REAL WORLD COPYRIGHT
FOR DEVELOPERS
Professor Jonathan I. Ezor
jezor@tourolaw.edu
@webOSquire on Twitter
Palm Developer Da...
jezor@tourolaw.edu
Copyright--What is It?
• Protects artistic and literary works from misuse
• Under U.S. law, protection ...
jezor@tourolaw.edu
Copyright--What Isn’t It?
• Doesn’t protect titles
• Doesn’t protect logos/slogans
• Doesn’t protect id...
Copyright Exists
Automatically
• Exists upon creation
• No filing necessary
• Filing required before bringing infringement...
Exclusive Rights Granted
by Copyright
• Reproduction
• Prepare derivative works
• Distribute copies by sale or transfer, r...
Transfer of Ownership
Different from License
• Ownership means control of rights
• Other than work made for hire or other
...
jezor@tourolaw.edu
Debunking Copyright Myths
• Changing 20% or 80% of image removes
copyright protection
– NO--Copyright h...
jezor@tourolaw.edu
More “Myth”conceptions
About Copyright
• License for traditional media = Web site
license
– NO--Each me...
Fair Use
• Fair use factors – 17 USC § 107
– the purpose and character of the use, including whether such
use is of a comm...
Digital Millennium
Copyright Act
• Enacted October 28, 1998 to deal with unique elements of
digital technologies
• Prohibi...
Anti-Circumvention
Rulemaking:
http://www.copyright.gov/1201/2010/Librarian-of-Congress-1201-Statement.html
Software Development—
Copyright and Related IP
Issues
• OS and app developers face IP issues
• Not only copyright but trad...
Licenses: Free vs. Free
• Software as copyrightable work shared via
license
• Owner can choose type of license to use
• Mu...
Palm & Open Source:
http://opensource.palm.com/packages.html
By submitting your patch via the
webOS-Patches Upload Form,
committing it to the
Gitorious.org/webos-
internals/modificati...
Palm Developer Account
& License Terms:
http://developer.palm.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=1840&Itemid...
Palm’s Trademark
http://www.palm.com/us/company/trademark.html
Other Key IP Concerns for
Developers
• Verifying rights of licensors
• Samples and sound boards
• Moral rights and talent ...
jezor@tourolaw.edu
Licensing:
Obtaining Use Rights from
Owner
• Licenses may cover any kind of IP
• Terms include
– Scope ...
Web Development--
Copyright Concerns
• Ownership of content--work made for hire versus
license
• Formatting code versus pr...
Procedures to Follow
When Obtaining Materials
• Assume everything protected by copyright
• Try to obtain rights for all po...
Procedures to Follow
When Using Materials
• Never put anything into an app which would ruin your business
if copied
• Uniq...
jezor@tourolaw.edu
QUESTIONS?
Professor Jonathan I. Ezor
e. jezor@tourolaw.edu
@webOSquire on Twitter
11 19 10 Ezor Revised Copyright Presentation
11 19 10 Ezor Revised Copyright Presentation
11 19 10 Ezor Revised Copyright Presentation
11 19 10 Ezor Revised Copyright Presentation
11 19 10 Ezor Revised Copyright Presentation
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11 19 10 Ezor Revised Copyright Presentation

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My 19 November 2010 presentation on "Real World Copyright for Developers" at HP/Palm\'s webOS Developer Day in New York City.

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11 19 10 Ezor Revised Copyright Presentation

