The CeltsThe Celts
By: Amber MartinBy: Amber Martin
Describing CeltsDescribing Celts
 Emotional, passionate, heroic, wild, and drunkenEmotional, passionate, heroic, wild, an...
FamilyFamily
 The family was known as a clannThe family was known as a clann
 Extended family of generationsExtended fam...
EducationEducation
 ““Beul aithris” (oral tradition) was passed downBeul aithris” (oral tradition) was passed down
by gra...
HospitalityHospitality
 When the clann had guests, they would have toWhen the clann had guests, they would have to
do the...
HomosexualityHomosexuality
 Homosexuality was commonHomosexuality was common
 It is not looked at specifically as bad be...
Marriage and WomenMarriage and Women
 The oaths are the only religious part ofThe oaths are the only religious part of
ma...
ReligionReligion
 Believe in the “otherworld”Believe in the “otherworld”
 A metaphor is the image of the dangerousA meta...
Religion continuedReligion continued
 The communities were intended to be lived inThe communities were intended to be liv...
Celtic SacrificeCeltic Sacrifice
 They believed in life after deathThey believed in life after death
““otherworld”otherwo...
SacrificeSacrifice
 In battle they would cut peoples heads off and carry itIn battle they would cut peoples heads off and...
DruidsDruids
 Druids “very knowledgeable one” were important toDruids “very knowledgeable one” were important to
the celt...
NobilityNobility
 ““The King or Queen was the central part of theThe King or Queen was the central part of the
social str...
 Collectivist cultureCollectivist culture
 Power distance –highPower distance –high
 Feminine culture “care for their c...
ReferencesReferences
 McCarthy, J., & Hague, E. (2004). Race,McCarthy, J., & Hague, E. (2004). Race, nation, and nature: ...
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The celts1

  1. 1. The CeltsThe Celts By: Amber MartinBy: Amber Martin
  2. 2. Describing CeltsDescribing Celts  Emotional, passionate, heroic, wild, and drunkenEmotional, passionate, heroic, wild, and drunken  Sensual, artistic, hospitable, instinctualSensual, artistic, hospitable, instinctual  Proud, inventive, battle-lovingProud, inventive, battle-loving  They were farmers and traders and also did someThey were farmers and traders and also did some AgricultureAgriculture  They traded metals, salt,They traded metals, salt, Pottery, glass and coinPottery, glass and coin ornamentsornaments
  3. 3. FamilyFamily  The family was known as a clannThe family was known as a clann  Extended family of generationsExtended family of generations  Group members were responsible for everyoneGroup members were responsible for everyone in the clannin the clann  They lived in huts that were made from archedThey lived in huts that were made from arched timber with walls made oftimber with walls made of wicker and thatched roofswicker and thatched roofs
  4. 4. EducationEducation  ““Beul aithris” (oral tradition) was passed downBeul aithris” (oral tradition) was passed down by grandparents, aunts, uncles, parents, fosterby grandparents, aunts, uncles, parents, foster parentsparents  Children would be raised by another familyChildren would be raised by another family “foster parents” to get educated in a certain“foster parents” to get educated in a certain tradetrade  Foster parents were usually the brother of theFoster parents were usually the brother of the birth-motherbirth-mother
  5. 5. HospitalityHospitality  When the clann had guests, they would have toWhen the clann had guests, they would have to do the best they coulddo the best they could  Guests would make an offeringGuests would make an offering  Guests would be expected to sing, play a tune,Guests would be expected to sing, play a tune, or tell a taleor tell a tale
  6. 6. HomosexualityHomosexuality  Homosexuality was commonHomosexuality was common  It is not looked at specifically as bad behaviorIt is not looked at specifically as bad behavior  It is acceptable if the terms in the marriageIt is acceptable if the terms in the marriage contract says socontract says so
  7. 7. Marriage and WomenMarriage and Women  The oaths are the only religious part ofThe oaths are the only religious part of marriage which are specified by the marriagemarriage which are specified by the marriage contractcontract  Women were equal to menWomen were equal to men  They could own property, choose ownThey could own property, choose own husbands, and be war leadershusbands, and be war leaders  They also had an equal part in putting togetherThey also had an equal part in putting together the marriage contractthe marriage contract
  8. 8. ReligionReligion  Believe in the “otherworld”Believe in the “otherworld”  A metaphor is the image of the dangerousA metaphor is the image of the dangerous journey on the seajourney on the sea  Their lives were a dangerous journey towardTheir lives were a dangerous journey toward deathdeath  The circle on the cross is the halo of the ChristThe circle on the cross is the halo of the Christ figurefigure  They built monastic communities in a circularThey built monastic communities in a circular designdesign
