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The 7 Ancient and my Modern Wonders of the World

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  • 1. By Prannay Roy
  • 2. Introduction There were many different ancient artefacts which weremagnificent at the time but these seven outstanding pieces ofart were the seven wonders of the ancient world according tothe leading archaeologists and historians. These sevenwonders were chosen because the wonder, in some way, wassomething made at the forefront of engineering.The seven ancient wonders are The Great Pyramid ofGiza, Hanging Gardens of Babylon, Temple ofAirtimes, Temple of Zeus at Olympia, Colossus ofRhodes, Lighthouse of Alexandria and Mausoleum ofHalicarnassus. The only standing wonder out of all of theseis the Great Pyramid of Giza.
  • 3. 1. The Great Pyramid of Giza 
  • 4. The Great Pyramid of Giza  The Great Pyramid of Giza is the tallest and the biggest out of the 3 pyramids in Giza. It’s proper name is The Pyramid of Khufu and The Pyramid of Cheops. The pyramid was estimated to be around 280 Egyptian cubits tall (480.6 ft.), but with erosion and the absence of the Pyramidion (the tip of the pyramid) it is now 455.4 ft.. It is also estimated that the pyramid is made from 2.3 million limestone blocks. The other reason why this is one of the seven wonders of the world is because:  It is the tallest of the three pyramids of Egypt  Until the 19th Century it was the tallest building in the world  It is 4500 years old and it sill is upright  The only Wonder out of the 7Ancient Wonders that still stands  It took twenty years for a force of 100,000 slaves to build the pyramid  The 2.3 million stones were lifted into position by the use of immense machines which was the state of art technology at the time. Therefore this was one of the ancient wonders of the world simply because of the scale of the structure, the use of the immense structures and the amount of planning and hard work that had gone into making this building.
  • 5. 2. Hanging Gardens of Babylon 
  • 6. Hanging Gardens of Babylon  The hanging gardens of Babylon is considered to be the most poetic wonder in the world. Although this wonder’s existence is up for dispute. It is said to be built under the reign of King Nebuchadnezzar II around early seventh century BC, which he dedicated to his wife Amytis, of Media. As Amytis came from the mountains and greenery, she missed her homeland. However, there is an other story claiming that the hanging gardens were constructed by an Assyrian Queen Semiramis during her five year reign, which is less reliable according to the historical sources. Thus, they are sometimes called the Hanging Gardens of Semiramis. Here are reasons for it to be a part of the 7 ancient wonders of the world:  The hanging gardens were built in the city-state of Babylon, whose ancient ruins lie about 50 miles to the south-west of Bagdad, in Iraq. The current location is Al Hillah, Babil.  It did not really “hang” as being suspended. The name comes from an inexact translation of the Greek word kremastos or the Latin word pensilis, which mean not just “hanging”, but “overhanging” as in the case of a terrace or balcony.  The huge variety of the plants from all over the world were planted alongside each other and managed to survive due to the amazing garden irrigation with the use of chain pump which was the latest kind of technology at that time. So, the hanging gardens became a wonder due to its magnificent design, the technology used (the pump) and the huge variety of plants that were once put on display.
  • 7. 3. Temple of Artemis at Ephesus 
  • 8. Temple of Artemis at Ephesus  By 600 B.C., the city of Ephesus had become a major port of trade and an architect named Chersiphron was engaged to build a new large temple with high stone columns. The Greek Artemis is the goddess of the hunt. The shrine of goddess was first built in 800 B.C. but then it was destroyed and rebuilt several times over the next few hundred years. Then in 550 B.C. King Croesus of Lydia conquered Ephesus and the other Greek cities of Asia Minor. During the fighting, the temple was destroyed.  Theodorus built it again. Features were:  About 300 feet in length and 150 feet wide with and area four times the size of the temple before using more than one hundred stone columns supported a massive roof. The new temple soon became the pride of Ephesus until 356 B.C. It was Herostratus, young Ephesian, burnt the temple to the ground.  Again, it was rebuild by Scopas of Paros, one of the most famous sculptors of his days. Ephesus was one of the prominent cities in Asia Minor, so no expense was spared in the construction. Well-known historians all over the world worshiped the construction and called it “wonderful monument of Grecian magnificence, and one that merits our genuine admiration.” The cause of astonishment was not only the temple itself but the four bronze statues of Amazon women. So the Temple of Artemis was a wonder because of its great heights lengths, the number of columns and the amazing way that the city has improved the temple every time it has been destroyed.
