Incidence with which the sun’s rays hit the earth’s surfaceAlbedo – surface reflectivity
Fragmented penetration = ‘light climates’
Evapotranspiration is the sum of evaporation and plant transpiration from the Earth’s land surface to the atmosphere.Interception loss – water evaporates directly back into atmosphere.
Less litter, stems and trunks to slow water running away. Normally trap precipitation which then percolates to groundwater systems, so water that is usually recycled is lost in run-off. Transpired water comes from the roots!