Strategies for coping with stress

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This file accompanies a Youtube clip which covers the manner in which 1: biofeedback, 2: relaxation & meditation, 3: exercise & 4: social support can help manage stress. See facebook page 'epsychvce.com' or twitter account 'psyccounting' for link.

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  • Social support: appraisal i.e. giving advice for coping strategies Information: from workplace to help managed stress
  • Strategies for coping with stress

    1. 1. Strategies for coping with stress BiofeedbackRelaxation/ Strategies Exerci Exercimeditation se se Social support
    2. 2. Biofeedback• Biofeedback is a technique used to help a patient gain control over their physiological response to a stressor• Through the practiced use of relaxation techniques the patient can reduce the severity of response to the stressor.• This is achieved by a patient receiving feedback about a biological response e.g. Heart rate, muscle tension, skin temp, BP, etc - when exposed to a mild stressor• Biofeedback has been used to effectively to counteract the effects of migraines,
    3. 3. Biofeedback - the1. process The patient is given info about an autonomic physiological response e.g. HR2. He/she uses taught strategies (mental exercises) e.g. calming thoughts to help her lower response (influence their biological functioning)3. Continued presentation of the information can help he/she create desirable physiological changes – lower HR. as measured by biofeedback device
    4. 4. Meditation & Relaxation• Meditation is a self- induced A.S.C used in order to gain some personal benefit• Relaxation is the act of refreshing the body• Both reduce arousal – e.g. lowered muscle tenson, HR, breathing becomes more irregular.• Both are effective in dealing with stress- related anxiety
    5. 5. Physical exercise• Involves physical exertion to improve one’s physical condition.• Aerobic exercise: involves sustained exertion resulting in a high level of cardiovascular activity & oxygen consumption e.g. distance running• Anaerobic exercise: involves short intense bursts of exercise e.g. sprints.• Both reduce anxiety levels, but aerobic exercise is more effective than anaerobic exercise
    6. 6. Benefits of exercise• Promotes physical well- being via production of beta-endorphins: (a neurotransmitter released into the brain to help maintain homeostasis when an outside factor, such as pain, is being felt in the body, as well as give us a feeling of "good sensations" when we do things that our brain perceives as good)• Diverts attention away from stressors• Reduces muscle tension• Uses us stress hormones produced by HPA axis when stressed• Enhances Psychological
    7. 7. Social support• Help or assistance from people we have a stable inter-relationship with – i.e. -• Tangible assistance – food, money• Emotional support• Appraisal support – a 3 rd party helps by providing coping strategies• Information support -

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