  9. 9. Religion continuedReligion continued  The communities were intended to be lived inThe communities were intended to be lived in communion with the earth, the sea and thecommunion with the earth, the sea and the CreatorCreator  ““For the Celtic saints, the earth is the Lord’sFor the Celtic saints, the earth is the Lord’s and the fullness thereof, first and foremost, notand the fullness thereof, first and foremost, not something to be ownedsomething to be owned or dominated by anyone”or dominated by anyone”
  10. 10. Celtic SacrificeCeltic Sacrifice  They believed in life after deathThey believed in life after death ““otherworld”otherworld”  To be killed or to kill was not thoughtTo be killed or to kill was not thought of as a negative actof as a negative act  It would give honor to the victimIt would give honor to the victim  If crops were failing or animals were falling to disease theyIf crops were failing or animals were falling to disease they would offer human blood to insure health of the populationwould offer human blood to insure health of the population  Human sacrifices were made to insure a successful battleHuman sacrifices were made to insure a successful battle  They would be buried with jewelry to take to the otherworldThey would be buried with jewelry to take to the otherworld
  11. 11. SacrificeSacrifice  In battle they would cut peoples heads off and carry itIn battle they would cut peoples heads off and carry it around. They were trophies to them, whicharound. They were trophies to them, which symbolized courage and valoursymbolized courage and valour  ““The sacrificed individual would be stabbed in theThe sacrificed individual would be stabbed in the back or the breast, and then studied, as the moment ofback or the breast, and then studied, as the moment of death was the point in which the earthly world of thedeath was the point in which the earthly world of the profane meets the sacred otherworld. The messageprofane meets the sacred otherworld. The message would then be returned to the examiners in the wayswould then be returned to the examiners in the ways in which the dying would pass on.”in which the dying would pass on.”
  12. 12. DruidsDruids  Druids “very knowledgeable one” were important toDruids “very knowledgeable one” were important to the celtic culturethe celtic culture  They could stop a battleThey could stop a battle  Responsibilities included: teaching the religiousResponsibilities included: teaching the religious doctrine, medicine, civil justice, sacrifice, divination,doctrine, medicine, civil justice, sacrifice, divination, and care of templesand care of temples  To become a druid, school would take up to 20 yearsTo become a druid, school would take up to 20 years because it all had to be memorizedbecause it all had to be memorized  They performed animal and human sacrifices andThey performed animal and human sacrifices and practiced divination and other forms of magicpracticed divination and other forms of magic
  13. 13. NobilityNobility  ““The King or Queen was the central part of theThe King or Queen was the central part of the social structure.”social structure.”  ““They were responsible for harmony betweenThey were responsible for harmony between the tribe and the land, and also for thethe tribe and the land, and also for the prosperity of the tribe.”prosperity of the tribe.”
  14. 14.  Collectivist cultureCollectivist culture  Power distance –highPower distance –high  Feminine culture “care for their clann”Feminine culture “care for their clann”  Uncertainty avoidance – low (women haveUncertainty avoidance – low (women have their choice of husband)their choice of husband)
  15. 15. ReferencesReferences  McCarthy, J., & Hague, E. (2004). Race,McCarthy, J., & Hague, E. (2004). Race, nation, and nature: Thenation, and nature: The culturalcultural politics of “Celtic” identification in the american west.politics of “Celtic” identification in the american west. Annals of theAnnals of the Association of American Geographers, 94Association of American Geographers, 94(2), 387-408.(2), 387-408.  Santmire, P. (2000). Celtic saints and theSantmire, P. (2000). Celtic saints and the ecology of death.ecology of death. AA Journal of Theology,Journal of Theology, 4141(4), 302-309.(4), 302-309.  Gaelic Celtic Culture. 10-5-05.Gaelic Celtic Culture. 10-5-05. http://homepage.tinet.ie/~kthomas/gaelic/gaelic1.htmhttp://homepage.tinet.ie/~kthomas/gaelic/gaelic1.htm  Celtic Britain. The Iron age. 600 bc – 50 ad. 10-5-05.Celtic Britain. The Iron age. 600 bc – 50 ad. 10-5-05. http://www.britainexpress.com/History/Celtic_Britain.htmhttp://www.britainexpress.com/History/Celtic_Britain.htm  Mckinnon, S. Celtic Sacrifice. 10-5-05.Mckinnon, S. Celtic Sacrifice. 10-5-05. http://gallery.sjsu.edu/sacrifice/celt.htmlhttp://gallery.sjsu.edu/sacrifice/celt.html  Druids. 10-16-05.Druids. 10-16-05. http://yahooligans.yahoo.com/reference/encyclopedia/entry/druidshttp://yahooligans.yahoo.com/reference/encyclopedia/entry/druids  Powell, T. G. E.(1983). The Celts. New York: Thames & Hudson.Powell, T. G. E.(1983). The Celts. New York: Thames & Hudson.  Green, M. J. (1995). The Celtic World. New York: Routledge.Green, M. J. (1995). The Celtic World. New York: Routledge.
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