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  • 1. Activity 1 Individually, think of a key word that best describe your conception of ‘teaching’. Compare your conception of ‘teaching’ with your partner. In groups, list down 3 key words derived from the various conceptions of ‘teaching gathered.
  • 2. “imparting knowledge”
  • 3. Teaching = Facilitating Learning  Learning-centered (not teacher-centered)  Interactive (not one-way, passive mode)
  • 4. Teaching = Facilitating Learning  Participative (not teacher involvement only)  Meaningful (not just rote & surface learning)
  • 5. Activity 2 What do you think are attributes of ‘meaningful’ learning?
  • 6. Attributes of Meaningful Learning ACTIVE LEARNING DIRECTED AUTHENTIC LEARNING LEARNING MEANINGFUL LEARNING CONSTRUCTIVE COLLABORATIVE LEARNING LEARNING
  • 7. Active Learning Students are able to interact with each other (e.g. discuss how to complete tasks/problems given). Students gather & share information.
  • 8. Authentic Learning Students are able to relate learning process into relevant context. Students are able to apply knowledge acquired in real life situation.
  • 9. Directed Learning Students are able to make decisions & be responsible of them. Students are free to use alternative ways to construct knowledge.
  • 10. Constructive Learning Students are able to reflect on their learning processes & activities. Students are able to evaluate & criticize views of others constructively.
  • 11. Collaborative Learning Students are able to contribute ideas toward achieving a common goal. Students are able to complete tasks given collaboratively.
  • 12. “Learning is something students do, not something done to students.” Alfie Kohn
  • 13. How would you define ‘activelearning’?What characterizes ‘active learning’ &makes different from ‘inactivelearning’?
  • 14. Active Learning “. . . instructional activities involving students in doing things & thinking about what they are doing” (Bonwell et al. 1991).
  • 15. Active Learning• Learning is not a spectator sport.• The more actively engaged the learner is, the more learning takes place.
  • 16. Active Learning• Different instructional methodologies have greater rates of retention.
  • 17.  Passive Learning  Teacher-Centered  Teacher is “Sage on the Stage”  Student is “Empty Glass”  Traditional Pedagogy
  • 18.  Active Learning  Learner-Centered (Learning-Centered)  Teacher is facilitator – “Guide by the Side”  Learner is ultimately responsible for learning  Progressive Andragogy
  • 19. How Does Active Learning Work? Input (Delivery of Learning Content) Active Learning involves input from multiple sources through multiple senses - seeing, hearing, feeling, etc. (VARK)
  • 20. Learning Preferences Visual (V)  This preference includes the depiction of information in charts, graphs, flow charts, & all the symbolic arrows, circles, hierarchies & other devices that instructors use to represent what could have been presented in words.
  • 21. Learning Preferences Aural / Auditory (A)  This perceptual mode describes a preference for information that is "heard."  Students with this modality report that they learn best from lectures, tutorials, tapes, group discussion, speaking, web chat, talking things through.
  • 22. Learning Preferences Read/write (R)  This preference is for information displayed as words.  This preference emphasizes text-based input and output — reading & writing in all its forms.
  • 23. Learning Preferences Kinesthetic (K)  By definition, this modality refers to the perceptual preference related to the use of experience & practice (simulated or real).  Although such an experience may invoke other modalities, the key is that the student is connected to reality- either through experience, example, practice or simulation.
  • 24. How Does Active Learning Work? Process (Learning Activities) Active Learning involves process: interacting with other people & materials, stimulating multiple areas of the brain to act.
  • 25. How Does Active Learning Work? Output (Learning Evaluations) Active Learning involves output: requiring students to produce a response or a solution or some evidence of the interactive learning that is taking place.
  • 26. So. . . . Learning Activities that:  Use more complexity of thought, and  Force greater interaction with content and/or others Generally result in:  Greater retention of course content material
  • 27. Using Learning Activities The important thing is to:  Get students involved & engaged-  Thinking about the subject  Doing something realistic with the subject if possible- real world applications or simulations  Working with others if possible  Reflecting upon what they did & sharing with others
  • 28. Active Learning ActivityWhat kinds of things can an instructor do to:  Get students thinking about the subject?  Get students doing something realistic with the subject?  Get students working with others in learning the subject?
  • 29. Active Learning ActivityWhat kinds of things can an instructor do to:  Get students reflecting on what they have done with the subject?  Get students sharing & discussing ideas & results with others students?
  • 30. In short, … Active Learning gets students involved in the learning process & helps them participate in the construction of their own knowledge, giving them a sense of ownership.
  • 31. In short, … Active learning is Learner-centered (Learning-centered) as opposed to teacher-centered.
  • 32. In short, … Active learning involves input from multiple sources using multiple senses.
  • 33. In short, … Active learning often involves collaborative work with other learners.
  • 34. In short, … The use of active learning strategies can increase retention & comprehension of course content material.
  • 35. What Web tools can we use topromote active learning?