لؤي النداف/ مؤتمر الكويت للعلوم الإحصائية
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  • 1. Tourism Satellite Account Louay Al-Naddaf Kuwait, 26-Sep-2013
  • 2. If you want to Manage it, You need to measure it. If you want to measure it, you need to describe it.
  • 3. Travel Industry
  • 4. Tourism Industry
  • 5. Direct spending by visitors is only the tip of the iceberg The indirect impact of tourism is much larger Relatively easy to measure: visitor numbers, expenditure Hard to measure: subsequent spend by suppliers, induced effects, investment etc Huge Economic Impact
  • 6. Tourism and development planning Tourism development , because of its economic , socio – cultural and environmental impacts , requires considerable planning if it is to be successful and sustainable . Private sector and public sector should co – operate and co – ordinate in tourism development . The emphasis of tourism development planning has moved away from the rigid grand design master plan in favor of more flexible and reactive development plans .
  • 7. Indirect Impact Indirect effects: generated from economic activity of subsequent expenditure (e.g.: hotels purchase supplies and use local services) Induced effects: arising from spending of income occurring to local residents from tourism wages and profits Investment activity: arising from capital investment in new facilities for visitors Government: public sector funding Tourism Multipliers used to calculate indirect impacts Bermuda Tourism Multipliers reached 3.6 which is the highest in the world
  • 8. Non-Quantitative Methods to Gage the Economic Impact of Tourism Critical Factor Analysis:  Attractions/activities  location  facilities and services  infrastructure  community coordination  competition
  • 9. Negative Economic Impacts of Tourism Places new stress on existing infrastructure Expanded police and fire protection, search & rescue, and medical services often needed Other public services needed Where does the tourist money go? High-risk and seasonality of tourism enterprise  Under-employment and Unemployment
  • 10. Negative Economic Impacts of Tourism Additional capital and maintenance costs for public amenities  parks, convention centers, recreation areas, libraries, museums, historic restorations Increasing numbers of visitors means increasing local population  need for educational services, hospitals, housing, public welfare, and overall economic development Tourism expansion demands greater quantities of land and other resources.  Competes with existing land uses and other economic development opportunities.
  • 11. The social impacts of tourism Positive Impacts Negative Impacts Improves quality of life Increased prostitution Increase availability of recreation facilities and opportunities Increased alcoholism Improves quality of fire and police protection Heightened tension Improves understanding and image of different communities or cultures Increasingly hectic community and personal life Facilitates meeting visitors (an educational experience) Increased traffic congestion Improves quality of life Increased noise
  • 12. The environmental impacts of tourism Positive Impacts: Promotes administrative and planning controls Implementation of environmental clean-up and restoration Allows for improvement and preservation Protects wildlife and plant species Promotes non- consumptive uses Negative Impacts: Over-crowding Over-development Maximizing visitation at expense of the natural resource Recreational impacts on wildlife and fragile vegetation Air and water pollution Crime and vandalism Souvenir collection
  • 13. Socio-Cultural Impacts of Tourism Tourist—Host Relationships & Interactions Ethnic/Cultural differences Language differences Expectations Time patterns Spatial patterns Intensity of development Size of community Commoditization Tourist Core Periphery Periphery
  • 14. The Concept Of Tourism Satellite Account
  • 15. Tourism Satellite Account TSA A Satellite Account is a term developed by the UN to Measure the size of economic sectors that are not defined as industries in national accounts. Tourism is the first activity to use world wide satellite account standards to measure its impact on national economies- as approved by the UN 2000. Tourism is a unique phenomenon as it is defined by the consumer or the visitors. Visitors buy goods and services both tourism and non-tourism alike TSA is a new statistical instrument designed to measure these goods and services according to international standards of concepts, classifications and definitions which will all allow for valid comparisons with other industries and eventually from country to country and to group of countries.
  • 16. The TSA Provides credible data on the impact of tourism and the associated employment Is a standard framework for organizing statistical data on tourism Is a new international standard endorsed by the un Statistical Commission Is a powerful instrument for designing economic policies related to tourism development Provides data on tourism’s impact on the nation’s balance of payments Provides information on tourism human resource characteristics
  • 17. TSA Measures Tourism contribution to the GDP Tourism’s ranking compared to another economic sectors The number of jobs created by tourism in an economy The amount of tourism investment Tax revenues generated by tourism industries Tourism consumption Tourism’s impact on a nation’s balance of payments Characteristics of tourism humans resources
  • 18. The Key Players to Develop TSA National statistical offices National Tourism Administrations Central banks Associations of National tourism enterprises Information producing Units such as  tourism enterprises and establishments  Transportation departments  Customs and Excise  Immigrations