*Санкт-Петербург и его
Выполнили ученики 7 класса
Государева Маша, Филипповских Яна, Мосягина Настя
ГБОУ школа №436
Руководитель проекта: Зубрицкая Надежда Георгиевна
учитель английского языка
The Palace Embankment.
The Winter Palace.
The Winter Palace was built as the residence of the
Russian monarchs. Today the rooms of the Winter
Palace house the collections of the Hermitage.
The Palace Bridge
It is the most famous bridge in St.Petersburg.
It was built in 1912 – 1916 .
The Summer Garden
It occupies an area of 11.7 hectares.
There are many marble sculptures in
the Summer Garden.
The sculpture –
Aphina-the goddess of
The Field of Mars
This square began to be called the Field of Mars
between the 18th
centuries. Mars was
the Roman god of war. In the northern part of
the square near the Neva there is a monument to
the great Russian military leader of the 18th
century Alexander Suvorov.
In the centre of the field there is
a Monument to the
Palace Square. Alexander Column.
There is the bas-relief on the
On the top of the column is
the bronze figure of an
angel with a cross
In the centre of Palace square
Alexander’s Column is rising.
It was installed to
commemorate the victory over
Napoleon in 1812 in the
OF ST.PETERSBURG SUBURBS
Saint Petersburg and its surrounding palace and landscape
ensembles such as Peterhof (Petrodvorets), Tsarskoe Selo
(Pushkin), Pavlovsk, Gatchina, Oranienbaum (Lomonosov) are a
single historical and cultural landmark created over the 18th
centuries from the very beginning of the city foudation.
Architectural ensembles, unique interior decorations,
collections of applied art works, painting and sculptures,
gardening and landscaping masterpieces are a unique Russian
Every year thousands of Russian and foreign guests visit the
world-famous palaces and parks of the St.Petersburg suburbs.
The Palace-and-Park ensemble
• The palace-and-park ensemble of Tsarskoe selo – a former country residence of
Russian emperors – is a fascinating monument of the world’s architectural and
gardening arts of the ХVIII-ХIХ centuries. Its three parks occupy the area of 600
ha, on which over 100 architectural constructions rise from magnificent palaces
and grand monuments to intimate pavilions and park sculptures. The
compositional centre or the Tsarskoselsky ensemble is Catherine’s Palace,
containing exquisite decorative objects, furniture, Russian and Western-
European paintings, unique collections of porcelain, amber, arms, decorative
bronze, sculptures etc. Nowadays, the collection of the museum Tsarskoe Selo
numbers about 20000 items. The Tsarskoselsky Lyceum, an elite school
established in Russia in the beginning of the XIX century for noble families
offsprings which the great Russian poet A.S.Pushkin attended, is situated next
to the palace.
The Palace-and-Park Ensemble
• This is a palace-and-park ensemble of the late XVIII – beginning of the XIX
centuries which was used as a summer residence of the Russian emperor Paul
I and his family. The landscape park, one of the largest of Europe, covers the
area of 600 ha. The works of the palace-and-park ensemble on the winding
banks of the Slavynka river lasted for 50 years. Architects: Ch.Cameron,
V.Brenna, G.Guarenghi, A.Voronikhin, C.Rossi, sculptors M.Kozlovsky,
I.Martos,I.Prokofiev, F.Gordeev. The formation of the collections of the
Pavlovsky Palace was closely connected with the trip of its owners over Europe
in 1781-1782. They visited workshops of well-known artists, ordering and
acquiring paintings, furniture, bronze articles, silk fabrics, china sets etc. they
brought to Russia a large number of antique sculptures from Italy, as well as
gifts from European royal courts.
The Palace-and-Park Ensemble
• The palace-and-park ensemble on the shore of the Gulf of Finland opposite the
town-fortress Kronstadt (architects D.Fontana and J.Schedel). In 1743,
Oranienbaum became the summer residence of the future emperor Peter III. A
fortress ensemble with a petite palace was constructed for him to the design of
architect A.Rinaldi. Later, A Rinaldi was commissioned by the Empress
Catherine the Great to erect the Chinese Palace and the Catalnaya Gorka
(Sliding Hill) with a pavilion. The architectural style of these monuments is
distinguished by the subtle blend of elegant rococo style with traces of
classicism. Oranienbaum is famous for its landscape parks dating back to the
middle of the XIX centure. The following palace- museums are available to visit:
the Chinese Palace, the palace of Peter III, the Japanese Pavilion of the Bolshoy
The Palace-and-Park Ensemble
• The palace-and-park ensemble consists of the Gatcina
Palace (architect A.Rinaldi, 2nd
half of the XVIII century),
and the park – the first landscaped park in Russia. The
palace throughout its history was the residence of the
Russian emperors Paul I nicknamed “the most romantic
Russian Emperor”, and Alexander III. On display: gala
halls of the XVIII century, exhibition of Western-
European and Russian paintings and arms of the XVII-
XIX centuries. The romantic feature of Gatchinsky
Palace is an underground tunnel to the lake. The pride
of the park are the unique pavilions “Beriozovy Dom”
(Birch House) and “Pavilion Venery” (Pavilion of Venus).
