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Достопримечательности Санкт-Петербурга
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Достопримечательности Санкт-Петербурга

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  • 1. Презентация проекта *Санкт-Петербург и его пригороды* Выполнили ученики 7 класса Государева Маша, Филипповских Яна, Мосягина Настя ГБОУ школа №436 Санкт-Петербург Петродворцовый район Руководитель проекта: Зубрицкая Надежда Георгиевна учитель английского языка
  • 2. The Palace Embankment. The Winter Palace. The Winter Palace was built as the residence of the Russian monarchs. Today the rooms of the Winter Palace house the collections of the Hermitage.
  • 3. The Palace Bridge It is the most famous bridge in St.Petersburg. It was built in 1912 – 1916 .
  • 4. The Summer Garden It occupies an area of 11.7 hectares. There are many marble sculptures in the Summer Garden. The sculpture – Aphina-the goddess of war.
  • 5. The Field of Mars This square began to be called the Field of Mars between the 18th and 19th centuries. Mars was the Roman god of war. In the northern part of the square near the Neva there is a monument to the great Russian military leader of the 18th century Alexander Suvorov. In the centre of the field there is a Monument to the Revolutionary Fighters.
  • 6. Palace Square. Alexander Column. There is the bas-relief on the pedestal. On the top of the column is the bronze figure of an angel with a cross symbolizing peace. In the centre of Palace square Alexander’s Column is rising. It was installed to commemorate the victory over Napoleon in 1812 in the Patriotic War.
  • 7. PALACE-AND-PARK ENSEMBLES OF ST.PETERSBURG SUBURBS Saint Petersburg and its surrounding palace and landscape ensembles such as Peterhof (Petrodvorets), Tsarskoe Selo (Pushkin), Pavlovsk, Gatchina, Oranienbaum (Lomonosov) are a single historical and cultural landmark created over the 18th -20th centuries from the very beginning of the city foudation. Architectural ensembles, unique interior decorations, collections of applied art works, painting and sculptures, gardening and landscaping masterpieces are a unique Russian artistic heritage. Every year thousands of Russian and foreign guests visit the world-famous palaces and parks of the St.Petersburg suburbs.
  • 8. The Palace-and-Park ensemble Tsarskoe selo • The palace-and-park ensemble of Tsarskoe selo – a former country residence of Russian emperors – is a fascinating monument of the world’s architectural and gardening arts of the ХVIII-ХIХ centuries. Its three parks occupy the area of 600 ha, on which over 100 architectural constructions rise from magnificent palaces and grand monuments to intimate pavilions and park sculptures. The compositional centre or the Tsarskoselsky ensemble is Catherine’s Palace, containing exquisite decorative objects, furniture, Russian and Western- European paintings, unique collections of porcelain, amber, arms, decorative bronze, sculptures etc. Nowadays, the collection of the museum Tsarskoe Selo numbers about 20000 items. The Tsarskoselsky Lyceum, an elite school established in Russia in the beginning of the XIX century for noble families offsprings which the great Russian poet A.S.Pushkin attended, is situated next to the palace.
  • 9. Pushkin
  • 10. The Palace-and-Park Ensemble Pavlovsk • This is a palace-and-park ensemble of the late XVIII – beginning of the XIX centuries which was used as a summer residence of the Russian emperor Paul I and his family. The landscape park, one of the largest of Europe, covers the area of 600 ha. The works of the palace-and-park ensemble on the winding banks of the Slavynka river lasted for 50 years. Architects: Ch.Cameron, V.Brenna, G.Guarenghi, A.Voronikhin, C.Rossi, sculptors M.Kozlovsky, I.Martos,I.Prokofiev, F.Gordeev. The formation of the collections of the Pavlovsky Palace was closely connected with the trip of its owners over Europe in 1781-1782. They visited workshops of well-known artists, ordering and acquiring paintings, furniture, bronze articles, silk fabrics, china sets etc. they brought to Russia a large number of antique sculptures from Italy, as well as gifts from European royal courts.
  • 11. Pavlovsk Palace
  • 12. The Palace-and-Park Ensemble Oranienbaum • The palace-and-park ensemble on the shore of the Gulf of Finland opposite the town-fortress Kronstadt (architects D.Fontana and J.Schedel). In 1743, Oranienbaum became the summer residence of the future emperor Peter III. A fortress ensemble with a petite palace was constructed for him to the design of architect A.Rinaldi. Later, A Rinaldi was commissioned by the Empress Catherine the Great to erect the Chinese Palace and the Catalnaya Gorka (Sliding Hill) with a pavilion. The architectural style of these monuments is distinguished by the subtle blend of elegant rococo style with traces of classicism. Oranienbaum is famous for its landscape parks dating back to the middle of the XIX centure. The following palace- museums are available to visit: the Chinese Palace, the palace of Peter III, the Japanese Pavilion of the Bolshoy (Menshikovsky) Palace.
