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Firenze
 

Firenze

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Firenze Slideshow in its entirety for anyone who'd like to review or peek ahead.

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    Firenze Firenze Presentation Transcript

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    • Ponte Vecchio
      • Spans the Arno at its narrowest point.
      • Built on the spot of an ancient Roman bridge
      • Oldest of the current bridges
      • Has always had merchants selling their products inside.
      • There are now “back shops” on the bridge, but originally there were only benches where merchants displayed their goods.
    • Ponte Vecchio
      • When a merchant was unable to pay his debts, his bench (banco) was broken (rotto) in two.
      • This term (bancorotto) is the origin of the term bankrupt .
      • Not having a bench meant he could no longer sell anything.
    • Ponte Vecchio
      • In 1944 the German army was ordered by Hitler to retreat from Florence and destroy all bridges along the way.
      • He allegedly ordered that the Ponte Vecchio not be destroyed, but only blocked.
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    • Il Duomo di Firenze
      • Duomo in Italian means cathedral
      • Santa Maria del Fiore
      • Gothic style
      • Started in 1296 – Arnolfo di Cambio
      • Completed in 1436 with the completion of the dome by Filippo Bruneleschi
    • Il Duomo di Firenze
      • Located in Piazza del Duomo
      • Largest brick dome in the world
      • 502 feet long, 124 feet wide, 295 feet from floor to top of the dome
      • In Assassin’s Creed 2
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    • The dome
      • The Italian word for dome is cupola.
      • By the early 1400s the cathedral itself had been finished, but was still missing a dome.
      • There was a competition held in 1419 to design a dome for the Duomo.
    • Cupola (the dome)
      • The two finalist for the job were Lorenzo Ghiberti and Filippo Bruneleschi.
      • Bruneleschi won.
      • His design was inspired by the Pantheon
      • He was supported by the influential Cosimo de Medici.
    • Dome interior
      • Painted by Giorgio Vasari
      • Scene = The Last Judgement
      • 38,750 square feet of painted surface
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    • Il campanile
      • Campanile is the Italian word for bell tower.
      • Full name = Il campanile di Giotto
      • Designed by Giotto di Bondone – died (1337) before it was finished.
      • Finished by Andrea Pisano, Francesco Talenti
    • Il campanile di Giotto
      • Almost 278 feet tall
      • Design matches the Duomo with red, green, and white marble
      • Not painted
      • Has seven bells
      • Gothic
      • In Assassin’s Creed II
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    • Il Battistero (The Baptistery)
      • What is a Baptistery?
      • Full name = Il Battistero di San Giovanni
      • Also called the Romanesque Baptistery
      • Oldest building in Florence (1059-1128)
      • Bronze doors
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    • Ghiberti’s Gates of Paradise
      • The are three sets of doors into the Baptistery.
      • Lorenzo Ghiberti designed two sets of them.
      • In 1401 was a competition to make a set of doors.
      • Finalists were Bruneleschi and Ghiberti (was 21).
      • Ghiberti won.
      • They were so good, he was asked to do the Eastern doors also.
    • Baptistery’s Bronze Doors
      • The Eastern Doors are the most famous.
      • took 27 years
      • 10 panels in all
      • Old Testament stories
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    • Palazzo Vecchio
      • Means “Old Palace”
      • Was called “Palazzo della Signoria”
      • What was the Signoria?
      • Served as town hall and fortress
      • Built by Arnolfo di Cambio
      • VERY famous statue used to be in front
    • Palazzo Vecchio
      • Located in Piazza della Signoria
      • Main political center in Florence (Piazza del Duomo = main religious center)
      • Former home to Medici family
      • Tower has 2 cells for important prisoners
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    • LOGGIA DEI LANZI
    • Loggia dei Lanzi
      • on a corner of the Piazza della Signoria
      • was built between 1376 and 1382
      • Used for public ceremonies and speeches
      • Now an open-air sculpture gallery of antique and Renaissance art.
    • Loggia dei Lanzi
      • Gets its name b/c it used to house the Lanzichenecchi (soldiers that used a long lanced pike)
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    • Perseus - Loggia
      • Benvenuto Cellini
      • Greek hero who killed Medusa
      • Not a copy
      • In bronze
      • contraposto
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    • Rape of the Sabine Women
