Chap 7 Identifying the general speech purpose

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Bibliography: O’ Hair, Dan, Stewart, Rob, Rubenstein, Hannah, A Speaker’s Guidebook, Bedford St. Martin (2009)

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Chap 7 Identifying the general speech purpose

  1. 1. Identifying the General Speech Purpose Chapter 7 Professor Tonya Seavers Evans
  2. 2. SPEECH PURPOSE <ul><li>TO INFORM </li></ul><ul><li>TO PERSUADE </li></ul><ul><li>FOR SPECIAL OCCASIONS </li></ul>
  3. 3. How Do You Inform ? <ul><li>Define, describe, explain, or demonstrate your knowledge on the topic. </li></ul><ul><li>Increase the audience’s understanding and awareness of the topic. </li></ul><ul><li>Build on the knowledge your audience already has about the topic. </li></ul>
  4. 4. General Informative Topic Categories issues processes concepts & theories events people objects Informative Topic Categories
  5. 5. From Topic & Purpose to Thesis <ul><li>Step 1: Determine your topic. </li></ul><ul><li>Step 2: Decide on your general purpose. </li></ul><ul><li>Step 3: Write down your specific purpose statement. </li></ul><ul><li>Step 4: Devise your thesis statement. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Thesis Statement <ul><li>Clearly expresses the central idea of your speech </li></ul><ul><li>Concisely identifies your speech topic for the audience </li></ul><ul><li>Typically includes phrases about each of your main points </li></ul><ul><li>Indicates your perspective on a persuasive topic </li></ul><ul><li>Guides your speech preparation and keeps you on track while you are writing </li></ul>
  7. 7. Channels of Non-erbal Communication Aural Channel Paralanguage Visual Channel
  8. 8. Functions of Nonverbal Communication <ul><li>Clarifies the meaning of verbal messages </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitates feedback from the audience to the speaker </li></ul><ul><li>Establishes a relationship between the speaker and the audience </li></ul><ul><li>Establishes speaker credibility </li></ul>
  9. 9. Effective Body Movement Use gestures that feel natural Dress appropriately Be aware of general body movement Animate your facial expressions Maintain eye contact Body Movement
  10. 10. Appropriate Dress <ul><li>Presenting a professional image is essential for improving speaker credibility. </li></ul><ul><li>Some listeners will not listen to speakers who are dressed inappropriately. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Practice the Delivery <ul><li>Focus on your message, not yourself </li></ul><ul><li>Record the speech </li></ul><ul><li>Revise your speaking notes </li></ul><ul><li>Time your speech </li></ul><ul><li>Plan ahead and practice often </li></ul>Tips:
  12. 12. Bibliography <ul><li>O’ Hair, Dan, Stewart, Rob, Rubenstein, Hannah, A Speaker’s Guidebook , Bedford St. Martin (2009) </li></ul>

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