The Palace-and-Park Ensemble
• Peterhof is a jewel of the Russian art, a town of parks, palaces and fountains. In
the past it used to be an exquisite summer residence of Russian tsars. Verkhniy
(Upper)Garden and Nizhniy (Lower) Park, genuine masterpieces of landscape
design, number over 150 fountains, 5 monumental cascades. The Lviniy (Lion’s)
Cascading Fountain, the second as of its size, was launched again after 60 void
• On the territory of the reserve, during the winter there are 7 working museums:
the Grand Palace, Catherine’s Block, Marli, Hermitage, the Benois family
museum, the Bath Block including Tafeldecker and Kaffeeschenk Rooms and
The Kitchen, and the Museum of Collectors.
Gardens and parks of Peterhof
Petrodvorets is an outstanding
monument of the 18th
Russian art and culture.
The unique architectural and
landscape-gardening ensemble is
mainly composed of the Upper
Gardens and the Lower Park.
Peterhof is famous not only for its
palaces and fountains. The
Upper Gardens are laid out on a
natural terrace, the Lower Park
stretching from its foot to the
coast line to a width of 0.5 km.
The Lower Park dating back to
the early 18th
century is quite
remarkable among French-style
The English Park
The first landscape
park in Peterhof is
English Park which
was founded by
Second. The centre of
the park is a pond.
The Bakhus Garden
The Bakhus Garden is situated on
the left side from the Marly
Palace and from the south side
of the Large Pond.
The Marly Palace stands at a
rectangular pond and
dominates the western half of
the park including the Golden
Hill cascade, a cluster of
fountains (Les Menageras and
Triton-Bells) and an orchard by
the sea coast-line.
The Chinese Garden
In the third quarter of the last
century architect E.Gann
designed and built the brick
bath-house with a small
fanciful Chinese garden and
fountains in front of its eastern
By the middle of XIX century in Peterhof
two new parks were designed. One
of them Kolknistski has the area 29
Lugovoi Park was
founded by Nickolas I.
On its territory there
are some ponds. One
of the first creation of
the park was the
situated on the
northern part of the
shore of the Nickolsky
The Lower Park
The marine Canal lined by an alley of 22
fountains divides the Lower Park into the
western and eastern parts and joins the
Grand Palace and the Cascade with the
sea. The layout of the Lower Park
features strict symmetry in the
arrangement of avenues, palaces,
pavilions and fountains and geometrical
patterns of lawns and ponds. The Chess
Hill cascade in the eastern half is
balanced by the Golden Hill cascade in
the western half. The Monplaisir Palace
in the eastern part and the Hermitage
Pavilion in the western corner stand at
the edge of the Gulf of Finland coast
line, equidistant from the Marine Canal.
The three avenues fanning out from the
hill foot towards the sea coast are
intersected by the three rays running
from the Marly Palace
The Alexandria Park
Alexandria was the residence of
Russian tsars in XIX and the
beginning XX centuries. The
southern part of Alexandria is
along the highway St.-
Petersburg – Oranienbaum
(Lomonosov) and the northern
part – along the Gulf of
The Monplaisir Palace
The major point of attraction in the
eastern part of the Lower Park is the
Monplaisir Palace of Peter I, a unique
monument of the Russian architecture
and artistic culture of the early 18th
The Monplaisir was constructed
between 1714-1723 by architects
N.Michetti and artists F.Pilman,
F.Vorobiev and others. It was turned by
the fascists into soldiers’ barracks and a
gun emplacement. The Palace has been
The Venera Garden
The Venera garden
is defended from the sea and winds
by the brick wall. It is more than 3 m
high and 4 km long.
Welcome to Peterhof and youWelcome to Peterhof and you
will see everything with yourwill see everything with your
own eyes.own eyes.
The Park is open from May tillThe Park is open from May till
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