SEQUESTRATION: THE LAST
STRAW?
Karen Kunz
West Virginia University
States are
still grappling
with the
effects of the
recession
The end of an
ARRA:
The American
Recovery &
Reinvestment
Act of 2009
Earmarks to States, 2000-2010
$0.0
$2.0
$4.0
$6.0
$8.0
$10.0
$12.0
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010*...
The last straw?
The big picture
• Infrastructure
• Community Development
• Pensions
From: the New America Foundation http://newamerica.net/publications/policy/the_infrastructure_deficit,
$0
$500
$1,000
$1,500
$2,000
$2,500
$3,000
$3,500
$4,000
$4,500
$5,000
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
I...
Transportation funding
The Highway Trust Fund is not included in
sequestration, however….
• general fund transfers resulti...
The current five-year [transit] capital needs in Northeastern Illinois
alone are $10 billion, yet the recent Illinois Capi...
Community development
• CDBGs and other block grants
5% reduction in 2013, loss of $230 million
• Housing
loss of $404 mil...
We’re living longer…
Yet state pensions are more underfunded than ever
• Public employee pensions underfunded $980 billion...
The good news
There is one bright spot…
The Affordable Care Act
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Sequestration: The Last Straw? (Karen Kunz, 2013 ABFM Conf)

412 views
374 views

Published on

"Sequestration: The Last Straw?" presentation by Karen Kunz, West Virginia University, presented during "Sequestration's Impact on State Budgets" plenary session, 2013 ABFM Annual Conference, October 3, 2013

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
412
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
2
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • 31 states had to close budget shortfalls of $55 billion in FY 2013
  • Average $200 million per year to each state
  • 2008-2010California fell 31%Texas declined 8%
  • State infrastructure funding in Midwest 2003-2008 -reliance on earmarks for highway funding rose from 1% to 5% of total expenditures, 2000-2005East North Central StatesIllinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, WisconsinDecline: priority shift in 2nd half of decade to agriculture, social services and emergency services
  • half of Illinois’ highways and roads were in Fair or Poor condition15 percent of Illinois’ 26,000 bridges were structurally deficient or functionally obsoleteone-third of mass transit bridges and structures; maintenance facilities the locks and dams on Lake Michigan and the Mississippi, Illinois, and Ohio Rivers were given a grade of D- by the 2010 American Society of Civil Engineers Infrastructure Report Card. third of Illinois’ 1,500 dams are at least fifty years old. Two hundred and one Illinois dams received a high hazard rating from the United States Army Corps of Engineers in 2010Cuts to Illinois’ agency budgets have led to deferred maintenance for many state-owned buildings, including those on university campuses. However, there is no single, publicly available report that details these costsEPA estimates $35.5 billion over 20 years for drinking & waste waterThe greatest need is for maintenance, rehabilitation, and replacement of roads and bridges, which the Illinois Department of Transportation estimated would require $171.4 billion between 2007 and 2036. Over the next twenty to thirty years, Illinois state agencies estimate that infrastructure needs will likely exceed $340 billion.
  • *According to Moody’s new calculationsCalculations inaccurate in part due to asset valuation formulas.
  • Provides funds for Community Health Centers and all the ancillary people and things necessary to facilitate that: recruitment, training and retention of professionals, community development dollars for amenities needed to retain professionals.It doesn’t solve the pension problem, or the big-ticket infrastructure needs, but it provides funds for local and some state infrastructure, including roads, sidewalks, streetlights, schools and education support, community centers….
  • Sequestration: The Last Straw? (Karen Kunz, 2013 ABFM Conf)

    1. 1. SEQUESTRATION: THE LAST STRAW? Karen Kunz West Virginia University
    2. 2. States are still grappling with the effects of the recession
    3. 3. The end of an ARRA: The American Recovery & Reinvestment Act of 2009
    4. 4. Earmarks to States, 2000-2010 $0.0 $2.0 $4.0 $6.0 $8.0 $10.0 $12.0 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010* In $billions * Estimate
    5. 5. The last straw?
    6. 6. The big picture • Infrastructure • Community Development • Pensions
    7. 7. From: the New America Foundation http://newamerica.net/publications/policy/the_infrastructure_deficit,
    8. 8. $0 $500 $1,000 $1,500 $2,000 $2,500 $3,000 $3,500 $4,000 $4,500 $5,000 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Infrastructure Community Development Environment Decreases in earmarked funding by category, FY 2000-2009 (in $millions, adjusted for inflation)
    9. 9. Transportation funding The Highway Trust Fund is not included in sequestration, however…. • general fund transfers resulting from MAP-21 cut by $471 million • Transit program new start capital grants, supported from general fund revenue, cut by $156 million • FHWA emergency relief funds cut $136 million (8.2%) • TIGER grants reduced by $41 million. Source: Associated General Contractors of America, http://news.agc.org/2012/09/25/sequestration-impacts-on-transportation-funding/
    10. 10. The current five-year [transit] capital needs in Northeastern Illinois alone are $10 billion, yet the recent Illinois Capital Bill provides only $2.7 billion for the entire state As critical as the condition of Illinois’ infrastructure is, it is unlikely that the state will be able to allocate additional resources to fix the problems in the foreseeable future. This is because the growth in spending for pensions, Medicaid, and debt service will out-pace the anticipated growth in Illinois’ resources. In Illinois
    11. 11. Community development • CDBGs and other block grants 5% reduction in 2013, loss of $230 million • Housing loss of $404 million 10% loss of funds for homeless assistance 5% reduction in funds for public housing Source: CBPP, http://www.cbpp.org/cms/?fa=view&id=3892
    12. 12. We’re living longer… Yet state pensions are more underfunded than ever • Public employee pensions underfunded $980 billion • On average, state pensions are only 48% funded, not the 70% estimate of many states State and local government funding gap: $3,1 trillion • $2.3 billion in assets - $5.4 trillion in obligations = 3.1 trillion gap
    13. 13. The good news There is one bright spot… The Affordable Care Act

    ×