“ Personal information consists of facts which most persons in a given society choose not to reveal about themselves (except to close friends, family, . . .) or of facts about which a particular individual is acutely sensitive and which he therefore does not choose to reveal about himself”(216).
gratuitious invasions: when there is no purpose; when the purpose is less than compelling; when the personal facts have nothing to do with the justifying elements; when the info. could have been obtained by less intrusive measures.
Individual autonomy capable of acting and forming conceptions of the good.
“ It is surely a truism that control over one’s life entails control (to some degree) over what is known by others about oneself and control over some set of crucial (private) areas of one’s life.”(225)
GMP-respect for persons abstract right to privacy.
Specifically – Invasions of privacy in social science research.
Some deception is required to perform social science experiments Milgram studies (Ch.5 study/discussion question 6).
Criteria for Determining Unjust Invasions of Privacy
C 1 : Social scientists unjustifiably invade their subjects’ privacy whenever they manipulate subjects into doing something embarrassing or disclosing private embarrassing facts, and thereby place their subjects in a false public light or intrude into their private domain.
C 2 : Social scientists unjustifiably invade their subjects’ privacy under certain conditions when they manipulate subjects into doing something embarrassing or disclosing private embarrassing facts, and thereby place their subjects in a false public light of intrude into their private domains.
“Our judgments in these cases thus should be set in the context of a model of moral reasoning that focuses on principles that are shared between people and to which we can imagine people contractually agreeing.”(228)
Hypothetical agreement rests on a respect for persons.