  • 9. 4. Statue of Zeus at Olympia 
  • 10. Statue of Zeus at Olympia  The Statue of Zeus is one and only creation from the other six worlds’ ancient wonders which was located on the Europe Continent. It was built by the famous Greek sculptor Phidias, approximately 432 BC. It was staged in honour of Zeus. Reasons why this was chosen to be a ancient wonder:  It was considered to be the most famous artistic work in all of Greece.  The philosophers, ancient travellers, writers were certainly astounded when they witnessed the beauty of this statue.  Its said that, “If a man, with a heavy heart from grief and sorrow in life, will stand in front of the statue, he will forget all these.”  The base of the statue was approximately 6.5 metres by 10 metres. It was probably over a metre high.  The statue was 13 metres high  The statue was not made of stone, it was made of gold and ivory. The reason why this was an ancient wonder is because it was so big and grand, Zeus was sculpted in an amazing way according to the descriptions and the fact that people who visited the temple said that if you had a heavy heart and stood in front of the statue all this would go away.
  • 11. 5. Colossus of Rhodes 
  • 12. Colossus of Rhodes The island of Rhodes was an important economic centre in the ancient world. TheColossus of Rhodes was a statue of the Greek Titan Helios, made in the city ofRhodes on the Greek island of Rhodes by Chares of Lindos between 292 and 280BC. It was constructed to celebrate Rhodes’ victory over the ruler of Cyprus,Antigonus I Monophthalmus, who unsuccessfully besieged Rhodes in 305 BC.The statue was destroyed by an earthquake. Before its destruction, the Colossus ofRhodes stood over 30 meters (107 ft.) high, making it one of the tallest statues of theancient world.Facts about the Colossus: It was 60m high. A giant human figure constructed of bronze plates placed under a framework of iron. According to Plini, a historian, the construction time was 12 Years.The Reason why the Colossus of Rhodes was an ancient wonder was just because ofthe height of the statue and the different types of techniques and the state of the arttechnology that would have been used at that time.
  • 13. 6. Light house of Alexandria 
  • 14. Light house of Alexandria The Lighthouse of Alexandria was one of the Seven Ancient Wonders of the World. Itwas situated on the small offshore island of Pharos, lighting the way for many sailorsnavigating the tricky harbour. After Alexander the Great’s death, in 323 B.C., PhotemySoter ruled over the Egypt made the city even more prosperous and famous for itswealth. This meant that the city harbour was very busy Photemy saw a need of a symbol,as a result he authorized the building of the Pharos in 290 B.C. and the building wascompleted after twenty years.Reasons for why The Light house was a wonder: When it was finished it was the first light house in the world It was the tallest building in the world about 140 m with the exception of the Great Pyramid of Giza It took 800 talents ( around 3 billion pounds) This showed the impressive construction techniques used in Egypt, as Egypt had 2 wonders. (The Great Pyramid of Giza and The Light house).The reason why this was an ancient wonder is because it was very high, one of the firstlight houses, a great symbol for Alexandria. One of the most amazing features of thislight house was a mirror positioned inside it that could reproduce a light effect in excessof 35 miles, which was used to destroy and burn the enemy ships marching towards thisplace.
  • 15. 7. Mausoleum of Halicarnassus 
  • 16. Mausoleum ofHalicarnassus The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus was a tomb built between 353 and 350 BCat Halicarnassus. By that time the city of Halicarnassus was a capital of smallkingdom along the Mediterranean coast of Asia Minor. In 353 BC Artemisia, the wife of Mausoleus build this most splendid tomb in his memory to immortalize his name for centuries. Its stucture became so famous that Mausolus’s name is now associated with all grand tombs through our modern word mausoleum. The structure as an oblong with 36 (Ionic) columns and a pyramid on top with a perimeter of about 440 feet. The sepulchral monument was built and adorned by the greatest architects and sculptors of the time with statues, marble lions, and a frieze. Famed sculptors such as Bryaxis, Leochares and Timotheusjoined him together with other craftsmen.The reason why it became one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World wasthe beauty of the building being unique rather than its size.
