Community 101:

An Overview of the
Superfund Program
Welcome to the Superfund
Workshop for Communities
Today's Workshop Will
Provide Answers to Common
         Questions
What is "Superfund"?
What happens when a polluted site ...
Workshop Agenda
Overview of Superfund
Response
 Emergency Response Situations
 Non-Emergency Situations
EPA's Community In...
Module

One
Overview of Superfund




 Fort Devens Superfund Site - Devens, MA
What is Superfund?
Superfund was established in 1980
by an act of Congress authorizing
funds for the cleanup of polluted
s...
Goals of Superfund
Protect human health and the
environment by cleaning up
polluted sites
Involve communities in the clean...
How Did This Problem Begin?
  Little attention was given to
  hazardous waste until three sites
  made national headlines ...
Love Canal, New York (1978)
Valley of the Drums, Kentucky
             (1979)
Times Beach, Missouri (1982)
Why the Concern About
  Hazardous Waste?
Hazardous waste can affect your health
Hazardous waste can pollute your
environme...
Who is Responsible for Cleaning
         Up the Site?

   Potentially Responsible Parties
   (PRPs)
   State Governments
 ...
Paying for the Cleanup
Potentially Responsible Parties (PRPs) pay
If PRPs cannot pay or cannot be found,
then the "Superfu...
How Sites Qualify for Superfund
   EPA has a set of criteria to identify,
   evaluate, and rank polluted sites
   This pro...
Module

Two
Superfund Response
Types of Response
There are two basic types of
response that EPA uses to clean up
polluted sites
 Removal responses: Used ...
EPA Response to Emergencies
     (Removal Actions)
Short Term Cleanup Actions


     Time-Critical Actions

     Non-Time-Critical Actions
Emergency Situations

Include hazardous waste spills that
require immediate attention
These are limited, short-term
cleanu...
Short-term/ Non-Term Critical
          Cleanups

  Dependent on:
   the actual or potential exposure to
   humans and ani...
Long-term Cleanup Actions
Non-Emergency Situations

"Remedial Response" actions
address releases that do not pose
immediate threats to public health...
Site Discovery

Potential pollution
releases are
reported by State
agencies or the
general public
EPA investigates
All imp...
Preliminary Assessment (PA)


Review site
information
Screen site to
determine risk of
pollution release
Site Inspection (SI)
Test air, water, or soil at the site
Evaluate Risk
Use a standard system (Hazard
Ranking System) to score potential
risk factors
 How harmful is the substance?...
Evaluate Risk (continued)
Sites scoring at or above an established
level are proposed for the National
Priorities List (NP...
OK...So the Site is on the NPL.
         What Next?
  The next steps show how EPA,
  States, and Potentially Responsible
 ...
Remedial Investigation (RI)

 More site information helps identify
 what is needed for cleanup
  Types of chemicals
  Amou...
Feasibility Study (FS)

Cleanup options are developed

The best cleanup option is chosen
Feasibility Study (FS)
The nine factors in selecting the type of
cleanup include:
 Community acceptance
 Protection of hum...
Selecting a Remedy

A Proposed Plan informs the public
on the preferred cleanup option
(Remedy Selection)
The public revie...
Record of Decision (ROD)

A final decision on the cleanup
(Record of Decision) is released,
which includes cleanup goals,
...
Designing a Remedy (RD)

Plans and specifications for the
chosen cleanup are finalized
(Remedial Design)
Remedial Action (RA)

After all the "behind the scenes"
planning, cleanup activities at the
site begin
The selected remedy...
Construction Complete
Once all on-site physical
construction is done, the site is listed
as "Construction Complete"
This d...
Operation & Maintenance (O&M)

   Ensure that the required equipment
   is installed and that the remedy is
   operational...
Delisting
When cleanup levels are met,
Operation & Maintenance is
complete
The site is removed from the National
Prioritie...
Return to Productive Use
Over 190 Superfund sites have
been returned to productive use
under the Superfund
Redevelopment I...
Module

