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Chap 7 Identifying the general speech purpose

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Bibliography: O’ Hair, Dan, Stewart, Rob, Rubenstein, Hannah, A Speaker’s Guidebook, Bedford St. Martin (2009)

Bibliography: O’ Hair, Dan, Stewart, Rob, Rubenstein, Hannah, A Speaker’s Guidebook, Bedford St. Martin (2009)

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Transcript

  • 1. Identifying the General Speech Purpose Chapter 7 Professor Tonya Seavers Evans
  • 2. SPEECH PURPOSE
    • TO INFORM
    • TO PERSUADE
    • FOR SPECIAL OCCASIONS
  • 3. How Do You Inform ?
    • Define, describe, explain, or demonstrate your knowledge on the topic.
    • Increase the audience’s understanding and awareness of the topic.
    • Build on the knowledge your audience already has about the topic.
  • 4. General Informative Topic Categories issues processes concepts & theories events people objects Informative Topic Categories
  • 5. From Topic & Purpose to Thesis
    • Step 1: Determine your topic.
    • Step 2: Decide on your general purpose.
    • Step 3: Write down your specific purpose statement.
    • Step 4: Devise your thesis statement.
  • 6. Thesis Statement
    • Clearly expresses the central idea of your speech
    • Concisely identifies your speech topic for the audience
    • Typically includes phrases about each of your main points
    • Indicates your perspective on a persuasive topic
    • Guides your speech preparation and keeps you on track while you are writing
  • 7. Channels of Non-erbal Communication Aural Channel Paralanguage Visual Channel
  • 8. Functions of Nonverbal Communication
    • Clarifies the meaning of verbal messages
    • Facilitates feedback from the audience to the speaker
    • Establishes a relationship between the speaker and the audience
    • Establishes speaker credibility
  • 9. Effective Body Movement Use gestures that feel natural Dress appropriately Be aware of general body movement Animate your facial expressions Maintain eye contact Body Movement
  • 10. Appropriate Dress
    • Presenting a professional image is essential for improving speaker credibility.
    • Some listeners will not listen to speakers who are dressed inappropriately.
  • 11. Practice the Delivery
    • Focus on your message, not yourself
    • Record the speech
    • Revise your speaking notes
    • Time your speech
    • Plan ahead and practice often
    Tips:
  • 12. Bibliography
    • O’ Hair, Dan, Stewart, Rob, Rubenstein, Hannah, A Speaker’s Guidebook , Bedford St. Martin (2009)

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