First results of the SOAP Project
           (What 40’000 scientists think of you)
         Suenje Dallmeier-Tiessen, Bett...
Outline


•    About the project
•    Highlights from a study of OA journals today
•    Results from a large-scale survey
...
Outline


•    About the project
•    Highlights from a study of OA journals today
•    Results from a large-scale survey
...
SOAP
                 Study of Open Access Publishing
•  Funded by the European Commission
•  Framework Program 7 – Scienc...
Outline


•    About the project
•    Highlights from a study of OA journals today
•    Results from a large-scale survey
...
A study of OA journals today

•  Assess the supply of OA publishing outlets today
•  Start from the DOAJ
•  Collect additi...
How many?




•  English language journals
•  90% of publishers <100 articles/year and 1/3 of total
•  10% of publishers p...
The 14 “large” publishers
              >1000 articles or >50 journals
                        !"#$%&'()*+,-(*            ...
About what?




•  2/3 of journals in STM; 1/3 in SSH
•  3/4 of articles in STM; 1/4 in SSH
•  “Large publisher” almost ex...
Licensing practices

•  1/2 of “Large” publishers use Creative Commons
    •  82% CC-by, 18% CC-by-nc
    •  72% of journa...
Presence of income sources
                                    NB – No information on income amount
                      ...
Outline


•    About the project
•    Highlights from a study of OA journals today
•    Results from a large-scale survey
...
The SOAP survey
•  23 Questions
•  Available at http://surveymonkey.com/soap_survey_g
•  Live since 3 months

•  Dissemina...
The SOAP survey
                  '()*+,-)+./01.+.2-3(4(5678*+-784+-98.7)8:(7801
                                         ...
Are you involved in research?




Salvatore Mele | CERN   COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010   15
How many articles have you published ?




Salvatore Mele | CERN   COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010   16
Today: published researchers




                          38’358


Salvatore Mele | CERN   COASP - Prague - August 23rd, ...
Preliminary results



  Who ?
  Beliefs
  Actions



Salvatore Mele | CERN   COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010   18
Preliminary results

Who ?
    - Demographics
Beliefs
    - Likes OA? Why? Why not?
Actions
    - Publishes OA? Why not?
 ...
Preliminary results



  Who ?
  Beliefs
  Actions



Salvatore Mele | CERN   COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010   20
Demographics




Salvatore Mele | CERN   COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010   21
Distribution by country




Salvatore Mele | CERN   COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010   22
Distribution by disciplines




Salvatore Mele | CERN   COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010   23
Preliminary results



  Who ?
  Beliefs
  Actions



Salvatore Mele | CERN   COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010   24
Would OA journals be
                      beneficial for your field?


         849                                      ...
Why?



>22’000 answers, 1/2 million words




  Salvatore Mele | CERN   COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010   26
Why yes? (Only 14% read so far)
                                              (#         %(#            "(#    !(#     '(#...
Why not? (n=1005)
                                         )#       (#        ")#         "(#   !)#         !(#


        ...
Would OA journals be
            beneficial for your field?




                         By country




Salvatore Mele | C...
Would OA journals be
                    beneficial for your field?
      P<Q2E4                                          ...
Would OA journals be
                       beneficial for your field?
             QH                                    ...
Would OA journals be
                   beneficial for your field?
           L48>                                        ...
Would OA journals be
                           beneficial for your field?
      O68.61                                   ...
Would OA journals be
            beneficial for your field?




                              By field




Salvatore Mele ...
Would OA journals be
                     beneficial for your field?
                                                     ...
Would OA journals be
             beneficial for your field?
                             @;1B5867H                       ...
Would OA journals be
                 beneficial for your field?
                             1B=36/8?F                   ...
Would OA journals be
               beneficial for your field?
         I>D85:82-.32714-61328:51.:18                      ...
Beliefs about OA – positive
   1 Strongly agree; 2 Neutral; 3 Disagree; 4 Strongly disagree

                           Wo...
Beliefs about OA – neutral
   1 Strongly agree; 2 Neutral; 3 Disagree; 4 Strongly disagree
                          Would...
Beliefs about OA – negative
   1 Strongly agree; 2 Neutral; 3 Disagree; 4 Strongly disagree
                          Woul...
Preliminary results



  Who ?
  Beliefs
  Actions



Salvatore Mele | CERN   COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010   42
How many OA articles have you
            published in the last 5 years?
                            '"              #'"  ...
How many OA articles have you
                 published in the last 5 years?
            B324</<A51>/,13I>.+13.-+/.+
    ...
Was there a reason
              not to publish OA?
42% have a reason; >4000 answers; 60’000 words
                       ...
Which fee did you pay for
             your last OA article?

