In 1851 It was held the first exhibition, inaugurated by Queen Victoria, which was a great success.
The Cabinet of Lord John Russell fell in 1852, when the prime minister was replaced by a conservative. This would not last much in power, unable to have a majority in parliament, and resigned shortly after being in office.
One of the most important acts of the new ministry was to involve the United Kingdom in the Crimean War in 1854, fighting alongside the Ottoman Empire against Russia.
After the war ended, the queen instituted the Victorian Cross, a decoration for value.
When questioned during the Crimean War, Lord Aberdeen resigned in 1855, being replaced by Lord Palmerston, whom the Queen had reconciled. But Palmerston was also forced to resign because of his unpopular conduct during a military conflict.
One of the most notable events during the administration of Derby was the Revolt against government of the British East India Company on the Eastern India.
In 1868, the Conservative Benjamin Disraeli (Earl of Beaconsfield later I), assumes the post of prime minister. Prove later that it was Victoria's favorite prime minister.
It was during the ministry of Gladstone, in the early 1870's, the queen began to emerge gradually from its state of perpetual mourning and isolation. With encouragement from her family, participated more actively in politics.
Disraeli returned to power in 1874, at the time when many in the country supported an antimperialist sentiment, including the new prime minister and the queen, and many in Europe.
Following a custom she maintained throughout her widowhood, Victoria spent the Christmas of 1900 at Osborne House on the Isle of Wight.
Through early January, she felt "weak and unwell", and by mid-January she was "drowsy ... dazed, [and] confused". She died on Tuesday 22 January 1901 at half past six in the evening, at the age of 81.
Her funeral was held on Saturday 2 February in St. George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, and after two days of lying-in-state, she was buried beside Prince Albert in Frogmore Mausoleum at Windsor Great Park.
As she was laid to rest at the mausoleum, it began to snow.
Victoria was the longest-lived British monarch until surpassed by Elizabeth II, and reigned for a total of 63 years, seven months and two days making her the longest-reigning British monarch and the longest-reigning Queen regnant in world history.
She was the last monarch of Britain from the House of Hannover.