  • 13. The Palace-and-Park Ensemble Gatchina • The palace-and-park ensemble consists of the Gatcina Palace (architect A.Rinaldi, 2nd half of the XVIII century), and the park – the first landscaped park in Russia. The palace throughout its history was the residence of the Russian emperors Paul I nicknamed “the most romantic Russian Emperor”, and Alexander III. On display: gala halls of the XVIII century, exhibition of Western- European and Russian paintings and arms of the XVII- XIX centuries. The romantic feature of Gatchinsky Palace is an underground tunnel to the lake. The pride of the park are the unique pavilions “Beriozovy Dom” (Birch House) and “Pavilion Venery” (Pavilion of Venus).
  • 14. Gatchina
  • 15. The Palace-and-Park Ensemble Peterhof • Peterhof is a jewel of the Russian art, a town of parks, palaces and fountains. In the past it used to be an exquisite summer residence of Russian tsars. Verkhniy (Upper)Garden and Nizhniy (Lower) Park, genuine masterpieces of landscape design, number over 150 fountains, 5 monumental cascades. The Lviniy (Lion’s) Cascading Fountain, the second as of its size, was launched again after 60 void years. • On the territory of the reserve, during the winter there are 7 working museums: the Grand Palace, Catherine’s Block, Marli, Hermitage, the Benois family museum, the Bath Block including Tafeldecker and Kaffeeschenk Rooms and The Kitchen, and the Museum of Collectors.
  • 16. Peterhof
  • 17. Gardens and parks of Peterhof Petrodvorets is an outstanding monument of the 18th -century Russian art and culture. The unique architectural and landscape-gardening ensemble is mainly composed of the Upper Gardens and the Lower Park.
  • 18. Introduction Peterhof is famous not only for its palaces and fountains. The Upper Gardens are laid out on a natural terrace, the Lower Park stretching from its foot to the coast line to a width of 0.5 km. The Lower Park dating back to the early 18th century is quite remarkable among French-style formal parks.
  • 19. The English Park The first landscape park in Peterhof is English Park which was founded by Catherine the Second. The centre of the park is a pond.
  • 20. The Bakhus Garden The Bakhus Garden is situated on the left side from the Marly Palace and from the south side of the Large Pond. The Marly Palace stands at a rectangular pond and dominates the western half of the park including the Golden Hill cascade, a cluster of fountains (Les Menageras and Triton-Bells) and an orchard by the sea coast-line.
  • 21. The Chinese Garden In the third quarter of the last century architect E.Gann designed and built the brick bath-house with a small fanciful Chinese garden and fountains in front of its eastern facade.
  • 22. Kolonistski Park By the middle of XIX century in Peterhof two new parks were designed. One of them Kolknistski has the area 29 ha.
  • 23. Lugovoi Park Lugovoi Park was founded by Nickolas I. On its territory there are some ponds. One of the first creation of the park was the Nickolsky house situated on the northern part of the shore of the Nickolsky pond
  • 24. The Lower Park The marine Canal lined by an alley of 22 fountains divides the Lower Park into the western and eastern parts and joins the Grand Palace and the Cascade with the sea. The layout of the Lower Park features strict symmetry in the arrangement of avenues, palaces, pavilions and fountains and geometrical patterns of lawns and ponds. The Chess Hill cascade in the eastern half is balanced by the Golden Hill cascade in the western half. The Monplaisir Palace in the eastern part and the Hermitage Pavilion in the western corner stand at the edge of the Gulf of Finland coast line, equidistant from the Marine Canal. The three avenues fanning out from the hill foot towards the sea coast are intersected by the three rays running from the Marly Palace .
  • 25. The Alexandria Park Alexandria was the residence of Russian tsars in XIX and the beginning XX centuries. The southern part of Alexandria is along the highway St.- Petersburg – Oranienbaum (Lomonosov) and the northern part – along the Gulf of Finland.
  • 26. The Monplaisir Palace The major point of attraction in the eastern part of the Lower Park is the Monplaisir Palace of Peter I, a unique monument of the Russian architecture and artistic culture of the early 18th century. The Monplaisir was constructed between 1714-1723 by architects J.Braunstein,J.-B.Leblond and N.Michetti and artists F.Pilman, F.Vorobiev and others. It was turned by the fascists into soldiers’ barracks and a gun emplacement. The Palace has been fully restored.
  • 27. The Venera Garden The Venera garden is defended from the sea and winds by the brick wall. It is more than 3 m high and 4 km long.
  • 28. The Upper Park
  • 29. The Lower Park
  • 30. Welcome to Peterhof and youWelcome to Peterhof and you will see everything with yourwill see everything with your own eyes.own eyes. The Park is open from May tillThe Park is open from May till October.October.

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