                             "#"%                $"#"%      ...
How was this fee covered?


    C2<273D15>A@98@E58@D=A92<
                                                                ...
How was this fee covered?




                              By field




Salvatore Mele | CERN   COASP - Prague - August 2...
How was this fee covered?
               Included in research funds
                                                )#    ...
How was this fee covered?
            Used other part of research funds
                                          &#      ...
How was this fee covered?
               My institution paid
                                                (#           ...
How was this fee covered?
              I paid myself
                                                %#      (%#         ...
How was this fee covered?




                         By country




Salvatore Mele | CERN   COASP - Prague - August 23rd...
How was this fee covered?

                        Included in research funds




Salvatore Mele | CERN     COASP - Prague...
How was this fee covered?

      Used other part of research funds




Salvatore Mele | CERN   COASP - Prague - August 23r...
How was this fee covered?

                                       My institution paid




Salvatore Mele | CERN   COASP - ...
How was this fee covered?

                                                        I paid myself




Salvatore Mele | CERN...
How easy was it to obtain funds?


     890:                                           #"%#' (&!)*



 345546/7-          ...
How easy was it to obtain funds?
        R7G79
I=-.7PQE=1?N
      >15?-67
   ,.-L793
      076F79
 EF6?D.-@79:
O.?N.-@79:5...
How easy was it to obtain funds?




Salvatore Mele | CERN   COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010   60
How easy was it to obtain funds?
                                              !"   #!"   $!"   %!"   &!"   '!"   (!"     ...
Conclusions

•  Strive to provide facts on which to base decisions
        (EC, publishers, libraries, funding agencies)
•...
Outline


•    About the project
•    Highlights from a study of OA journals today
•    Results from a large-scale survey
...
Thank you!

•    Project team: info@project-soap.eu
•    Speaker: Salvatore.Mele@cern.ch
•    Website: http://soap-fp7.eu
...
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First Results of the SOAP Project

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First results of the SOAP Project shown at the COASP conference, Prague, Aug 23 2010.

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First Results of the SOAP Project

