National sustainable transport planning and institutional change


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Can sustainable transport planning take place in an era of government reorganization and reform? These slides report on the status of a project on sustainable transport planning and institutional change. The sub-project is part of the SUSTAIN research project, supported the Danish Strategic Research Council

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National sustainable transport planning and institutional change

  1. 1. Sustainable national transport planning and institutional change SUSTAIN user forum at CBS, 27 November 2013 National Sustainable Transport Planning Visit: ”Theme C”: Institutional change
  2. 2. Welcome to Department of Business and Politics • • • Founded as the International Center for Business and Politics in 2004 Became a Department at CBS. Susana Borras HoD Focus on ”political economy” in a broad sense, i.e. intersection between business and politics; markets and governance; often with an international perspective on corporations and regulatory structures
  3. 3. Purpose & methodology The purpose of this theme is to understand the relationship between new organizational forms (such as privatized corporations and public-private partnerships), transport planning processes, and sustainable transport performance. The main methodology is to do comparative case studies, including process tracing The analysis will include document analysis and semi-structured interviews with key informants.
  4. 4. Analytical framework The analytical framework draws its inspiration from institutional theory in comparative political economy and theories of changing organizational forms in a new governance perspective (Osborne, 2010). The transport sector continues to undergo significant institutional changes. During the era of New Public Management (NPM), services have been outsourced to private sector contractors who are pursuing performance management targets. Recently, governments and private sector companies have formed joint ventures and public-private partnerships for new opportunities in transport management. Post-NPM reforms have emphasized the need of coordination and regulatory reforms (Sørensen & Longva 2011).
  5. 5. Analytical framework (1) Institutional change National sustainable transport planning
  6. 6. Analytical framework (2) unpacking ”institutional change” Path dependency Institutional change mechanisms • Critical juncture • Positive feedback • • • • Displacement Layering Conversion Drift
  7. 7. Analytical framework (3) Institutional change in the New Public Management era: more focus on markets Marketization (= regulated markets) Management (make managers manage) New governance tools that challenge ”planning” Contracts Independent regulatory agencies Partnerships and private finance? National sustainable transport planning New conditions for planning: contracts and regulatory agencies Sustainability through government or corporations?
  8. 8. Can national sustainable transport planning happen in a competitive, but regulated market with (international) corporations? National sustainable transport planning International markets for transport infrastructure and mobility (led by) corporate managers?
  9. 9. Core results (expected) The core results of the theme will be a comparative analysis of institutional frameworks of national transport planning in selected countries leading to improved knowledge of institutional change, sustainable transport performance and politics.
  10. 10. Recent presentations Christensen, L.T & Greve, C. (2013) “No Policy for Public-Private Partnership? PPP, Collaboration and Institutions. The Bumpy Road of Transport Policy Development in Denmark” Paper presented to the 2nd CBS-Sauder-Monash conference on public-privat partnerships, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, 13-14/6-2013 Christensen, L.T. (2013) at Thredbo-conference on delivery sustainable transport Greve, C. (2013): “Public-Private Partnerships in Turbulent Times”. Presentation at KPMG conference on PPP and finance 1 October 2013 in Copenhagen Hodge, G. (keynote speech) and Greve, C. (expert panel). 5-7 November 2013 in Antwerpen, Flanders, Belgium at the international conference arranged by Department of Transport and Regional Economics, University of Antwerp in cooperation with f.ex. EU Cost Action TU1001: PPP in Transport: Trends and Theory”. Conference theme: “Global Challenges in Public-Private Partnerships: Cross-sectoral and cross-disciplinary solutions?”*TPR&n=112187
  11. 11. Recent publications Christensen, L.T. (2013): “Modes of Governance in Partly Privatized Public Service Provision. The Case of Danish Passenger Rail” (in review – Review of Transport Economics Journal (Elsevier)) Greve, C. (2013). Columns for “Altinget – website on transport policy”. 2 Columns: “PPP: Learn from Canada” and “OECD’s principles are relevant for PPP in the transport sector” Martin, L.; Lawther, W. Hodge, G. & Greve, C. (2013): “Internationally Recommended Best Practices in Transport Financing Public-Private Partnerships” Journal article: Public Administration Research (Canada) 2(2), pp. 15-25. Hodge, G. & Greve, C. (2013): “Public-Private Partnership in Developing and Governing MegaProjects” in Priemus, H. Wee, B.v. (eds.). International Handbook on Mega-Projects. Chelthenham: Edward Elgar. pp. 182-208 - November 2013.