Statutory rape is sexual activity with another who is below the age of consent, even when the victim cooperates (Rathus, Nevid, and Fichner-Rathus, 2005).Acquaintance rape is forced or unwanted sexual activity with a person another knows.Stranger rape is forced or unwanted sexual activity with an unknown person.Partnerrape takes place between a husband and wife or partners when one of the partners is forced or threatened into sexual activity or is unable to consent.Male and Female Rape occurs when a male forces another male into sexual activity and female rape occurs when a female forces another female into sexual activity.Gang rape happens when two or more people participate in sexually assaulting (rape) a single victim ("Crisis Intervention Center", 2012).Drug facilitated rape is when drugs or alcohol are used to compromise an individual's ability to consent to sexual activity; also drugs and alcohol are used to minimize the resistance and memory of the victim of a sexual assault ("Crisis Intervention Center", 2012).
One experiences trauma during a rape and after that traumaticexperience problems manifest.Rapeaffects all individuals differently, although, many will suffer shot-term and long-term effects.
Touching sexualoffenses include fondling, making a child touch an adult’s sexual organs, and penetrating a child’s vagina or anus no matter how slight with a penis or any object that doesn’t have a valid medical purpose ("American Humane Association ", 2011).Non-touching sexual offenses include indecent exposure or exhibitionism, exposing children to pornographic material, deliberately exposing a child to the actof sexual intercourse,and masturbating in front of a child ("American Humane Association ", 2011).Sexual exploitation includes usinga child or soliciting a child for the purposes of prostitution, and using a child to film, photograph or model pornography ("American Humane Association ", 2011).
Childhood sexual abuse effects, no matter short-term or long-term canextend beyond one’s childhood into one’s adulthood. Sexual abuse may destroy and affect adversely one’s childhood and rob one of their childhood.
The Effects of Sexual Abuse
THE EFFECTS OF SEXUAL ABUSEShura StevenWhitakerPSY 265Nov 08, 2012Kavita Kostek
Rape is a sexual activity thattakes place without the consent ofone of the parties involved(Rathus, Nevid, and Fichner-Rathus, 2005). Statutory rape Acquaintance rape Stranger rape Partner rape Date rape Male and Female rape Gang rape Drug facilitated rape
Effects of RapeShort-term Long-term Anxiety and fear Physical injuries Sexually transmitteddiseases and pregnancy Feeling of powerlessness Flashbacks and nightmares Post-traumatic stressdisorder (PTSD) Obsessive-compulsive andeating disorders Depression, anxiety, andpanic attacks Lack of self-esteem Sexual and physicalproblems
Childhood sexual abuse ranges fromexhibitionism, kissing, fondling,and sexual touching to oral sex andanal intercourse and, with girls,vaginal intercourse (Rathus, Nevid,and Fichner-Rathus, 2005). Touching sexual offenses Non-touching sexual offenses Sexual exploitation
Effects of Childhood SexualAbuseShort-term Long-term Anger and aggression Withdrawal and isolation Fear, anxiety, and panicattacks Confusion of right andwrong Inappropriate sexualbehavior Depressive and anxietydisorders Substance abuse andeating disorders Post-traumatic stressdisorders (PTSD) Pseudo-mature behaviors Confusion about sexualidentity
ConclusionThe effects of sexual abuse either by means of rapeor childhood sexual abuse cause trauma for thevictims, and can affect the lives of the victims inadverse ways.The effects of sexual abuse can bedivided into short-term and long-term effects.Short-term effects of abuse can lead to long-term effects if one is not properly treated. Bothshort and long-term effects can have lastingeffects that rob one of parts of their life.Regardless if rape or childhood sexualabuse, both are harmful, disastrous, and illegal.
Resource PageRathus, S. A., Nevid, J.S., and Fichner-Rathus, L.(2005). Human sexuality in a world of diversity.(6th ed.) Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon.Crisis Intervention Center. (2012). Retrieved fromhttp://www.crisisinterventioncenter.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=71:types-of-rape&catid=37:sexual-assault&Itemid=77American Humane Association . (2011). Retrievedfromhttp://www.americanhumane.org/children/stop-child-abuse/fact-sheets/child-sexual-abuse.html