  1. 1. First results of the SOAP Project (What 40’000 scientists think of you) Suenje Dallmeier-Tiessen, Bettina Goerner, Robert Darby, Jenni Hyppoelae, Peter Igo-Kemenes, Deborah Kahn, Simon Lambert, Anja Lengenfelder, Chris Leonard, Salvatore Mele, Panayiota Polydoratou, David Ross, Sergio Ruiz-Perez, Ralf Schimmer, Mark Swaisland and Wim van der Stelt BMC, CERN, MPDL, SAGE, Springer, STFC Presented by Salvatore Mele/CERN, SOAP project co-ordinator COASP | 2nd Conference on Open Access Scholarly Publishing | Prague | 22-24 August 2010 project-soap.eu
  2. 2. Outline •  About the project •  Highlights from a study of OA journals today •  Results from a large-scale survey •  How can you help… (…this afternoon at 17:15!) Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 2
  3. 3. Outline •  About the project •  Highlights from a study of OA journals today •  Results from a large-scale survey •  How can you help… (…this afternoon at 17:15!) Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 3
  4. 4. SOAP Study of Open Access Publishing •  Funded by the European Commission •  Framework Program 7 – Science and Society •  Scheduled to run from March 2009 to February 2011 •  Compare and contrast supply/demand for OA publishing •  Publishers, Libraries, Funding Agencies Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 4
  5. 5. Outline •  About the project •  Highlights from a study of OA journals today •  Results from a large-scale survey •  How can you help… (…this afternoon at 17:15!) Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 5
  6. 6. A study of OA journals today •  Assess the supply of OA publishing outlets today •  Start from the DOAJ •  Collect additional information –  SCOPUS, ISI-JCR, EZB, SCImago, ask friends and colleagues –  Trawl through thousands of web pages •  Answer key questions –  How many articles, journals, publishers? –  In which discipline, with which license? –  Where does the money come from? –  … •  Some highlights in the following pages Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 6
  7. 7. How many? •  English language journals •  90% of publishers <100 articles/year and 1/3 of total •  10% of publishers publish 2/3 of the total •  14 “large publishers”: -  40K articles/year in 616 journals, 30% of the total -  6 commercial, 6 no-profit, 2 N/A Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 7
  8. 8. The 14 “large” publishers >1000 articles or >50 journals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alvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 8
  9. 9. About what? •  2/3 of journals in STM; 1/3 in SSH •  3/4 of articles in STM; 1/4 in SSH •  “Large publisher” almost exclusively STM Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 9
  10. 10. Licensing practices •  1/2 of “Large” publishers use Creative Commons •  82% CC-by, 18% CC-by-nc •  72% of journals, 71% of articles •  “Other” publishers •  73% only with available information •  21% use some CC version •  10% state “authors retains copyright” Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 10
  11. 11. Presence of income sources NB – No information on income amount APC Subscription Journals with that income source Membership Advertisement Sponsorship Hard copies Large publishers Other publishers Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 11
  12. 12. Outline •  About the project •  Highlights from a study of OA journals today •  Results from a large-scale survey •  How can you help… (…this afternoon at 17:15!) Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 12