  1. 1. REAL WORLD COPYRIGHT FOR DEVELOPERS Professor Jonathan I. Ezor jezor@tourolaw.edu @webOSquire on Twitter Palm Developer Day NY November 19, 2010
  2. 2. jezor@tourolaw.edu Copyright--What is It? • Protects artistic and literary works from misuse • Under U.S. law, protection exists on creation • Filing, putting © [Name] [Date] add to the court’s award • Unless stated in writing, creator holds copyright • Copyright holder can prevent others from copying, retransmitting, adapting, or publicly performing copyrighted material • By law, includes musical recordings and software
  3. 3. jezor@tourolaw.edu Copyright--What Isn’t It? • Doesn’t protect titles • Doesn’t protect logos/slogans • Doesn’t protect ideas, only the specific expression • Doesn’t protect against similar (or identical) materials developed independently
  4. 4. Copyright Exists Automatically • Exists upon creation • No filing necessary • Filing required before bringing infringement action • Notice, filing increase potential damages • Life of creator plus 70 years • For anonymous, 95 years from publication or 120 years from creation • Managed by Library of Congress jezor@tourolaw.edu
  5. 5. Exclusive Rights Granted by Copyright • Reproduction • Prepare derivative works • Distribute copies by sale or transfer, rental, lease or lending • Public display • Public performance or digital transmission of sound recordings jezor@tourolaw.edu
  6. 6. Transfer of Ownership Different from License • Ownership means control of rights • Other than work made for hire or other operation of law, transfer must be in writing • Verbal transfers not valid jezor@tourolaw.edu
  7. 7. jezor@tourolaw.edu Debunking Copyright Myths • Changing 20% or 80% of image removes copyright protection – NO--Copyright holder holds rights in “derivative works” also – No amount of changes removes copyright protection • Publicly accessible means publicly usable – NO--Still need to check source – Even “freeware” is subject to copyright--license may be restricted--different from public domain
  8. 8. jezor@tourolaw.edu More “Myth”conceptions About Copyright • License for traditional media = Web site license – NO--Each medium may require separate clearance/payment • “Fair Use” allows unlimited use of materials if not charging admission/viewing fee – NO--Fair use exception under law is very limited • generally only to excerpts • newsworthy, educational, not-for-profits, satire
  9. 9. Fair Use • Fair use factors – 17 USC § 107 – the purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of a commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes; – the nature of the copyrighted work; – the amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole; and – the effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work • No bright-line test • Fair use is a defense jezor@tourolaw.edu
  10. 10. Digital Millennium Copyright Act • Enacted October 28, 1998 to deal with unique elements of digital technologies • Prohibits circumvention of software anti-piracy measures • May not “manufacture, import, offer to the public, provide, or otherwise traffic in” circumvention technologies • Provides certain protection for siteowners from third-party infringements on their sites • Foreign law (France, Australia) may be different jezor@tourolaw.edu
  11. 11. Anti-Circumvention Rulemaking: http://www.copyright.gov/1201/2010/Librarian-of-Congress-1201-Statement.html
  12. 12. Software Development— Copyright and Related IP Issues • OS and app developers face IP issues • Not only copyright but trademark and patent • Violations can be accidental • Can pose financial and legal risks jezor@tourolaw.edu
  13. 13. Licenses: Free vs. Free • Software as copyrightable work shared via license • Owner can choose type of license to use • Must separate (free) cost from (free) rights • “Libre” vs. “Gratuit” (per @paulrubell) • Watch out for imposed licenses jezor@tourolaw.edu
  14. 14. Palm & Open Source: http://opensource.palm.com/packages.html
  15. 15. By submitting your patch via the webOS-Patches Upload Form, committing it to the Gitorious.org/webos- internals/modifications repository or posting it to the webOS-Internals Wiki, you, the submitter, explicitly agree you are either the original author of the patch or have the right to submit the patch under the MIT Open Source License. Further, by submitting via the above methods you automatically agree the patch will be licensed under the MIT Open Source License. This is to allow Palm to use the patches as-is to incorporate them into future webOS releases.
  16. 16. Palm Developer Account & License Terms: http://developer.palm.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=1840&Itemid=27
  17. 17. Palm’s Trademark http://www.palm.com/us/company/trademark.html
  18. 18. Other Key IP Concerns for Developers • Verifying rights of licensors • Samples and sound boards • Moral rights and talent rights • Trade secrets & NDAs • Trademarks • Patents jezor@tourolaw.edu
  19. 19. jezor@tourolaw.edu Licensing: Obtaining Use Rights from Owner • Licenses may cover any kind of IP • Terms include – Scope of license – Term – Sublicensing • May be standalone or part of other agreement • Bankruptcy can affect license
  20. 20. Web Development-- Copyright Concerns • Ownership of content--work made for hire versus license • Formatting code versus programming code • Source and license for third-party materials • Moral rights and talent rights • Reuse by client and developer • Ownership in event of dispute jezor@tourolaw.edu
  21. 21. Procedures to Follow When Obtaining Materials • Assume everything protected by copyright • Try to obtain rights for all possible uses up front • If obtain from client, make sure client has all rights necessary for this use • If obtain from ‘Net, seek out original source for clearance • Beware of frames, improper <img src> use • Remember that talent rights are separate from copyright (stock photos) jezor@tourolaw.edu
  22. 22. Procedures to Follow When Using Materials • Never put anything into an app which would ruin your business if copied • Unique phrases, filenames aid in tracking theft • Digital watermarks, lower resolution protects integrity of images from screenshots • Watch site logs for full-site downloads which may indicate snatching or improper pulls of your content • Register notice address with Copyright Office • Have process for dealing with complaints, subpoenae • Don’t forget insurance and incorporation jezor@tourolaw.edu
  23. 23. jezor@tourolaw.edu QUESTIONS?
  24. 24. Professor Jonathan I. Ezor e. jezor@tourolaw.edu @webOSquire on Twitter

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