Three
Your Chance to be Heard:
EPA's Community Involvement
        (CI) Program
What is Community
     Involvement?
Individuals potentially affected by a site
have a voice in the cleanup process
EPA's R...
EPA's CI Goals
Keep you
informed in the
cleanup process
Provide
opportunities for
you to comment
and provide input
Resolve...
Community Involvement
     Programs
Community Advisory Groups
(CAGs)
Technical Assistance Grants (TAGs)
Technical Outreach...
Ways The Public Can Get
       Involved
Attend public meetings and hearings
Participate in community information
sessions
...
What is
Environmental Justice (EJ)?
Environmental Justice: Treating
       Everyone Fairly
  Former President Bill Clinton
  established Environmental Justice...
EPA's Environmental Justice
          Goals
 Environmental Justice focuses
 attention on environmental and
 human health c...
EPA's Environmental Justice
        Programs
 Encourage public participation by
 all affected community members by:
  Tran...
Additional EJ Information
EPA Office of Environmental Justice
 U.S. EPA (MC-1101)
 Ariel Rios Building
 1200 Pennsylvania ...
Module

Four
Sources of Information
EPA Regional Offices
EPA Region 1
Connecticut         Regional CI Office
Maine               Boston, MA
Massachusetts       (617) 918-1064
New ...
EPA Region 2
New Jersey            Regional CI Office
New York              New York, NY
Puerto Rico           (212) 637-3...
EPA Region 3

Delaware              Regional CI Office
Maryland              Philadelphia, PA
Pennsylvania          (215) ...
EPA Region 4
Alabama               Regional CI Office
Florida               Atlanta, GA
Georgia               (404) 562-85...
EPA Region 5
Illinois          Regional CI Office
Indiana
                  Chicago, IL
Michigan
Minnesota         (312) 3...
EPA Region 6
Arkansas               Regional CI
Louisiana              Office
New Mexico
                       Dallas, TX...
EPA Region 7
Iowa                  Regional CI
Kansas                Office
Missouri              Kansas City, KS
Nebraska...
EPA Region 8

Colorado              Regional CI
Montana               Office
                      Denver, CO
North Dakota...
EPA Region 9
Arizona                        Regional CI
California                     Office
Hawaii
                     ...
EPA Region 10

Alaska                Regional CI Office
                      Seattle, WA
Idaho                 (206) 553-...
Additional Sources of
      Information
Superfund Hotline: 1-800-424-9346
  TDD: 1-800-553-7672
  http://www.epa.gov/epaos...
State/Local/Tribal/Regional EPA
          Information

   Space to Add Desired /State/
   Local/Tribal/Regional EPA
   Inf...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Community101

914

Published on

Outlines the Superfund program, Emergency Response, Community Involvement, and the Environmental Justice Initiative.

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
914
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
23
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Community101

