ProfessionalVMware Brownbag VCP5 Section1


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Section 1 of the VCP5 Blueprint as presented on the BrownBags

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ProfessionalVMware Brownbag VCP5 Section1

  1. 1. Brownbag 1/11/2012 VMware VCP5: Section 1
  2. 2. Objective 1.1 – Install and Configure vCenter Server• Identify available vCenter Server editions – vCenter Server Foundation • Up to 3 hosts – vCenter Server Essentials • Integrated management for the Essentials kits, same features as Foundation – vCenter Server Standard – Resources: • •• Deploy the vCenter Appliance – Alternative to installing on a Windows server or VM – No Update Manager, no linked mode, no support for VSA, Oracle only as the external db, embedded DB2 only supports 5 hosts & 50 VMs, no vCenter Heartbeat• Install vCenter Server into a virtual machine – Installing into a VM leverages HA & DRS, snapshots – May require management cluster, especially with vDS• Size the vCenter Server database – Sizing can be performed within the vCenter client; also sizing calculator available on
  3. 3. Objective 1.1 – Install and Configure vCenter Server• Install additional vCenter Server components – vSphere Client, Web client, Update Manager – ESXi Dump Collector: Can collect memory dumps of PSOD’d ESXi hosts on a network location – Syslog Collector: Can collect system logs of ESXi hosts on a network location – Auto Deploy: Useful for PXE deployments of ESXi (think elastic growth) – Authentication Proxy: Allows joining of AD without having domain creds within the host; used in PXE situations• Install/Remove vSphere Client plug-ins• Enable/Disable vSphere Client plug-ins• License vCenter Server – Licensing option under vCenter Server -> Home• Determine availability requirements for a vCenter Server in a given vSphere implementation• Determine use case for vSphere Client and Web Client – Web Client: non-administrative users; requires Java
  4. 4. Objective 1.2 – Install and Configure VMware ESXi• Perform an interactive installation of ESXi – No Service Console, no GUI installation. Installation process different from ESXi 4 (password set during install, for example) – Upgrade ESXi & preserve VMFS; Install ESXi & preserve VMFS; Install ESXi & overwrite VMFS• Deploy an ESXi host using Auto Deploy – Resources: home-lab/• Configure NTP on an ESXi Host – vSphere Client• Configure DNS and Routing on an ESXi Host – vSphere client, partially DCUI• Enable/Configure/Disable hyperthreading – With proper hardware support, can be enabled/disable through the client• Enable/Size/Disable memory compression cache• License an ESXi host – Through vCenter Server Licensing plugin – Through vCenter client connected directly to host
  5. 5. Objective 1.3 – Plan and Perform Upgrades of vCenter Server and VMware ESXi• Identify upgrade requirements for ESXi hosts – x64 only, HCL, 2 cores & 2GB RAM minimum• Identify steps required to upgrade a vSphere implementation – Read the upgrade guide for general guidelines• Upgrade a vNetwork Distributed Switch – vSphere Client: Home -> Networking -> vDS Summary tab• Upgrade from VMFS3 to VMFS5 – vSphere Client: Host Configuration -> Storage -> select datastore & click Upgrade• Upgrade VMware Tools• Upgrade Virtual Machine hardware – Backup first, then upgrade Tools, power off VM and upgrade VM HW level• Upgrade an ESXi Host using vCenter Update Manager – Read the upgrade guide• Determine whether an in-place upgrade is appropriate in a given upgrade scenario – Understand decision points such as VMFS3 vs VMFS5
  6. 6. Objective 1.4 – Secure vCenter Server and ESXi• Identify common vCenter Server privileges and roles – Read the Security guide – Understand that use cases/actions touch various resource objects & roles must apply all the way through (ex: Virtual Machine permissions, Resource Pool permissions, Datastore & Network permissions• Describe how permissions are applied and inherited in vCenter Server – Permissions can propagate (checkbox) – Child object permission settings override inherited – Most restrictive security always applies (will err on the side of deny vs allow)• Configure and administer the ESXi firewall – vSphere client, vSphere VMA• Enable/Configure/Disable services in the ESXi firewall• Enable Lockdown Mode – vSphere client, ESXi DCUI
  7. 7. Objective 1.4 – Secure vCenter Server and ESXi• Configure network security policies – Switch level, portgroup level (vSS) – Switch level, portgroup level, uplink level (vDS)• View/Sort/Export user and group lists – vSphere client connected to ESXi host; Local Users & Groups tab• Add/Modify/Remove permissions for users and groups on vCenter Server inventory objects – vSphere client connected to host or to vCenter Server• Create/Clone/Edit vCenter Server Roles – vCenter Server -> Roles• Add an ESXi Host to a directory service • vSphere client > Host > Configuration > Authentication Services > join domain• Apply permissions to ESXi Hosts using Host Profiles – vSphere client > Host Profiles > Edit Profile > Security Configuration > Add/configure/require > Propagate• Determine the appropriate set of privileges for common tasks in vCenter Server
  8. 8. Objective 1.5 – Identify vSphere Architecture and Solutions• Identify available vSphere editions and features• Explain ESXi and vCenter Server architectures• Explain Private/Public/Hybrid cloud concepts• Determine appropriate vSphere edition based on customer requirements