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  • Long-term memory is the 3rd stage of the 3-stage memory system. The 1st stage is sensory memory and the 2nd stage is short-term memory.
  • Long-term memory is separated into declarative memory and procedural memory. Declarative memory is information about people or things and recollections of events. Procedural memory is information about how to do something.
  • The process of using association to move information from short-term memory into long-term memory is called elaborative rehearsal.
  • Semantic memory is not just knowledge. Semantic memory allows us to use language to communicate and form opinions based upon our knowledge and experiences.
  • A visual learner retains memory best when it is presented visually, through images, written words, maps, or charts.
  • Memory

    1. 1. Steven WhitakerPSY201January 24, 2012Kelly Pappas, M.A.
    2. 2. What is Long-Term Memory? Long term memory is information that is retainedindefinitely; though some information is lost with thepassage of time.
    3. 3. The 3-Stage Memory System The three stages of memory are sensory store, short-term memory, and long term memory. Sensory store is the initial stage of memory storage.Information in sensory memory can be lost within amatter of seconds. Short-term memory is information that is stored from15 to 30 seconds and is lost if not transferred to long-term memory. Long term memory is information that is retainedindefinitely; though some information is lost with thepassage of time.
    4. 4. How is Information Stored intoLong-Term Memory? Memory is moved from short-term memory to long-term memory via rehearsal. In order to move information from short-termmemory to long-term memory via rehearsal, one mayneed to associate the information with anothermemory, such as learning the alphabet song in orderto retain the letters of the alphabet.
    5. 5. How Does Information Stored in Your Long-TermMemory Affect Your Critical Thinking Skills? Declarative memory is composed of semantic memoryand episodic memory. Semantic memory stores factual information and thelogical rules that we use for critical thinking. Without semantic memory, we could not formulateanswers to logical questions. Semantic memory iswhat enables us to think critically.
    6. 6. How My Memory has Affected MyAbility to Learn When it comes to storing information in my long-termmemory, I am more of a visual learner. When listeningto someone and trying to remember what they say, Ihave a difficult time remembering what they say. Forinstance, last summer, I was sitting in a managementseminar for work. I did not retain all information fromthe lecturer, but I did learn a lot from the printedmaterial.
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