Language Learning Strategies
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Language Learning Strategies



A brief Overview of the Concept of (Language) Learning Strategies

A brief Overview of the Concept of (Language) Learning Strategies



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    Language Learning Strategies Language Learning Strategies Presentation Transcript

    • An Introduction and Overview
      Multiple IntelligencesLanguage Learning Strategiesand Lexis©
      Developed by William M. Tweedie
    • Objectives
      You will learn:
      What language learning strategies are
      What learning styles are
      That language learning strategies are linked to learning styles
      Categories and groups of language learning strategies
      Some activities to apply strategy instruction in your classrooms
    • What are Language LearningStrategies?
      Human Language is a means of Communicating our thoughts and feelings to others.
      Learning is “the process by which information is obtained, stored, retrieved, and used”. *
      Language Learning Strategies are any activities, steps, plans, or routines used by the learner which affect this process with the goal to improve the learningof language for the use of it.
      * J. Rubin. Learner strategies: Theoretical assumptions, research history and typology. In A. Wenden and J. Rubin, editors, Learner Strategies in Language Learning, page 29. Prentice Hall, New York, 1987.
    • Learning Style is a reflection of the development of one’s Multiple Intelligences at any given moment in time.
      The development of the various intelligences dictates preferred or successful ways of learning.
      Being conscious of your Learning Style will help you choose successful learning Strategies.
      All the Intelligences and all Learning Strategies can be developed.
      Strategies and Styles
    • Knowledge Check-up
      What are the Intelligences that have been identified so far in the theory put forth by Howard Gardiner?
      Hint: There are eight or nine (depending on the proponent of the Theory you read)
      Another hint: think of the most famous people you know in history or today. What gift do they have.
    • Logical Mathematical
      Multiple Intelligences
    • Visual Spatial
      Multiple Intelligences
    • Verbal Linguistic
      Multiple Intelligences
    • Bodily Kinaesthetic
      Multiple Intelligences
    • Musical Rhythmical
      Multiple Intelligences
    • Interpersonal
      Multiple Intelligences
    • Intrapersonal
      Multiple Intelligences
    • Naturalist
      Multiple Intelligences
    • Existentialist
      Multiple Intelligences
    • Strategies and Styles
    • Categories and Groups
    • Direct Strategies
      Direct Strategies
      Require mental processing of language
      Memory strategies are used to store and retrieve information from memory
      Cognitive strategies require understanding for effective production of language
      Compensation strategies allow learners to use the language despite gaps in knowledge
    • Indirect Strategies
      Indirect Strategies
      Do not require mental processing of language
      Metacognitive strategies involve such things as planning, coordinating, evaluating
      Affective strategies aim to control emotion and motivation
      Social strategies are used to engage thehelp of others in the acquisition process
    • Activities to Practise
    • Language Learning Strategies and Lexis
      © 2002 Kenmac Educan International and William M. Tweedie
      a course book in progress for beginner to low
      intermediate level Young Adult and Adult learners of
      English as a Foreign Language.
      It is based on the framework laid out in the highly recommended Language learning Strategies: What
      Every Teacher Should Know by Rebecca L. Oxford (1990) Boston, Heinle &Heinle
      Thank you for contributing to it’s development!
      Course Note