mental and physical energy throughout the day. • Oil massages each morning to tone the skin and muscles. • Exercise for at least 20-30 minutes each day – a short walk is ideal. • Practice gentle yoga exercises to rid the body of toxins and maintain the immune system.
  54. 54. Healthy Lifestyle principles … Practice meditation for twenty minutes each morning and late afternoon. Spend time walking in nature and exploring new places to renew the senses and inspire the mind. Read inspiring books and cut down on television. Have some quiet time to yourself each day to rest, relax and reduce stress. Maintain the company of like-minded people.
  55. 55. Healthy Lifestyle principles … Be gentle, kind and considerate to yourself and others. Try and reduce contact with stressful people and environments. Take pride in your work – always give your best. Have a ‘Mini Detox’ each month and undertake a ‘Panchakarma Detox’ twice a year (see your Ayurvedic doctor)