Sometimes flooding occurs even if rains are not heavy, but continuous.
Although a detailed mapping of flood-prone areas in the Philippines has yet
to be accomplished, people within some communities need not be told
about vulnerability of their places for flooding because of their previous
Destructive floods may also occur outside a defined river streams, such as
when dikes break.
FLASH FLOODS Flash floods Are caused by very hard rainfall over a limited area and effects can be Insurmountable if debris like rocks, mud, and fallen trees drawn to the lower streams will obstruct or choke river channels or tributaries. These will eventually spread out to surrounding communities and will therefore result in damage to property and loss of lives. Flash floods can develop rapidly, sometimes in just a few minutes.
A faint rumbling sound that increases in volume becomes
more noticeable as the landslide nears.
The ground slopes downward in one direction and may begin
shifting in that direction under your feet.
Unusual sounds, such as trees cracking or boulders
knocking together, might indicate moving debris.
What to do (LANDSLIDES) 3. Before a landslide a. Dig a canal around your house to direct the flowing soil away from it. b. Make plans on how to evacuate should it be necessary. Better still, have at least two plans on how to do so. c. Study and learn how to carry out your evacuation plan, together with the rest of your family. d. Should you decide to evacuate, bring along items essential for your survival.
What to do (LANDSLIDES) 4. During a landslide or debris flow a. Move away from the path of the landslide or debris flow as quickly as possible. b. Curl into a tight ball and protect your head if escape is not possible. 5. After a landslide a. Stay away from the slide area; additional slides might occur. b. Check for injured or trapped persons near the slide, without entering directly. Call for help.
EARTHQUAKES An EARTHQUAKE is the abrupt movement of the earth’s crust caused by release of stress accumulated over a long time. It accumulated over a long time. It occurs along geologic faults or due to volcanic activity.
a. Repair defective electrical wiring, leaky gas lines and
inflexible utility connections. Flexible fittings are more
resistant to breakage.
b. Bolt down or secure to the wall your water heaters,
refrigerators and gas appliances.
c. Place heavier and larger objects on lower shelves,
Fasten shelves, mirrors and large picture frames to walls.
d. Store bottled foods, glass, china and other breakables
on low shelves or in cabinets that fasten shut.
e. Locate safe spots in each room under a sturdy table or
against an inside wall.
WHAT TO DO (EARTHQUAKES) 2. During an earthquake a. Protect yourself by getting under a sturdy table or desk and holding onto it while shaking occurs. Protect your head with your arms. b. Stay away from glass windows, doors and walls, and anything that could fall, such as lighting fixtures or furniture. c. When in bed and earthquake strikes – stay there and hold onto the edges of the bed and protect your head with a pillow. If you are under a heavy light fixture that could fall, move to the nearest safe place. d. Use a doorway for shelter only if it is in close proximity to you and if you know it is strongly supported.
If you are inside a moving vehicle, do not attempt to cross bridges,
overpasses or flyovers which may have been damaged.
Stop as quickly as safety permits and stay in the vehicle.
If you are near the shore and feel an earthquake, it is safest to
assume that a tsunami might occur. Move quickly to higher ground.
If you are outside, move to an open area. Stay away from power lines,
poles and concrete structures that may fall or collapse.
Move away from mountainous areas or steep hill slopes
where landslide may occur.
If trapped under debris, DO NOT light a match or move about or
kick up dust. Cover your mouth with clothing. Tap on a pipe or wall so
rescuers can locate you.
WHAT TO DO (EARTHQUAKES) 3. After an earthquake a. Stay calm and don’t panic. Once the shaking stops, take the fastest and safest way out of the building in an early orderly and calm manner. Do not use elevators. b. Check yourself and others for injuries. Administer first aid if trained to do so. Otherwise seek immediate assistance from nearby authorities. c. Do not enter partially damaged building. Aftershocks might occur, causing these structures to collapse. d. Check for spills of chemicals, toxic or flammable materials to avoid potentially disastrous situations.
Check for fires and if there are any, have them extinguished.
Open cabinets cautiously. Beware of objects that might fall
Check water and electrical lines for damage; if any damage
is suspected, shut off water and electricity.
Should you decide to evacuate, leave a note stating where
you will go.
Follow official advisories and warnings.
Avoid needless telephone and road use to allow authorities
unhampered use of these for relief and rescue operations.
VOLCANIC ERUPTION A volcanic eruption is the abrupt occurrence of a forceful Discharge of volcanic materials and steam. In the Philippines, we have identified 220 volcanoes and Registered 22 as active. Eruptions are usually accompanied by a wide variety of destructive effects, or other volcanic hazards.
VOLCANIC HAZARDS Ashfall Volcanic ash that has fallen through air from an eruption cloud. Lahar An Indonesian word used by geologist to describe any type of debris or mud flow on a volcano. Lahars are powerful forces capable of moving great quantities of debris. They look and behave like flowing concrete and destroy or Incorporate virtually everything in their path. Earthquakes Landslides/Rock falls
VOLCANIC HAZARDS Acid Rain Rain containing acids in the atmosphere, produced when volcanic Gas emissions especially sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide combine with water. Fire Lava flow is a serious fire hazard because of its extreme heat. Lava flow razes everything in its path. However, because of its slow rate of flow, people can still move out of the way and seek safer grounds.
a. Plan ahead. Have emergency supplies, food and water stored.
b. Plan an evacuation route away from rivers or streams that may
carry mud or debris flow.
c. Keep battery-operated radio handy at all times.
d. If there is an eruption predicted, monitor the radio or TV
for evacuation information. Follow the advice given by authorities.
e. There are maps that show which places will be endangered by
volcanic hazards. Before eruption occurs, it is best to get such
a map for additional information. Follow the warnings and
precautions stated therein, because these can save your life.
WHAT TO DO (VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS) 2. During eruption a. Evacuate immediately from the volcano area to avoid flying debris, hot gases and lava flows. b. Add a pair of goggles and a disposable breathing mask for each member of the family to your “family lifesaver kit”. c. Residents living around an erupting volcano face volcanic hazards. These include pyroclastic flows, ashfall and lahars. d. Hazard maps shows areas likely to be affected. These are available from proper authorities prior to eruption. Follow all advisories and warnings, as these can save your lives. e. Avoid the declared permanent danger zones in your locality.
The rule in disasters is to be self-reliant. Act as if no help is coming. So the entire family must have sufficient supply of food, water, clothing medicines and other supplies that can last for at least 3 days.
Family Survival Kit The Family Survival Kit should be situated where every household member would have easy access to it. Make sure to Inform everybody of its location. The Family Survival Kit should Include the following:
It is recommended that the minimum demand of one person
is 2 liters of drinking water per day.
2. It is recommended to buy bottles of mineral or distilled water
that are sealed; do not open these until they are about to be
If you are planning to store drinking water, make sure you
thoroughly clean water containers with dishwashing soap
and water. Make sure to rinse properly to take away residual
soap before storing water.
Family Survival Kit 4. If the water you will store has been commercially treated with chlorine, then you do not need to add anything to make it clean. If the water you will be storing will come from a deep well or from a source that is not treated with chlorine, boil water first for 10 minutes before using , or put chlorine tablets. 5. Close the container tightly. Label the container as to when you filled it. Make sure you replace the water every six months. Cont. Water