  13. 13. The SOAP survey •  23 Questions •  Available at http://surveymonkey.com/soap_survey_g •  Live since 3 months •  Dissemination through: - SOAP partners and contacts - Library mailing lists, SPARC-Europe, LIBER - Many, many, many publishers - OASPA ! You were wonderful! Thanks! •  Estimate dissemination to >1.5 million people Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 13
  14. 14. The SOAP survey '()*+,-)+./01.+.2-3(4(5678*+-784+-98.7)8:(7801 !"#$%& ('#''' ';<= >80?+9-@+17)65 *'#''' '/)81A+) B7C+) $'#''' =@DE)0F+37. GBG;H %'#''' !"#$"" !%#&$' !'#''' "#")* "#"($ !#&($ ' ' ! % $ ?BIGJ' Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 14
  15. 15. Are you involved in research? Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 15
  16. 16. How many articles have you published ? Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 16
  17. 17. Today: published researchers 38’358 Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 17
  18. 18. Preliminary results Who ? Beliefs Actions Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 18
  19. 19. Preliminary results Who ? - Demographics Beliefs - Likes OA? Why? Why not? Actions - Publishes OA? Why not? - Who pays? How? How easy? Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 19
  20. 20. Preliminary results Who ? Beliefs Actions Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 20
  21. 21. Demographics Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 21
  22. 22. Distribution by country Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 22
  23. 23. Distribution by disciplines Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 23
  24. 24. Preliminary results Who ? Beliefs Actions Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 24
  25. 25. Would OA journals be beneficial for your field? 849 !%$&'& :'";< 7- &$%&# :%;< *+,-./0+5.-6 #$%## :=;< *+,-./0+1234 !"# :&;< ( )((( &(((( &)((( #(((( #)((( !(((( !)((( %(((( No large differences according to seniority and number of articles Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 25
  26. 26. Why? >22’000 answers, 1/2 million words Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 26
  27. 27. Why yes? (Only 14% read so far) (# %(# "(# !(# '(# )*+,-.)/01234-56,5713-**8/)369)-/ !"# 633:5:,69:123):/3: "$# 633:22);)5)97 %&# 8/).:,2651633:22 %$# -94:, '# <)/6/3)651)228:2 "# Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 27
  28. 28. Why not? (n=1005) )# (# ")# "(# !)# !(# *+,-./0*123 !"# 4+2-455656 "$# 785954:5-+8-0;+/42-+<-<559 "%# +2=58 "&# <0184599>-?04123-78599 ""# /49/920140@*5-<+8- $# 7/@*19=14AB9+:152159 4+-+8-@06-7558C85?15, '# A8554-+0-19-54+/A= (# 78+<12-681?54 &# Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 28
  29. 29. Would OA journals be beneficial for your field? By country Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 29
  30. 30. Would OA journals be beneficial for your field? P<Q2E4 "*# 34,G0K-5 L,-O25 +.62- "%# "*# ")# Yes D2.5-.6 "%# N,<<E< "%# H8<6<. "(# H:-2. "(# H82GO<,5-.6 "(# N<,C-.= "(# M<GA<,5-.61 "(# +G-5= "(# L<5K20C $"# H2.K-:4,< $"# F01G,2- $$# ?4,<-IJH40GA $$# @-.-6- $$# >HF $$# F01G,-52- $$# D,-.E< $$# B<.C-,; $$# @A2.- $!# >? $!# +1,-<5 $!# 70,;<= $'# 9-:-. $&# 7-28-. $&# 345-.6 $&# /0112- $%# +,-. !"# Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 30
  31. 31. Would OA journals be beneficial for your field? QH )"*$ S85O/.B R<M;./21/ R<M;.1/ '"%$ )"&$ '"#$ No ?/5/6/ '"!$ QFR ,"*$ E8.O/5C ,"+$ FK8685 ,"%$ FK1;08.2/56 ,"!$ >M./82 ,"!$ P8;@8.2/56M ,"!$ -82=1<O +")$ D./5:8 +")$ >;/2C +",$ N/G/5 +",$ F15=/G4.8 +",$ L<MM1/ +"&$ A/1K/5 &"*$ H4.8/IJF4<;@ &")$ FG/15 &")$ E.88:8 &")$ D152/56 &"&$ A<.B8C &"&$ ?@15/ &"&$ >561/ &"%$ >./5 %"#$ 34.;<=/2 %"($ 7891:4 %"'$ 342/56 %"&$ -./012 !"#$ Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 31