  1. 1. Community 101: An Overview of the Superfund Program
  2. 2. Welcome to the Superfund Workshop for Communities
  3. 3. Today's Workshop Will Provide Answers to Common Questions What is "Superfund"? What happens when a polluted site is discovered? Who pays to clean up the pollution? How can you get involved? What is Environmental Justice? Where do I look for additional information?
  4. 4. Workshop Agenda Overview of Superfund Response Emergency Response Situations Non-Emergency Situations EPA's Community Involvement Program EPA's Environmental Justice Initiative Getting More Information EPA Regional Offices State & Local Sources
  5. 5. Module One
  6. 6. Overview of Superfund Fort Devens Superfund Site - Devens, MA
  7. 7. What is Superfund? Superfund was established in 1980 by an act of Congress authorizing funds for the cleanup of polluted sites
  8. 8. Goals of Superfund Protect human health and the environment by cleaning up polluted sites Involve communities in the cleanup process Make responsible parties pay for cleanups Return previously-polluted land to productive use
  9. 9. How Did This Problem Begin? Little attention was given to hazardous waste until three sites made national headlines in the 1970s and early 1980s
  10. 10. Love Canal, New York (1978)
  11. 11. Valley of the Drums, Kentucky (1979)
  12. 12. Times Beach, Missouri (1982)
  13. 13. Why the Concern About Hazardous Waste? Hazardous waste can affect your health Hazardous waste can pollute your environment Surface Water Ground Water Soil Air Hazardous waste is not always easy to smell, taste, or see
  14. 14. Who is Responsible for Cleaning Up the Site? Potentially Responsible Parties (PRPs) State Governments Federal Government
  15. 15. Paying for the Cleanup Potentially Responsible Parties (PRPs) pay If PRPs cannot pay or cannot be found, then the "Superfund" pays The "Superfund" is a trust fund of monies mainly from taxes on crude oil and commercially-used chemicals
  16. 16. How Sites Qualify for Superfund EPA has a set of criteria to identify, evaluate, and rank polluted sites This process determines if a site is dangerous to communities or the environment
  17. 17. Module Two
  18. 18. Superfund Response
  19. 19. Types of Response There are two basic types of response that EPA uses to clean up polluted sites Removal responses: Used to clean up emergency spills Remedial responses: Used to clean up complex sites needing long-term cleanup actions
  20. 20. EPA Response to Emergencies (Removal Actions)
  21. 21. Short Term Cleanup Actions Time-Critical Actions Non-Time-Critical Actions
  22. 22. Emergency Situations Include hazardous waste spills that require immediate attention These are limited, short-term cleanup actions which may be due to: Tanker spills Leaking drums Drinking water contamination
  23. 23. Short-term/ Non-Term Critical Cleanups Dependent on: the actual or potential exposure to humans and animals from hazardous substances the levels of hazardous substances or pollutants that may migrate threat of fire or explosion
  24. 24. Long-term Cleanup Actions
  25. 25. Non-Emergency Situations "Remedial Response" actions address releases that do not pose immediate threats to public health or the environment These are long-term cleanup actions EPA begins the process of determining if a site qualifies for cleanup under Superfund
  26. 26. Site Discovery Potential pollution releases are reported by State agencies or the general public EPA investigates All important parties are notified
  27. 27. Preliminary Assessment (PA) Review site information Screen site to determine risk of pollution release
  28. 28. Site Inspection (SI) Test air, water, or soil at the site
  29. 29. Evaluate Risk Use a standard system (Hazard Ranking System) to score potential risk factors How harmful is the substance? Does it threaten the human food chain? Does it threaten the air or soil? Does it threaten ground water? Is the substance migrating from the source?
  30. 30. Evaluate Risk (continued) Sites scoring at or above an established level are proposed for the National Priorities List (NPL) This means that the site qualifies for cleanup under the Superfund Program (NPL Listing)
  31. 31. OK...So the Site is on the NPL. What Next? The next steps show how EPA, States, and Potentially Responsible Parties (PRP) develop, design, and conduct cleanups at Superfund sites
  32. 32. Remedial Investigation (RI) More site information helps identify what is needed for cleanup Types of chemicals Amount of chemicals Sensitive populations
  33. 33. Feasibility Study (FS) Cleanup options are developed The best cleanup option is chosen
  34. 34. Feasibility Study (FS) The nine factors in selecting the type of cleanup include: Community acceptance Protection of human health and the environment Compliance with ARARs Long-term effectiveness and permanence Reduction of toxicity, mobility, and volume Short-term effectiveness Implementability Cost State acceptance
  35. 35. Selecting a Remedy A Proposed Plan informs the public on the preferred cleanup option (Remedy Selection) The public reviews and comments on the Proposed Plan, either in writing or at the public meeting. All relevant documents are maintained in the information repository.
  36. 36. Record of Decision (ROD) A final decision on the cleanup (Record of Decision) is released, which includes cleanup goals, significant changes to the proposed remedy (if any), possible hazardous substances remaining on the site, further analysis and review, and appropriate time frame.
  37. 37. Designing a Remedy (RD) Plans and specifications for the chosen cleanup are finalized (Remedial Design)
  38. 38. Remedial Action (RA) After all the "behind the scenes" planning, cleanup activities at the site begin The selected remedy is implemented (Remedial Action)
