Professor Will Adams  Valencia College       Fall 2011
 Events that occurred before written history. This part of history is divided into three periods.                    Th...
 Premise of Sympathetic Magic   Everything in the universe is connected.   There is a direct correlation between the bo...
 Contagious   It holds that physically connected objects can    never be separated.   Practitioners believe that any ac...
 There were two kinds of art produced during this time.   Parictal art – Paintings, sculptures & engravings    found in ...
 Sculpture-in-the-Round & Relief Sculpture (High relief, Low (bas)                           relief, Sunken)
 Carving = Subtractive Modeling = Additive
Bison with Turned Head• Found in Tarn, France · 11,000 – 9,000 BC · Carved elk horn
Bison• Found   in Tuc d’Audoubert, France · c. 13,000 – 8,000 BCE · Unbaked                      clay modeled on living rock
 25,000 BCE Made of limestone 4 3/8” high Naturhistorisches Museum in    Vienna, Austria   Suggest abundant fertility...
 She is seen as a fertility    idol due to the large    breasts, the vagina being    indicated, and a round    stomach  ...
“The magical force andwonder of the female wasno less a marvel than the universe itself, and this    gave to woman a   pro...
 Colored powders made  from organic substances  such as minerals or  semi-precious stones. Pigments are mixed with  liqu...
• The Cosquer Cave is located near  Marseilles.• It can be accessed through a  tunnel 574 feet in length, which  is 121 fe...
• The submerged main chamber    measures 197 feet across.   • The cave is more than       328 feet in diameter       when ...
Animal Paintings•   Marine animals are rarely found in    decorated caves from the Paleolithic era.•   In the Cosquer Cave...
•   The fact that some knuckles areCan I Get Your Digits?       missing in these drawings has given                       ...
 The Chauvet Cave is one of the most  famous prehistoric rock art sites in  the world. Located in the Ardeche  region of...
Lion Panel    c. 25,000 – 17,000 BCE    Black pigment on    limestone•   The wall to the right of the    central recess ha...
• Lascaux is famous for its  paintings, found in a complex of  caves in the Dordogne region of  France, because of their e...
Hall of the Bulls at Lascaux
Details of the Hall   of the Bulls• Among the most famous images arefour huge, black bulls or aurochs in theHall of the Bu...
The Chinese Horse of Lascaux Cave                         c. 13,000 BCE • This ancient horse was called "Chinese" because ...
• Altamira is famous for its Upper  Paleolithic cave paining featuring  drawings and polychrome rock  paintings of wild an...
 You will be given a sheet of paper, which you will affix to    the underside of your desktop.   You will be given pigme...
 Create an image – either two or three-dimensional – of    The Ideal Human.   Your representation of The Ideal Human sho...
Hum2220 1330 art of the stone age
Hum2220 1330 art of the stone age
Hum2220 1330 art of the stone age
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Hum2220 1330 art of the stone age

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Hum2220 1330 art of the stone age