  32. 32. Would OA journals be beneficial for your field? L48> )'",$ 3298>E )#"'$ S6;;08 )*"+$ Q80G8> ))")$ R8M8> )(",$ Q64A.? )(",$ NJ0>8 +"!$ L;48.9 +"!$ C24.8OPF265J '"&$ D48>1. '"*$ K.9706= %"#$ FM80> %"&$ <4..1. %"*$ N8>8E8 %"*$ L589? %"($ BF: %"($ F0>78M24. #",$ L>E08 #"+$ FG.E.> #"%$ K48H09 #"&$ I.5J.498>E; #"&$ FG05H.498>E #"!$ :6;548908 #"*$ D0>98>E #")$ BC #"($ @.>=84A &"'$ No opinion <.4=8>? &"'$ :6;5408 &"#$ 32456789 !"%$ -./012 !"#$ Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 32
  33. 33. Would OA journals be beneficial for your field? O68.61 ,"#$ S6@61 %",$ R;BB86 %"!$ =G816 #"+$ A;B?386 #"!$ -81:6@E3/ +"($ KE3/6PQ-E;?G +"'$ IE9610 +",$ O;3M/J +",$ 2/3<61J +"%$ N819610 +"%$ >361 +"%$ N3614/ +"#$ L/1<63M +"#$ >B36/9 +"+$ HK +"+$ >?69J +"!$ IE3?;:69 !"*$ H-A !"*$ F/?G/39610B !"*$ C/D84E !")$ A;B?36986 !")$ -@681 !"($ -.8?7/39610 !"'$ >1086 !"'$ =61606 !"&$ I do not care 5/9:8;< !"&$ 536789 !"%$ 23//4/ !"#$ -./0/1 !"#$ Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 33
  34. 34. Would OA journals be beneficial for your field? By field Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 34
  35. 35. Would OA journals be beneficial for your field? Yes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alvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 35
  36. 36. Would OA journals be beneficial for your field? @;1B5867H +"!# 9867A.ABH2-.328>-:128:51.:1 %"&# L;H85:82-.32714-61328:51.:18 ("+# ?-6;1B-65:-42-.32:AB>061728:51.:18 ("'# D./5.1175./2-.3261:;.A4A/H *"+# L8H:;A4A/H )"(# D-76;28:51.:18 )"*# K085.1882-.32-3B5.5867-65E128603518 )")# K5A4A/5:-428:51.:18 )"'# J586A75:-42-.32>;54A8A>;5:-428603518 '"&# ?135:5.1<231.65867H<2714"280=I1:68 '"%# ,-G '"(# FA:5-428:51.:18 '"'# @71-65E12-7682-.323185/. '"!# D30:-65A. !"&# ?-882@ABB0.5:-65A.82-.32CA:" !"&# 97:;561:6071<2=05435./2-.32>4-..5./ !"%# 9/75:0460712-.32714-61328:51.:18 ,-./0-/12-.3245617-607128603518 !"$# !"!# No Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 36
  37. 37. Would OA journals be beneficial for your field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o opinion Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 37
  38. 38. Would OA journals be beneficial for your field? I>D85:82-.32714-61328:51.:18 +"&$ ?867;.;GD2-.328=-:128:51.:1 +"#$ J>1G5867D #"*$ 9./5.1175./2-.3261:>.;4;/D #"'$ C-882J;GG0.5:-65;.82-.32L;:" #"+$ C-6>1G-65:-42-.32:;G=061728:51.:18 #"+$ 9-76>28:51.:18 #"#$ ?/75:0460712-.32714-61328:51.:18 #"!$ F5;4;/5:-428:51.:18 !"*$ K;:5-428:51.:18 !")$ J71-65H12-7682-.323185/. !"($ I8D:>;4;/D !"($ F085.1882-.32-3G5.5867-65H128603518 !"'$ C135:5.1@231.65867D@2714"280AE1:68 !"'$ ,-B !"&$ ?7:>561:6071@2A05435./2-.32=4-..5./ !"%$ <586;75:-42-.32=>54;8;=>5:-428603518 !"%$ 930:-65;. ,-./0-/12-.3245617-607128603518 !"#$ !"%$ I do not care Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 38
  39. 39. Beliefs about OA – positive 1 Strongly agree; 2 Neutral; 3 Disagree; 4 Strongly disagree Would OA journal be beneficial? Yes Negative Publicly-funded research should be made available to be read and used 1.5 2.2 without access barrier Researchers should retain the rights to their published work and allow it to be 2.0 2.2 used by others Articles that are available by OA are likely to be read and cited more often 2.1 3.0 than those not OA Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 39
  40. 40. Beliefs about OA – neutral 1 Strongly agree; 2 Neutral; 3 Disagree; 4 Strongly disagree Would OA journal be beneficial? Yes Negative Open Access publishing is more cost- effective than subscriptions and will 2.4 3.1 benefit public investment in research If authors pay OA publication fees there will be less money available for 2.6 2.3 research OA unfairly penalises research-intensive institutions with large publication 3.0 2.6 output by making them pay high costs for publication Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 40