  39. 39. Construction Complete Once all on-site physical construction is done, the site is listed as "Construction Complete" This does not mean that cleanup is done, just that: The methods and materials to do the cleanup are in place All immediate threats have been addressed Long-term threats are being controlled
  40. 40. Operation & Maintenance (O&M) Ensure that the required equipment is installed and that the remedy is operational and functional EPA monitors the site cleanup process Site responsibility transfers to the State or PRPs
  41. 41. Delisting When cleanup levels are met, Operation & Maintenance is complete The site is removed from the National Priorities List (NPL Deletion)
  42. 42. Return to Productive Use Over 190 Superfund sites have been returned to productive use under the Superfund Redevelopment Initiative
  43. 43. Module Three
  44. 44. Your Chance to be Heard: EPA's Community Involvement (CI) Program
  45. 45. What is Community Involvement? Individuals potentially affected by a site have a voice in the cleanup process EPA's Regional staff help communities get involved by providing: Educational materials Outreach activities Site information Training Technical assistance Other support
  46. 46. EPA's CI Goals Keep you informed in the cleanup process Provide opportunities for you to comment and provide input Resolve community issues related to the site
  47. 47. Community Involvement Programs Community Advisory Groups (CAGs) Technical Assistance Grants (TAGs) Technical Outreach Services for Communities (TOSC) Superfund Jobs Training Initiative (SuperJTI) Translation of information into local languages and dialects
  48. 48. Ways The Public Can Get Involved Attend public meetings and hearings Participate in community information sessions Join/Form a Community Advisory Group Visit local information repository sites Contact your local Community Involvement Coordinator and/or Site Manager
  49. 49. What is Environmental Justice (EJ)?
  50. 50. Environmental Justice: Treating Everyone Fairly Former President Bill Clinton established Environmental Justice as a national priority (Executive Order 12898) To ensure "the fair treatment of people of all races, cultures, and incomes regarding the development of environmental laws, regulations, and policies"
  51. 51. EPA's Environmental Justice Goals Environmental Justice focuses attention on environmental and human health conditions of minority and low-income communities Work with communities to: Improve environmental education Provide training opportunities Create partnerships with academic institutions
  52. 52. EPA's Environmental Justice Programs Encourage public participation by all affected community members by: Translating publications and fact sheets into locally-spoken languages and dialects Providing translators and interpreters at meetings Providing forums for community outreach
  53. 53. Additional EJ Information EPA Office of Environmental Justice U.S. EPA (MC-1101) Ariel Rios Building 1200 Pennsylvania Ave., NW Washington, D.C. 20460 http://es.epa.gov/oeca/main/ej/ index.html National Environmental Justice Advisory Council (NEJAC) http://es.epa.gov/oeca/oej/nejac/
  54. 54. Module Four
  55. 55. Sources of Information
  56. 56. EPA Regional Offices
  57. 57. EPA Region 1 Connecticut Regional CI Office Maine Boston, MA Massachusetts (617) 918-1064 New Hampshire 1-888-372-7341 Rhode Island Vermont http://www.epa.gov/ region01/remed/superfund
  58. 58. EPA Region 2 New Jersey Regional CI Office New York New York, NY Puerto Rico (212) 637-3673 Virgin Islands 1-800-346-5009 http://www.epa.gov/region02/ superfund/superfnd.htm
  59. 59. EPA Region 3 Delaware Regional CI Office Maryland Philadelphia, PA Pennsylvania (215) 814-5131 Virginia 1-800-553-2509 Washington, DC West Virginia http://www.epa.gov/ reg3hwmd/super/
  60. 60. EPA Region 4 Alabama Regional CI Office Florida Atlanta, GA Georgia (404) 562-8530 Kentucky AL, FL, GA, MS residents 1-800-435-9234 Mississippi KY, NC, SC, TN residents North Carolina 1-800-435-9233 South Carolina Tennessee http://www.epa.gov/ region4/waste/sf/ supfnd.htm
  61. 61. EPA Region 5 Illinois Regional CI Office Indiana Chicago, IL Michigan Minnesota (312) 353-2072 Ohio 1-800-621-8431 Wisconsin http://www.epa. gov/R5Super/
  62. 62. EPA Region 6 Arkansas Regional CI Louisiana Office New Mexico Dallas, TX Oklahoma Texas (214) 665-8157 http://www/epa.gov/ 1-800-533-3508 earth1r6/6sf/6sf.htm
  63. 63. EPA Region 7 Iowa Regional CI Kansas Office Missouri Kansas City, KS Nebraska (913) 551-7969 http://www.epa.gov/ 1-800-223-0425 region07/programs/ spfd/spfd.html
  64. 64. EPA Region 8 Colorado Regional CI Montana Office Denver, CO North Dakota (303)312-6312 South Dakota 1-800-227-8917 Utah Wyoming http://www.epa.gov/ region08/superfund/
  65. 65. EPA Region 9 Arizona Regional CI California Office Hawaii San Francisco, CA Nevada (415) 744-2178 Guam American Samoa 1-800-231-3075 Trust Territories Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands http://www.epa.gov/region09/ waste/sfund
  66. 66. EPA Region 10 Alaska Regional CI Office Seattle, WA Idaho (206) 553-1352 Oregon 1-800-424-4372 Washington http://www.epa.gov/ region10/
  67. 67. Additional Sources of Information Superfund Hotline: 1-800-424-9346 TDD: 1-800-553-7672 http://www.epa.gov/epaoswer/hotline/index.htm EPA Homepage: http://www.epa.gov EPA Superfund Homepage: http://www.epa.gov/supefund/index.htm EPA Superfund "Community Tools" Homepage http://www.epa.gov/superfund/citizens
  68. 68. State/Local/Tribal/Regional EPA Information Space to Add Desired /State/ Local/Tribal/Regional EPA Information Pertaining to Specific Site or Community Audience
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×