  1. 1. Professor Will Adams Valencia College Fall 2011
  2. 2.  Events that occurred before written history. This part of history is divided into three periods.  The Stone Age  The Bronze Age  The Iron Age
  3. 3.  Premise of Sympathetic Magic  Everything in the universe is connected.  There is a direct correlation between the body and forces of nature.  Understanding these connections assists an individual in the interpretation and manipulation of events.
  4. 4.  Contagious  It holds that physically connected objects can never be separated.  Practitioners believe that any action against the part constitutes an action against the whole. Imitative  Premise: “like follows like”.  The assumption is that a person will imitate the desired behavior or achievement shown to them by religious or spiritual leaders.
  5. 5.  There were two kinds of art produced during this time.  Parictal art – Paintings, sculptures & engravings found in caves along the walls and the ceilings (these caves were ceremonial sites, not for shelter).  Mobiliary art - Small, portable sculpted objects buried at habitation sites.
  6. 6.  Sculpture-in-the-Round & Relief Sculpture (High relief, Low (bas) relief, Sunken)
  7. 7.  Carving = Subtractive Modeling = Additive
  8. 8. Bison with Turned Head• Found in Tarn, France · 11,000 – 9,000 BC · Carved elk horn
  9. 9. Bison• Found in Tuc d’Audoubert, France · c. 13,000 – 8,000 BCE · Unbaked clay modeled on living rock
  10. 10.  25,000 BCE Made of limestone 4 3/8” high Naturhistorisches Museum in Vienna, Austria Suggest abundant fertility and a plentiful supply of food Found in 1908 Venus is the classical goddess of love and beauty This “Venus” was sort of a joke: a “failed Venus” – not feminine
  11. 11.  She is seen as a fertility idol due to the large breasts, the vagina being indicated, and a round stomach Some argue whether she is wearing a hat or if it is braided hair on top of her head She was perfectly preserved – never had feet Arms are short and skinny comparatively and hold the top of her breast She doesn’t have a face because this focuses on the only parts needed for reproduction
  12. 12. “The magical force andwonder of the female wasno less a marvel than the universe itself, and this gave to woman a prodigious power…” Primitive Mythology, Joseph Campbell, (1959) Venus of Laussel c. 20,000-18,000 BCE Limestone 17” Tall
  13. 13.  Colored powders made from organic substances such as minerals or semi-precious stones. Pigments are mixed with liquid (referred to as medium, binder, or vehicle) in order to be applied to a surface. That surface is known as the pigment & medium’s support.
  14. 14. • The Cosquer Cave is located near Marseilles.• It can be accessed through a tunnel 574 feet in length, which is 121 feet under the sea level.• The unique feature of this cave is that it contains several dozen works painted and engraved between 27,000 and 19,000 years ago.• It is decorated with a variety of land animals, but also with seals and auks, fifty-five hand stencils.
  15. 15. • The submerged main chamber measures 197 feet across. • The cave is more than 328 feet in diameter when all the flooded areas are included.
  16. 16. Animal Paintings• Marine animals are rarely found in decorated caves from the Paleolithic era.• In the Cosquer Cave, they make up a significant portion (11%) of the overall number of figures.• Drawn or engraved in the rock are penguins, seals, fish, and various figures that may stand for jelly-fish or octopi.• Big-bellied horse painted in black 18,500 years before the present.• This black horse, about 26” long, is drawn with simple lines although the legs are slightly awkward.• Some details, such as the eye, the lower jaw, and the mane done in parallel hatching, are well executed.
  17. 17. • The fact that some knuckles areCan I Get Your Digits? missing in these drawings has given rise to a certain controversy. • Does this bear witness to mutilations, sacrificial rituals, circulatory ailments or frostbite? • Although the fingers are incomplete, the thumb is always intact on these hands which immediately eliminates the hypothesis of severe frostbite having resulted in the necrosis of the fingers. • The most probable hypothesis is that the hands were drawn with bent fingers to represent a sign of greeting or a coded language. This was probably associated with hunting and various rituals, thus similar to the silent language once used by hunting peoples such as the Bushmen and the Australian Aborigines.
  18. 18.  The Chauvet Cave is one of the most famous prehistoric rock art sites in the world. Located in the Ardeche region of southern France, along the bank of the river Ardeche near the Pont-dArc, this cave was only discovered as recently as 1994. Chauvet Caves importance is based on two factors: firstly, the aesthetic quality of these Paleolithic cave paintings, and secondly, their great age. With one exception, all of the cave art paintings have been dated between 30,000 & 33,000 years ago. Not only is the Ice Age art of the Chauvet Cave extremely old, it is also very extensive and highly varied.
  19. 19. Lion Panel c. 25,000 – 17,000 BCE Black pigment on limestone• The wall to the right of the central recess has a large number of animals drawn on to it. The overall scene depicts a hunt.• On the right of the composition there is a rhinoceros and a mammoth.• On the left, there are four bison heads, and two more rhinos.• Then there are seven bison, pursued by a pride of sixteen lions, mainly depicted by their heads alone.
  20. 20. • Lascaux is famous for its paintings, found in a complex of caves in the Dordogne region of France, because of their exceptional quality, size, sophistication and antiquity.• Estimated to be up to 20,000 years old, the paintings consist primarily of large animals, once native to the region.• Lascaux is a complex cave with several areas or galleries.• It was discovered on September 12, 1940.• The cave contains nearly 2,000 figures, grouped into three main categories - animals, human figures and abstract signs.
  21. 21. Hall of the Bulls at Lascaux
  22. 22. Details of the Hall of the Bulls• Among the most famous images arefour huge, black bulls or aurochs in theHall of the Bulls.• One of the bulls is 17 feet long - thelargest animal discovered so far in caveart.• Additionally, the bulls appear to be inmotion. There are no images ofreindeer, even though that was theprincipal source of food for the artists.•A painting referred to as The CrossedBison, found in the chamber called theNave, is often held as an example of theskill of the Paleolithic cave painters. Thecrossed hind legs show the ability to useperspective.
  23. 23. The Chinese Horse of Lascaux Cave c. 13,000 BCE • This ancient horse was called "Chinese" because of its resemblance to 3,000 year old Tang dynasty horses. Visit Lascaux!
  24. 24. • Altamira is famous for its Upper Paleolithic cave paining featuring drawings and polychrome rock paintings of wild animals & human hands.• It is located near the town of Santillana del Mar in Cantabria, Spain.• The cave at Altamira is 270 meters long and consists of a series of twisting passages and chambers.• The main passage varies from two to six meters high.• The cave was found by a local hunter, Modesto Peres, in 1868.
  25. 25.  You will be given a sheet of paper, which you will affix to the underside of your desktop. You will be given pigments in the form of crayons. I will extinguish the lights in the room. You will then use your pigments to “paint” your sheet of paper. Your painting should depict someone or something you admire and would like to imitate. VERY IMPORTANT: Do NOT use any words, characters, or written language. Be sure to work continuously throughout the allotted time, attempting to fill all blank space with as descriptive images as you are capable of creating.
  26. 26.  Create an image – either two or three-dimensional – of The Ideal Human. Your representation of The Ideal Human should physically embody and emphasize those traits which you feel make him or her The Ideal. Consider the artists’ motivations in creating the Venuses of Willendorf and Laussel as you create your own. If two-dimensional, your representation should measure no smaller than 8.5” x 11”, and should be mounted on black construction paper, foam-core, or poster board forming a 1” margin. If three-dimensional, your representation should measure no less than 4” cubed, and be mounted to a base. Be prepared to share your creation at the beginning of next class, September 15th.

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