  • 17. My 7 Wonders of the World The theme that I have set my seven modern wonders ofthe world is Man Made Islands. It is quite interestingthat how humans have made such amazing littleislands not just to live on but also to expand thearchitectural knowledge.The Seven Man Made Islands I believe to be my 7wonders of the world are: The World Islands, ThePearl-Qatar Island, The Venetian Islands, The ReefIsland, The Palm Island, The Dubai Water Front andThe Eden Island.
  • 18. The World Islands  The World is the latest complete island paradise, with the last stone on the breakwater added on 10 January this year. It is the best way to add land mass to a city. Dubai developer, Nakheel, has added more than 1,500 km of beach front to the Dubai coastline. Location: Off the Dubai There are 300 different islands in the shape city coast line, United of the continents, on which the developers Arab Emirates (UAE) in can choose, to build estates on. the eastern Arabian All islands are accessible only by marine or Peninsula. air transport, with world-class marinas to berth boats, yachts and cruise liners.
  • 19. The Palm Jumeirah The Palm Islands are made of 3 different typesof Palm Islands; Palm Jumeirah, Palm Deira andPalm Jabel Ali.Facts: A surrounding crescent island that forms an 11 km-long breakwater. It created 4,000 residences 50 hotels, 1,400 villas on 11 of the fronds of the island and 2,500 shoreline apartments in 20 buildings on the east side of the trunk. Location: Off the Coast Covers an area of 7 million square meters of Dubai. This is so grand that you can see it from space and Google Maps.The reason why I chose this as a wonder wasbecause the hear work and planning that hasgone into the this project was immense and thescale was just amazing.
  • 20. The Palm Jabel Ali The Palm Jabel Ali is the second Palim islandsin the Palm trilogy.Facts: 50% larger than the Palm Jumeirah Includes six marinas, a water theme park, Sea Village, homes built on stilts above the water The circle (fronds) around the palm spell out Location: Off the Coast a poem in Arabic. of Dubai. It houses more than 250,000 peopleI chose this to be a wonder because of theimmense effort and planning that has gone intomaking the islands also the thought of makingislands to expand the Dubai’s coast line.
  • 21. The Palm Deira The final one of the Palm islands in the Palm trilogyis the Palm Deira it is the biggest of the three and thegrandest.Facts: 5 times larger than Palm Jabel Ali and 8 times larger than Palm Jumeirah. It is so big that they can be seen from space. It is intended to house 1 million people It consists of 24 islets Location: Off the Coast It covers 80 square km of Dubai.The reason why I thought that this was one of mywonders is because of the scale of the build, thedesign of a palm tree and then came the amount ofdifferent houses and buildings on these islands.
  • 22. The Dubai Waterfronts The Dubai Waterfront looks like a giant Cattached to the edge of Dubai. It is right nextto the Palm Jabel Ali.Facts: A population of 1.5 million people This produces a shelter around the Palm Jebel Ali. This resembles the most widely recognized Location: Off the symbol of Islam, the star and crescent. western shores of DubaiThe reason why this is one of my wonders isbecause of the amount of work gone into themaking of this and the clever use of the starand the Crescent.
  • 23. The Pearl-Qatar Island  The Pearl-Qatar is a multi-billion dollar artificial island created almost 20 miles of new coastline. It provides 985 acres Fronted by more than 12 miles of pristine beaches Over 40,000 residents in more than 15,000 dwellings within 12 zones. It offers freehold and residential rights to international investors. Shaped like an exotic string of pearls, the Location: one mile off he Pearl-Qatar will allow room for 800 guests among its 40,000 residents to enjoy three Doha coastline of Qatar marinas, three 5 star hotels, plus almost half a million square feet of retail, dining and entertainment space.
  • 24. The Eden Island A private island, with secluded beaches, a world-classcommercial precinct, international marina capable ofhandling super-yachts as well as a range of activities andleisure facilities for your exclusive use. It is a 99-acre residential marina development. Mild tropical weather all year round Luxury apartments, mantions & villas Uniquely Seychelles vernacular architectural style Swimming, diving, water skiing, sailing, fishing, windsurfing, hiking, cycling, Location: Off the coast of boating, sunbathing the main island of Mahé in Breath taking views over mountains, ocean, forests the Seychelles archipelago and nearby islands like Cerf and Ste. Anne. nation in the Indian Ocean, Easily accessible via the International Airport 93 miles east of mainlandThis man made island is my wonder because it is Africa, northeast of thedesigned within the principles of organic island living. island of Madagascar.Eden Island is absolute Paradise - built in Paradise.