  41. 41. Beliefs about OA – negative 1 Strongly agree; 2 Neutral; 3 Disagree; 4 Strongly disagree Would OA journal be beneficial? Yes Negative Open Access publishing leads to an increase in the publication of poor 3.6 2.7 quality research Open Access publishing undermines the 3.8 2.9 system of peer review It is not beneficial for the general public to have access to published scientific 4.0 3.4 and medical articles Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 41
  42. 42. Preliminary results Who ? Beliefs Actions Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 42
  43. 43. How many OA articles have you published in the last 5 years? '" #'" ('" &'" )*+,*-,.*/-,0 !" ' #!" 12$ $%" &21' &" 3,45*.67-*1' %" Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 43
  44. 44. How many OA articles have you published in the last 5 years? B324</<A51>/,13I>.+13.-+/.+ E/=-/++4-/=1>/,12+.F/<6<=5 ?F+A-3245 ;83-/+331>/,1>,A-/-324>2-@+1328,-+3 G35.F<6<=5 B4.F-2+.284+0198-6,-/=1>/,1I6>//-/= J-32<4-.>61>/,1IF-6<3<IF-.>61328,-+3 *>2F+A>2-.>61>/,1.<AI82+413.-+/.+3 ! H<.->613.-+/.+3 #12<1' GF53-.31>/,14+6>2+,13.-+/.+3 (12<1#! C>/=8>=+1>/,16-2+4>284+1328,-+3 E>42F13.-+/.+3 *<4+12F>/1#! E,8.>2-</ C>D B=4-.86284+1>/,14+6>2+,13.-+/.+3 *>331.<AA8/-.>2-</31>/,1,<.8A+/2>2-</ ?4+>2-@+1>4231>/,1,+3-=/ ;-<6<=-.>613.-+/.+3 *+,-.-/+01,+/2-3245014+671389:+.23 !" #!" $!" %!" &!" '!" (!" )!" Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 44
  45. 45. Was there a reason not to publish OA? 42% have a reason; >4000 answers; 60’000 words (# )(# $(# !(# *(# +(# ,-./0.1 !"# 23456014 $%# 76843 "# 89:065 "# -.9;934.455<01.739.=4 &# .41960>4?4@24304.=4 '# A.4@6?60B4A $# Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 45
  46. 46. Which fee did you pay for your last OA article? "#"% $"#"% *"#"% '"#"% +,-./0123 !"#$% 45-6,- $!"-789!": &#$% $!(; !""-789!";8&"": '#"% !"(; ("""-78&"";8(9!": ($#'% (""(; 9"""-78(9!";8*("": )#)% <,13-6/0=- 9"""-78*("": "#$% >-?,-=,6-@=,A (*#"% Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 46
  47. 47. How was this fee covered? C2<273D15>A@98@E58@D=A92< &$))" *&-+, C2<273D15>A@98@E5@B058@02@929 &$""& *'#+, ?;58@<080A08B@56789 &$'() *&!+, 4567895:;<2=> #$#%" *#&+, /0123 !!" *(+, . #$... &$... '$... !$... Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 47
  48. 48. How was this fee covered? By field Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 48
  49. 49. How was this fee covered? Included in research funds )# *)# %)# !)# $)# ,-./0123456352 !"# 72/.8689:1-6;12<-3512345635 !"# =0:24321-6;1.5>-/5;123456352 !$# ?48>8@43->123456352 !$# ,6@4655.46@1-6;1/53068>8@: %&# A05942/.: %'# B42/8.43->1-6;1<04>828<043->12/C;452 %"# D-/059-/43->1-6;1389<C/5.123456352 %"# 7@.43C>/C.51-6;1.5>-/5;123456352 %(# E834->123456352 %!# =2:308>8@: %%# D5;43465F1;56/42/.:1-6;1.5>-/5;12CGH53/2 %)# ?C2465221-6;1-;94642/.-/4I512/C;452 *'# ,;C3-/486 *+# D-2213899C643-/48621-6;1;83C956/-/486 *+# 7.304/53/C.5F1GC4>;46@1-6;1<>-6646@ *"# J-6@C-@51-6;1>4/5.-/C.512/C;452 *$# Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 49
  50. 50. How was this fee covered? Used other part of research funds &# %&# $&# !&# "&# *+,-,.+/0-12/+34/32 !"# 56/7+83/8963:1;9+-<+4.104<1=-044+4. !$# >3<+/+43:1<348+286?104<163-083<1 !$# >0873@08+/0-104<1/,@=983612/+34/32 !%# A73@+286? !&# B2?/7,-,.? $'# C4.+4336+4.104<183/74,-,.? $'# C068712/+34/32 $(# 5.6+/9-8963104<163-083<12/+34/32 $(# >0221/,@@94+/08+,42104<1 $(# B7?2+/2104<163-083<12/+34/32 $)# D,/+0-12/+34/32 $"# E+28,6+/0-104<1=7+-,2,=7+/0-1289<+32 %'# F04.90.3104<1-+836089631289<+32 %"# 5286,4,@?104<12=0/312/+34/3 %!# C<9/08+,4 %$# *92+4322104<10<@+4+28608+G31289<+32 %%# Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 50