      • By Giambologna
      • Tells the story of how the first generation of Roman men acquired wives for themselves from the neighboring Sabine families (time of Romulus)
      • Raptio (rapire in Italian) does not mean rape, but kidnap.
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    • Hercules beating the Centaur Nessus
      • Giambologna
      • Nessus was a famous centaur who was killed by Hercules, and whose tainted blood in turn killed Hercules.
      • Hercules killed him for trying to rape his wife Deianeira.
    • UFFIZI GALLERY
    • Uffizi Gallery
      • Built by Giorgio Vasari for the Medici family in 1560
      • Served as the offices (uffizi) for Florentine government.
      • The courtyard opens onto the Arno.
      • Sculptures in courtyard of famous Florentines
    • Do you know them?
      • Dante Alighieri
      • Leonardo Da Vinci
      • Michelangelo Buonarotti
      • Amerigo Vespucci
      • Galileo Galilei
      • Niccolo Macchiavelli
      • Benvenuto Cellini
      • Cosimo Pater Patriae
      • Lorenzo il Magnifico
      • Giotto
      • Donatello
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    • BIRTH OF VENUS – SANDRO BOTTICELLI
    • Botilcelli – Nascita di Venere
      • Painter of early Renaissance
      • Masterpieces = Primavera and Nascita di Venere
      • Two of the most famous Renaissance paintings
      • Both works are in the Uffizi Gallery
    • Nascita di Venere
      • depicts the goddess Venus, having emerged from the sea as a full grown woman, arriving at the sea-shore
      • Commissioned by the Medici family
    • PRIMAVERA – SANDRO BOTTICELLI
    • Primavera - Boticelli
      • Also know as Allegory of Spring
      • celebrates the arrival of spring and is filled with mythological symbolism
    • Primavera
      • Venus, Goddess of Love, is in the center of an orange grove
      • on her left Flora, Goddess of Flowers and Spring
      • Next to Flora is the nymph Chloris, she is pursued by Zephyrus, God of Wind, who wants her.
    • Primavera
      • On the right of Venus are The Graces, her companions who perform a dance at the onset of spring.
      • Next to the Graces is Mercury, Messenger of the Gods, who inspects the orange grove and protects the garden from intruders.
    • Primavera
      • Floating overhead at the center of the picture is Amor, the son of Venus, he is blindfolded as he shoots his arrows of love, their flaming tips are meant to intensify the emotion of love in whoever they strike.
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    • Davide
      • Michelangelo
      • created between 1501 and 1504
      • 17 feet tall
      • represents the Biblical hero David
      • Originally commissioned as one of the statues to be positioned along the top of the Duomo
    • Davide
      • was instead placed in the Piazza della Signoria in front of the Palazzo Vecchio
      • Weighs 6 tons – took 4 days to move it the ½ mile from MA workshop.
      • Became a symbol of Florentine might
      • The statue was moved to the Accademia Gallery in Florence in 1873, and was replaced at the original location by a replica.
    • Davide
      • MA was 26 when he was given contract to sculpt il Davide.
      • Unlike most David sculptures, this one depicts David before he kills Goliath
      • In the classic “contrapposto” pose
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    • MICHELANGELO BUONAROTTI
    • Michelangelo
      • Pietà
      • Moses
      • Sistine Chapel ceiling
      • The Last Judgement
      • David
      • Campidoglio
      • Dome of St. Peter’s
    • LEONARDO DA VINCI
    • Leonardo da Vinci
      • painter, sculptor, architect, musician, scientist, mathematician, engineer, inventor, anatomist, geologist, cartographer, botanist and writer.
      • described as the ideal Renaissance Man
    • da Vinci
      • Paintings:
      • Mona Lisa (La Gioconda)
      • The Last Supper
      • Vitruvian Man
      • Annunciation
      • Virgin of the Rocks
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    • Inventions / Ideas
      • Helicopter
      • Parachute
      • Tank / armored car
      • Hydraulic pump
      • Mortar shells with fins
      • Hang glider
      • 8 barreled machine gun
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    • Dante Alighieri
      • 1265-1321
      • Father of the Italian language
      • Wrote epic poem Divina Commedia
      • In Tuscan dialect, not Latin
      • Inferno, Purgatorio, Paradiso
      • Arguably the most influential piece of literature after the Bible
    • NICCOLO MACCHIAVELLI
    • Niccolo Macchiavelli
      • Considered to be the first modern political scientist
      • Wrote the famous treatise Il Principe
      • Still considered worthy of study today in similar fashion to Sun Tzu’s The Art of War
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