Activity 1 Individually, think of a key word that best describe your conception of ‘teaching’. Compare your conception of ‘teaching’ with your partner. In groups, list down 3 key words derived from the various conceptions of ‘teaching gathered.
Activity 2 What do you think are attributes of ‘meaningful’ learning?
Attributes of Meaningful Learning ACTIVE LEARNING DIRECTED AUTHENTIC LEARNING LEARNING MEANINGFUL LEARNING CONSTRUCTIVE COLLABORATIVE LEARNING LEARNING
Active Learning Students are able to interact with each other (e.g. discuss how to complete tasks/problems given). Students gather & share information.
Authentic Learning Students are able to relate learning process into relevant context. Students are able to apply knowledge acquired in real life situation.
Directed Learning Students are able to make decisions & be responsible of them. Students are free to use alternative ways to construct knowledge.
Constructive Learning Students are able to reflect on their learning processes & activities. Students are able to evaluate & criticize views of others constructively.
Collaborative Learning Students are able to contribute ideas toward achieving a common goal. Students are able to complete tasks given collaboratively.
“Learning is something students do, not something done to students.” Alfie Kohn
How would you define ‘activelearning’?What characterizes ‘active learning’ &makes different from ‘inactivelearning’?
Active Learning “. . . instructional activities involving students in doing things & thinking about what they are doing” (Bonwell et al. 1991).
Active Learning• Learning is not a spectator sport.• The more actively engaged the learner is, the more learning takes place.
Active Learning• Different instructional methodologies have greater rates of retention.
Passive Learning Teacher-Centered Teacher is “Sage on the Stage” Student is “Empty Glass” Traditional Pedagogy
Active Learning Learner-Centered (Learning-Centered) Teacher is facilitator – “Guide by the Side” Learner is ultimately responsible for learning Progressive Andragogy
How Does Active Learning Work? Input (Delivery of Learning Content) Active Learning involves input from multiple sources through multiple senses - seeing, hearing, feeling, etc. (VARK)
Learning Preferences Visual (V) This preference includes the depiction of information in charts, graphs, flow charts, & all the symbolic arrows, circles, hierarchies & other devices that instructors use to represent what could have been presented in words.
Learning Preferences Aural / Auditory (A) This perceptual mode describes a preference for information that is "heard." Students with this modality report that they learn best from lectures, tutorials, tapes, group discussion, speaking, web chat, talking things through.
Learning Preferences Read/write (R) This preference is for information displayed as words. This preference emphasizes text-based input and output — reading & writing in all its forms.
Learning Preferences Kinesthetic (K) By definition, this modality refers to the perceptual preference related to the use of experience & practice (simulated or real). Although such an experience may invoke other modalities, the key is that the student is connected to reality- either through experience, example, practice or simulation.
How Does Active Learning Work? Process (Learning Activities) Active Learning involves process: interacting with other people & materials, stimulating multiple areas of the brain to act.
How Does Active Learning Work? Output (Learning Evaluations) Active Learning involves output: requiring students to produce a response or a solution or some evidence of the interactive learning that is taking place.
So. . . . Learning Activities that: Use more complexity of thought, and Force greater interaction with content and/or others Generally result in: Greater retention of course content material
Using Learning Activities The important thing is to: Get students involved & engaged- Thinking about the subject Doing something realistic with the subject if possible- real world applications or simulations Working with others if possible Reflecting upon what they did & sharing with others
Active Learning ActivityWhat kinds of things can an instructor do to: Get students thinking about the subject? Get students doing something realistic with the subject? Get students working with others in learning the subject?
Active Learning ActivityWhat kinds of things can an instructor do to: Get students reflecting on what they have done with the subject? Get students sharing & discussing ideas & results with others students?
In short, … Active Learning gets students involved in the learning process & helps them participate in the construction of their own knowledge, giving them a sense of ownership.
In short, … Active learning is Learner-centered (Learning-centered) as opposed to teacher-centered.
In short, … Active learning involves input from multiple sources using multiple senses.
In short, … Active learning often involves collaborative work with other learners.
In short, … The use of active learning strategies can increase retention & comprehension of course content material.
What Web tools can we use topromote active learning?