  51. 51. How was this fee covered? My institution paid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alvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 51
  52. 52. How was this fee covered? I paid myself %# (%# $%# '%# !%# )%# +,-./,.01,-2134506,5/60175/2407 !"# 82/9,54:- !$# ;/74-0771,-21,2<4-4756,54=0175/2407 !%# >69?45095/60@1A/4324-.1,-21B3,--4-. $&# C,7719:<</-49,54:-71,-212:9/<0-5,54:- $'# D475:649,31,-21B?43:7:B?49,3175/2407 $'# E:94,317940-907 $$# F7G9?:3:.G $%# >.649/35/601,-21603,50217940-907 ("# C02494-0@120-54756G1,-21603,50217/AH0957 ("# I?0<4756G ()# 8-.4-0064-.1,-21509?-:3:.G ()# >756:-:<G1,-217B,9017940-90 ()# C,5?0<,549,31,-219:<B/50617940-907 ('# F?G74971,-21603,50217940-907 *# 8,65?17940-907 *# ;4:3:.49,317940-907 "# Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 52
  53. 53. How was this fee covered? By country Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 53
  54. 54. How was this fee covered? Included in research funds Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 54
  55. 55. How was this fee covered? Used other part of research funds Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 55
  56. 56. How was this fee covered? My institution paid Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 56
  57. 57. How was this fee covered? I paid myself Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 57
  58. 58. How easy was it to obtain funds? 890: #"%#' (&!)* 345546/7- $"$$& (%$)* +,-./012 !"#$% (!%)* ' !"''' #"''' &"''' $"''' %"''' Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 58
  59. 59. How easy was it to obtain funds? R7G79 I=-.7PQE=1?N >15?-67 ,.-L793 076F79 EF6?D.-@79: O.?N.-@79:5 E69B7G=-. K69@79: HE> JN697 M.9L7-2 C.@B61L K-79/. J797:7 S753 HI EG769 M6TT6/1@? A=@79: EF.:.9 8QN7U.Q9=?Q15.:Q?N.5.Q 85-7.@ 5=1-/.5 8?7@3 C-7D6@ A=-?1B7@ >15?-7@67 8-79 ;.<6/= 89:67 415567 01-2.3 ,-../. !" #!" $!" %!" &!" '!" (!" )!" *!" +!" #!!" Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 59
  60. 60. How easy was it to obtain funds? Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 60
  61. 61. How easy was it to obtain funds? !" #!" $!" %!" &!" '!" (!" )!" *!" +,-./012345241 6,./47,.32,80,5902:7;<.4-012345241 =/>13210,590-48,.49012345241 ?31.:-32,80,590;/38:1:;/32,801.<9341 @1.-:5:7>0,5901;,2401234524 A3:8:B32,8012345241 +,1> @B-32<8.<-40,590-48,.49012345241 I3KK32<8. 6,1102:77<532,.3:510,5909:2<745.,.3:5 L0/,H405:.0<1490./41401:<-241 +5B3544-35B0,590.42/5:8:B> +9<2,.3:5 C/4731.-> 64932354D0945.31.->0,590-48,.4901<EF42.1 G:23,8012345241 A<1354110,590,973531.-,.3H401.<9341 =1>2/:8:B> @-2/3.42.<-4D0E<38935B0,590;8,5535B C-4,.3H40@-.10,590I413B5 J,5B<,B40,59083.4-,.<-401.<9341 Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 61
  62. 62. Conclusions •  Strive to provide facts on which to base decisions (EC, publishers, libraries, funding agencies) •  Just scratched the surface of the survey so far •  More questions on drivers/barriers in publishing •  17’000 scientists left e-mail for further contact •  Need to understand what to ask more… …to the data …to the volunteers Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 62
  63. 63. Outline •  About the project •  Highlights from a study of OA journals today •  Results from a large-scale survey •  How can you help… (…this afternoon at 17:15!) Salvatore Mele | CERN COASP - Prague - August 23rd, 2010 63
  64. 64. Thank you! •  Project team: info@project-soap.eu •  Speaker: Salvatore.Mele@cern.ch •  Website: http://soap-fp7.eu •  SOAP workshop Berlin, January 13th, 2011(after APE) http://soap-fp7.eu/final-workshop project-soap.eu
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